Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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Rules to identify the most stable resonance structures

While studying resonance from this Chemistry LibreTexts article, I found the rules to follow in order to decide which structure is the most stable. Among them: The structure with the least number of ...
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Synthesis of ZnO by wet chemical method and reducing particle size by ball milling

I synthesized bulk $\ce{ZnO}$ which is pure white in colour, but after high energy ball milling colour changes from white to yellow, why? Figure 1: Zinc oxide (courtesy of Wikipedia).
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Why are the nitrate salts hygroscopic?

Any metal is never extracted from its nitrate salt because nitrate salts are highly soluble in water, so flow away along with rainwater, or any other source. But why are the nitrate salts so ...
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434 views

hydrated halide structure

What is the structure of $\ce{LiCl.2H2O}$? I think when $\ce{LiCl}$ is put in aqueous medium, it will break into $\ce{Li+}$ and $\ce{Cl-}$. Then $\ce{H2O}$ will give LP to Li and hydrate it. But why 2 ...
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What are the isomers of a complex having a structure of M(AB)2C2?

Our instructor have us answer an isomerism problem of a crystal structure that has a form of $\ce{M(AB)2C2}$. I keep getting 9 isomers, which includes the optically inactive isomer, and my peers and I ...
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Why is moist hydrogen made to react with chlorine to give hydrogen chloride?

Moist hydrogen reacts with chlorine in diffused sunlight to give out hydrogen chloride. Why is moist hydrogen used? Why not dry hydrogen?
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Why is [Fe(CN)6]3- more stable then [Fe(ox)3]3- despite being a non-chelate?

I was reading up on how chelation leads to more stability of a complex, and then I came across this weird trend given by my professor in class as a contradiction, with no explanation. I'm curious what ...
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Methyl Radical. Lewis Acid or Not?

Is methyl radical a lewis acid ? According to me it is a lewis acid as any species can be considered as a lewis acid if it can accept an electron in its LUMO.
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Using a weak acid to prevent the precipitation of Mg(OH)2

I have this exercise in my chemistry book, and I have been staring at it for so long but unfortunately I have no single idea what to do and where to start. I will be so thankful for any help. $0.05$ ...
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Would it be possible to use phosphorus pentoxide as a heat storage material?

The reaction of phosphorus pentoxide with water shows the exorbitant solution heat of -377 kJ/mol (according to german Wikipedia; don't know if it means as per mol P2O5 or per mol P4O10). Is this ...
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Equilibrium Constant dependence

The equilibrium constant (EC) of a certain reaction is only dependent on temperature. For instance, suppose at a certain temperature, the EC of $\ce{A + 3B <=> 2C}$ is $K$. Now if I divide the ...
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How can we find out the type of bonding present in a compound or a molecule?

For example, if the bonding in diamond, ice, MgO or CO2 is to determine, how can I find it out? How to determine van der Waals forces?
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Method for removing CuO in an inert environment

Common oxides (i.e., CuO or Al2O3) are capable of removal via NaOH solution. However, I am interested in removing a copper oxide layer inside an inert (Ar glovebox) environment. Thus, the traditional ...
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Why isn't iron (III) oxide an effective catalyst for decomposing hydrogen peroxide?

I've been working on a project involving the catalyst iron(III) oxide for decomposing hydrogen peroxide. It barely seemed to produce any oxygen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ta4DomSDzF8 This video ...
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174 views

Why is it important in the iodine clock reaction that there is only a small quantity of sodium thiosulfate?

These are 2 questions . Why is thiosulphate needed ? And why In small quantities ? I know that the thiosulphate reacts with the I2 to form I ions Why is that important though ?
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What is PPM in terms of air concentration?

When they say the $\ce{CO2}$ concentration is $\pu{350 ppm}$ what does this actually mean? Does this mean that if we took a sample of air say $\pu{1 m3}$ then $\pu{350 mg}$ of that cubic meter would ...
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141 views

How can I find the equilibrium constant Kp without temperature?

The question I'm looking at is I found that that Kc = 139M^-1, but how can I determine Kp? There is no temperature given, but I was told that it is still possible to calculate.
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Etching of ZnS crystal by NaOCl

Can someone tell me the exact mechanism for etching $\ce{ZnS}$ with $\ce{NaOCl}$? I believe it is due to $\ce{OCl-}$ ion, just need confirmation. Many thanks.
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What is (if there is) the reaction between manganese chloride and oxygen when dry?

I had a chemistry lab and I did a error. I was supposed to make some $\ce{MnCl2}$ and then used fire to dry it but then some of it turned black, and I am supposed to quantify my error. So I am ...
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Bond dissociation energy order for C-C,N-N,O-O & F-F single bond

I couldn't understand the trend of bond dissociation energy of various single bonds. Why C-C>N-N>F-F>O-O. I had mugged up the trend the now, and according to me BDE should continuously increasing ...
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271 views

Why potassium chromate can be used as indicator in Mohr method?

Both silver chloride and silver chromate are insoluble, so why is that silver chromate is precipitated before silver chromate? Why wouldn't both red silver chromate and white silver chloride form at ...
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349 views

Make KCN from ferrocyanide, K2CO3, and carbon

$$\ce{2K4Fe(CN)6 + 2K2CO3 + 1C -> 12KCN + 2Fe + 3CO2}$$ This reaction seems very logical. Does it actually occur? What temperature should be used for the reaction? $\pu{640^\circ C}$?
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The preparation of 0.005 M Iodine Solution

The dissolution of iodine crystals with potassium iodide is very slow. To prepare a 0.005 M Iodine solution will require you keep the vessel until all crystals dissolve. With the low concentration and ...
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Ions Na+ and Cl-

Fundamental question on ions: If, for instance, $\ce{Na}$ and $\ce{Cl}$ react to produce $\ce{NaCl}$ salt, then $\ce{Na^+}$ and $\ce{Cl^-}$ are obviously formed. What I don't understand is, for ...
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Why atomic mass is taken in comparison?

The definition of atomic mass says that it is the mass of one atom of the element with respect to 1|12 of the mass of carbon-12 atom. My question is that why there is need to compare the atomic mass ...
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Determine concentration of phosphate after copper(II) oxalate is precipitated

Solution with $\ce{Na3PO4}$ with $\pu{0.02 M}$ concentration and $\ce{Na2C2O4}$ with $\pu{0.03 M}$ concentration. I add excess $\ce{Cu(NO3)2}$ very carefully – tiny amounts. What will be my $\ce{PO4^...
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313 views

electron counting for transition metal-oxo ligand compound

Using donor-pair method, how many electrons would an oxo ($O^{2-}$) ligand contribute? I cannot decide if it is 2 or 4.
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Why is helium considered as a non-metal?

How can helium be considered as a non-metal based on its chemical properties? Helium is a noble gas; it does not take part in chemical reactions under ordinary conditions. But non-metals tend to gain ...
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Sulphur trioxide problem

I'm having minor difficulties solving this problem: How many grams of sulfur (VI) oxide can be derived from 8 g of sulfur and 6 g of oxygen? (S-32) I've tried to solve it this way: $\ce{2S + 3O2 -...
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Structure of IO2F5(2-) dianion

This question came in my exam to draw the Structure of $\ce{[IO_2F_5]^2-}$ I am confused. Here's what I reasoned: Iodine will have hybridisation $\ce{sp^3d^3}$ so it will be pentagonal bi ...
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557 views

How is ozone formation form oxygen **spontaneous**?

DeltaH for process is positive and deltaS is negative. Then by thermodynamics,deltaG for process must be positive at all temperatures. Then how is ozone formation spontaneous?
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Why Silica and normal alumina can damage or destroy many metal complexes?

in case of organic ligand there r several techniques for purification,but in case of metal complex(Cr,Mn,Fe,Co) with schiff base , i have not seen any literature for the purification of them except ...
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Percentage of yield reaction question

By bubbling $\ce{Cl2}$ in a solution containing $176.6~\mathrm{g}$ of $\ce{MgBr2}$ are obtained [sic!] $135~\mathrm{g}$ of $\ce{Br2}$. However, the yield of this reaction is not $100~\%$. How many ...