Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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7
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1answer
30k views

How do you determine a chemical formula given the molecule's crystal structure?

How do you determine the chemical formula of a compound given its crystal structure?
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1answer
1k views

Vaporized sodium hydroxide?

Some time ago, I was making a $\ce{NaOH}$ solution. The solution I had made was much too concentrated, and the heat released in the dissolution of the ions caused the water to begin steaming. ...
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Is magnesium sulfate basic, neutral or acidic?

A question in my college test was whether $\ce{MgSO4}$ is neutral, acidic or basic. I was told to solve this kind of problem by hydrolyzing any ions that do not "come from" a strong acid or a strong ...
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2answers
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Difference bewteen polarizability and dipole moment?

In my head, any molecule that is very polarisable, has a dipole moment. Is this true? I am very confused and can't seem to find anything that helps my thought, and I can't seem to distinguish between ...
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Why is the ionization energy of sulfur anion more than that of oxygen anion?

Which of the following are in the correct order of their ionization energies? (multi-answer question) $\ce{O > S > S- >O-}$ $\ce{F > F- > Cl- > Cl}$ $\ce{O > O- &...
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1answer
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Hybridisation of complex compound having octahedral geometry

$$\ce{K[Co(NH3)2Cl4]}$$ I have problem finding the hybridisation of this compound. The strong field ligand $\ce{NH3}$ forms the minority among the ligands, so do I consider the hybridisation to be $\...
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1answer
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HCl synthesis from sulfuric acid and sodium salt

I'd like know if this is right. The reaction between $\ce{NaCl}$ and $\ce{H_2SO_4}$ should yield $\ce{HCl}$ and sodium sulfate. This is a double substitution, true? No oxidation took place here. The ...
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3answers
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Evaporating the water of a solution of only carbonate ions and water gives?

I have a solution with only $\ce{CO_3^{2-}}$ ions and water. What would happen with the carbonate ions if I were to evaporate the water of that solution (in a vacuum)?
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Interesting ionization of sulfuric acid

I just need an explanation of why it is a strong acid in its first ionization and a weak acid its second ionization. It becomes $\ce{HSO_4-}$. From what I have learned about oxoacids, the bond ...
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3answers
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Why do the lone pairs of electrons first occupy axial positions before occupying equatorial positions for species with octahedral geometry?

Why do lone pairs not reside in equatorial positions in species with octahedral geometry?
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1answer
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Hybridization of tetraamminecopper(II) sulfate

$\ce{Cu^2+} $ has 9 electrons and a d-orbital and is almost completely filled (except 1 electron vacant) and $\ce{NH3}$ donates an electron eventually forming $\mathrm{sp^3}$ hybrid orbitals. But it ...
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What is the optical nature of the tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) cation?

The molecule I've drawn has neither a plane of symmetry nor a center of symmetry, even though some books refer to this as optically inactive. Can you please elaborate why is this so, or those books ...
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Predicting bond-strength of metal carbonyls

The metal carbonyls (and similar organometallic compounds) involve a combination of sigma bond, a pi bond and backbonding. The bond strengths under consideration are the metal-carbon bond and the ...
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1answer
503 views

How to separate lead condensate from aluminum

A common problem in shooting sports is precipitation of lead onto aluminum suppressor baffles. (The lead presumably comes from both lead styphnate priming compound and from the base and bearing ...
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1answer
232 views

What is the criteria for determining structure of a molecule?

Does the shape of the molecule depends on symmetry? Why is the shape of dinitrogen trioxide ($\ce{N2O3}$): (oxidation number of nitrogen atoms: +4, +2) Instead of my proposal, which is much more ...
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2answers
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Why is caesium considered the most reactive element and not fluorine? [closed]

Some people say caesium is most reactive element. I thought it to be fluorine as it is the element that reacts with almost all elements (except couple of inert gases). But caesium won't react many of ...
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4answers
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Is activated carbon classified as organic or inorganic?

Organic compounds are typically defined as “molecules containing carbon”. Wikipedia states that there for some historical (read: non-logical) reasons, a few types of carbon-containing compounds ...
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What are the mechanisms for capture of As(III) and As(V) by magnetite from water?

Magnetite, $\ce{Fe3O4}$ is able to capture $\ce{As(III)}$ and $\ce{As(V)}$ from drinking water through the following mechanisms. Bidentate-binuclear complex Monodentate-binuclear complex (both from ...
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2answers
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What is formed when you leave iron(II) sulfate in plain air?

What is formed when you leave iron(II) sulfate in plain air? Knowing that iron(II) is easily oxidised to iron(III), and assuming that the reactive component of air is oxygen, I solved it this way: $...
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5answers
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Why does ZnO turn yellow when it is hot?

Why does ZnO's color become yellow when it is hot? I have read that it is because of physical properties, but I need a more elaborate explanation.
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1answer
495 views

What is the Structure of FeSO₄ • NO?

What is the structure of $\ce{FeSO4 \cdot NO}$ that is formed when $\ce{NO}$ is passed through ferrous sulphate solution? If it is brown ring complex then why does the complex sphere break on heating ...
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1answer
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How does H2SO4 dissociate?

Apologies for this extremely basic question, I'm just beginning with Chemistry so please don't be too harsh on me. My book says that sulfuric acid, $\ce{H2SO4}$, dissociates in its ions following ...
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1answer
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why does FeCl₃ have such a specific smell?

When I use $\ce{FeCl3}$ solution for etching circuits it gives off an acidic smell. I was wondering what is the cause of the smell. I don't think it's caused by the $\ce{Cl2}$ from $\ce{2FeCl3->...
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Aqua regia and nascent chlorine

Aqua regia has the famous property of being able to dissolve noble metals, like gold and silver. I read that this has to do with the generation of nascent chlorine. How does this happen and how does ...
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2answers
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Why is Ionization Energy definition restricted to gaseous atoms?

Here's the definition of ionization energy that I am learning at this level: energy required to remove 1 mole of electrons from 1 mole of gaseous atoms to form 1 mole of uni positively charged ...
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2answers
867 views

Sodium Polysulfide production from NaOH and Sulfur

Does the sulfur also oxidize the $\ce{OH-}$ radicals after the $\ce{Na2S4}$ chains form? Something like this: $$\ce{9S + 4NaOH -> 2Na2S4 + SO3 + H2O}$$
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1answer
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Can I synthesize iron acetate like this?

The oxidation state of the iron doesn't matter too much; I am just trying to make an attractive red-brown ink. Here are some instructions I prescribed to a friend. Here's an approximately decent ...
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2answers
632 views

Does the compound KFO₃ exist?

As the compound potassium chlorate exists, is there something as $\ce{KFO3}$? All the other halogenates are mentioned somewhere on the web but what about this? If no, then why?
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1answer
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Structure of lead(II,IV) oxide

I need help sorting out the molecular structure of tri-lead tetroxide, aka lead(II,IV) oxide $\ce{Pb3O4}$. This data sheet shows this image: The Wikipedia's lead (II,IV) oxide's link to a Jmol ...
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1answer
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In which state does the bifluoride anion exist?

Statement 1. The $\ce{HF2-}$ ions exist in solid state and also in liquid state but not in aqueous state. Statement 2. The magnitude of hydrogen bonding between $\ce{HF}$ is weaker than that ...
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561 views

Contact explosion of nitrogen triiodide

Nitrogen triiodide, on slightest physical contact, explodes to evolve dense purple fumes of iodine. Why does this phenomenon occur? video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KlAf936E90
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Why do heavier transition metals show higher oxidation states?

In p-block elements, higher oxidation states are less stable down the group due to the inert pair effect. This is not the case for transition metals. Why do heavier transition metals show higher ...
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2answers
328 views

Nomenclature of polyatomic ions

Is there a way to remember polyatomic ions (i.e $\ce{PO4^{3-}}$, $\ce{SO4^{2-}}$ etc.). For example, our professor will ask on an exam what the equation for iron (III) carbonate. Obviously the (III) ...
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3answers
805 views

Why won't increasing the temperature increase the solubility of a gas in a liquid solvent?

If I raise the temperature of a solution of a gas in a liquid solvent, why won't the solubility increase? Increasing the pressure will increase the solubility, but increasing the pressure doesn't ...
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2answers
905 views

How is Persian blue rock salt made?

How is Persian blue rock salt made and what does it contain that makes it look blue?
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2answers
2k views

Should carbon tetrachloride really be considered an organic compound?

Wikipedia says: Carbon tetrachloride […] is an organic compound with the chemical formula $\ce{CCl4}$. From an organic point of view, carbon tetrachloride can be called the tetrachloro ...
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1answer
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I need to find the Ka of a weak acid in titration with a strong base

I have been working on this lab forever and have not been able to get a $K_\text{a}$ anywhere close to the accepted value. I’m sure I’m missing something really simple. We titrated $\ce{CH3COOH}$ ...
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3answers
336 views

Can oxygen burn in hydrogen?

Most combustion happens involves the fuels burning in an oxidant. But there seems to be no reason that it cannot happen in the opposite way. Are there any experiments on oxygen burning in hydrogen? Or ...
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0answers
848 views

Methanol adducts with CaCl2

Methanol forms adducts with $\ce{CaCl2}$ but I am not finding much information about the nature of these adducts & their stability. Are these solid adducts? Crystalline? Is the reaction ...
2
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1answer
430 views

Clarifications about acid-base theory [closed]

Considering the Arrhenius theory of acids and bases: Is every existing compound either an acid or a base? Why is a compound such as $ \ce {NH_3}$ considered a base, if it doesn't even have an ...
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1answer
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How would one compare the magnitude of covalent character between SnCl4 and SnF2 using Fajan's Rules?

It is easy to compare two ionic compounds when one of the ions is same. However, how do we compare two compounds if one of the ions is the same element but just has different charge and the other ion ...
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0answers
187 views

How to determine the strongest oxyacid of chlorine without being given the acid dissociation constant data? [duplicate]

I was told to find the strongest and weakest acids out of $\ce{HCl, HClO, HClO2, HClO3}$, and $\ce{HClO4}$. I knew that $\ce{HClO}$ was the weakest but was stuck between $\ce{HCl}$ and $\ce{HClO4}$ ...
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0answers
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If both nitric acid and nitrate ion are stabilised through resonance, what makes the nitrate ion more stable in aqueous medium?

If both nitric acid and nitrate ion are stabilised through resonance, what makes the nitrate ion more stable in aqueous medium? Can the same argument be applied to nitrous acid and nitrite ion in ...
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1answer
491 views

In crystal field theory, why do all the metal electrons enter the d orbitals and not the s orbital?

Suppose we have the complex $\ce{[Fe(H2O)6]}$. Iron has 26 electrons, and its electronic configuration is therefore $[\ce{Ar}]\,\mathrm{4s^2 3d^6}$, but in crystal-field theory, we say that the $\...
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2answers
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How to prepare potassium cyanide from potassium ferrocyanide

How do we prepare potassium cyanide from potassium ferrocyanide? It is something which I am curious about, but cannot find the answer. I am studying inorganic chemistry but this reaction cannot be ...
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1answer
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What is the formula of manganese oxohydroxide: MnOOH and MnO(OH)2?

I found various formulae of manganese oxohydroxide. Some site says it is $\ce{MnOOH}$, other say it is, $\ce{MnO(OH)2}$. So, which one is correct? The mineral manganite is considered manganese oxide-...
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1answer
464 views

Dimers and polymers of electron deficient compounds

Why does $\ce{BeH2}$ polymerize into $\ce{(BeH2)_{n}}$ in solid state whereas $\ce{AlCl3}$ dimerises into $\ce{Al2Cl6}$ in the vapour state ?
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2answers
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NaHCO3 required to raise pH of weak HCl solution from 3.5 to 7.2 (doubting my calculations)

I'm a dentist, working on a medical device that will make shots at the dentist office hurt a lot less. The device mixes a drug (2% Lidocaine) that has been acidified with $\ce{HCl}$ to pH 3.5 for ...
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2answers
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Nomenclature of MnO4^-: is it an oxyanion?

Having a real pain with nomenclature. Look at this substance: $$\ce{MnO4-}$$ So, do we have an anion of manganese and oxygen, or is that just an anion of oxygen? Anyway, my book says that $\ce{MnO4-}...
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0answers
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Speculation about chlorine dioxide isomer

I know that chlorine can have a positive charge in the case of oxides. But what I am wondering is if chlorine dioxide can form a ring and if so how likely it is. $\ce{O=Cl=O -> O- -Cl-O- -> (...