Questions tagged [nanotechnology]

For questions relating to the synthesis of supramolecular, or colloidal structures and their properties or manufacturing processes of characterization for nano-featured structures.

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34
votes
1answer
612 views

Single-molecule magnet with electrically-controlled permeability: How does the Titan Shield from Deus Ex work?

In a recent installment of Deus Ex game series there is an augmentation called "Titan Shield" (it has nothing to do with $\ce{Ti}$ element): A neodymium skin underlay matrix built of nano-...
20
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3answers
3k views

Why is gold so popular in nanotechnology?

Gold is a very popular metal in nanotechnology. It is often used as a substrate in electronic applications, as a core of functionalized nanoparticles, and more. Why is gold so attractive? Why are ...
12
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1answer
3k views

Why carbon nanotubes can act as a good electrical conductor?

Bulk carbon is an insulator, but at nanoscale (e.g. carbon nanotubes) carbon may become a good electrical conductor. If I am correct this means carbon nanotube band structure is metal-like. E.g. it ...
11
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2answers
58k views

Hardy Schulze law

I have trouble understanding this particular law. It states that: Greater the valency of the flocculating ion, greater will be its coagulation power. Why does this happen? What is the intuition ...
9
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1answer
600 views

What are simple applications of Monte Carlo simulations in chemistry, that can be done in Matlab?

I am trying to learn simulation myself and I have installed Matlab on my machine for that purpose. In web I have gone through some of the basics of Monte Carlo simulation, but I am unable to find a ...
8
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2answers
12k views

What is the difference between graphite oxide and graphene oxide?

I am considering making a sheet of graphene using the LightScribe technique and I have read that I need graphite oxide. However when I look up graphite oxide for sale, graphene oxide pops up. Are ...
8
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1answer
238 views

What does the charge distribution around a Stone-Wales defect look like?

I'm reading a book on carbon nanotubes (P.J.F. Harris, Carbon Nanotube Science, to be specific) at the moment and puzzling about Stone-Wales or 5775 defects. This is where two adjacent carbons undergo ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Why do shape and size have the greatest effect on the optical properties of nanoparticles?

The LSPR properties of nanoparticles depend on a number of factors, including shape, size, material, crystal structure, dielectric environment, etc. However, it has been consistently shown that shape ...
7
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1answer
157 views

Are all stable Xenes (graphene-like 2D honeycomb sheets) buckled?

background: Per this abstract Silicene, germanene and stanene are part of a monoelemental class of two-dimensional (2D) crystals termed 2D-Xenes (X = Si, Ge, Sn and so on) which, together with ...
7
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2answers
360 views

What is Nano Zinc Oxide?

First of all, I have zero chemical background, but I seek for an easy explanation about Nano Zinc Oxide. I was told that the name of "Nano Zinc Oxide" couldn't possibly exist. Instead, it should be ...
7
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1answer
149 views

Which mechanics or law is predominately seen on the nanoscale?

Nanotechnology and sciences are the study or the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale especially at nano meter range. We know that at macro molecular level a system ...
6
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1answer
13k views

What is the bandgap value of SiO2?

Using Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy, I have obtained the band gap for $\small\ce{SiO2}$ (purchased from a chemical retailer) in the range of 3.25 to 4.75 eV. I would like to know if the values ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Simulation of a particle and chemical molecule

I am currently studying the basics of simulation and want to try out some experiments. It is a known fact that gold nanoparticles can bind to chemical groups which contains thiol (R–SH group). I want ...
5
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2answers
61 views

Why are nanoliposome encapsulated antibiotics still so unavailable despite being so effective?

I wasnt sure how the phrase the headline question really nor if this is the right place to ask it, but i'm primarily interested in the chemical synthesis aspect and the experience of chemists ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is a 'corona phase'?

What is a 'corona phase'? I have come across this term in several papers, including this one but all I have found concerning its definition is: [...] synthetic heteropolymers, once constrained ...
5
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1answer
3k views

What is burst nucleation? [closed]

Can you tell me what is a burst nucleation process, and how can it be used for synthesising uniform nanoparticles? Can you also provide (if possible) any links to papers or materials regarding ...
5
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0answers
95 views

Stress-Strain Graph Under Uniaxial and Biaxial Strain

I was going through a recently published journal paper by ACS (Applied Nano Materials) about gas separation using nanoporous Graphene. DOI No. - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c02340 Supporting ...
5
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0answers
674 views

Why is bis(1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethyl-4-Piperidinyl) Sebacate used as a "bottom coat" for a superhydrophobic coating?

According to this MSDS sheet, a compound named bis(1,2,2,6,6-Pentamethyl-4-Piperidinyl) Sebacate is used in the "bottom coat" layer before a "top coat" of superhydrophobic NeverWet coating is applied. ...
5
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0answers
58 views

Computational modeling of steric repulsion between two polymer mediated magnetic Nanoparticle?

Can you recommend any modern article or research papers on steric interactions and forces between two or multiple magnetic nanoparticles with polymer brushes in a nonpolar solvents? something with ...
4
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2answers
9k views

What's the difference between graphite, nanotubes, and fullerenes?

I understand that all of these are made up of carbon atoms but I don't understand what differentiates them. Since they are carbon they all must have covalent bonds, right?
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Producing carbon nanotubes from graphite

I am searching for the carbon nanotubes for very low cost. I have one idea, which is to use graphite (such as that found in pencils.) Can it be converted to carbon nanotubes? If so, what would be the ...
4
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2answers
826 views

How do I setup the electrodes for cyclic voltammetry on a capacitor made on dry copper sheets?

I'm trying to measure capacitance of a cell I'm creating. It's composed of two copper-sheets with nano-material coated on one side, sandwiched with a membrane and wetted with $\ce{KOH}$. All of the ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Nanocar racing competition and the race tracks used

In the Nanocar race competition the molecules are raced on a gold surface. Is there a specific property of gold that it forms a good "racetrack"? On what criteria does it compare with other metal ...
4
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2answers
490 views

Gold nanoparticles in a water/oil environment

I am currently investigating the assembly of gold nanoparticles in a mixture of water and oil. The thing is the following: If we have gold nanoparticles (35nm diameter) dispersed in water and we put ...
4
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1answer
33 views

Practical to measure topography of a large area (mm-scale) with scanning probe microscopy (SPM)?

I'm currently very new to nanotechnology. I do understand that it is possible to achieve an excellent topography image of a sample by SPM. However, is it possible to do SPM over a large area (for ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Fractional index in a chemical formula of metal oxide

I have just read an article in which they used $\ce{WO3}$ and $\ce{WO_{2.9}}$ as precursors, whose objective was to form $\ce{WS2}$, in an atmosphere of argon by CVD. In one boat there is the powder ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

What is the crystal structure of bismuth oxyhydroxyphosphate (BOHP)?

The recent Chemical & Engineering News article Photocatalyst shreds drinking water contaminant PFOA report the following: Cates and his colleagues made an accidental breakthrough while testing ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Why do nanoparticles have a different color than their macro counterparts?

It astonished me when I learned that at nanoscale, gold is no longer "gold",rather it's red. Other elements' nanoparticles also have a different color than their macro counterparts. Why does this ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Palladium Nanocube

What is the relative permittivity and relative permeability of a palladium nanocube? If I change the size of this $\ce{Pd}$ nanocube, will these values be changed or remain the same?
4
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0answers
73 views

Has there been any independent verification of the results from this Chinese nanotube study?

Watts up referred to the South China Morning Post in reporting that a Tsinghua University team led by Wei Fei claimed in 2018 to have manufactured carbon nanotube fibre with tensile strength of 80 ...
4
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0answers
41 views

Nanoparticle Alloys (Gold-Silver) not forming

I have synthesised what I thought were gold-silver alloys at various different compositions. The UV/vis data showed that nanoparticles alloys with a majority of the composition made from gold had one ...
4
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0answers
103 views

Synthesizing monodisperse PbS quantum dots

For a research project, I am trying to synthesize lead (II) sulfide quantum dots using the method of Li et al.. I am injecting sulfur dissolved in 1-octadecene into a mixture of $\ce{PbO}$, oleic ...
3
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2answers
216 views

Functionalization of nanoparticles

I want to functionalize silver nanoparticles with thiol group. My question is "how can I find that the thiolated compound is attached to the surface of nanoparticles or not?"
3
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4answers
913 views

large wavelength range and list of x/y numerical data points of elements

I'm trying to get a set of FTIR or (FTIR like range) x/y numerical data points for a couple of elements, namely Silver, Platinum, Palladium, Gold and Sodium. I've looked on line and found images ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Intermolecular forces in Carbon Nanotubes?

What are the intermolecular forces that can be found in Carbon Nanotubes?
3
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1answer
346 views

Producing gold nano flakes

In terms of producing gold nano flakes, Guo et al. [1] added aniline to the solution of chloroauric acid in ethylene glycol at 95 °C. However, I couldn't figure out the step by step chemical reaction ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Why don't carbon nanotubes behave like quantum dots?

If carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have the size required to have an bound electron energy state, why don't CNTs behave like quantum dots, such as having optical tunability, amongst other properties?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the significance of "magic numbers" of atoms in nanoparticles?

In gold nano particles, as the synthesis method improves to form smaller and smaller nanoparticles, they tend to congregate in magic numbers. I want to know if these magic numbers occur in other ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Reaction Penetrating Metal Sheet

I'm writing a novel set 28 years in the future in which the protagonist attempts to manipulate a communications satellite by directing a swarm of nanorobots (or possibly micro-robots, depending on ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the mechanism of functionalisation of nanoparticle using long chain alcohols

How can long chain alcohols(not thiols) be functionalised on the surface of silver or gold nanoparticles? I have read in an article that Polyvinyl alcohol is used as a capping agent for silver ...
3
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2answers
255 views

Solvent effect on gold nanoparticle and silver nanoparticle in UV spectroscopy?

Can anyone explain to me that how solvent factor affect the wavelength and intensity of gold nanoparticle and silver nanoparticle in UV spectroscopy?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy works

Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy is used to find the energy levels in a compound but how does PL spectroscopy works? After exciting a material with a particular wavelength whether PL machine looks ...
3
votes
2answers
193 views

Can nanotechnology reduce electrode losses in electrochemical cells?

I'm just curious about this topic, as most portable, "clean" energy sources or carriers (in the sense of not being a primary energy source -fuel cell hydrogen, for example) are in essence ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

How does the surface to volume ratio of ions and their distribution in solution compare to that of suspended nanoparticles in nanofluids?

I am interested in understanding the heat transfer capabilities of fluids. Nano-fluids are suspensions of nanoparticles (1-100nm sized particles) in a base fluid, often water, oil or glycol. These ...
2
votes
1answer
444 views

Why does the displacement reaction of zinc in copper(II) sulfate solution result in dark metallic copper?

It is commonly known that when zinc metal is placed in a solution of copper(II) sulfate, a displacement reaction occurs, and elemental copper is deposited onto the decomposing zinc metal. A practical ...
2
votes
1answer
497 views

What is 'desorption hysteresis'?

I am currently reading a paper titled "Polystyrene Nanoplastics-Enhanced Contaminant Transport: Role of Irreversible Adsorption in Glassy Polymeric Domain" (link here). In the paper, the authors ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

Which sodium citrate is used in silver nanoparticles production?

In my studies, I have a group project to realise: to make some $\ce{Ag}$ nanoparticles using Turkevich method (boiling $\ce{AgNO3}$ with sodium citrate in water). In most of articles authors write ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Intensity of “surface plasmon resonance “ absorption peaks for a nano-rod

The SPR absorption spectrum of a nano-rod is seen to have two peaks with the longer wavelength peak corresponding to the absorption by the longitudinal plasmons and the other to the transverse ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How do polymer properties change when moving from bulk to nanosized fibers?

Polymer are used in many applications, but how do the properties change when they are fabricated on the nanolevel? Im especially interested in polymeric and polymer derived nanofibers, and why they ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Nano coatings reaction with Al bottles

I have a question regarding nano coatings based on the formula "modified $\ce{SiO2}$". I have been told that $\ce{Al}$ bottles react with substances with a $\mathrm{pH}$ value below 3 or above 9. ...