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Questions tagged [inorganic-chemistry]

Inorganic compounds generally do not have C-H bonds, while organic compounds do have such bonds. The distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry, however, is far from absolute.

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what is name of following species

Does following species exist? If yes then what are their respective formulae borite,, hypocarbonite, percarbonate, hyponitrite, pernitrate, silicite, hypophosphite, perphosphate, hyposulphite, ...
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Why organic reaction mechanisms so popular [closed]

Why are organic reaction mechanisms so much more popular than inorganic mechanisms? When I come to think of it, what is a reaction mechanism? How can we use an arrow? Is it a rough approximation of ...
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Do we as humans develop tolerance to deodorants or antiperspirants?

Do we as humans develop tolerance to deodorants or antiperspirants? In particular when they contain isobutane, isopropyl, palmitate, isododecane, dimethicone, coconut oil, magnesium oxide, allantoin, ...
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Looking for color changing reaction to track snow layer depth

I'm trying to find a chemical to mark the position of a snow layer with for detection in future seasons. The substance has to be: 1. Colorless 2. Not water soluble/solid 3. Stable for multiple years ...
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Radical reactivity vs stability [closed]

Low stability usually goes hand in hand with high reactivity, but this is not always the case e.g. Butadiene is more reactive than Ethylene by E addition but butadiene is more stable with higher ...
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How does Potassium Hexfluoronickelate(IV) exist in a stable state?

Nickel generally does not exist in a $+4$ Oxidation state. Wikipedia has the following to say regarding Nickel(IV): Ni(IV) is present in the mixed oxide $\ce{BaNiO3}$. ....... Ni(IV) remains a rare ...
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Do these lead plates have a protective coating? Is it possible to test?

I've just begun teaching chemistry and physics at a local school. We're just getting started on radioactivity and i was looking through the schools supplies when i discovered these soft heavy grey ...
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Finding magnetic moments of the complex [Ni(CN)5H20]3- [closed]

How is the spin only magnetic moment of the complex [Ni(CN)5(H20)]3- calculated ?
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Is there any proven effect of spraying aerosol on evaporation of water? [closed]

Yesterday I was performing extraction of sodium chloride from its saturated solution in water by placing a bowl containing the solution under the hot sun. There wasn't much change in the volume of ...
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146 views

Negative oxidation state

Why doesn’t aluminum have negative oxidation states? In almost all compounds of aluminum which I know of has positive oxidation state. It has valence EC [Ne] 3s2 3p1 , my teacher told it usually ...
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Which atom bears the negative charge in cyanide? I am confused by the MO diagram

In heteronuclear species, whichever atomic orbital a molecular orbital is closer to in energy contributes more to that molecular orbital, right? In other words, if the orbital is occupied, more ...
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Reaction of concentrated nitric acid react with metallic lead?

Here is my work: Concentrated $\ce{HNO3}$ should first decompose into $\ce{NO2}$, $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{[O]}$. Nascent oxygen should combine with $\ce{Pb}$ to form $\ce{PbO}$. Now $\ce{PbO}$ should ...
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Indicator for H2S [closed]

In there an indicator for sulfur compounds like H2S (also organic)? Or some straight forward way to measure if the H2S concentration in the air is higher than usual? Or is the concentration too low ...
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Is sulfide ion a stronger base than hydroxide ion?

I received these three responses. They are all, except the last response, incorrect to varying degrees. I am, however, unsure about how to grade these responses because the question itself, in my ...
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What is the mutltiplicity of each carbon in Methyl propyl ether? [closed]

For 1H NMR CH3-O-CH2-CH2-CH3 I think from left to right: CH3 - singlet CH2 - triplet CH2 - sextet CH3 - triplet I am unsure if this is correct?
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stone which turns to black on exposing to atmosphere?

My mom is using a stone like substance as a dye for hair recommended by a herbalist. That stone becomes black when exposed to air. Do you know which compound is this?
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Synthesis anhydrous AlCl3 [closed]

It is said that $\ce{[Al(H2O)6]Cl3}$ can be dehydrated to AlCl3 by heating while passing over dry hydrogen chloride gas. My question is- can this be done with 100% $\ce{[Al(H2O)6]Cl3}$, or does some ...
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Why does the dipole moment order of group 15 hydrides increase down the group?

The order given in my book is $$\ce{NH3} > \ce{SbH3} > \ce{AsH3} > \ce{PH3}$$ Phosphorous is more electronegative than arsenic and antimony. Then shouldn't the dipole moment be more in ...
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Considering the d-d transition how, does tetracyanidonickelate(II) ion exist as a colored complex?

As I refer on google, the resources indicated that, the d block elements which have unpaired electrons as in their ions, when they are making complexes with ligands, they can absorb different ...
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Explaining the colour change in the potassium permanganate titration of iron(II) ions

In the redox titration: $$\ce{MnO4- + 8 H+ + 5 Fe^2+ -> Mn^2+ + 4 H2O + 5 Fe^3+}$$ the colour change which occurs is purple to colourless, because of the decreased concentration of permanganate ...
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Percentage of yield reaction question

By bubbling $\ce{Cl2}$ in a solution containing $176.6~\mathrm{g}$ of $\ce{MgBr2}$ are obtained [sic!] $135~\mathrm{g}$ of $\ce{Br2}$. However, the yield of this reaction is not $100~\%$. How many ...
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Reactivity and its meaning

When we say that “potassium” is reactive, are we referring to a potassium atom or bulk potassium as in the solid metal? In other words does “potassium” refer to a type of atom or an agglomeration of ...
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Finding the partial pressure

So I saw this problem but can't seem to figure out how to get the answer. I got a test tomorrow lol. 41) $\ce{SO2Cl2}$ decomposes in the gas phase by the following reaction: $$\ce{SO2Cl2 -> SO2(g)...
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Why doesn't iron(III) iodide exist?

$$\ce{Fe2O3 + 6HI -> 2FeI2 + I2 + 3H2O}$$ Why don't we get $\ce{FeI3}$? After all, iron's oxidation state is $+3$ in the reagent. Should one just memorize that up to bromine, it's $\ce{FeX3}$, ...
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Energy from liquid to solid [closed]

Compute the energy released as heat at 1 atm when 25.0 grams of liquid mercury at 300.0°C is converted to solid mercury at –60.0°C. Take the heat capacity of Hg(s) to be 28.3 J/mol^-1K-1.
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Why does Devarda's alloy include copper?

Devarda's alloy is used in the detection of nitrates. However, judging by the reaction equation, only aluminium plays the role of reducer: $$\ce{3NaNO3 + 8Al + 5NaOH + 18H2O -> 8Na[Al(OH)4] + 3NH3(...
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Have IH₃ and IH₅ already been synthesized?

I've seen a paper by Sikalov [1] that says that $\ce{IH3}$ and $\ce{IH5}$ should be observable. Has anyone actually tried to synthesize such molecules? References Sikalov, A. A. Hypervalent Halogen ...
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Coordination number of chromium(III) oxalate complex

The coordination number refers to the number of binders that interact with the central metal ion. So, in the complex $\ce{[Cr(C2O4)3]^3-}$ chromium is bound to three oxalate ions. Why its ...
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Se+P White or red P?

I read this in an old chemistry book. It says: When selenium is dropped into melted phosphorus, it dissolves rapidly, and the compound sinks through the liquid phosphorus in red streaks. My ...
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What gas is evolved when using vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, and salt to etch copper, and why?

The question of how vinegar + hydrogen peroxide + table salt can be used to etch copper has been asked before (Full equation when using vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, and salt to etch copper). However, ...
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The second Ionisation energy of the Zn, Cd, and Hg follows the order?

It is observed that the order of second ionisation energy of these three elements is Zn > Cd < Hg. Why is there an anomaly in the observation?
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Colour of VO3^-?

To aquire the yellow colour of vanadium ion, it must be present in a 5+ oxdiation state. This can be acheived (according to my textbook) by adding dilute sulfuric acid to $\ce{NH4VO3}$, then followed ...
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Controversy of acidic character of acetylene [duplicate]

Bond between carbon and hydrogen in acetylene is sp-s bond, it has very good overlap (and thus high bond strength) as compared to sp2-s or sp3-s C-H bond in ethylene or ethane. But Acetylene is more ...
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Understanding sodium hydroxide drain cleaner's exothermic dissolution of aluminum; does the aluminum need to be oxidized before it dissolves?

I'm not a chemist but I remember that the standard HF/nitric silicon etch used in micro-fabrication supposedly worked in two steps; the HF would dissolve the thin SiO2 oxide layer on the silicon ...
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How is the bonding in the [Au6C(PPh3)6]2+ cluster explained?

How can carbon form six bonds in such a compound as $\ce{[Au6C(PPh3)6]^2+}?$ I understand how carbon with five bonds can be formed $(\ce{CH5+},$ for instance), but it shouldn't have enough electrons ...
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Violation of Fajans' rule

According to Fajans' rules, greater charge in an ionic compound results in more covalent character. But why is it that sodium oxide is more covalent than magnesium oxide? Google says boiling point of ...
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Will NaF + CaCO3 precipitate much CaF2?

If I mix sodium fluoride, calcium carbonate powder, and water, under what conditions (if any) would there be an equilibrium? I.e. assume we start out with fully dissociated $\ce{Na+(aq) + F-(aq)}$, ...
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Coordination number of carbon in methyllithium tetramer

According to J. D. Lee's Concise Inorganic Chemistry, the coordination number of carbon in $\ce{Li4(CH3)4}$ is $7$. But the structure of the tetramer is Doesn't carbon have coordination number $6$ ...
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Comparison of I-F, Br-F, and Cl-F bond strengths

From Chemistry of the Elements by Greenwood and Earnshaw [1, p. 833]: Figure 17.9 Mean bond energies of halogen fluorides. This shows the mean bond energy for $\ce{X-F}$, where $\ce{X}$ is a ...
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Is there a name, or any specific jargon for a precipitation equilibrium involving a solid reactant?

Let's say you have some ions in solution, for example Na+(aq) and OH-(aq), and some partially dissolved solid, MgCO3(s), Mg+2(aq) and CO3-2(aq), which precipitates Mg(OH)2(s) until equilibrium. So ...
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Terminology for describing nuclei participating in metallic bonds

I've read many times that in metals (for example sodium metal), what constitutes the crystal lattice is an arrange of atoms, since no electron is given or lost, they are just shared between all the ...
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Why is graphite brittle?

Carbon exists in more than one allotropic forms, and the allotropes have different physical properties due to different arrangement of atoms. I am going to compare their hardness for now. Below is ...
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Making hard water

Does anyone know how to make hard water with a hardness of 200+ ppm in terms of $\ce{CaCO3}$? I live in Seattle and we have very soft water and we need hard water for testing purposes. Obviously you ...
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Why doesn't LiHCO3 exist in solid state?

I have read that $\ce{LiHCO3}$ does not exist in solid state. Is it because of the size of anion-cation concept or is it something else? So why is it only for lithium and not for sodium too?
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How can AuCl3 exist?

The reduction potential for $\ce{Au^3+ + 3e- -> Au}$ is $1.503 \text{ V}$. The reduction potential of $\ce{Cl2 + 2e- -> 2Cl-}$ is $1.36 \text{ V}$. So, the $E^o$ for $\ce{2Au^3+ + 6Cl- -> 2Au ...
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SQUARE PYRAMIDAL GEOMETRY

I had this question on a test as to what would be the bond angles in square pyramidal geometry ? According to me lp-bp repulsion being greater than bp-bp repulsion the angles would deviate from ...
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What are the half reactions for the redox reaction between SO2 and iodine?

What are the half reactions for the redox reaction between $\ce{SO2}$ and iodine? The relevant chemical equation: $$\ce{ SO2 + H2O + I2 -> H2SO4 + 2HI}$$ This is what I think it is, not sure if ...
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What is the difference between cyanato, cyanido and cyano? When should i use which? [closed]

I understand that cyanido is the newly adopted naming in place of cyano but what is cyanato? Can anyone please give examples to illustrate the difference?
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Why does SiH4 have unusually large bond angles?

The bond angles of $n > 2$ hydrides are usually around $90^\circ$, such as $\ce{PH3, H2S},$ $\ce{H2Se},$ $\ce{H2Te}.$ I understand that this is from increased $\mathrm{p}$ character in the bonding ...
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Does a halonium ion for astatine exist?

I've just begun reading about halonium ions and I noted that only the first four halogens are acknowledged to be able to form halonium ions, but hydrogen astatide can be formed. I can't seem to find ...