Questions tagged [ionization-energy]

The ionization energy of an atom or molecule describes the minimum amount of energy required to remove an electron from the atom or molecule in the gaseous state. Do not confuse with [electron-affinity].

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Why is electron gain generally exothermic?

I understand that we need to supply energy to counter the nuclear attraction when we remove electrons, and that is the reason why ionization energy is endothermic. However, why does an atom release ...
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Is the first ionization energy in oxygen slightly more than nitrogen?

Why is the first ionization energy in oxygen slightly more than nitrogen? In nitrogen: $\ce{[He] 2s^2 2p^3}$ In oxygen: $\ce{[He] 2s^2 2p^4}$ This tells me that it should be easier to remove an ...
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Why is Ionization Energy definition restricted to gaseous atoms?

Here's the definition of ionization energy that I am learning at this level: energy required to remove 1 mole of electrons from 1 mole of gaseous atoms to form 1 mole of uni positively charged ...
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How adding one more electron increases the ionization energy?

Elements of group 6A, compared to 5A, require less ionization energy due to the paired electrons of 6A. But a question arises: why does group 7A, compared to group 6A, require more ionization energy ...
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1answer
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Why does F have a higher ionization energy than O?

The book I'm working from says F has a higher ionization energy than O because the nucleus has more protons so there is a higher attraction on the electrons. Isn't that balanced out by the higher ...
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Can you in reality give neon a charge of +8?

First off, I am currently confused about why neon can even be ionized at all. But since it can be ionized, this is the energy required to give a mole of neon a charge of +8: ...
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How can I relate the reactivity series to electronegativity and ionization energy?

I am trying to figure out how the reactivity series comes about. My understanding is that elements with a higher electronegativity will be more reactive than elements with a lower electronegativity, ...
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1answer
847 views

Does ionization energy have anything to do with how reactive an element is?

According to my textbook, fluorine has a pretty high (compared to elements like sodium) first ionization energy. But why does it have such a high requirement to ionize? After all, it actively seeks ...
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“Exactly Equal” and “At Least” in electron excitation

When we examine IR spectra, we see troughs corresponding to absorption at exactly a specific frequency that corresponds to the energy needed to stretch certain bonds (although translational motions ...
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How does H's ionization energy relate to its transition energy (Bohr's Model)?

I am currently reviewing some material about orbital energy levels. In my review book there is a short snipet that reads: The IE of $\ce{H}$ from its ground state ($n=1$) is $1312\ \mathrm{kJ/mol}$....
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Why is the first ionisation energy of a sodium cation bigger than that of a neon atom?

I understand that the 1st ionization energy gets bigger for elements along a period from left to right and along a group from down to up. But why is the 1st ionization energy of $\ce{Na+}$ bigger ...