Questions tagged [magnetism]

For questions about determining the paramagnetism, diamagnetism, etc. of chemical species and other chemical applications of magnetism. Note that questions oriented towards physical aspects of electromagnetism are off-topic on this site.

29 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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18
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Single-molecule magnet with electrically-controlled permeability: How does the Titan Shield from Deus Ex work?

In a recent installment of Deus Ex game series there is an augmentation called "Titan Shield" (it has nothing to do with $\ce{Ti}$ element): A neodymium skin underlay matrix built of nano-meshed ...
6
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0answers
502 views

“Alternative” derivation of the spin-only formula

The spin-only formula $$\mu_\mathrm{so} = \mu_\mathrm{B} \sqrt{n(n+2)} = \mu_\mathrm{B}\cdot 2\sqrt{S(S+1)}$$ is usually a good first approximation to calculate the magnetic moment of transition ...
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47 views

Paramagnetism of group 2 elements

As far as I know, paramagnetism in normal substance arises due to unpaired electrons. I believe that the valence electrons of group 2 elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) are paired. But, here in the list ...
5
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171 views

What is the magnetic moment of potassium hexacyanochromate(II)?

I calculated the magnetic moment of $\ce{K4[Cr(CN)6]}$? in the following way: $\ce{Cr^{+2}}$ has $4$ d electrons. And since $\ce{CN-}$ is a strong field ligand, the electrons will pair up in the $\...
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104 views

Approximate magnetic susceptibility of these liquid propellants?

This question asks if the comparatively large paramagnetic susceptibility of liquid oxygen (LOX) is considered when designing rocket tank and engine systems. This comment suggests fuels such as RP-1 (...
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35 views

Is there any reasonably inert magnetic oxide?

I spent yesterday evening looking for data on magnetic oxides. What is easily available isn't well organized, so I ask here in hope someone can remember. I'm looking for a magnetic oxide (that is, an ...
3
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58 views

Why does some compound as given in the image below change from low spin to high spin above a particular transition temperature?

Magnetic moment sudden increase at a particular temperature is explained by CFT. But why does it happen at all?
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192 views

Magnetic anisotropy of triple bonds

Is the rule for shielding/deshielding areas in NMR bond dependent? The acetylene C triple bond C has deshielding zone perpendicular to the triple bond. Will the same deshielding zone hold true for C ...
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102 views

Why is the spin magnetic moment for nickel(II) given as 1.7 Bohr magnetons in some references?

I read some theoretical articles concerning $\ce{Ni-O}$ system, where $\ce{Ni}$ sits at the center of the octahedron formed by $\ce{O}$. The calculated magnetic moment on the $\ce{Ni}$ sites is about $...
3
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1answer
813 views

Tungsten 4+ ion magnetism?

I just had a quiz and struggled on a particular question: Tungsten forms a $+4$ ion. It is observed to be diamagnetic. The electron configuration for this ion may not be what you would expect. ...
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447 views

Magnetic work and the first law of thermodynamics

We commonly encounter the first law of thermodynamics in the form $\mathrm{d}E = T\mathrm{d}S - p\mathrm{d}V + \mu\mathrm{d}N$, which notes the contribution of thermal, pressure-volume, and chemical ...
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2k views

Unpaired electrons from magnetic moment

A complex formulated as $\ce{Cs_x[NbCl6]}$ has spin-only magnetic moment $\mu_{s.o}$ of approximately 2 B.M. From this value calculate how many unpaired electrons are present. Spin-only magnetic ...
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228 views

Magnetic susceptibility trend

So I was recently looking at this website. http://www.fizika.si/magnetism/MagSusceptibilities.pdf It lists the susceptibility values for inorganic compounds, and I've noticed that the trends don't ...
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39 views

Why would ferrofluid harden?

I recently decided to make my own ferrofluid toy to play with. I built a sealed enclosure at my local fablab, and the end result was perfect. It worked just like in the videos you see online, and I ...
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25 views

How do hard drives store information using magnetic layering? (Antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic films)

I am doing some work with solid state materials in some chemistry courses and I've been doing some research into exactly how a hard drive stores information as 1's and 0's. It seems like a bunch of ...
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411 views

Is cobalt (III) hexaaqua paramagnetic or diamagnetic?

The complex ion $\ce{[Co(H2O)6]^3+}$ has $\ce{Co}$ in the $+3$ oxidation state, meaning it has an electron configuration of $[Ar] 4s^0 3d^6$. Therefore it has 4 unpaired electrons and would be ...
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41 views

Other than ultracold lithium gas, are any ferromagnetic or magnetic gasses known or hypothesized?

I'm dealing with an interactive work of fiction right now, and one proposal is to combine two types of puzzles with a magnetic gas. I know that fermionic $\ce{^6Li}$, when cooled below $\pu{1 K}$, has ...
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56 views

Magnetic Water Softener

I've been asked to install some kind of technology to a building with 40 rooms to soften the water. Browsing through the product catalog I found this so called "Magnetic Water Softener", however ...
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88 views

Is ZnO still diamagnetic after you dope it with aluminium?

There are no unpaired electrons in $\ce{ZnO}$, making $\ce{ZnO}$ diamagnetic. Aluminium has an unpaired electron, which would mean it is paramagnetic. Will $\ce{ZnO}$ become paramagnetic after it ...
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78 views

organic chemistry and magnet

Is it possible to use magnet to influence the reaction in order to favor one outcome over the other? ie addition reaction that favor the minor.
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207 views

What are most common condition for reduction of hematite to magnetite?

I found that hydrogen can reduce $\ce{Fe2O3}$ to $\ce{Fe3O4}$ under anaerobic conditions, but since I dont have $\ce{H2}$ in my lab what should I use to convert hematite into magnetite? and what ...
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163 views

Orbitals involved in Ni(CO)₄

Which orbitals are filled? Is it diamagnetic? According to CFT, $\ce{CO}$ is a strong field ligand, so will it pair the electrons and be diamagnetic?
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36 views

magnetism in metallic alloys

i am working with a multicomponent alloy system for soft magnetic application,it is iron based and have composition of Fe Mn Si B Mo,how can i calculate the net magnetic moment or saturation ...
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38 views

Electron Spin, and the Stern-Gerlach Experiment

I think I understand the basics of the electron spin. However, I'm trying to figure out how to tell if, when shooting a beam of atoms (the Stern-Gerlach experiment), how to tell if an element will ...
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42 views

Why isn't aluminum ferromagnetic?

I know that the ferromagnetism of iron is because of its unpaired d electrons, but I also know that there are other metals with unpaired electrons like aluminum that are not ferromagnetic. Is the ...
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89 views

Magnetic properties of potassium dichromate

Is $\ce{K_2Cr_2O_7}$ diamagnetic or paramagnetic? While näive theory predicts it's diamagnetic, but we can't be sure. I cannot find any literature on this topic. Nor does Wiki has that information. ...
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42 views

Is Neodymium Powder Magnetic?

In attempting to make magnetized neodymium (NdFeB) powder, I grinded neodymium magnets into a powderusing a belt sander. However, I found that the magnetic properties of the neodymium had decreased ...
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68 views

Why is the copper in my pan magnetic?

My Momma bought a copper pan made for induction because it was the only one she could find that she wanted and was big enough to pan fry half a chicken. But I noticed something odd about the copper. ...
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1k views

why is molybdenum a much stronger magnet than chromium

Molybdenum is well known for its strong magnetic properties. Why is Chromium with an identical set of unpaired electrons not nearly as strong?