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Questions tagged [ionic-compounds]

Compounds in which at least some of bonds have ionic character stronger than covalent or metallic. Many compounds called salts are ionic compounds but not all of them.

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11
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2answers
3k views

Fajans' Rules Versus Lattice Enthalpy

In analyzing the solubility among $\ce{CaF2, CaCl2, CaBr2}$, I found that $\ce{CaF2}$ is insoluble due to high ionization enthalpy. But comparing among $\ce{AgF, AgCl, AgBr }$, it was said that $\...
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1answer
1k views

So, is baking soda actually a strong base? [duplicate]

Based on my recent thoughts, when baking soda ($\ce{NaHCO3}$) is dissolved in water, the following hydrolysis reaction occurs: $$\ce{NaHCO3 + H2O <=> NaOH + H2CO3}$$ However, $$\ce{H2CO3 -> ...
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1answer
140 views

Ionic Compounds [closed]

Do elements share chemical or physical properties in an ionic compound? I mean if a metal would have an ionic compound with a nonmetal would the compound have physical properties of the metal and ...
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2answers
2k views

How to calculate the concentration of the elements after dissolution of iron(III) chloride?

I was presented with the following problem: In the laboratory you dissolve $\pu{24.7 g}$ of iron(III) chloride in a volumetric flask in water to a total volume of $\pu{375 ml}$. What is ...
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1answer
258 views

Is molten potassium nitrate possible?

Is it possible to melt potassium nitrate without it decomposing into potassium nitrite and oxygen? If so when it solidifies does it keep its oxidizing properties?
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2answers
35k views

Which has higher lattice energy: MgO or LiF?

Which has higher lattice energy: MgO or LiF ? A compound has higher lattice energy if it's ions have smaller size and greater charge Li cation is smaller than Mg cation => +1 for (LiF) Fluoride ...
0
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0answers
571 views

To what extent are the radius ratio rules valid for predicting the crystal structure of an ionic compound?

The ionic radii of $\ce{Ba^2+}$ and $\ce{O^2-}$ in barium oxide are $\pu{135pm}$ and $\pu{140pm}$, respectively. The ratio of the radius of $\ce{Ba^2+}$ to $\ce{O^2-}$ is approximately $0.964$. ...
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0answers
88 views

How does the electron configuration correlate with the emission spectrum of an ionic compound? [closed]

trying to find a way to correlate the electron configuration of an ionic compound (ie. Cupric sulfate, potassium chloride, Cupric chloride, sodium carbonate, strontium chloride) with its emission ...
15
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1answer
1k views

What is the analogue of "molecule" for ionic compounds?

In a system, if we have $\pu{18 g}$ of $\ce{H2O}$ ($M_\mathrm r = 18$), we can say we have a mole of water molecules or $6 \times 10^{23}$ molecules. But in another system, if we have $\pu{342 g}$ of $...
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0answers
5k views

Why is lead (IV) chloride covalent while lead (II) chloride ionic? [duplicate]

I would like to find out more about what makes a compound ionic and what makes one covalent. However, I felt this was too general a question so I thought that asking about the chlorides of lead would ...
3
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1answer
5k views

How do you explain the formula Fe3O4 using the ionic compound theory?

I don't understand at all how the ionic bonding in $\text{Fe}$$3$$\text{O}$$4$ works. The oxygens all together have $4(–2e)=–8e$ net charge. But we cannot give the three irons equal positive charges ...
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0answers
110 views

How to interpret the shape in this representation of an electride?

This excellent answer describes the appearance of solvated electrons in ammonia as first a blue, and then metallic color. It is produced by dissolving sodium in ammonia at low temperature. According ...
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1answer
2k views

How to know which ionic compound have the highest lattice energy without knowing the values of the radii?

Given two ionic compounds, for instance: $$\ce{CaS} \quad \mathrm{or} \quad \ce{KCl}$$ What is the procedure to predict which of the two have the highest lattice energy (in absolute value)? (...
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2answers
4k views

If I drink water without sipping, is there a chance of saliva diffusing into my bottle?

I always prefer to drink water without sipping, like this: I do this so that my saliva doesn't contaminate the water contents, which would make the water impossible to share with my friends. But ...
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1answer
5k views

Why is the empirical formula of sodium chloride NaCl? [duplicate]

Since we know in sodium chloride crystal sodium ions are surrounded by $6$ chloride ions and each chloride ions are again bonded to $6$ sodium ions. What I want to know is that on what basis empirical ...
4
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1answer
401 views

Why does the conductivity of a LiOH solution decrease when boric acid is added?

If I start with pure water and add $\ce{LiOH}$ the conductivity of solution increases. However, if I then dissolve boric acid in the same solution the conductivity falls. I would have thought adding ...
9
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2answers
1k views

An ionic compound dissociates into 3 ions of 3 different elements?

When an ionic compound dissolves in water and becomes ions. 1) Typically we see: $\ce{AB ->}$ Ions $\ce{A+ + B-}$ $\ce{ABC ->}$ Ions $\ce{AB+ + C-}$ 2) But how about the one below, is there ...
2
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2answers
645 views

Why is there an increasing solubility in water for chlorides, chlorates, perchlorates in that order?

According to Wikipedia $\pu{100 mL}$ of water dissolve at $\pu{25 ^\circ{}C}$ about $\pu{35 g}$ of $\ce{NaCl}$ (1), but about $\pu{79 g}$ of $\ce{NaClO3}$ (2), and around $\pu{210 g}$ for $\ce{NaClO4}$...
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100 views

Where can I find a downloadable database of basic physical and chemical properties?

The web has many online databases of properties of compounds locked behind search interfaces, but I can't find anything you can actually download. I want a corpus of data that might allow me to, say, ...
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1answer
156 views

Dissociation of zinc hydride

How can we determine if zinc hydride is a ionic compound? If it is a ionic compound then why doesn't it dissociate when put in water?
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3answers
4k views

Covalent and Ionic Bonds

Is sodium nitrate a covalent or ionic compound? This is a test question. I put the answer ionic compound but my teacher says that statement is false because it is only partially ionic as there is ...
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1answer
71 views

Crystallisation and crystal surface

It is my understanding that if you put table salt (as an example of polar compound) in water, the Na+ and Cl- ions will freely move through the solution. They will make the solution conductive and ...
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3answers
6k views

Effect of noble gas configuration on polarising power

I don't understand this statement written in my textbook about the polarising power of cations: If two cations have the same size and charge, then the one with pseudo noble gas configuration ( with ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Anion-exchanged compound - smaller 1H NMR integrations

I anion exchanged one of my compounds (Br- to PF6-) and the NMR integrations changed as shown on the two NMRs below. The aliphatic region peaks integrate to smaller values in the second one. Are there ...
7
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3answers
4k views

Why does adding salt to water reduce the pH?

I recently heard someone claim that adding table salt to vinegar caused HCl to form which helped them clean coins - clearly not the case - however I thought I'd disprove it by doing an experiment. So ...
10
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1answer
11k views

What is melting? Which bonds do we break to melt something?

To melt diamond, we have to break the covalent bonds, which we can consider 'intermolecular' because it is one giant molecule. To melt Methane, we have to break the van der Waals (intermolecular) ...
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1answer
1k views

Dielectric constant and dissolution of ionic salts

We say that salts like $\ce{NaCl}$ get easily dissolved in water because the dielectric constant of water is very high. I know the dielectric constant of water is 81 and if a salt is put into water ...
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2answers
12k views

Why is the melting point of magnesium oxide higher than aluminium oxide?

There's a graph of the melting points of period three oxides. The melting point of magnesium oxide is several hundred Kelvin higher than aluminiumoxide. I can't find any explanations for this on the ...
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1answer
1k views

How do hydrogen bonds break the ionic bonds of a crystal lattice? [duplicate]

In the case of water dissolving sodium chloride. I was under the impression that hydrogen bonds were much weaker than the ionic bonds in sodium chloride, so how do they overcome the ionic bond ...
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1answer
508 views

Why does Fluorine have a high affinity for Calcium?

I keep hearing from several websites and videos that Fluorine seems to like bonding to Calcium specifically; can someone please tell me why? I can't seem to find a clear response on the internet. ...
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1answer
52 views

Why do Ca-Ca distances get shorter in ionic structures, as compared to the metal?

I saw in the book Chemistry of the Elements by Greenwood & Earnshaw, 2nd ed., p 66, that the distance between calcium atoms decrease when it's forming an ionic structure. The closest $\ce{M-M}$ ...
6
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1answer
4k views

If I mix carbon dioxide and sodium hydroxide in the right amounts in water, do I get baking soda?

Suppose I need a sodium bicarbonate solution (for non-food related reasons). Can I get something resembling it by mixing $\ce{NaOH}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ in water? Of course one should not attempt to make ...
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0answers
2k views

polar covalent bond

Please take a look at the image of polar covalent bond in the $\ce{H2O}$ molecule below. My question is given in bold type in the following discussion. Here is my flow of thought that confused me so ...
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1answer
748 views

Why don't salt crystals attract each other?

If salt is made of ions in a giant lattice, surely if I have two crystals they would attract each other and fuse? Or maybe the ions can't get close enough to each other to attract, or the surface is ...
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1answer
255 views

Does mercury chloride (ii) evaporate at room temperature? [closed]

if you leave mercury chloride (ii) exposed to air in a room does it evaporate to any significant level which can cause toxicity?
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5answers
11k views

Why doesn't LiHCO3 exist in solid state?

I have read that $\ce{LiHCO3}$ does not exist in solid state. Is it because of the size of anion-cation concept or is it something else? So why is it only for lithium and not for sodium too?
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1answer
176 views

Manganates (II)

I want to ask about character of manganese(II) compounds. I read that $\ce{MnO}$ is basic, just like $\ce{Mn(OH)2}$. I started doing research and I read ions like $\ce{MnO2^{2-}}$ and $\ce{HMnO2^-}$ ...
4
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2answers
9k views

Difference between lattice energy and thermal stability

For an ionic compound, is it always true that the greater the thermal stability, the greater the lattice energy. E.g. for 2 ionic compounds MX and MY, if MX has a higher thermal stability than MY, ...
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1answer
172 views

making patinas for copper

Copper nitrate, calcium carbonate and ammonium chloride mixed will patina copper green. I need to know If calcium carbonate should be a heavy powder or a reagent. If calcium chloride is a dehydrate ...
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0answers
334 views

Substituting Ulexite

I'm working on ceramic glaze chemistry. One ingredient I don't have, but want to substitute is ulexite: $$\ce{NaCaB5O6(OH)6.5H2O}$$ I have borax, calcium borate, and calcium silicate: $$\ce{NaB4O7 ...
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1answer
790 views

Charge density is the amount of charge per unit volume but what is charge?

I was studying about x ray crystallography and my book says that charge density is measured in electrons per nano-meter cubed and this means that charge is the amount of electrons. But i am not sure ...
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1answer
11k views

What is the yellow precipitate formed from reacting diamminsilver fluoride and potassium iodide?

These two compounds, silver diamine fluoride and potassium iodide (actually a solution called Lugol’s solution), are being used together in dentistry. When combined they form a yellow precipitate. I ...
0
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1answer
2k views

How can I prepare Sn(NO3)2?

What is the method to be followed to prepare $\ce{Sn(NO3)2}$? I tried to prepare $\ce{Sn(NO3)2}$ from reaction below: $$\ce{SnCl2 + 2HNO3-> Sn(NO3)2 + 2HCl}$$ But $\ce{SnCl2}$ is not soluble. We ...
0
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1answer
214 views

Unknown salt formed from electrolysis of urine

I am not sure what I was expecting to happen with this but I created a circuit to electrolyze various household liquids. My electrodes are copper — or at least claim to be, I think they might just be ...
3
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0answers
882 views

Tin (II) chloride is white while tin(II) iodide is red. Why?

Tin (II) chloride is white while tin(II) iodide is red. Why? The answer given in my book says: Bigger anion has higher polarizability; more polarization greater is the intensity of colour(...
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1answer
129 views

Does bonding happen naturally? [closed]

For example, how do the bonds in NaCl form? I understand that the elements need to obtain an octet structure to become more stable, by either accepting or losing electrons. In NaCl, from my ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Stability by using charge/radius rule

I found a question Which is more stable among the following? (a) $\ce{CaCO3}$ (b) $\ce{MgCO3}$ Answer : (a) Explanation was given as: $\ce{Mg^2+}$ has smaller radius than $\ce{Ca^2+}$ and thus ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Why is sodium cyanide an inorganic compound?

I have been told that sodium cyanide is an inorganic compound during a lab experiment but I don't know the reason for this. Shouldn't sodium cyanide be an organic compound because it has a carbon ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Whose solubility increases with increase in temperature?

Solubility of which among the following substances in water increases slightly with rise in temperature? (a)$\ce{KBr}$ (b)$\ce{KCl}$ (c)$\ce{KNO3}$ (d)$\ce{NaNO3}$ Answer is (b). I don't know why. ...
0
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1answer
4k views

Why is Sodium Chloride White? [closed]

Why is solid sodium chloride white - and for that matter, why are the majority of salts white in solid form?

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