Questions tagged [hydrogen]

Questions regarding the chemical properties of hydrogen and its behavior in reactions and compounds.

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Enthalpy of Atomisation [closed]

Is there any difference between the enthalpy of atomisation of H2 molecule and enthalpy of atomisation of H..Why or Why not ?? Because The Wikipedia definition says that for a molecule it is defined ...
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772 views

What does HTO decay into?

I'm aware that tritium undergoes beta decay forming Helium-3. But in the case of HTO, what does it decay into? I don't suppose it decays into HeHO.
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Why Triple bond should not be placed at terminal carbon of Alkyne? [closed]

In Hydrogenation of Alkynes (eg like Lindlar or Birch reduction) it is said that, Triple bond shoudn't be attached to terminal carbon of alkyne. Why it is said like this ?
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Why do bubbles form when a reactive metal is placed in a less reactive metal's salt solution?

What is the gas that if formed when a reactive metal is placed in a salt solution of a less reactive metal? Theoretically, it should just be a simple displacement. I know that this question has been ...
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How to get the right formulas for combustion (rocket chamber) or where to find them? [closed]

I am a space enthusiast and am intrigued mostly by rockets. I recently found a book HOW to DESIGN, BUILD and TEST SMALL LIQUID-FUEL ROCKET ENGINES and have been fiddling around with rocket engine ...
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4answers
382 views

Where to buy/How to build a Devanathan-Stachurski cell?

I'm preparing to do some hydrogen permeation tests to calculate the diffusivity of some iron samples. I would like to do this using the Devanathan-Stachurski cell, which consists of two cells, one ...
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6answers
64k views

Why do we use helium in balloons?

While I was looking at the periodic table today, I realised that there were gases that were much lighter than helium such as hydrogen. If hydrogen is lighter than helium, why do we insist on using ...
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38 views

Where do the electrons in lead–acid battery come from? [closed]

$$ \begin{align} \ce{PbO2 + H2SO4 &-> PbSO4 + H2O + O} &\quad &\text{(anode)}\\ \ce{Pb + H2SO4 &-> PbSO4 + H2} &\quad &\text{(cathode)} \end{align} $$ The cathode’s $\ce{...
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1answer
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Distance requirement for hydrogen bonding to occur

I am trying to understand the distance requirement for hydrogen bonding to occur (more specifically in the context of protein folding). There needs to be a donor and acceptor atom for bonding to occur....
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catalytic activity of Pd and Pt

what phenomenon takes place during catalytic activity of Pd and Pt during hydrogenation ? in some books it is given as absorption,in others adsorption .some say that it is occlusion . please help me
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What is the difference between “atomic hydrogen” and “nascent hydrogen”?

My book (Comprehensive Chemistry by Dr. N . K. Verma, S. K. Khanna, Dr. B. Kapila) mentions two forms of hydrogen — "atomic" & "nascent". It says that these two forms of hydrogen are more ...
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Why isn't protium nucleus considered most stable nucleus?

My chemistry teacher told me that $\ce{^{56}Fe}$ is the most stable nucleus because of the highest binding energy per nucleon. But if we consider a protium nucleus, it has only 1 proton so there is no ...
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Have IH₃ and IH₅ already been synthesized?

I've seen a paper by Sikalov [1] that says that $\ce{IH3}$ and $\ce{IH5}$ should be observable. Has anyone actually tried to synthesize such molecules? References Sikalov, A. A. Hypervalent Halogen ...
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Efficiency of H production from FeOOH catalyst?

Research has recently found that FeOOH is 25 times better at hydrogen production than titanium dioxide. Today, a new electrolysis plant delivers energy efficiency of around 80%. Is 25x the Honda-...
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3answers
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Does anyone know a database that shows the effect of electrolyte concentration on the production of hydrogen gas during electrolysis of water?

I'm currently studying in the International Baccalaureate model. This high school model asks their students to do an individual work called the Internal Assessment. One of the subjects I study is ...
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Could metal hydride storage tanks for hydrogen store helium as well, given their repective atomic radii? [closed]

With atomic radii very similar, could helium dissolve into metallic foam about as well as hydrogen, thus making metal hydrite hydrogen tanks suitable for helium as well?
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Hydrogen displaces lead?

there was a reaction in my book. It is as follows: $\ce{PbO + H2-> Pb + H2O}$ My question is Hydrogen is below lead in the reactivity series. Then how is this reaction possible?
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Figure out how many deuterium atoms in a 3 microgram ice core sample

I'm in an introductory Chemistry class and ran into a Pearson problem, that no-one in our class including our professor has been able to truly figure out. I know the solution is $4.69 \times 10^{13}$...
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1answer
42 views

Is a compound that reacts with another to form hydrogen for fueling aircraft possible [closed]

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and has great properties when reacting with oxygen for use as a fuel. Yet here on Earth, its production is prohibitively expensive, its storage ...
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Why doesn't hydrogen peroxide decompose into hydrogen and oxygen?

I'm trying to understand why hydrogen peroxide doesn't decompose into $\ce{H2}$ and $\ce{O2}$, but instead into $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{O2}$.
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208 views

Why is H2Te the strongest acid among the following?

Among H2S, H2Se, H2Te the strongest acid is H2Te. The reason being that the bond strength in it the weakest so it dissociates easily. But my question is that why does it looses H+ in first place ...
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Are there other carbon free gasses that can be used for energy transport, apart from hydrogen? [closed]

Various gasses are currently used to transport and store energy for heating and electricity generation. Most of them contain carbon: Methane, propane, butane, carbon monoxide and natural gas. It ...
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Samsung's S-Plasma Ion - scientific basis

Has anyone come across a scientific study of the S-Plasma Ions that Samsung claims will purify air from microbes, allergens and free radicals? I would prefer publicly available research findings. The ...
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beer alcohol measurement

I bought an alcohol hydrometer (scale $0-40\%$) to measure the alcohol in my home made beer, at the end of fermentation and prior to bottling. While it is accurate on pure water (@ $0\%$), home made ...
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1answer
58 views

How to check whether intramolecular hydrogen bonding takes place in cyclic compounds?

How can we confirm or have a clear idea whether hydrogen bonding is taking place in substituents of cyclic compounds? For example, it takes place in ortho-nitrophenol, but it doesn't take place in ...
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837 views

Radius of hydride (H⁻) ion

What is the radius of the hydride $(\ce{H-})$ ion? There are several sources with conflicting reports on the same. Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of structure and Reactivity cites Pauling’s 1960 ...
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Hydrogen bonding in B(OH)4 - [closed]

How does hydrogen bonding affect hybridisation of species? I mean in $\ce{B(OH)3}$ the hybridization of boron is $\mathrm{sp^2}$ but in aqueous phase, is the hybridization same or it changes?
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What is the order of acidity for hydrogens in primary, secondary and tertiary alkanes, alkenes, and cycloalkanes [duplicate]

The bond dissociation energies of C-H bonds in alkanes, alkenes and aromatic compounds decrease in the following order: primary > secondary > tertiary > allylic > benzylic. The weaker the bond, the ...
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Which gas is a oxidizing agent as well as a reducing agent?

I think it's Hydrogen, because, $\ce{PbO + H2 -> Pb + H2O}$ Here $\ce{PbO}$ is reduced to $\ce{Pb}$ and $\ce{H2}$ acts as a reducing agent. But, in $\ce{2K + H2 -> 2KH}$, hydrogen gains a ...
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Why is slush hydrogen at the triple point?

Slush hydrogen is a mixture of liquid and solid hydrogen at the triple point considered as a possible vehicle fuel. What is the need of having it at the triple point? Couldn't any other set of ...
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Why should we be interested in catalyst for electrolysis?

I've been reading papers on Phosphided metals (CoP, NiP, FeP) as a catalyst for electrolysis. They increase the current density of the cell for a voltage. If it still requires 39.4 kilowatt-hours ...
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If electrolysis splits water, why does only either hydrogen or oxygen (but not both) bubble up on one pole?

If electrolysis splits water, then that means that $\ce{H2O}$ is split into $\ce{H}$ and $\ce{OH}$ or $\ce{O}$. How come that if a water molecule is split at e.g. the negative pole (anode), only the ...
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144 views

Does magnesium carbonate exist? what makes magnesium bicarbonate different from calcium bicarbonate [closed]

In my book, I found the following reactions: $\ce{Ca(HCO3)2 ->[\Delta] CaCO3 + … }$ $\ce{Mg(HCO3)2 ->[\Delta] Mg(OH)2 +...}$ What makes these two reactants different? Why is one forming ...
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3answers
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Is it dangerous to inhale the steam coming from electrolysis of salt-water solution [closed]

Is chlorine in there that accumulates (at the anode) and emerge out as chlorine gas? I was worried since I added a pinch of salt to the steamer in order to hasten the heating of tap water when I ...
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Would sodium explode in salt water?

I’ve seen the video etc of sodium being put into freshwater and the reaction of flames/small explosion but I wonder if the same reaction would occur if conducted in salt water such as the ocean.
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Ionization of hydrogens in hypophosphorous acid

Does anyone know why the hydrogen atoms bonded with phosphorus in $\ce{H3PO2}$ are not ionizable? I tried looking in high school level books, but they only describe the process, not the real reason. ...
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1answer
43 views

Typical reaction yield for combustion of hydrogen [closed]

I am writing an essay on the chemistry of rocket fuel, and I was wondering what, if any, would be a commonly accepted value for the actual yield of the reaction between hydrogen, $\ce{H2},$ and oxygen,...
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Hydrogen reactor, with electrolysis [closed]

I was thinking about hydrogen reactors. How they turn hydrogen and oxygen into water. I just learned about electrolysis, so I was curious how efficient it would be, to fill a cars tank up with ...
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What is difference between H⁺ and proton?

What is difference between $\ce{H+}$ and a proton?
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1answer
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Amperage for the electrolysis of water?

I am electrolysing water using several different potential catalysts for my eight grade science fair project. The electrolysis will be running at 2 to 2.5 volts over nickel electrodes, as I do not ...
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1answer
865 views

How was water formed if oxygen and hydrogen exist as molecules?

I have learnt that both hydrogen and oxygen exist as molecules. If so how was $\ce {H2O}$ formed? In water there is two hydrogen molecule and one oxygen atoms but how is this possible? Oxygen only ...
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Using a the particle in a box - one dimension, to calculate the zero point energy of an hydrogen atom

I have been tasked with using the one dimensional particle in a box model to calculate the zero point energy of an hydrogen atom with different sizes. Using the formula $E_1=h^2/(8mL^2)$ for a box ...
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1answer
8k views

Calculate how much hydrogen or oxygen will be produced in the electrolysis of water

Is there a way to exactly calculate the quantity of hydrogen or oxygen in a water electrolysis? I am thinking of a plain and simple electrolysis like an anode and kathode in salted water separating ...
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12k views

Why does hydrogen burn with a pop sound?

Our teacher made us to do an experiment with zinc granules and hydrochloric acid. $$\ce{2HCl + Zn -> ZnCl2 + H2}$$ We collected the hydrogen gas that was evolved in a test tube and on ignition, ...
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Why carbon monoxide reacts with hydrogen to give different products in the presence of different catalysts

My books says how carbon monoxide will react with hydrogen to give different products with different catalysts, but how exactly do different catalysts yield different products. Do they provide ...
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H and H- atomic and ionic radius [closed]

A hydrogen anion has a bigger radius than neutral H . Why is this happening ? I mean both electrons exist at the same shell so this is not it. Both H- and H have 1 proton so this is not it as well . ...
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1answer
346 views

Mechanism for interconversion of spin isomers of hydrogen

What is the mechanism by which the ortho- and para- spin isomers of hydrogen interconvert? If such a mechanism exists, does this mean that ortho-hydrogen increases in concentration on increasing ...
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5k views

Why are hydrogenation reactions exothermic?

I learned that all reactions that yield hydrogen are endothermic (such has reforming) and reactions that use up hydrogen are exothermic (FCC cracking, hydrogenation, etc.). But why is this so? I know ...
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Why is triatomic hydrogen relatively short-lasting?

The first chapter of Fleming's "Molecular Orbitals and Organic Interactions," describes the formation of triatomic hydrogen. In summary, the sigma MO of diatomic hydrogen interacts in phase with the ...
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2answers
557 views

Can gaseous hydrogen and gaseous oxygen be compressed without reaction?

I'm looking into building a clean Bunsen-style burner (or rocket engine - I haven't decided yet). I will be using electrolysis to extract hydrogen and oxygen from water, but the apparatus I am ...

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