Questions tagged [magnetism]

For questions about determining the paramagnetism, diamagnetism, etc. of chemical species and other chemical applications of magnetism. Note that questions oriented towards physical aspects of electromagnetism are off-topic on this site.

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62
votes
3answers
12k views

Could a magnet pull oxygen out of the air?

I read that the $\ce{O2}$ molecule is paramagnetic, so I'm wondering: could a strong magnet pull the $\ce{O2}$ to one part of a room – enough to cause breathing problems for the organisms in the room? ...
27
votes
2answers
1k views

What is antisymmetric exchange? What is J-strain? Where does it come from?

I'm reading a paper1 by Sanakis, et al. that characterises the magnetic coupling in the $\ce{Fe3S4}$ clusters present in bacterial ferredoxin II and beef heart aconitase as arising through something ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Why isn't the orbital angular momentum also considered while calculating the magnetic moments 3d transition elements?

My textbook (Chapter: The d- and f- Block Elements) makes an interesting assertion, however, without any reason to back it up. Paramagnetism arises from the presence of unpaired electons, each such ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Hybridization, MOT and Paramagnetism

In what way can hybridization or molecular orbital theory be used to explain paramagnetism? For instance, when something is hybridized to make enough bonding electrons, do all the electrons end up ...
3
votes
3answers
178 views

Is [Co(NH₃)₄Cl₂]Cl paramagnetic or diamagnetic?

$\ce{NH3}$ is known to be a strong field ligand, while $\ce{Cl}$ is known to be a weak field ligand. Is $\ce{[Co(NH3)4Cl2]Cl}$ a high spin complex or a low spin complex? I assumed this to be a high ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What happens if you make a gas of magnetic particles [closed]

I was reading todays SMBC which asked what happens if you make a gas of magnetic particles So what does happen if you make a gas of magnetic particles?
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Fundamental equation of thermodynamics for magnetocaloric materials

The fundamental equation of thermodynamics, as us chemists (and chemical engineers!) are used to seeing it, is $$ dG = - S~dT + V~dP + \sum_{i}\mu_i~dN_i$$ This gives the Gibbs free energy as a ...
2
votes
0answers
228 views

Magnetic susceptibility trend

So I was recently looking at this website. http://www.fizika.si/magnetism/MagSusceptibilities.pdf It lists the susceptibility values for inorganic compounds, and I've noticed that the trends don't ...
2
votes
2answers
627 views

Ring currents of anti-aromatic and aromatic systems

Why are ring currents associated with aromatic systems diamagnetic while those of anti-aromatic systems are paramagnetic? Does it have anything to do with the number of delocalised electrons 4n+2 and ...