Questions tagged [metal]

For questions about metals in general and their physical or chemical properties. For characteristic properties and reactions of d and f block metals specifically, use the [transition-metals] and [rare-earth-elements] tags respectively instead.

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What is this golden looking substance?

I am currently messing around with gallium compromising aluminum. I am using a titalium lock which is just a brand of aluminum padlock and I put a gallium-indium euctic alloy on the surface of it. It’...
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307 views

Why does tantalum and tungsten not form amalgam?

User @Poutnik has recently answered a question in which he/she quoted this statement from Wikipedia: Almost all metals can form amalgams with mercury, the notable exceptions being iron, platinum, ...
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Why is mercury's surface tension so high, when its viscosity is low?

At a basic level, both surface tension and viscosity are the result of forces between particles. Usually we'd talk about intermolecular forces, because liquids are usually molecules, but obviously ...
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259 views

What are metal zip tags and belt buckles made of?

Metal zipper tags and belt buckles melt very easily and can be melted by heating it in the stove for 5 minutes. But other metals like aluminium refuse to melt even after hours. If you leave it ...
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59 views

Wittig reagent with metal–oxo bonds

Could you use the Wittig reagent to attack a metal–oxo bond and replace the oxygen with a carbene? Specifically, is it possible for the Wittig reagent to do σ-bond metathesis with an electrophilic ...
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98 views

Wade's rules applied to metallic elements

There are many examples of metallic clusters that distort from the structure predicted by Wade's rules to a more 'spherical', closo-like arrangement. For example, $\ce{Bi8^2+}$ is a square antiprism ...
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At what temperature does charcoal burn?

According to some sources, charcoal burns at temperatures as high as 2600 °C (Wikipedia), others (that seem less reliable) say around 1000 °C. I know that it depends on the air flow, but how high of ...
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57 views

Choosing electrodes for corrosive environments

Background I'm building a watering robot for my household plants. For the purpose of measuring the moisture content of the plant I intend to use a resisitive approach where I pass an electric current ...
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71 views

ZnO spontaneous combustion during transport

I found your contact information researching $\ce{ZnO}$ reactions. I was hoping you could please help me or orient me in the right direction to find an answer to my problem. The company I work for ...
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187 views

Would a single atom of a metal bond with a plate of that metal?

A question purely for my own curiosity. I am trying to understand what "holds the atoms in a metal bar" in shape. A general question about metals, but let's use gold as an example. Under suitable ...
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140 views

Constructing a reactivity series, magnesium more reactive than sodium?

I reacted about $0.25 \,\mathrm{g}$ of magnesium, sodium and lithium in $20 \,\mathrm{ml}$ of $2 \,\mathrm{M} \,\ce{HCl}$ at room temperature. This was all done in a $100 \,\mathrm{mL}$ beaker. I ...
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2k views

What reactions does this steel cold-bluing solution undergo?

Bluing steel generally refers to the process of forming a protective layer of $\ce{Fe_3O_4}$ ("black iron oxide") that prevents normal rust from forming. The chemistry behind the traditional ...
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193 views

Relative etch rates of nitric acid on metals and oxides

I am trying to either find or calculate the etch rate of nitric acid ($\ce{HNO3}$) for various different metals and oxides. The ones I am interested in are titanium ($\ce{Ti}$), zirconium ($\ce{Zr}$), ...
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300 views

Spectral reflectance identification of types of iron rust

Based on the Wikipedia page about rust, there are red and green types of rust that occur on iron. Red rust is the reaction with oxygen and water and the green with chlorine (in oxygen poor ...
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101 views

Is strontium more metallic than sodium? If yes then why?

I got an MCQ in my examination, "Which one of the following is more metallic?" and the options were Sr, Na, Be or Aluminium. I know that sodium is more metallic than Be or Al but my mind stuck on ...
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173 views

Factors that influence the electrical conductivity of metals

The electrical conductivity of metals is a physical property of these materials. Much of the theory used to explain the electrical conductivity of metals is also based on physics understanding. ...
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73 views

Gallium - Practical use to remove aluminium

Would gallium pass through aluminium into steel? The situation is two joined pieces of metal. Gallium could be applied to the aluminium to degrade it, for mechanical removal, but would it pass ...
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52 views

How is different flame color of alkali metals related to nuclear charge?

Why do different alkali metals produce different flame colors ? According to my teacher,different atoms have different nuclear charge and due to difference in effective nuclear charge,the orbit to ...
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41 views

How can I identify corrosion products of steel using simple process?

As I am doing a research regarding corrosion, I immersed a steel in a salt solution. Different colors of corrosion products were produced as time passed. There are blackish, the usual red-brownish, ...
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299 views

Why does zinc turn dark?

So I casted a zinc ingot around a week ago and I also casted 2 zinc ingots yesterday. After observing the two side by side I noticed that the older zinc ingot was darker colored, then I went and ...
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340 views

Why is polyacetylene an insulator?

Recently I have studied Huckel-theory and I appreciated how this approach is suitable to provide simple models to understand chemical behaviour. However, it is highly approximate and qualitative at ...
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591 views

Identity of unknown metal

I wanted figure out what the identity of this scrap metal was. It seems to be some sheet metal but Wikipedia says sheet metal can be made of a variety of metals. My dad said it might be tin so I ...
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49 views

What intrinsic property do metals have that causes their delocalisation?

So I understand that electrons in metals delocalise completely and are free to move around. But my question is, why would something like Nitrogen not delocalise, whereas say Iron or Bismuth does? What ...
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523 views

What does boiling point of a metal depend on, specifically manganese?

Boiling point, as I understand, generally depends on molar mass and the intermolecular interactions in the liquid phase. What are the other influencing factors? What intermolecular forces are present ...
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859 views

Why does the black powder that comes off aluminum pans behave the way it does?

When I wet an aluminum pot or cookie sheet and then dry it with a towel, it creates dark gray marks on the towel. This happens more if the aluminum is a little rough. It seems that there's a fine ...
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196 views

Two 2" solid steel bearings for stress relief hand-rolling. Safe? What's that smell? How to thoroughly clean?

I bought these two 2" solid steel ball bearings for the purpose of rolling them in my hands. Just for something to do while sitting at my computer, without those silly bells inside. (They're still a ...
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100 views

How is N to C ratio measured in forming austenitic stainless steel?

Nitrogen is the future hope of stainless steel industry; since in the production of austenitic steel it can even completely replace Nickel (which is relatively very expensive) in some cases and for ...
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25 views

Which fluorescence indicators can differentiate between the usual surface of steel and the different kinds of its impurities?

Corrosion sensing with fluorescence indicators (metal indicators, pH-indicators, redox indicators) is already known. But which fluorescence dyes (fluorescence indicators) can differentiate between the ...
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25 views

Standard practice for keeping salts dry

I should point out first that I'm not a chemist, but I'm currently doing a little bit of chemistry; this should clarify that I don't have formal training in a chemistry lab (other than some basic chem ...
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28 views

What fluid can I store metal filings in so they do not oxidize?

I am working on an art project that will involve storing filings of various metals (e.g., iron, copper, zinc) in a colorless fluid. I want to prevent the metals from oxidizing for several years, so ...
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66 views

Why is aluminum oxide resistant to corrosion?

It is common knowledge that aluminum is relatively resistant to corrosion due to its tough oxide layer. The ultrathin (1 nm even) layer is impervious to water and oxygen. What I can't figure out is, ...
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38 views

In Na extraction, is Ca2+ of CaCl2 reduced in addition to Na+ of NaCl in electrolysis

In Na extraction from $\ce{NaCl}$, $\ce{CaCl2}$ is added in electrolysis to lower the melting point of the mixture to about $\pu{750 ^\circ C}$. But doesn't $\ce{Ca^2+}$ cation compete with the $\ce{...
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48 views

Importance of concentration of gold in gold parting

I read following lines about gold parting: Gold is not attacked by $\ce{H2SO4}$ or $\ce{HNO3}$, but copper and silver dissolve in them, when concentration of gold is less than $30\%$. If however, ...
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23 views

Black substances covering Aluminum Electrode

I have use two aluminum pieces as electrodes to electrolys salt (NaCl) water. After the experiment, I found that wherever electricity flows, the electrode will be covered in some blackish substances. ...
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27 views

Is fluorinated steel corrosion resistant from normal oxidation?

I've recently learned of a compound named Chlorine trifluoride a powerful fluorinating agent. The common way to store it seems to be in regular steel drums where it flash oxidizes the inside of the ...
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29 views

Dissolving plastic resin without damaging aluminium surface

I have an aluminium surface covered with some plastic, which I intend to dissolve in order to clean the surface. On the note for the plastic I have applied, it says that it contains the following: 2-...
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76 views

How to determine the solubility of a Metal Fluoride in liquid Gallium

How do I determine if a Metal Fluoride is soluble in liquid Gallium and under what conditions the Metal Fluoride will stay in solution in the liquid Gallium? I am involved in a project that is ...
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79 views

Anodization Titanium current vs voltage

I am fairly new to anodization of Titanium. It concerns anodization using oxalic acid with the sole purpose of coloring Titanium grade 2 parts (= type III?). After some research online, I found a lot ...
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Can a Titanium Grade 5 alloy produced by SLM have greater 'surface area' exposed?

I was doing an electrochemical test (LPR) and Titanium Grade 5 produced by AM respassivated oxide layer faster than the specimen produced with traditional manufacturing under identical experimental ...
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29 views

Why is it important to know the spin of bioinorganic complexes?

During a bioinorganic chemistry course, my teacher gives a lot of importance to spin states of metal ions and how they changes (or not) after the formation of a complex. For example, when hemoglobin'...
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13 views

Deposition of Nb on SiO2 wafer (Z-Cut)

I am trying to sputter $\ce{Nb}$ on $\ce{SiO2}$ Z-Cut wafers (quartz crystal). I was wondering if $\ce{Nb}$ will stick well to the surface of the wafer. I've routinely deposited $\ce{Nb}$ on $\ce{...
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438 views

Brass - is this corrosion or oxidation and why did it happen?

I have bought a new brass Y-split water valve which is plain brass but inside is a more polished one, it was packed nicely and I opened it 2 days ago, washed it off with water for some reason, then ...
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494 views

What happened to this stainless steel tool when exposed to vinegar?

Based on an article I found online about how to disinfect hygiene tools I've been soaking nail clippers and similar items in a mixture of white vinegar, dish soap, and warm water for a few hours in a ...
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What bonding allows chloroaluminate (AlCl4-) to form?

How is $\ce{AlCl4-}$ formed when $\ce{Al}$ only has $3$ electrons in it's outershell. It would be able to give $3$ electrons away with $\ce{AlCl3}$ for it to have a full outershell but how does it ...
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Terminology for describing nuclei participating in metallic bonds

I've read many times that in metals (for example sodium metal), what constitutes the crystal lattice is an arrange of atoms, since no electron is given or lost, they are just shared between all the ...
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27 views

Why do we dip noble metals (Ir, Pd) into NaOH for an oxide coating in thermal oxidation?

I've noticed that a common technique for creating a layer of oxide onto palladium or iridium is to dip it into high concentrated NaOH prior to putting it in a furnace for ~800C. I've been reading ...
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Relationship between Yield and Applied Potentials

This question revolves around this question from Atkins' Chemical Principles 5th ed., Chapter 13, Question 13.116: Consider the electroplating of a metal $+1$ cation from a solution of unknown ...
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232 views

Is brass combustible in high pressure oxygen environment?

Some metals are particularly ignitable in high pressure oxygen environments, like stainless steel and aluminum. Copper and nickel, on the other hand will self-extinguish when ignited. Does anyone know ...
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397 views

Can you heat Bismuth crystals to reset the oxide layer for new colors?

I'd like to get a bismuth crystal with small structures and deep blue colors for a ring I want to make. I can find these properties in different crystals online but never together. Can I just take a ...
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31 views

What is the most simple way to cut through a steel with very thin aluminum coating to obtain cross section without damaging the coating?

I needed to take cross section characterization of an aluminum coating. I tried to use a hand saw to cut through it, but it destroys the coating, and usually is separated with the substrate as I ...