Questions tagged [hydrolysis]

Hydrolysis refers to any reaction with water. For example, it may be said that ammonia hydrolyzes in water to produce ammonium ion and hydroxide ion.

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1answer
2k views

What makes C=O more stable that C(OH)₂

When there are $2$ hydroxy groups on same carbon, they tend to undergo dehydration ( of course with exceptions like chloral where $\ce H$ bonding prevails). Why does this happen? We are breaking a ...
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2answers
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Why can NCl3 be hydrolyzed but CCl4 cannot?

While explaining why $\ce{CCl4}$ cannot be hydrolyzed, we say carbon atom doesn't have any d-orbitals and therefore a water molecule (lone pair electrons of $\ce{O}$ atom) cannot form coordinate bond ...
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3answers
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Is magnesium sulfate basic, neutral or acidic?

A question in my college test was whether $\ce{MgSO4}$ is neutral, acidic or basic. I was told to solve this kind of problem by hydrolyzing any ions that do not "come from" a strong acid or a strong ...
7
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1answer
848 views

Relative rate of hydrolysis of the carbon chlorine bond in thioethers and ethers

I am solving problems based on rates of hydrolysis of compounds but I don't have a general approach to such questions. Which of the following compounds undergoes hydrolysis faster than the second ...
4
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1answer
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Why does sodium react with water to produce a hydroxide, while zinc produces an oxide?

Sodium belongs to the so-called active metals and produces a hydroxide on contact with water. Zinc produces an oxide. Why is it so? I was given a hint: to read up about electrochemical series. I've ...
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1answer
703 views

Why are silyl chlorides more readily hydrolysed than alkyl chlorides?

I know that the $\ce{Si-Cl}$ bond has a slightly higher energy, but silyl chlorides are much more readily hydrolyzed compared to alkyl chlorides. I do not fully understand why that is. My thoughts so ...
0
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1answer
522 views

Hydrolysis of salt

The hydrolysis of salt tells you whether a salt is acidic or basic. But it does not tell you how acidic or basic a salt is. Is there a way to determine this? My guess is that taking of the weak base ...
-2
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1answer
6k views

SN1 like reaction acid-cataylzed hydrolysis of epoxide [closed]

What would be the reaction mechanism for the reaction between epoxide and $\ce{H2SO4}$?
15
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1answer
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Mechanism for basic hydrolysis of α-chloronitrile to ketone?

In Corey's 1969 prostaglandin synthesis,1 compound 2 is formed from compound 1 by: [...] treatment with 2.5 equiv of potassium hydroxide (added as a hot saturated aqueous solution) in dimethyl ...
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2answers
11k views

Why is ATP, but not ADP or AMP, a sole source of energy?

Why are three phosphate groups (such as in ATP) required for release of energy, but not two (ADP) or one (AMP) phosphates? How does breaking the phosphate bond release energy?
4
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1answer
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How is it possible, that the hydrolysis of ethers proceed via a SN2 mechanism?

Ethers on hydrolysis with dilute $\ce{H2SO4}$ under pressure produce alcohols. This is basically a type of acidic cleavage of ethers by the SN2 mechanism. (source) There is inversion of ...
4
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1answer
876 views

Rate of hydrolysis of silicon tetrahalides

Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE(Main and Advanced) by JD Lee(Third Edition) writes If we compare the rate of hydrolysis for $\ce{SiX4}$(where X= F,Cl,Br,I), it is in the same order as that of ...
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3answers
814 views

Rates of hydrolysis in bicyclic and monocyclic compounds

Which of the following compounds, 1-bromo-1-methylcyclohexane 1 or 1-bromobicyclo[2.2.2]octane 2, hydrolyzes faster (under comparable conditions)? It may be acid catalyzed or base catalyzed hydrolysis,...
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1answer
7k views

What will form in the hydrolysis of urea in urine?

I just wanna know what is the end product of hydrolysis of urea in urine. I know that the hydrolysis of urea will form ammonia and a subsequent rise in pH but will the ammonia react with the water ...
0
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1answer
907 views

Hydrolysis of transition metals' halides?

So, it's a relatively common known solubility rule that any hydroxide with a cation not in the first two groups is basically insoluble. So supposing we have a transition or post-transition metal $M$ ...
4
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1answer
798 views

Hydrolysis of vinyl bromide vs alkyl chloride

Which of the following compounds, 1-bromocyclopent-1-ene 1 or chlorocyclopentane 2, hydrolyses faster than the second under comparable conditions? It may be acid catalysed or base catalyzed hydrolysis ...
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1answer
302 views

Hydrolysis of 3,4-dihydropyran

In the 3,4-dihydropyran shown below will the oxygen or the pi electrons of the double bond attack the hydrogen cation during hydrolysis and why? This is my attempt towards a solution: The oxygen ...
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2answers
105 views

Are all hydrolysis reactions non-redox reactions? [closed]

Are all hydrolysis reactions always non redox reactions? For example: $$\ce{N2O3 + 2H2O -> 2HNO2}$$ The main reason I say that this statement is correct is because oxygen and hydrogen generally ...
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3answers
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How does sodium carbonate raise pH?

Sodium carbonate is used in pools to raise pH. From my understanding, it would dissociate in water like so: $$\ce{Na2CO3 <=> 2 Na+ + CO3^2-}$$ To raise pH, doesn't it have to absorb hydrogen ...