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Questions tagged [hydrolysis]

Hydrolysis refers to any reaction with water. For example, it may be said that ammonia hydrolyzes in water to produce ammonium ion and hydroxide ion.

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424 views

How to apply the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation when adding KOH to an acidic acid buffer?

Will the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation be able to calculate the pH when you have an acidic solution and you add a basic solution? Will that be possible or can you only use it for adding an acid to an ...
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1answer
145 views

Hydrolysing large molecules to reveal amino acids

Consider Oxytocin: I am asked to hydrolyse Oxytocin and reveal 5 amino acids which are the result of this hydrolysis. I must admit I have no idea where to begin. I know that generally amino acids ...
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1answer
196 views

How do I know which atoms react during hydrolysis?

In the hydrolysis of propanamide ($\ce{CH3CH2CONH2}$) how do I know which molecules react with the water? $$ \ce{CH3CH2CONH2 + H2O -> ?} $$ I don't know how to split the molecule. In the videos ...
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1answer
310 views

Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of diphenyl malonate

What are the complete, acid-catalyzed hydrolysis products (with application of heat) of diphenyl malonate? According to me, they are phenol, carbon dioxide, and acetic acid. The aqueous acid and ...
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2answers
893 views

Why does dimethyl dichlorosilane undergo hydrolysis to form siloxane polymers, but its carbon analog does not?

Dimethyl dichlorosilane will undergo hydrolysis to form siloxane polymers. But why would its carbon analog dimethyl dichlorocarbon not be able to undergo a similar hydrolysis reaction to form polymers?...
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2answers
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How does alkaline hydrolysis of peptides occur?

I have been learning about zwitterions and the isoelectric point, and have been trying to apply this to hydrolysis of peptides. From the diagram in my textbook, I can see that when acid hydrolysis ...
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1answer
451 views

Hydrolysis of salt

The hydrolysis of salt tells you whether a salt is acidic or basic. But it does not tell you how acidic or basic a salt is. Is there a way to determine this? My guess is that taking of the weak base ...
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1answer
162 views

How come the same reaction can be balanced in two distinct ways?

I faced this reaction which can be balanced in $2$ distinct ways which are not multiples of each other. $$\begin{align}\ce{6XeF4 + 12H2O &-> 2XeO3 + 24HF + 4Xe + 3O2}\tag{1}\\[0.4em] \ce{4XeF4 ...
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1answer
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What makes C=O more stable that C(OH)₂

When there are $2$ hydroxy groups on same carbon, they tend to undergo dehydration ( of course with exceptions like chloral where $\ce H$ bonding prevails). Why does this happen? We are breaking a ...
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2answers
1k views

Determine products of NH4NO3 hydrolysis [closed]

What are the products of the following hydrolysis reaction? How do you know? $$\ce{NH4NO3 + H2O <=> ?}$$
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4answers
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Unexpected reaction during acid hydrolysis of cellulose

Recently I tried to hydrolyze some cellulose: I added some acid to it ($\ce{H2SO4}$) then noticed nothing. Even after a few days there was no visible change and after doing some tests for glucose, ...
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SN1 like reaction acid-cataylzed hydrolysis of epoxide [closed]

What would be the reaction mechanism for the reaction between epoxide and $\ce{H2SO4}$?