Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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What does H2SO4 do to YAS?

I have been reading VOGEL'S qualitative analysis and I came across the reagent Yellow ammonium sulphide. It's written here that it is used to distinguish Group 2B elements. But my question is that how ...
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Equilibrium constant for the thermal dissociation of phosphorus pentachloride [closed]

Thermal decomposition of $\ce{PCl5}$ is studied in a closed vessel. Partial pressure of $\ce{PCl5}$ in gaseous equilibrium mixture is $\pu{1 atm}.$ $\pu{50 \%}$ $\ce{PCl5}$ dissociates. Find ...
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Crystal field splitting of other orbitals

According to crystal field theory (CFT), $\mathrm{d}$-orbitals of central metal atom splits due to non uniform repulsion of ligands around the metal atom. Why isn't $\mathrm{p}$-orbital splitting ...
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Where is Al2O3 in Al2(SO4)3 coming from? [closed]

let me know where is Al2O3 in Al2(SO4)3 containing from? as we know there is 17-18% Al2O3 in commonly Al2(SO4)3 product. is it because low convertion of reaction Al2O3 + 3H2SO4 = Al2(SO4)3 + 3H2O, or ...
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Why does the corrosion of a steel nail develop iron ions in the ends of the nail and hydroxide in the middle of the nail?

We did an experiment in school where we put a steel nail in a solution consisting of: 1 g agar; 100 ml water; 100 ml indicator solution (which gets blue whenever $\ce{Fe^2+}$ is created and red when $...
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Molecular orbital diagram for I₃⁺ cation

Do I need to go through the whole process of reducible representations/projection operator method to come up with the bent SALCs for the $\ce{[I3]+}$ molecule? Or is it simpler than that?
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MO diagram for triiodide anion [duplicate]

I can't figure out this MO diagram. Are there d orbitals involved? I thought the central atom would have d orbitals participating in bonding since it has an expanded octet. For the central atom I ...
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How to test for and remove lead(II) sulfate from a sample of 1 M sulfuric acid?

If you had a clear, colourless sample of dilute sulfuric acid and suspected lead contamination, probably lead sulfate, how would you test for this? It's solubility is low in sulfuric acid solutions, ...
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Why is the OO-H dissociation is unlikely for the Caro's Acid?

Let us consider the Caro's Acid: $\mathrm{H_2SO_5 \equiv SO_3H-OOH}$. It is widely known that the hydrogen tied with the $\mathrm{-OO-}$ group is pretty much unlikely to dissociate: $$ \text {...
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Why are polynuclear carbonyl complexes coloured?

We know that polynuclear carbonyls are colored and their intensity increases with increase in metal ions. But why does the color arise? I am aware that this is due to some transition between ...
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How to add components in visual MINTEQ

I need to figure out speciation of a mixture of metal nitrates and chloroplatinic acid. I am using visual MINTEQ to do this. But platinum ion is not there in the visual MINTEQ component list. I need ...
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Are these two reactions the same? [duplicate]

I read the book an it said when $\ce{NH4Cl}$ dissolves in the water, the reaction of $\ce{NH4+}$ will be $$\ce{NH4+ <=> NH3 + H+},$$ but instead, the first reaction came to my mind was $$\ce{...
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Are clathrates and interstitial compounds the same thing?

In the book$\ce{^{[1]}}$, it's given that clathrates are compounds in which gases are entrapped within cavities of crystal lattices of certain organic or inorganic compounds. Interstitial compounds ...
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Trying to synthesize and crystallize iron (iii) ammonium sulfate

I've been following instructions (from here, the first method) to synthesize iron (iii) ammonium sulfate and crystallize it. The first attempt was a fail, I spilled most of my solution and what I ...
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What is nowadays called silazane?

Example from the Recommendations 2013. Left: Alleged disilazane ; Right: My version Clearer example without obvious flaws in alternative structure. Left: Alleged disilazane ; Right: My version I am ...
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Chirality and number of sterioisomers

I have recently read that the number of sterioisomers in a compound having n chiral centres is 2^n. (That is, if no meso form is present) The below question asks for the number of sterioisomers in ...
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Application of the electronegativity effect on bond angles

There's a rule in determining molecular geometry that says that if the electronegativity of the central atom increases, the bond angle of the molecule increases. Is this is only applicable in the ...
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Ambiguity in oxidation state of phosphorus in H3PO3 [duplicate]

Phosphorus(2.19) is less electronegative than hydrogen(2.20), so during calculation of oxidation state of phosphorus the oxidation state of hydrogen should be taken as-1 but in books it's taken as +1 ...
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3answers
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pH implications of redox balancing half reaction method

I have seen similar questions, but I’m asking a new question as far as I know. Why is water instead of hydroxide ions used to balance oxygen atoms in redox half equations? asks about using hydroxide ...
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What's the effect of Pressure change in Chemical Equilibrium if any reactant or product is Solid or Liquid?

I am studying La-Chatelier's Principle of Chemical Equilibrium. I got a problem of Pressure change in Chemical Equilibrium. I know that Pressure change If a reversible reaction is in equilibrium ...
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What is the precipitate of aqueous copper (II) and polysulfides?

So if you heat up a piece of sodium engulfed in a large excess of sulfur, what you would get (from what I've read) is sodium polysulfide $\ce{NaS_n}$. But how large can $n$ get? If you left sodium ...
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Change in pH when changing the sequence of acidic solution

I have 4 acidic solutions: Barium nitrate, aluminium nitrate monohydrate, cobalt nitrate hexahydrate, and hexachloroplatinic acid. Everything is dissolved in water. I mixed them in order to create a ...
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How does one dilute sulphuric acid (1.28sg@25ºc 460g/L) to 3 M Sulphuric Acid?

Thanks for looking. The extent of my research around the issue so far. SA sg table but wrong temp 60f not 77f/25c http://www.sschemical.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Conversion_Table.pdf From ...
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Hybridization theory (orbitals used in different hybridizations)

Why is $d_{x²-y²}$ orbital used in $sp^3d$ (square pyramidal geometry) while $d_{z^2}$ orbital in $sp^3d$ (trigonal bipyramidal geometry)? I came across this information while reading J.D.Lee Concise ...
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Can Potassium Carbonate be used to reduce Calcium hardness in water [duplicate]

I have a solution of KCl 20g/l (2%) and 500mg/l Ca, To reduce the hardness, Na2CO3 is normally used, but can I use K2CO3 instead?
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Methods to quantify lead(II) concentration in water on the ppm/ppb level

While there are several ways to quantify metal concentrations in water, a lot of them are only specific to select metals. For example, there is the orthophenanthroline method for quantification of Fe(...
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Can o-phenanthroline be used as a complexing agent for lead(II)?

I’ve been trying to find a method to perform a spectrophotometric analysis to determine lead concentration (on the ppm level). This would require some chelator capable of forming a coloured complex ...
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Arsenic bound proteins confirmatory test

I want to confirm the presence of arsenic in some protein samples, apart from the marsh test can I use the following method?-- Arsenic is present as arsenic (III) ion in the samples. Hydrogen sulfide ...
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Scale to be considered for comparing electronegativities of nitrogen and chlorine

The Pauling scale gives the $\chi$ values of $\ce{N}$ and $\ce{Cl}$ to be $3.04$ and $3.16,$ respectively, but the Allen scale gives the $\chi$ values of $\ce{N}$ and $\ce{Cl}$ to be $3.066$ and $2....
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Chemicals that form coloured complexes with Pb2+

I’m currently conducting a photo-spectrometric analysis of lead concentration in water and was looking into using Eriochrome Black t as an indicator for Pb2+ (due to the complex forming a reddish ...
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2answers
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Writing half equation confusion [closed]

The following is the answer for a question that I am doing: Reduction: $\ce{X^2+(aq) + 2 e- -> X(s)}$ Can I write $\ce{X + 2 e- -> X^2-}?$ Why can't I start with $\ce{X}$ instead of $\ce{X^2+...
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How to properly model a mechanochemical reaction of barium titanate and copper(II) complexes?

I would like to understand, in terms of chemical kinetics, how I could equate the reaction rate between $\ce{BaTiO3}$ and copper(II) complexes under ultrasound effect. Examples in literature would be ...
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1answer
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Projection Operator Method on Cl4+

I am not quite sure how to start on 1b.We are given 2 diagrams but I am not sure how to use the second one in the question, or if we have to. I got the point group for Cl4+ to be (D2h) however, but ...
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1answer
22 views

Determining direction of equilibrium

I am having a lot of trouble with this question. We have to determine if (K) is greater or less than 1. I at first thought the equilibrium would favor the right side because this could have to do with ...
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Importance of concentration of gold in gold parting

I read following lines about gold parting: Gold is not attacked by $\ce{H2SO4}$ or $\ce{HNO3}$, but copper and silver dissolve in them, when concentration of gold is less than $30\%$. If however, ...
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How does trimethylgermane feature in this reaction scheme?

I think this reaction forms some monomer of styrene and trimethylgermane but I can't seem to figure out what the intermediates are or the mechanism in which how this is formed. I know that the ...
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Why dosen't No2 form according to the octet rule?

Supposedly every atom that is in the second period of the periodic table has to obey the octet rule, this means that they have to be surrounded by 8 electrons (or so I was taught). Studying resonance ...
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Lewis acidity order of nitrogen family halides

In chlorides of nitrogen family (group 15), why does the Lewis acidity decrease down the group? We know electronegativity decreases down the group. Therefore, the partial negative character of the ...
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2answers
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Identifying Copper Purity At Home [closed]

Are there any ways to figure out if the copper foil and mesh I have are pure, as-close-to 100% copper as possible (and as advertised)?
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Symmetries and degeneracies of the s,p, and d orbitals

Consider the molecular AB_8 (complex with central atom A and 8 B ligands (coordination number 8), for which I determined the point group D_4d) and determine the symmetries and degeneracies of the s, p,...
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Grouping of symmetry classes in chemistry character tables

In the C3v point group, it lists three sigma Vs together in one column (class), and it doesn't list the cVs separately. Consequently there are three irreducible representations. In the C2v point ...
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Organic chemistry [closed]

Could someone tell me what happens when a compound having a benzene ring reacts with a mixture of NaOH/HCHO? What reaction and mechanism does this follow?
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What is the characterstics of additives that it must posses to make any mixture hypergolic? [closed]

This is about hypergolicity of rocket propellant.Turpentine gave hard-start with RFNA and WFNA but excellent with mixed acid(mixture of HNO3 & H2SO4).Similarly,Furfuryl alcohol & WFNA(also ...
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Why is phosphorus trifluoride the strongest Lewis acid among the phosphorus trihalides?

I had read that for the trihalides of boron, boron trifluoride is the weakest Lewis acid due to backbonding. The order I had seen was - $\ce{BI3 > BBr3 > BCl3 > BF3}\$ $$\ce{}$ $- order of ...
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Effect of optical isomerism on colour of transition metal complexes

I know that different stereoisomers of a given transition metal complex (cis- and trans- forms) have different colours. But do different optical isomers (non-superimposable mirror images) have ...
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Separating lanthanides using ion-exchange method

Following statements are on Separation of rare earth metals (lanthanides) via in-exchange method The tripositive ions are strongly sorbed by cation exchange resin: $\ce{La^{3+}}$, the largest is ...
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Cation-anion radius ratio of manganese difluoride

How to determine the cation-anion radius ratio for $\ce{MnF2}?$ I tried to calculate the $r_\mathrm{c}/r_\mathrm{a}$ ratio using the relationships: $$2r_\mathrm{c} = c$$ and $$(2r_\mathrm{c} + 4r_\...
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1answer
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Use of Spiegeleisen in manufacture of steel

I recently read the following statements related to Manufacture of steel via Bessemer Process: When no more $\ce{CO}$ is produced (i.e. blue flame disappears) a calculated amount of Spiegeleisen (...
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2answers
217 views

Why doesn't diamond conduct electricity but silicon does?

Diamond's structure is a large network covalent crystal, where there are strong covalent bonds between neighboring tetrahedral carbon atoms. The explanation I was given was: The electrons are held ...
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1answer
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Does tris(ethylenediamine)iron(III) exhibit optical isomerism? [closed]

I'm studying 12th. In my book they mentioned that $\ce{[Co(en)3]^3+}$ exhibits optical isomerism. But in that same book, there is a question Which of this doesn't exhibit isomerism? and the ...

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