Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How to determine the equivalents of OH- in a titration curve

How does one go about determining the equivalents of $\ce{OH-}$ needed for the titration of a weak acid. For example here is the titration curve for Aspartate: Why is the equivalents for $\mathrm{p}...
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

Relation between common ion effect and the temperature of the solution [closed]

Adding extra Na+ in a saturated NaCl/water solution decreases the solubility of NaCl. How does this exactly happen? AFAIK, the solubility of a solid only decreases with the temperature of the solution....
9
votes
1answer
321 views

Why is a conformer of hydrogen peroxide rotationally inactive?

Hydrogen peroxide may exist in four different forms depending on the dihedral angle, $d = \angle\,\ce{H-O-O-H}$. The four conformers are: Conformer I with $d = 0^\circ$, Conformer II with $d = 60^\...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Effect of d-orbital electron shielding on atomic radius

In a standard book it is given: "Atomic radius of Gallium is less than that of Aluminium. This can be understood from the variation in the inner core of the electronic configuration. The ...
8
votes
1answer
77 views

Why does radium form a nitride rather than oxide when exposed to air?

The Wikipedia article states: Pure radium is silvery-white, but it readily reacts with nitrogen (rather than oxygen) on exposure to air, forming a black surface layer of radium nitride ($\ce{Ra3N2}$)....
15
votes
5answers
2k views

On heating in the Earth's atmosphere, can magnesium react with nitrogen to form magnesium nitride?

This question is derived from a question asked in my school test. What happens when a magnesium ribbon is heated in air? My first response was the formation of magnesium oxide $(\ce{MgO})$ when ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How can we predict the formula of a coordination compound by just knowing the ligand and central metal? [closed]

Question: On complete reaction of $\ce{FeCl3}$ with oxalic acid in aqueous solution containing $\ce{KOH}$, resulted in the formation of product A. The secondary valency of $\ce{Fe}$ in the product A ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the reaction that takes place in the cathode of a Mg-Fe electrochemical cell?

Setup A magnesium electrode dipped in a magnesium sulfate solution and an iron electrode dipped into iron (III) sulfate solution Am I right in thinking that you need to first identify the redox ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Heating effect on Orthoboric Acid

I am a high school student and was studying about the effects of heating orthoboric acid, and I saw two textbooks putting different statements. One book says, On heating above 370K, orthoboric acid ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Wade's rules for Zintl ions

How do you apply Wade's rules to Zintl polyhedral cluster anions ? For example, I believe $[\ce{Bi_3}]^{3-}$ is a triangle. My approach to justify would be: 5 electrons per each Bi atom 3 electrons ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Preparation of an aqueous solution of rubidium azide from rubidium chloride

I want to start with $\ce{RbCl}$ and end up with pure rubidium azide in solution. If I had rubidium sulfate, the following would be possible (from Wiki): $$\ce{Rb2SO4 + Ba(N3)2 -> 2RbN3 + BaSO4}$$ ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Why is Electron Gain Enthalpy of only Be and Mg positive, in group 2?

While going through my book, I came across the following observation: $\Delta H_{eg1}$ is positive for Be and Mg Where $\Delta H_{eg1}$ is the first electron gain enthalpy. It seemed quite ...
-4
votes
1answer
42 views

What are the products when KCl and H2SO4 reacts? [closed]

I have been trying to find the right answer by googling and I just ended up finding multiple answers. Ans #1: $\ce{2KCl + H2SO4 -> K2SO4 + 2HCl}$ Ans #2: $\ce{KCl + H2SO4 -> KHSO4 + HCl}$ Can ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What happens when potassium chloride, potassium dichromate and concentrated sulphuric acid react?

What happens when $\ce{KCl}$, $\ce{K2Cr2O7}$, and concentrated $\ce{H2SO4}$ reacts? I have no idea how to approach these questions. I'd love if anybody can help me see the logic behind this.
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Finding the molecule with the smallest bond angle in the following lists of elements

For each of the following lists of elements, find (and give a justification for your choice) the molecule with the smallest bond angle: a) $\ce{OSF_2, OSCl_2, OSBr_2}$ b) $\ce{SbCl_3, SbBr_3, SbI_3}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
495 views

Trends of electron affinity

Trends for electron affinity going across the group increases negatively. Does this mean Noble gases' electron negativity is more negative than halogens? I'm confuse here. Noble gases should have a ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Construction of the molecular orbital diagram for a species M4

I need to construct the molecular orbital diagram for the hypothetical species ${Li_4}$, which has the following geometrical arrangement: The first step is to identify the point symmetry group. In ...
-3
votes
1answer
78 views

How to calculate Kp without knowing the volume? [closed]

I have the following chemical equation: $$\ce{Sb2S3 + 3H2 <=> 2 Sb + 3H2S}$$ I have $\pu{1000 grams}$ of $\ce{Sb2S3}$ that reacts with $\pu{10 grams}$ of $\ce{H2}$ in a reactor at $\pu{713 K}$. ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Ammonium considered as metal

Why ammonium ion has very similar properties to the heavier alkali metals and is often considered a close relative? Ammonium is expected to behave as a metal ($\ce{NH4+}$ ions in a sea of electrons) ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Passivation of metals in acids

It is commonly taught in chemistry textbooks that metals such as $\ce{Fe, Al, Cr}$ is "passivated" in cold concentrated $\ce{H2SO4}$ and $\ce{HNO3}$ due to them forming oxide films on the ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Why is the pH level of carbonation loss decreasing then increases afterwards?

We have done an experiment of the titration of unsealed sprite soda to find the amount of carbonic acid being loss on various duration (0 to 1 hour), due to decrease pressure. The calculation was to ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why d and s orbitals overlap even when there is considerable difference in their energies?

In my grade 11 chemistry NCERT textbook, its written that hybridization happens when orbitals of almost same energy overlaps. But S orbital and D orbital have significant difference in their energies. ...
17
votes
4answers
10k views

Can fluorine act as the central atom in interhalogen compounds?

Why can't fluorine be the central atom in inter-halogen compounds? A $\ce{F-F}$ bond is weaker than a $\ce{F-X}$ bond and thus, fluorine should be happy to form inter-halogen compounds. But, why ...
-1
votes
2answers
72 views

Why does boron form only covalent compounds? [duplicate]

I got two options, The size of $\ce{B^3+}$ ions, is very small and the ion has high charge density. Thus, following Fajan's rule, boron forms covalent compounds. The sum of the first three ionisation ...
7
votes
1answer
16k views

Hybridisation of cobalt in tris(oxalato)cobaltate(III)

Will the hybridisation of of $\ce{Co}$ in $\ce{[Co(C2O4)3]}^{3-}$ be $\mathrm{sp^3d^2}$ or $\mathrm{d^2sp^3}$? The question in which I found it has mentioned the answer to be $\mathrm{d^2sp^3}$ while ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

what is the difference between valency and oxidation number? [duplicate]

I know that oxidation number is the charge any species has in its molecular or ion form. And valency is the number of electrons a species contain in its valence shell, that always tends to be used in ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Do superoxide salts of heavier alkali metals contradict the principle that lattice energy depends inversely on cation-anion distance?

I have a very basic understanding of quantitative lattice energy calculations: I only know that the lattice energy is directly proportional to the product of charges on the ions and inversely ...
-5
votes
2answers
88 views

What would happen if the alpha particles directly hit the electrons in the gold foil in Rutherford's experiment? [closed]

What would happen if the alpha particles directly hit the electrons in the gold foil in Rutherford's experiment? Would it get ionized or is there no probability of such a thing happening ?
5
votes
0answers
1k views

Does fluoride anion ever act as a strong field ligand?

In the case of $\ce{[Fe(H2O)6]^3+}$ there are $5$ unpaired electrons as water acts as a weak field ligand. But instead of fluoride acting as a weak field ligand in the $\ce{[MnF6]^4-}$ , why does it ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Why is the bond angle of sulphur difluoride greater than that of hydrogen sulphide?

Why is the bond angle of $\ce{SF_2 (98.05^\circ) > SH_2 (92.11^\circ)}$? Isn't this contradicting Bent's rule or otherwise electron repulsion rule ? Fluorine is more electronegative and hence it ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

How to compare the bond angle of ozone and nitrite anion [closed]

How do I compare the bond angle between $\ce{O_3}$ and $\ce{NO_2^-}$ ? I've studied how to compare the bond angle when normal covalent bonds are present where the electrons are shared in the bond and ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Hydrogen peroxide and glycerol combination

Is the mixing of store-grade hydrogen peroxide 3% and glycerol in the ratio of 1:2 (V/V) at room temperature affecting the decomposition rate of hydrogen peroxide?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Which method has the highest yield of calcium sulfate?

I'm not sure which of following two methods will give better yields for $\ce{CaSO4}$: A. Add dilute $\ce{HNO3}$ to $\ce{CaCO3}$, followed by dilute $\ce{H2SO4}$; or B. Titrate aqeuous calcium ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

d orbital irreducible representations in metal in ML4 model [closed]

In ML4 (Metal—4 ligands)model which has a square planar shape and D4h point group, what is the irreducible representation for the 5 kinds of d orbitals in the central metal?
7
votes
1answer
132 views

How to interpret the relation between CO stretch frequencies and backbonding strength for polycarbonyl compounds?

I am working on a series of octahedral complexes of the type $\ce{[M(CO)2(CH3)X3]-}$ where $\ce{M} = \ce{Co}, \ce{Rh}, \ce{Ir},$ and $\ce{X}$ is a range of ligands (halide, cyanide, nitrosyl, etc.). ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Change of ionic packing upon crystals are pressurized

When rock salt crystal is pressurized, its FCC structure changes to BCC structure whereby coordination ratio changes from 6:6 to 8:8. At the same time packing efficiency of the crystal decreases from ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is nitric acid a stronger oxidising agent than sulfuric acid? [duplicate]

We were taught that nitric acid can oxidize $\ce{Cl-}$ to $\ce{Cl2}$, but sulfuric acid cannot. Is this due to its smaller size, or structure, or what?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Dipole moment and polarity of borazine / borazole / inorganic benzene

What is the dipole moment of borazine? I tried googling it but can't find a reliable source. I searched in JD Lee too. It might have it but I could not find.
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Why is the bond angle of trifluoromethane higher than that of difluoromethane?

The bond angle $\ce{\angle(F-C-F)}$ of $\ce{CHF_3 > CH_2F_2}$ whereas that of $\ce{\angle(Cl-C-Cl)}$ is $\ce{CH_2Cl_2 > CHCl_3}$ why is this the case? Some explanations I read suggest the Bent's ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Chemical test for ferrous ions

I have a reference sheet for inorganic analysis which says that the confirmatory test for ferrous ions is as follows: Make a solution of the given salt (whose cation is to identified) and add ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Why is it technically inaccurate to say that the decrease in reactivity of halogens is due to decreasing electronegativity?

I came across the following information in this post. Below the infographic there is a paragraph with a disclaimer: As another disclaimer, the reactivity of the halogens decreasing down the group ...
7
votes
2answers
218 views

Why does a larger bond angle correspond to greater s-character?

In trialkylamines $\ce{NR3}$, the $\ce{R}$ alkyl group attached to nitrogen increases the electronegativity of the nitrogen atom. I also found in this question that this happens due to the repulsion ...
6
votes
2answers
381 views

Can ozone oxidise iodine to periodic acid?

I noticed that the reaction of ozone with $\ce{I_2}$ gives iodic acid and not periodic acid. Upon searching, I found this question: Why does iodine get oxidized to iodic acid and not periodic acid by ...
39
votes
3answers
10k views

Which “exotic salt” can lower water's freezing point by 70 °C?

The Medium.com article Mars Phoenix Lander, 10 Years Later shows several remarkable images and discoveries on Mars by the Mars Phoenix Lander circa 2008. One image (shown below) shows what looks like ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is the alloying composition of the Zinc-Platinum System?

My research team and I are working on a bimetallic alloy consisting of Zinc and Platinum. We have looked for papers regarding the composition of Zinc-Platinum alloy. But there aren't many papers out ...
2
votes
1answer
430 views

Finding the atomic packing factor (APF) of Sodium Chloride and other FCC ionic compounds

For a piece of coursework I am doing, I need to calculate the atomic packing factor of some ionic compounds. I have had no formal teaching in this area, so what I know comes from information I have ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Significance of p functions in compounds of the lighter alkaline and alkaline earth metals [closed]

It is often said that lithium follows the duet rule instead of the octet rule, unlike the more "usual" main-group elements. My question is the following: Does this hold for $\ce{Be, Na}$ and ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Explanation for why nickel turns green in hydrochloric acid

My daughter has a chemistry test that I am helping her prepare for. One question is Nickel sulfate, $\ce{NiSO4(aq)}$ is a green solution. Nickel chloride, $\ce{NiCl2(aq)},$ is a yellow solution. If ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is WF6 stable whereas CrF6 is unknown?

$\ce{F-}$ is a hard base since it is small and relatively polarizable. Both $\ce{Cr^6+}$ and $\ce{W^6+}$ are hard acids, but shouldn't $\ce{CrF6}$ be favored since it would be a smaller hard acid?
6
votes
1answer
263 views

Nature of a1g Molecular Orbital Interactions in Ferrocene

While learning about ferrocene I've come across this molecular orbital diagram. What particularly confused me is the nature of the a'1g orbital. My professor taught that a'1g and e2g are considered ...

1 2
3
4 5
86