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Questions tagged [hydrolysis]

Hydrolysis refers to any reaction with water. For example, it may be said that ammonia hydrolyzes in water to produce ammonium ion and hydroxide ion.

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18
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1answer
1k views

What makes C=O more stable that C(OH)₂

When there are $2$ hydroxy groups on same carbon, they tend to undergo dehydration ( of course with exceptions like chloral where $\ce H$ bonding prevails). Why does this happen? We are breaking a ...
7
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1answer
573 views

Relative rate of hydrolysis of the carbon chlorine bond in thioethers and ethers

I am solving problems based on rates of hydrolysis of compounds but I don't have a general approach to such questions. Which of the following compounds undergoes hydrolysis faster than the second ...
6
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3answers
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Is magnesium sulfate basic, neutral or acidic?

A question in my college test was whether $\ce{MgSO4}$ is neutral, acidic or basic. I was told to solve this kind of problem by hydrolyzing any ions that do not "come from" a strong acid or a strong ...
4
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2answers
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Why does sodium react with water to produce a hydroxide, while zinc produces an oxide?

Sodium belongs to the so-called active metals and produces a hydroxide on contact with water. Zinc produces an oxide. Why is it so? I was given a hint: to read up about electrochemical series. I've ...
7
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1answer
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Hydrolysis products of chlorides of group 15

$\ce{NCl3}$ on hydrolysis produces $\ce{NH4OH}$ and $\ce{HOCl}$. $\ce{PCl_3}$ when hydrolyzed produces $\ce{P(OH)3}$ i.e. $\ce{H3PO3}$. $\ce{AsCl_3}$ when hydrolyzed produces $\ce{As(OH)3}$. ...
0
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1answer
451 views

Hydrolysis of salt

The hydrolysis of salt tells you whether a salt is acidic or basic. But it does not tell you how acidic or basic a salt is. Is there a way to determine this? My guess is that taking of the weak base ...
-2
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1answer
6k views

SN1 like reaction acid-cataylzed hydrolysis of epoxide [closed]

What would be the reaction mechanism for the reaction between epoxide and $\ce{H2SO4}$?
6
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2answers
7k views

Why can NCl3 be hydrolyzed but CCl4 cannot?

While explaining why $\ce{CCl4}$ cannot be hydrolyzed, we say carbon atom doesn't have any d-orbitals and therefore a water molecule (lone pair electrons of $\ce{O}$ atom) cannot form coordinate bond ...
14
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1answer
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Mechanism for basic hydrolysis of α-chloronitrile to ketone?

In Corey's 1969 prostaglandin synthesis,1 compound 2 is formed from compound 1 by: [...] treatment with 2.5 equiv of potassium hydroxide (added as a hot saturated aqueous solution) in dimethyl ...
4
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1answer
589 views

Hydrolysis of vinyl bromide vs alkyl chloride

Which of the following compounds, 1-bromocyclopent-1-ene 1 or chlorocyclopentane 2, hydrolyses faster than the second under comparable conditions? It may be acid catalysed or base catalyzed hydrolysis ...
4
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3answers
594 views

Rates of hydrolysis in bicyclic and monocyclic compounds

Which of the following compounds, 1-bromo-1-methylcyclohexane 1 or 1-bromobicyclo[2.2.2]octane 2, hydrolyzes faster (under comparable conditions)? It may be acid catalyzed or base catalyzed hydrolysis,...
2
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1answer
637 views

Why are silyl chlorides more readily hydrolysed than alkyl chlorides?

I know that the $\ce{Si-Cl}$ bond has a slightly higher energy, but silyl chlorides are much more readily hydrolyzed compared to alkyl chlorides. I do not fully understand why that is. My thoughts so ...
1
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1answer
227 views

Hydrolysis of 3,4-dihydropyran

In the 3,4-dihydropyran shown below will the oxygen or the pi electrons of the double bond attack the hydrogen cation during hydrolysis and why? This is my attempt towards a solution: The oxygen ...
0
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1answer
6k views

What will form in the hydrolysis of urea in urine?

I just wanna know what is the end product of hydrolysis of urea in urine. I know that the hydrolysis of urea will form ammonia and a subsequent rise in pH but will the ammonia react with the water ...