Questions tagged [mole]

The mole is a standard amount of a substance A mole of a substance is a number of units (particles, atoms, molecules, ions, peas, hard candies, people, universes) equal to the number of atoms of carbon-12 in one gram of carbon-12, or an Avogadro's number of stuff. The mole allows us to relate real-word measurements to atomic scale phenomena.

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A tricky question in Eudiometry/Gas analysis

In a eudiometer $\pu{14 ml}$ of $\ce{CH4}$ and $\pu{38.5 ml}$ of $\ce{O2}$ was introduced. After explosion and cooling to initial temperature ($\pu{23°C}$) the volume of eudiometer was found to be $\...
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48 views

Is molecular mass different than the molar mass? [duplicate]

I thought that molar mass is the mass of one mole of a substance whereas molecular mass is the mass of one molecule of a substance. But the molecular mass of water is 18.2 u, which is similar to its ...
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138 views

Why is Avagadro's number independent of substance? [closed]

In the book of Irey, Thermodynamics, in vol1, IA, page 4, it is given that Molecular (atomic) weight $M$: The ratio of the mass of a molecule (atom) of a substance to one twelfth of the mass of an ...
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Identifying a chloride of the unknown element from the masses of chlorine and compound as well as vapor density [closed]

1 g of a chloride of an element contains 0.835 g of chlorine. If vapour density of the chloride is 85, find weight of the element and its valency. I tried to solve it but couldn't get to the answer ...
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1answer
50 views

Determining the charge on an ion through mole calculation in electrolyis

During electrolysis $\pu{0.02 mol}$ of metal $\ce{X}$ is deposited on cathode when $\pu{0.12 mol}$ of electrons are passed through molten chloride of $\ce{X}.$ What is the formula of the chloride? I ...
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35 views

Equivant mass of double salt

What is the equivalent mass of double salt like dolomite? And what if the double salt is hydrated? Is a double salt taken as a single unit while equating the gram equivalent in any reaction? For ...
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Finding the sum of coefficients of the reaction

What is the sum of the coefficients $(a + b + c)$ in the following reaction? $$\ce{x Zn + y HNO3} -> {a Zn(NO3)2 + b H2O + c NH4NO3}$$ Here if the equation is balanced we get 1 mol of $\ce{Zn}...
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Shouldn't the “law of conservation of mass” prevent equations from being unbalanced in the first place? [closed]

How is it that a chemical reaction produces an equation, that is essentially an impossibility, according to the law of conservation of mass? If the law is true, shouldn't all chemical reactions ...
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Molarity Numerical on Mixing Solutions

If 3 L of 1 M NaOH solution is prepared by mixing properties of stock solutions of $x$ L of 2.5 M NaOH and $y$ L of 0.4 M NaOH and no water is to be used, find $x : y$. My attempt: $$3 = 2.5x + 0.4y$...
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Determining amounts of product and excess reagent remaining post reaction

$$\ce{2FeS2 + 11/2 O2 -> Fe2O3 + 4 SO2}$$ Mass of $\ce{FeS2}$ is $\pu{600 g}$ and mass of $\ce{O2}$ is $\pu{800 g}$. Find the amounts of $\ce{Fe2O3}$ and $\ce{SO2}$ and the remaining amount of ...
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Help with question about mols in reactions

Consider the following reaction $$\ce{4H2O + 5I2O4 -> 8HIO3 + I2}$$ If 0.167 mol of $\ce{H2O}$ is added to 0.200 mol of $\ce{I2O4}$ what amount (moles) of $\ce{HIO3}$ can be formed, it ...
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Determining the formula of tin(II) chloride hydrate [closed]

$\pu{1.20 g}$ of hydrated tin chloride decompose to form $\pu{1.01 g}$ of anhydrous tin chloride on heating. Calculate the value of $x$ given $$\ce{SnCl2.xH2O -> SnCl2 + x H2O}$$ I done it ...
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Molecular weight of NiMnGaFe compund problem

I have a big problems calculating molar/molecular etc masses, because in my case I have a monocrystal, co I cannot imagine it as a molecule and my compound is made of Ni-Mn-Ga-Fe. I know the mass and ...
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Why there is a need of independent definitions for both mass and mole?

Considering that the two quantities are linked by reality, how can be both imposed by independent definitions? I am aware that the change taking place next May does not effect common weighing in ...
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2answers
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Help required for the calculation of moles [closed]

If 4.5ml of yeast prep + 0.5ml of 0.25 M glucose is separated into 2ml in 2 similar flasks. How many micromoles of glucose are there in one flask? Using M1V1=M2V2 (0.5ml/1000)*0.25M = M2 * 2ml = 0....
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Why has the mole been redefined for 2019?

The mole is still defined as an SI unit representing the number of constituent particles (whether they be atoms, molecules etc.) in 12 grams of carbon isotope 12 (carbon-12). Effective from May 20 ...
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3answers
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An aqueous solution of NaCl has a mole fraction of 0.21. What is the mass of NaCl dissolved in 100.0 mL of solution? [closed]

Work mole fraction of NaCl = 0.21/0.21+0.79 If there is 1 mol of total solution, there will be 0.21 mol NaCl and 0.79 mol H2O 0.21 mol NaCl = 12.27 g 0.79 mol H2O = 14.23 g this would yield a ...
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What is the smallest molar volume?

I wondered how small a volume a mole of material could occupy, so I started with carbon, which would need 12 grams. That's 60 carats, and there happens to be a famous 60 carat diamond. If my density/...
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374 views

Molar mass vs molecular mass [duplicate]

Why is that molar mass has of a substance, which is the mass of one mole of a substance ($6.02\times 10^{23}$ particles of that substance) has the same value as molecular mass, which is the mass of ...
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1answer
69 views

How to apply the Principal of Atom Conservation (POAC) [closed]

27.6 g $\ce{K2CO3}$ was treated by a series of reagents so as to convert all of its carbon to $\ce{K2Zn3(Fe(CN)6)2}$. Calculate the weight of the product. I am asking here is that, why we are ...
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1answer
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Does 1 mole have the same molar mass? [closed]

I have tried to look it up, and find answers, it really intrigues me!
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Confusion between moles and molarity units

I am a total newbie in the field and i would like some kind of guidance. So, I have been recently given 2 datasets with measurements regarding several phospholipid fatty acids of plasma HDL. Both ...
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1answer
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Quantity of base needed to neutralise litre of 36% HCl?

Sorry for asking a basic chemistry question. I last did this kind of chemistry at school about 30 years ago and I don't have confidence that I'd get it right from first principles :) Short version: ...
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Effect of redefining Avogadro's constant and kilogram on molar mass

Avogadro's constant $N_A$ is defined as the number of constituent particles (usually atoms or molecules) contained in the amount of substance given by one mole. The value of Avogadro's constant $N_A$ ...
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1answer
59 views

I have a question involving a mole calculation which I was able to answer but took me a whole page. Whats the most efficient way of answering it? [closed]

A 10.00g, mixture of potassium carbonate and potassium hydrogen carbonate is heated to constant mass. The final mass was found to be 8.90g. calculate the % composition of the original mixture. My ...
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Question about the mole [duplicate]

Why is it to get from x amu---->xgram you need a mole of the substance. I mean I underdstand this to be the case for Hydrogen. Why does a mole of a substance CONVERT the substances amu into grams?
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How to determine the volume of water necessary to produce a solution with 4.9 g/l sulfuric acid?

The molar mass of sulfuric acid is $M(\ce{H2SO4}) = \pu{98.1 g/mol}$. We have $\pu{100 mL}$ of a $0.1$ molar solution of sulfuric acid. What volume $V$ in $\mathrm{mL}$ of water, $\ce{H2O}$, do we ...
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1answer
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Molarity of a substance in a solution when more fraction is given

Mole fraction of ethanol in a solution with water is $0.040$. What will be the molarity of ethanol in water? Density of water can be assumed to be $1\ \mathrm{g/mL}$. This is how I tackled the ...
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1answer
262 views

How are the molar mass and molecular mass of any compound numerically the same?

This observation is really annoying me, and the internet isn't providing me with any solid answers. Either their definitions of molar mass completely differ, or they don't stick to their own ...
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2answers
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Does a stoichiometric coefficient represent molecules or moles of a substance?

I understand that the one mole of atoms is equal to $6.02\times10^{23}$ atoms. However, when I used various resources to learn about stoichiometry, they showed me a balanced equation: $$\ce{2H2O->...
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1answer
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Is it possible for me to derive Avogadro's number?

To my understanding the mole is the unit used to translate between mass on the atomic level and mass in the macro level, defined as the number of atoms in $12$ grams of Carbon-$12$, which apparently ...
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1answer
82 views

How did early chemists measure mass of atoms?

Here a book says that Berzelius measured atomic masses using a simple lab and his measurements was so close to modern results. Can someone explain how a person living in 19th century was able to ...
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Is there a formula for density of any gaseous substance just based on its molar mass?

$\pu{112 ml}$ of hydrogen combines with $\pu{56 mL}$ of oxygen to form water. When $\pu{224 mL}$ of hydrogen is passed over heated cupric oxide, the cupric oxide loses $\pu{0.160 g}$ of its weight. ...
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Calculating amino acid mol/mol ratios

I am trying to understand how the authors calculated the TRP/LNAA (mol/mol) ratios in Table 1 in this paper. For example, when I calculate the TRP/LNAA (mol/mol) ratio for HPROT, I get 0.14 instead ...
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1answer
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How to find the percentage composition of halogen using Carius method?

In the formula: $$\text{Percentage}=\frac{\text{atomic mass of halogen}}{\text{molecular mass of Agx}}\frac{\text{mass of AgX}}{\text{mass of compound}}\cdot100$$ here mass of compound is the mass ...
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Volume of composition of air

My teacher stated: At standard conditions, 1 liter of air at 21% oxygen possesses $\pu{0.21 L}$ of oxygen. Since at STP, 1 mole of gas occupies $\pu{22.4 L}$, simply divide $0.21/22.4$, to arrive ...
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Find volume of sample such that it contains 100ng of DNA

Im struggling with the maths of concentrationsand volumes and things..Ill give the question, then my thoughts on it: A DNA trimer strand, ab, has moleuclar weight of $9309ng/\mu mol$. I#m designing a ...
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Is Avogadro's number an integer? [duplicate]

I have heard that Avogadro's number, $N_\mathrm A=6.022 \times 10^{23}$, is the number of atoms contained in $12$ grams of $\ce{^{12}C}$. I think it should be an integer, but I couldn't find the exact ...
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Percentage purity of Ba(MnO4)2 sample that completely reacts with given H2O2?

$\pu{40 g}$ $\ce{Ba(MnO4)2}$ (mol. wt. = 375) sample containing some inert impurities in acidic medium is completely reacted with $\pu{125 mL}$ of $\pu{3 M}$ $\ce{H2O2}$. What is the percentage purity ...
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1answer
961 views

Why does 1 mol. of any gas at STP occupy only 22.4L Volume when it should occupy the volume of entire container in which it is kept? [duplicate]

Let us say we have a container of 100L capacity and a gas inside it is kept at STP. According to the law the gas should occupy only 22.4L of volume but shouldn't the gas occupy the entire volume of ...
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1answer
438 views

Calculating the Radius of a Molecule

Assuming the molecule is a sphere, would the radius of amylopectin be $9.17*10^{-22}~cm^3$? I arrived at this answer by deriving the molar volume by dividing the molar mass ($828.72~g/mol$) of ...
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What's the relation between molarity and molality?

I am trying to derive the relation between the molarity and molality of a solution Mole concept $\displaystyle n = \frac{M'}{M''}$ Here, ($n$) stands for number of moles $\ce{(M^{'})}$ stands for ...
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Calculating the pH upon titrating barium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid

Question: Calculate the pH produced from mixing $\pu{25.0 mL}$ of $\pu{0.420 M} $ $\ce{Ba(OH)_2}$ with $\pu{125 mL}$ of $\pu{0.120 M}$ $\ce{ HCl}$. Attempt: I'm learning about acids and bases ...
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1answer
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What to say 'one mole of C atoms or one mole of C molecules?

What to say 'one mole of C atoms or one mole of C molecules in CO? Please point out if I am wrong here As we know, one molecule of CO = one mole of CO molecules = 6.223 X 10^23 number of CO molecules ...
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85 views

Does mass equal to moles times molar mass take into account coefficients?

I have an equation $$\ce{ 2NaN3 -> 2Na + 3N2}$$ I've calculated there are $\pu{4.4 moles}$ of $\ce{N2}$ (using the data given in the question). I then did $\large{\frac{4.4}{3 \cdot 2}}$ to get ...
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1answer
87 views

Calculate the formula, and moles

If $\ce{1.84\times10^{-4}}$ moles of element A was completely reacted with element B to create $\ce{1.231\times 10^19}$ molecules of $\ce{(A3B2)_x}$ a hypothetical compound, what is the value of x? I ...
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357 views

Acetic acid in vinegar [closed]

How do I calculate the number of moles of acetic acid present in 25 mL of a 10% vinegar solution?
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Avogadro's Number: 6.023 x 10^23 or 6.022 x 10^23? [duplicate]

I was taught that Avogadro's number was $6.023 \cdot 10^{23}$. Now, the accepted value is allegedly $6.022 \cdot 10^{23}$. Has there been a change? If so, when and why? There are still some sites that ...
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1answer
224 views

How to define equivalents here

$3g$ of activated charcial was added to $50 ml$ of acetic acid solution ($0.06N$) and filtred after an hour and it was found to be $0.042 N$ .The amount of acetic acid adsorbed (per gram of charcoal) ...
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1answer
51 views

Where am I wrong in my calculations? [closed]

I am revisiting the concept of mole and I decided to figure out random values (for instance: mass of 1 molecule of water) to see how much I understand the concept of moles and how it relates to amu. ...