Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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Mathematics in inorganic and quantum chemistry

Is mathematics important to learn concepts in inorganic chemistry, such as point groups, point symmetry, because doing these topics requires one to determine the symmetry of the elements and to ...
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Why does the solubility of Group II hydroxides increase and the solubility of sulphates decrease down the group?

I know that, solubility of alkaline earth metal hydroxides increases down the group and solubility of alkaline earth metal sulfates decreases down the group. I wish to understand the reason for these ...
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Would sodium explode in salt water?

I’ve seen the video etc of sodium being put into freshwater and the reaction of flames/small explosion but I wonder if the same reaction would occur if conducted in salt water such as the ocean.
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“T” in subscript in formulas

Does a “T” in a formula subscript indicate all possible numbers of atoms? $\ce{FeO_T}$ is the specific one I came across (in the "bulk chemistry" table here: https://sciences.ucf.edu/class/...
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What is the reason of the color difference for the cis/trans isomers of tetraamminedichloridocobalt(III) chloride?

The cis and trans isomers of $\ce{[CoCl2(NH3)4]Cl}$ are quite famous as one is purple and the other one is green which is a huge difference in color. Now I can't find any information to why this is ...
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Reaction intermediates of MnO2 catalyzed H2O2 decomposition reaction

Manganese dioxide catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen gas. But what are the intermediates in this catalyzed reaction?
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Why does ZnO turn yellow when it is hot?

Why does ZnO's color become yellow when it is hot? I have read that it is because of physical properties, but I need a more elaborate explanation.
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Does fluorine in FNO3 have +1 oxidation number?

According to my textbook and also Wikipedia, fluorine nitrate is a compound which can be created (though it is unstable). Also my textbook says that fluorine has a $+1$ oxidation state. But how is $+1$...
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Why CCl4 does not dissolve in water while SiCl4 does?

Why $\ce{CCl4}$ does not dissolve in water while $\ce{SiCl4}$ does? Does it have to do with d-orbitals? If yes, then how are they related?
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What is the difference between “atomic hydrogen” and “nascent hydrogen”?

My book (Comprehensive Chemistry by Dr. N . K. Verma, S. K. Khanna, Dr. B. Kapila) mentions two forms of hydrogen — "atomic" & "nascent". It says that these two forms of hydrogen are more ...
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How is volatility useful in the production of acids?

Sulfuric acid because of its low volatility can be used to manufacture more volatile acids from their corresponding salts. How does volatility affect the production of acids? Isn't it that sulfuric ...
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Why is boric acid soapy to touch?

Bases are soapy to touch because of soap formation on contact with lipids present on our skin. If this is the case then why and how is boric acid soapy to touch?
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Water exchange at Al (III)

Why is the rate of water exchange at Al(III) centres so slow ? According to this medical book (p.5) it is $10^{5}$ times faster at Mg(II).
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What is the Structure of FeSO₄ • NO?

What is the structure of $\ce{FeSO4 \cdot NO}$ that is formed when $\ce{NO}$ is passed through ferrous sulfate solution? If it is a brown ring complex then why does the complex sphere break upon ...
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Can olivine be used to make glass?

This concerns ongoing work to find a plausible approach to large-scale production of clear glass on the Moon. It's for an ultra-hard science fiction project and I really want to get it right. Olivine ...
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Industrial synthesis of hydrazine

Not a duplicate of Hydrazine synthesis - I know what hydrazine is and am not going near it voluntarily! Looked at this resource on the Internet which cites three major commercial-scale processes: $\...
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19F NMR of hexafluorobromine(VII) cation

$\ce{[BrF6]+}$ is an octahedral species, and should have only one fluorine environment due to the symmetry. $\ce{Br}$ has nuclear spin $I=3/2$ and therefore is unlikely to cause splitting due to rapid ...
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Do hydrogen halides (HX) form strong or weak acids?

I know that when dissolved in water, hydrogen halides ($\ce{H-X}$), become acids. I know that $\ce{HF}$ forms a weak acid, but can it be generalized that all $\ce{HX}$ acids do so?
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The IUPAC name of sodium nitroprusside, and back-bonding in it

In the standard test for the sulfide ion, sodium nitroprusside $(\ce{Na^_2[Fe(CN)5(NO)]})$ is used. The IUPAC name for this compound as stated by Wikipedia is sodium pentacyanidonitrosylferrate(II) I ...
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Structure of Ca2B6O11

What is its structure? I found an image of $\ce{B6O11}$ unit, but it looks incorrect: The top left corner one. The oxygen can make max 2 bonds but atom $\mathrm{O8}$ has three! There are ...
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Why is (NH4)2[CuCl4] square planar complex but Cs2[CuCl4] is tetrahedral?

Why is $\ce{(NH4)2[CuCl4]}$ square planar complex but $\ce{Cs2[CuCl4]}$ is tetrahedral even though both have same oxidation number of copper and same ligands?
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Why do octahedral metal ligand complexes have greater splitting than tetrahedral complexes?

Octahedral complexes have greater splitting in the d orbitals. Is it because octahedral complexes have more atoms and thus more interactions?
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Activated Carbon - Desorption in sunlight?

I have some activated charcoal pads or small "pillows" that can be used to adsorb odors and chemical fumes from different materials. The instructions say to put them out in sunlight to reactivate ...
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Anomalous electronic configurations

Cu has an anomalous electron configuration. $\ce{Cu ~=~ 1s^2~2s^2~2p^6~3s^2~3p^6~4s^1~3d^{10}}$, it does not follow the usual pattern. In this case, the 3d subshell is filled before the 4s, which ...
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Can PBE (and LDA) actually be a better choice sometimes?

Part of my work as an inorganic chemist is to investigate the magnetic coupling between metallic centers in coordination compounds. After some time, I've noticed that the classic PBE functional is the ...
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In molecular orbital theory, why does s-p mixing in the dinitrogen molecule not effect the 1σᵤ orbital?

s-p mixing in $\ce{N2}$ causes the $1\sigma _g$ orbital to decrease in energy, the $2 \sigma _g$ orbital to increase in energy (to higher than the $1 \pi _u$) yet the $1 \sigma _u$ is left unchanged ...
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What are the properties of COₓ where x ≥ 3?

$\ce{CO_x}$ are part of the oxocarbon molecule class. Commonly known are $\ce{CO}$ and $\ce{CO2}.$ However, there are molecules in which $x$ is equal to or larger than $3.$ Those molecules are barely ...
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Does any chirality-dependent inorganic chemical reaction exist?

In the particle physics, there are non mirror-symmetric reactions. In the organic chemistry, particularly in complex proteins, there are reactions producing only a single chirality of molecules. But ...
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Order of Acidic strength: Phosphorus oxoacids [duplicate]

I was asked to compare the acidic strength of the following phosphorus oxoacids, I thought the order (of strength) would be $\ce{H3PO4 > H3PO3 > H3PO2}$, because they have three, two and ...
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Why are palladium and platinum carbonyls unstable at room temperature?

By palladium and platinum carbonyls, I mean the mononuclear, homoleptic, charge-neutral, binary carbonyl complexes of the form $\ce{M(CO)_n}$ and not any heteroleptic complexes like $\ce{Pd(CO)(PPh3)3}...
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Densest hydrogen storage medium [closed]

What compounds or nanostructures contain the most hydrogen atoms per unit of volume in realistic conditions (under 1 GPa). Particularly boron-free compounds because it's to be used in sci-fi nuclear ...
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Explanation for why nickel turns green in hydrochloric acid

My daughter has a chemistry test that I am helping her prepare for. One question is Nickel sulfate, $\ce{NiSO4(aq)}$ is a green solution. Nickel chloride, $\ce{NiCl2(aq)},$ is a yellow solution. If ...
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Oxidation state of fluorine in HOF

What should be the oxidation state of $\ce{F}$ in $\ce{HOF}$. As fluorine is the most electronegative element in the periodic table, it should be $-1$. But when I googled it, I found that many ...
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How to decide acidic or basic nature of oxides

How can we theoretically decide the acidic or basic nature of an oxide? What are the reasons/ factors which make an oxide acidic, basic, amphoteric or netural?
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How does strength of boric acid solution increase in presence of salicylic acid?

A while ago, I read that salicylic acid can make boric acid solution strongly acidic when it's added to it. To my knowledge, I know that boric acid becomes a strong acid in presence of cis-diols (...
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Why NH4OH? Why not NH3(aq)?

The title says it all. I had this question when helping someone with their high-school chemistry homework. What are the reasons that someone would use an (from my point of view) obfuscated notation?
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Why is fluorine the most electronegative atom?

It seems related to the atomic size but hydrogen has a smaller atomic size than fluorine. Why is fluorine the most electronegative atom?
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Can Fe(CO)5 adopt both square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal geometries?

I know the hybridization of $\ce{Fe(CO)5}$ is $\mathrm{dsp^3}$. According to my book, coordination compounds with coordination number 5 can interchange between square pyramidal and trigonal ...
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Does SiO compound exist?

If carbon monoxide can exist then why can't we have silicon monoxide? Both carbon and silicon belong to group 14 and have similar chemical properties.
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Why does ozone, being heavier than air, not settle down?

Is this because of some equilibrium between diffusion and gravity ? What exactly is responsible?
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What is the difference between hydroxyl, hydroxide and hydroxy?

Is there any difference between hydroxide, hydroxyl, and hydroxy used in chemistry or are they all the same?
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CuCl2 has colour but CuCl does not

$\ce{CuCl2}$ is green in colour while $\ce{CuCl}$ is white. What is the reason for this? Is it because the first compound exists as a complex ion and has d-d transitions?
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Why is Borax used as a primary standard?

It's given in my book that borax is a useful primary standard for titrating against acids. I have heard that primary standard is a pure reagent and does not gain any weight by absorbing moisture. (...
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What do these mineral classification symbols mean?

For my birthday I got an awesome mineral specimen case, as pictured below. What piqued my interest was the notations in the lid where the minerals are described with 5 specifications: C (obviously for ...
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Purpose of ammine in Tollens' reagent

In this previous question the mechanism for the reaction of Tollens' reagent was outlined. As I understand it the oxidising agent in Tollens' is the diamminesilver(I) complex $\ce{[Ag(NH3)2]+}$ but ...
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Why are d-d electronic transitions forbidden and weakly absorbing? Why do they occur at all?

I am unable to understand why d-d electronic transitions are forbidden? Why are they weakly absorbing and apart from that, why do they occur at all?
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Does NaOH react with K to form NaOK or KOH?

I realized that the $\ce{-OH}$ group when it reacts with some metal like $\ce{Na}$ or $\ce{K}$ will replace the $\ce{H}$ element to form $\ce{-OK}$ or $\ce{-ONa}$: \begin{align} \ce{H2O + Na &...
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Why is electronegativity increasing with oxidation state increase?

I may be a rudimentary fact or something really "not-that-hard-to-figure-out", but In inorganic chemistry it is common to consider a single value of the electronegativity to be valid for most "...
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Alloys for inkless metal pen

What alloys can be used to make a metal pencil like this one?
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Where to find common inorganic/organometallic molecules?

I'm working on a project to create a large open repository of quantum calculations, largely for teaching purposes. I can get thousands of common organic compounds easily from sources like PubChem or ...

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