Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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Structural isomers of hexaammineiron(III) hexacyanidocobaltate(III)

Find the number of structural isomers of $\ce{[Fe(NH_3)_6][Co(CN)_6]}$ This was a question solved by my teacher as follows: The $\ce{CN}$ will show linkage isomerism while $\ce{NH_3}$ and $\ce{CN}$ ...
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Acidity order of xenon fluorides,oxides and oxofluorides [closed]

The acidity order of xenon oxides,fluorides and oxofluorides is: $\ce{XeF6 > XeO2F4 > XeO3F2 > XeO4 > XeOF4 > XeF4 > XeO2F2 > XeF3 > XeO3}$. How to justify this order? My ...
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Qualitative Analysis- Distinguishing between two ions or two salts [duplicate]

I know my question is going to be quite below the level of this site but I am 1st grade in university and I can't understand anything. I am going to give an example from the book: distinguish ...
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How to identify if a material is perovskite or not?

This is more of a materials science question, but I believe many of you have referred NIST Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD) database. I am collecting a database of perovskite materials and ...
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How the attraction takes place between a hydrogen atom and the acceptor atom in a hydrogen bond

In hydrogen bonds present in water,does the hydrogen atom attracts to the lone pair of electrons present on the oxygen atom or to its partial negative charge? If former is the case are there any ...
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How does Aluminum react with nitric acid at different concentrations? [duplicate]

I am unable to find proper information. My book just says that conc. Nitric acid renders it passive.Could anyone please give the different reactions at different concentrations
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Contradictory Properties of Mercuric Cyanide [closed]

It is said that mercuric cyanide [$\ce{Hg(CN)_2}$] is water soluble and also is a non-electrolyte. How is this possible?
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Naming of [Pt(py)4][PtCl4]

Why is $\ce{[Pt(py)4][PtCl4]}$ called tetrakis(pyridine)platinum(II) tetrachloridoplatinate(II) and not tetrapyridineplatinum(II) tetrachloridoplatinate(II)? I thought you use tetrakis for ligands ...
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Reactions of diborane, silane, methane, aluminium, boron, sodium, phosphorus trichloride, white phosphorus and iron with water at RT [closed]

How many of the following will evolve $\ce{H2}$ gas when dissolved in water under room conditions? $\ce{B2H6},$ $\ce{SiH4},$ $\ce{CH4},$ $\ce{Al},$ $\ce{B},$ $\ce{Na},$ $\ce{PCl3},$ $\ce{P(white)},$ $\...
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Exothermic dissolution

When I was learning about salts that show exothermic dissolution, I noticed that the same salts used in Daniel Cell( due to similarity of size of anion and cation) were undergoing exothermic ...
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Calculating the biological standard potential

I have an electrochemical cell with following overall reaction: $$\ce{5 Sn^4+ + 2 Mn^2+ + 8 H2O <=> 5 Sn^2+ + 2 MnO4- + 16 H+}$$ I have defined the half reactions as: $$ \begin{align} \ce{Sn^...
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Can PDMS silicone be produced with dichloromethane?

I was taking a simulated admission test for a Technology Institute (Brazilian ITA) and one of the questions asked for the production of PDMS silicone via these described steps: Reaction of $\ce{SiO2}$...
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What is the naming convention for Sn and Pb in inter-metallic compounds?

How would one go about naming inter-metallic (specifically, transition post-transition) compounds containing tin and lead? It is usually easy figuring out the naming of such compounds as they follow ...
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Why can't ligands with “locked structures” undergo chelation?

The following quote is from the book Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee (Adapted by Sudarsan Guha), from the chapter "Coordination Compounds", page 177: ...it must be noted that $\ce{NH2NH2}$ ...
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What is the meaning of the J value in term symbols [closed]

I understand how to work out the J values of term symbols. e.g. a d1 configuration gives J values of 5/2 and 3/2. resulting in 2D 3/2 However I dont understand the meaning of it, and why it arises.
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Why is chromate stable in basic medium and dichromate stable in acidic medium?

When I was studying the equilibrium existing between chromate and dichromate ions in the solution, I came to know that Chromate ion is more stable in basic medium while dichromate ion is stable in ...
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Has anyone actually prepared Zn(HCO3)2 absent the presence of pressurized aqueous CO2?

Under normal conditions, I am not certain, as per Atomistry on $\ce{ZnCO3}$, the following quote: The hemihydrate, $\ce{2ZnCO3.H2O}$, was obtained by precipitating the solution of a zinc salt with ...
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How to find the oxidation numbers of individual ions of a transition metal with an average fractional oxidation state

In the classical example compound of $\ce{Fe3O4}$, we know that $\frac 23$ of Fe ions display +3 oxidation state and $\frac 13$ of Fe ions display +2 oxidation state fulfilling charge neutrality ...
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Is carbon–sodium bond mainly ionic or covalent?

We all know that carbon mostly forms covalent bonds (almost always) and sodium mostly forms ionic bonds (almost always). But if $\ce{NaOH}$ reacts with ethyne, then $\ce{HC#CNa}$ and $\ce{H2O}$ are ...
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How come we can't use the equivalence point equation of NV=NV in this problem?

So, the problem is you prepare to standardize a $\ce{Na2S2O3}$ solution. $\pu{32 mL}$ of $\ce{Na2S2O3}$ solution is titrated into $\pu{50 mL}$ of a $\pu{0.01 M} \ \ce{KIO3}$ solution to reach the ...
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Which is a dye: Ferric Acetate or Ferrous Acetate?

I’ve been trying to make Iron Acetate to dye leather and I cannot, for the life of me, figure this out experimentally. I’ve been allowing steel wool to react with pure white vinegar in a sealed glass ...
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Why is the crystal field splitting energy larger for square planar than octahedral complexes?

I recently came across a fact that for the same combination of metal and ligand, the crystal field splitting energy for square planar complexes is larger than that of the corresponding octahedral ...
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Is silicon dioxide decomposition possible?

I was thinking about this, I made Gibbs free energy calculations and I can't figure out if $$\ce{SiO2(s) -> Si(s) + O2(g)}$$ is actually possible, even at a ridiculous high temperature.
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Why is dinitrogen tetroxide a planar molecule?

I was wondering why $\ce{N2O4}$ is a planar species in spite of having a σ-bond in between the two $\ce{N}$ atoms for free rotation. Does it not form a conformer?
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316 stainless steel and high concentration, high temperature Hydrogen Peroxide

I'm looking at doing some experiments with small scale rocketry and I need to find the right materials for this project, where I will be burning through lots of HTC (peroxide above 90% concentration). ...
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Dissolving hydrated vs non-hydrated salts

in chemical catalogs, salts are often sold in hydrated and non-hydrated versions. Like sodium sulfate anhydrous and sodium sulfate decahydrate. I tried dissolving the anhydrous and it didn't ...
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Does it make sense to have a control group for a school chemistry experiment?

I'm wondering if it makes sense to have a control group for the following experiment: measure the speed of gas produced when hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate react, as a function of surface ...
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Basicity order of 2nd group oxides

It's a general trend that basicity of oxides decreases down the group. But recently I came across a statement "the basicity of second group oxide decreases down the group and decrease in basic nature ...
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Why are sulphide salts of p and d block coloured?

I have studied that sulphide salts of s block are colourless while p and d block salts are coloured. But colour intensity of a salt is directly proportional to polarisation in salt. And s block ...
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The molecular diagram of the Boron hydrogen bond (B-H)

In class today, we had a discussion about the bond between boron and hydrogen and we drew it like this(The pictures on the right are the corresponding molecular orbitals): The argument was that 2s ...
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Can MCM-41 (mesoporous materials) be used for ion exchange?

Wikipedia, and this journal article talk of a microporous and mesoporous material MCM-41. Although MCM-41 has dynamic sized pores which can be changed, but it is hydrothermally unstable. Can this ...
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How to measure the color of honey? [closed]

After doing some research, I found that honey's color could be a factor of climate. I am very interested in this subject and I'm a high school student so we don't have as much apparatus as you would ...
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Interference of Ca-EDTA with fluoride delivery in mouthwash

The goal of fluoride mouthwash is to deliver $\ce{F-}$ to the surface of the teeth to turn hydroxyapatite in the dental enamel into fluorapatite. Typically sodium fluoride or stannous fluoride are ...
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Extent of Hydrogen bonding in H2O2

Several books that I have read say that in $\ce{H2O2}$ the degree or extent of H-bonding is 6 as each H atom would form 1 and O atom would form 2 H-bonds respectively. However if we look at HF the no....
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Effect of charge density on electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid

I am told that if electrolysis of dilute sulfuric acid is performed under high charge density, then the following reaction takes place at anode instead of evolving oxygen: $$\ce{2 HSO4- -> H2S2O8 +...
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Can aqua regia work with sources of chloride and nitrate other than hydrochloric acid and nitric acid?

According to Professor Poliakov and a question on Chemistry Stackexchange here, gold dissolves in aqua regia because the nitrate ion oxidizes the gold into $\ce{Au^3+}$, and the chloride bonds to the ...
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Why does HgCl2 react with HCO3^- but not with CO3^2-?

I have started learning Qualitative Salt analysis recently. When I was reading about tests to distinguish $\ce{CO3^2-}$ and $\ce{HCO3-}$, I came across a line in a book which states $\ce{HgCl2}$ ...
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Symmetry Adapted molecular orbitals of Formaldehyde

I am currently trying to find the Symmetry Adapted linear Combinations (SALCs) of Formaldehyde $\ce{H2C=O}$, and use the 1s orbitals on the hydrogen atoms, and 2s, 2px, 2py and 2pz orbitals on the ...
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if we mix bleaching powder in water will this be converted to Sodium Hypochlorite? [closed]

if we mix bleaching powder in water will this be converted to Sodium Hypochlorite ?
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What is the difference between bond disassociation energy and lattice energy?

Bond disassociation energy refers to amount of energy required to break bonds of one mole of atom of particular type whereas lattice energy is the energy required to separate a crystal lattice ...
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Deviation from ideal gas law curves

So I was reading through my textbook on deviations from an ideal gas, and they had plotted a curve of experimental PV/nRT against the pressure. They talk a lot about why the volume is really smaller ...
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Is there any elemental molecule which does not react well with anything but oxygen? [closed]

For example, phosphor reacts with oxygen but it also easily reacts with many halogens, metals, etc. Is there any elemental molecule that doesn't react well with almost anything but oxygen?
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Difference between organic and inorganic chemistry [duplicate]

This question may seem vague at a first glance, and even lead to the thought: "come on, just go Google it!" But it's a real question because it does not make enough sense to me (even after Googling ...
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Why do things want to lower their energy? [closed]

Like if we consider a container of gas molecules as a system, Why does it want to lower its energy? I have read that always more spontaneous events are favored. So Gibb's Free energy should have a ...
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Ideal Gas equation and its Assumptions [duplicate]

The two assumptions are that the gases are points of mass that move, they have no volume and that there is no interaction between other molecules. But even the points of mass can collide with each ...
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Groups of the periodic table [duplicate]

The groups go from 1 to 18 in the periodic table. When looking at the transition metals in the periodic table, You see roman numerals labelled with 'B,' in the order of III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, VIII,...
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Why does a strong acid displace salt of weak acid? [closed]

This thing has been bugging me for a few days. I don't understand why a strong acid displaces a weak acid from it's salt solution.
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Molecular orbital diagram of CO and charge localisation

MO diagram of CO My question concerns the interpretation of the Molecular Orbital of CO. I think I find it clear how you build it but I have some concerns about how you rationalize it. Particularly, ...
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Limiting the minimum percentage of oxygen in atmosphere maintained by an oxygen absorber / scavenger?

I'm aware that oxygen in the atmosphere of a sealed package can be readily removed by using oxygen absorber/scavenger such as granulated iron and sodium chloride but my understanding is that these ...
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How can fluorite structure exist?

From the information from Google the radius of $\ce{Ca^2+}$ cation is $100 \,\pu{pm}$ and of $\ce{F-}$ anion is $132\, \pu{pm}$, so essentially $\ce{F-}$ ion should form the Bravais lattice (FCC/CCP) ...

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