Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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What is an effective coagulant/flocculant for an acidic solution?

The acidic solution is a mixture of dissolved ammonium sulfate and mono-ammonium phosphate (pH about 4.5-4.8) along with an inorganic sludge with a similar consistency to clay I am looking to remove ...
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Equilibrium of zinc ion with ammonia

In my chemistry lab, we are testing the amphoteric properties of this metal. I understand zink can react with an acid or a base to form different compounds in solution based on pH. In one part of the ...
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Are we technically reducing electrodes/wires for the instant that an electron passes through them?

In lecture I was taught that, in a galvanic cell at standard conditions, platinum is often used as an inert electrode when the species being oxidized or reduced exists only in solution, because ...
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In the aquation of cis-platin, why are the chloride ligands, and not ammonia, replaced with water, despite chloride's larger trans effect?

https://doi.org/10.1021/ic000847w In this paper, the aquation of cisplatin is examined. When used to treat cancer, the chlorides are substituted with water molecules, which seems to go against the ...
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Can you dissolve latex balloons to remold into other latex objects?

I want to take balloons from the dollar store and dissolve, then reform them into complex shapes (like a human head) balloons. Is this possible?
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Why is the increase in covalent radius from As to Bi not as big as from N to P?

The following is the radius of Group $15$ elements: $$\begin{array}{c|c} \hline \text{Element} & \text{Covalent Radius }(\pu{pm}) \\ \hline \ce{N} &75 \\ \ce{P} &110 \\ \ce{As} &...
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Why do only some metals make protective oxide layers?

Almost all Alkali metals and Alkaline Earth metals react with air to form their respective oxides, but why does only Magnesium forms a protective oxide layer? What properties of magnesium oxide allow ...
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Finding a Mistake Calculating the pH of Ammonium Acetate

I'm trying to calculate the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a $\pu{0.10 M}$ solution of ammonium acetate, and I am struggling to find what mistake I am making within the following calculations: We know that $\dfrac{[...
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D-orbitals of point group C2v

I'm trying to construct an MO diagram for cisplatin, which has C2v symmetry. However, there is no Mulliken label for the d(x^2-y^2) orbital in the character table. Does this orbital not form molecular ...
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58 views

Getting an “index” of 7 for a Set of Powder Diffraction Data

I know a value of $h^2 + k^2 + \ell^2 = 7$ is not allowed but I cannot understand where I am going wrong with the indexing here. Any insight would be greatly appreciated as I am wondering if this is ...
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48 views

Color of Flame Test for Alkali Metals

Lithium is known to have the highest ionization energy among Group 1 elements. Also, characteristic colours in the flame test arise due to the excitation and de-excitation of electrons. Then why ...
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Struvite Crystals: How does it form?

I'm in general chemistry, and I was wondering how ionic species crystallize and form the shapes they do, specifically in regard to the Struvite precipitate $\ce{MgNH_4PO_4. 6H_2O}$. Deconstructing the ...
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How can platinum function as an “inert electrode” while having a standard reduction potential of 1.2 from its 2+ oxidation state?

In lecture I was taught that, in a galvanic cell at standard conditions, platinum is often used as an inert electrode when the species being oxidized or reduced exists only in solution, because ...
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How do acids prevent ferrous sulfate from getting oxidised?

If $\ce{FeSO4.7H2O}$ is dissolved in an acidic environment, for example in 0.05 M aqueous solutions of methanoic or ethanoic acid, would that prevent it from getting oxidized if an oxidizing agent ...
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Comparison of C=O bond strength in metal carbonyls

Find the weakest $\ce{C=O}$ bond among $\ce{[Mn(CO)6]+},$ $\ce{Fe[(CO)5]},$ $\ce{[Cr(CO)6]}$ and $\ce{[V(CO)6]-}.$ I thought the $\ce{C=O}$ bond strength would be lowest in $\ce{[V(CO)6]-}$ since the ...
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Comparison between bond length of platinum and titanium oxides

This question comes from a problem sheet I recently had. It concerns the fact that Pt-O bond lengths are typically longer than Ti-O ones, even though the radii of the two metals are similar. My ...
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Green deposition on the anode after electrolysis of sodium bicarbonate solution in tap water

I use $\pu{12 V}$ battery with copper wires and tap water with $\ce{NaHCO3}$ dissolved in it. I connected the battery and everything went as expected but after 5 minutes bubbling stopped. I took out ...
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Why is magnesium sulfate more soluble in water than that of strontium and calcium sulfates?

Magnesium sulfate is soluble in water. Its solubility is $\pu{26.9 g}/\pu{100 mL}$ at $\pu{0 ^\circ C}$ $(\pu{35.1 g}/\pu{100 mL}$ at $\pu{20 ^\circ C})$.[1] However, both calcium sulfate $(\pu{0.21 g}...
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Comparing the zero point vibrational energies of DCl and HCl

(a) Compare the zero point energy (i.e. $E_0)$ in joules for $\ce{H^{35}Cl}$ and $\ce{D^{35}Cl}$ (assuming both are anharmonic oscillators). (b) Explain the effect this will this have on their ...
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Solubility of metal Hydroxides in excess Sodium Hydroxide (excess NaOH)

I recently came across a question which asked me to find out which metal hydroxides are soluble in excess $\ce{NaOH}$ solution. Number of hydroxides which are soluble in excess of $\ce{NaOH}$ among ...
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Why would substitution of H with D alter chemical shift?

The $\ce{^{119}Sn}$ chemical shift of the dimeric tin hydride shown below (R=terphenyl) changes on addition of $\ce{D2}$ from a 1:2:1 triplet at $\pu{657.9 ppm}$ (due to coupling between $\ce{Sn}$ and ...
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154 views

Reactivity of group 13 elements with nitrogen

Do all group 13 elements react with nitrogen to form nitrides of form $\ce{MN}?$ J.D. Lee's Inorganic chemistry book mentions the following: Aluminium burns in dinitrogen at high temperatures ...
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Can % location of electron on metal or ligand be negative (EPR)?

Given an EPR spectrum of [Co(3-methoxysalen)(py)] : and equations: A(x) = A(iso) + B A(z) = A(iso) - 2B %Co in SOMO = B/B0 where A(x) and A(z) are hyperfine coupling constants measured from the ...
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Calculating atomic mass of unknown element in given compound (gas) at STP

A gas $\ce{X2O5}$ has the density of $\pu{5 g L-1}$ at STP. What is the atomic mass of $\ce{X}$ given $A_\mathrm{r}(\ce{O}) = 16?$ Note: The problem is my homework for school and has been translated ...
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Why does dilithium have a longer bond length than dihydrogen?

I've tried MO theory however they both have a bond order of 1. Which means we can not relate the bond order to the bond length. My thinking - I think that the h2 bond length is shorter due to only ...
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66 views

Is mixture of ammonium hydroxide and ammonium nitrate a buffer solution? [closed]

Is a mixture of $\ce{NH4OH}$ and $\ce{NH4NO3}$ a buffer solution? I have seen some examples with $\ce{NH4OH}$ and $\ce{NH4Cl}$ but never $\ce{NH4NO3}$.
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Calculating the potential of an electrochemical cell (Nernst equation)

This is the problem: Calculate the ${E_\mathrm{cell}}$ (not ${E°}$) at 25°C. I found that the reaction is $$\ce{Cu(s) + Fe^2+(aq) -> Cu^2+(aq) + Fe(s)}$$ $\ce{Cu}$ gets oxidized and $\ce{Fe^2+}$ ...
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Why is it that nitrogen hybridizes in ammonia, yet in F2, fluorine does not [closed]

It seems rather arbitrary to me that we have decided that nitrogen sp3 hybridizes in ammonia to stay consistent with VSEPR, yet that fluorine uses its 2p orbital to bond with another fluorine in F2 (I....
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Does β-hydride elimination in main group metals occur?

As a side reaction of Grignard reagents, the following reaction is introduced on the Internet. I think this is β-hydride elimination reaction, but magnesium is a main group metal, not a transition ...
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Why Inorganic chemistry reaction mechanisms are hard to find?

My textbook Chemistry Part 1,as in the attached photo states that[after the KClO3 reaction] “This reaction which apparently seems to be of the tenth order is actually a second order reaction. This ...
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Lattice Energy and Stability in s block compounds

Lattice energy decreases down the group but stability of the compound still increases why? For the purpose of this post I'll take alkali earth metal carbonate as an example. As we go down the group ...
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Chemically producing sodium metal from magnesium

Anyone with experience making sodium metal ($\ce{Na}$) with the following process? Reactants: $\pu{14 g}$ magnesium powder, $\pu{20 g}$ sodium hydroxide; Catalysts: $1$ to $\pu{2 g}$ menthol crystals; ...
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Milliliters of NaBr when changing molarity [closed]

I was very confused by this problem. I was able to get the molarity, but I wasn’t certain how to go from there: If $\pu{2.60 g}$ of $\ce{NaBr}$ is dissolved in enough water to make $\pu{160.0 mL}$ of ...
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Are compounds which are used to seed clouds like silver(I) iodide hygroscopic?

I have read a teensy bit of the subject matter and the explanation they provided for silver iodide's ability to being a good site for ice to form is because of its size resembling an ice nucleus. How ...
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Does the anti-rust properties of bluing carbon steel disappear at a certain temperature?

Yesterday I blued my new carbon steel wok over a very high (200K BTU) burner which is capable of getting the wok to 1000+ degrees with ease. I understand that bluing adds a rust-resistant layer which ...
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critical temperature and critical pressure condition data of Starch (Corn) [closed]

does anyone know where can I find the critical temperature and critical pressure condition data of Starch (Corn)?
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Why transition metal chloride complex have lower reduction potential than metal aqua ions?

Why transition metal chloride complex have lower reduction potential than metal aqua ions? For example: $$ \begin{align} \ce{Au^3+(aq) + 3 e- &-> Au(s)} &\quad E^\circ &= \pu{+1.52 V}\...
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IUPAC name of H[AuCl4]

Is $\ce{H[AuCl4]}$ tetrachloroauric [III] acid or hydrogen tetrachloroaurate[III]? As per the rules I have studied the latter name is correct. Then why am I getting the former name mentioned ...
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Why does beryllium have an exceptionally high hydration energy?

You would expect solubility of Group $2$ fluorides to increase down the group, as lattice energy plummets much more sharply than hydration energy does. For the most part, this is true: $\ce{BaF2}$ is ...
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Why is hydrated beryllium ion acidic?

The beryllium ion, $\ce{Be^{2+}}$, forms the aquo complex $\ce{[Be(H2O)4]^{2+}}$. According to LibreTexts, this complex is acidic in solution: $$\ce{[Be(H2O)4]^{2+} + H2O -> [Be(H2O)3OH]+ + H3O+}$$ ...
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variable oxidation states [closed]

which of the statements is true: looking at the electronic configuration of an element, can the possible oxidation states/oxidation number of an elemnet be predicted. for example, the valence ...
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145 views

How does addition of AgCl affect concentration of iodide in KI solution?

In a mixture of $\ce{AgCl(s)}$ and initial $\pu{0.10 M}$ $\ce{KI}$, what is the $[\ce{I-}]$ after the reaction proceeds? Disclaimer: This is not a graded assignment, but rather a problem I'm trying to ...
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Are high spin complexes and spin free complexes the same thing?

While solving some Coordination Compounds problems, I came across a problem that asked Select which complex is high spin or spin free octahedral complex. The term 'spin free' sounds like a complex ...
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How to calculate how much weak acid would dissociate in water?

So I know water has a pH of 7. If we add 0.1 mol of a strong acid inside 1 liter of water, it WILL fully dissociate into 0.1 mol of A- and 0.1 mol of H+ thus making the pH of the solution 1. But what ...
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How does the anti-bonding eg orbital (eg*) affect the bonding of ligands?

In the molecular orbital for octahedral metal-ligand complexes, there is an eg orbital and an eg* orbital. When the d orbitals on the metal split, it will fill up some of the eg* orbitals I believe. ...
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API formulations - are excipients required

I have the following API's Itraconazole, Ivermectin, Fenofibrate, Pyrvinium Pamoate,  Sulfasalazine, Artesunate,  All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Doxycycline,  Atovaquone,  Extremestane, Syrosingopine and ...
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The type of H-NMR spectra observed for S=PF2H and other inorganic molecules similar to this

I was hoping to learn more about the types of splitting observed in inorganic molecules such as S=PF2H. I am familiar with the typical splitting patterns associated with the study of organic molecules ...
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Determining iron content by titration

The redox reaction is $$\ce{KMnO4-(aq) + 8 H+(aq) + 5 e- -> Mn^2+(aq) + 4 H2O(l)}.$$ Where does $\ce{H+}$ come from in this reaction? What happened to $\ce{K+}$ in potassium permanganate?
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How does the force constant change when a heavier atom is used in vibrational spectroscopy?

(iii) The fundamental band in the IR spectrum of $\ce{^1H^{127}I}$ is found at $\pu{2308 cm^-1}.$ Calculate the force constant for the bond. Assume the molecule can be treated as a harmonic oscillator....
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Biological activity of the isotopes of the same element

I have a question regarding biological activity of different isotopes of the same elements, notably $\ce{^206Pb}$ and $\ce{^208Pb}$. Lead is known to be toxic, such that it can replace calcium from ...

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