Questions tagged [home-experiment]

For questions about a small-scale experiment which can be undertaken with reagents readily available around the house, while observing standard laboratory safety principles and practices. Do not confuse this tag with [everyday-chemistry] or [food-chemistry].

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Sulfuric acid from elemental sulfur and hydrogen peroxide

Will this reaction proceed under standard conditions? I don't really care if it is quite slow, as long as it takes less than a month to finish: $$\ce{S8(s) + 24 H2O2(aq) -> 8 H2SO4(aq) + 16 H2O(l)}...
0
votes
1answer
913 views

Removal of water from sulfuric acid

Suppose I have a dehydration reaction of methanol to produce methoxymethane: $$\ce{2 CH3OH(l) ->[H_2SO_4] C2H6O(g) + H2O(l)}$$ Usually, people will use sulfuric acid to dehydrate the methanol. ...
-2
votes
1answer
3k views

Hydrogen sulfide and sodium carbonate reaction

What is formed in the reaction between hydrogen sulfide and aqueous sodium carbonate? My guesses are sodium sulfite and/or sodium hydrogen sulfite. However, the equations don't seem to balance ...
8
votes
1answer
960 views

Sodium permanganate from manganese dioxide and sodium hypochlorite

This page states that sodium permanganate can be formed by the reaction of manganese dioxide with sodium hypochlorite and sodium hydroxide: $$\ce{2 MnO2 + 3 NaClO + 2 NaOH -> 2 NaMnO4 + 3 NaCl + ...
-2
votes
1answer
97 views

Production of sulfuric acid using sulfur dioxide

Is it possible to create sulfuric acid using sulfur dioxide directly dissolved in water? Usually, people oxidize the $\ce{SO2}$ to sulfur trioxide ($\ce{SO3}$) first. If this is possible, why is it ...
4
votes
1answer
589 views

Removal of octadecanoic acid from paraffin wax

I have some very plain candles. I don't think they contain anything but paraffin wax and octadecanoic (stearic) acid, since they are odorless and very hard to bend, tending to crack instead (even at ...
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Homemade insecticide, is it safe or will a harmful chemical reaction occur? [closed]

I live just outside of Tucson Arizona and there are a lot of venomous spiders, scorpions and other potentially harmful critters. I have 2 retrievers, 2 cats and 4 turtles and would like to avoid ...
5
votes
2answers
289 views

How to measure saturated salinity and mineral levels for flaked sea salt?

I am a sea salt enthusiast looking to make the perfect flakey sea salt. I start with sea water and boil it down to a thick brine. Then with less heat I reduce the brine more slowly and inverted salt ...
4
votes
0answers
722 views

Salt crystal growing inside a mold inside a jar

I have recently found an experiment where you can grow a salt crystal on a jar. The experiment works like this: we take a jar, fill it with hot/warm water and start dissolving salt in it until it ...
2
votes
1answer
683 views

Copper acetate synthesis without hydrogen peroxide

Usually, when people synthesize copper acetate, they use a mixture of acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. I assume this is because the acetic acid actually reacts with the various oxides on the copper, ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Can hydrogen gas reduce copper(II) ion?

I have a solution of copper(II) sulfate, and I would love to precipitate the copper metal. From looking at the standard reduction potential table, it appears that I can do this by bubbling hydrogen ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Composition of desiccant

Most types of desiccation packages use silica gel, but are there any that use calcium oxide instead? Here's my reasoning: Calcium oxide absorbs water, forming calcium hydroxide. Adding a (used) ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Grapefruit juice to extract herbs for tincture

I tried searching my question on google and did not find anything. I am looking to extract herbs with pure 100% grape juice http://www.lakewoodjuices.com/product_detail/id-32/ ( it is pasteurized ) ...
0
votes
1answer
493 views

Does grape juice change to vinegar?

If I add cooked grape juice to vinegar, does the juice undergo fermentation and also change to vinegar? Are there other conditions like exposure to air? How long would such a process roughly take?
1
vote
1answer
609 views

Can ethyl acetate isolate cinnamaldehyde from cinnamon oil?

I recently watched a video on extracting cinnamaldehyde from cinnamon using dichloromethane as a solvent. I would like to attempt the process. However, I would prefer not to use haloalkanes because ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to extract caffeine from coffee

To extract caffeine from coffee, I tried reacting it with baking soda to make tannins more soluble. I then put in salt to push caffeine out of solution. I saturated it with salt and then mixed the ...
2
votes
0answers
629 views

Efficient oxidation of KCl to KClO3

I am trying to convert $\ce{KCl}$ to $\ce{KClO3}$ through an efficient process. I realize that I could electrolyze a solution of $\ce{KCl}$ to obtain some $\ce{KClO3}$ as a precipitate, however this ...
4
votes
1answer
600 views

Electroplating copper onto steel

I'm rather unfamiliar with chemistry but I want to electroplate steel with copper. From Wikipedia: The cations associate with the anions in the solution. These cations are reduced at the cathode ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did my iron nails not dissolve in hydrochloric acid?

I was trying to dissolve iron metal in HCl to make iron chloride, but ran into some problems. I'll give a brief background of my experiment. I took iron nails and put them in a container filled with ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

The distinction between graphene supercapacitors and reduced graphite oxide supercapacitors

Looking at this study, Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films, a consumer laser cutter is used to synthesize reduced graphite oxide supercapacitors from ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Mate & Carbonated water reaction

I know that when adding carbonated water with Yerba Mate leaves there is a reaction that removes the carbonation. (Empirical results) I wonder what actually causes such reaction but looking in ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Cheap metal to replace platinum in hydrogen fuel cell

Platinum is used as a catalyst in hydrogen fuel cells because it increases the efficiency. However, if I just want to make a fuel cell for demonstration purposes, I don't want to use a lot of money to ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Is the variation in carbonation of soft drinks the variable that affects the effectiveness of the mentos reaction?

I went and bought a bottle of Fanta and some Mentos to replicate the famous youtube videos of the big fizzy reaction. The result was dismal, it weakly foamed up and dribbled over the edge. I tried ...
3
votes
1answer
403 views

Chromatography: Why does the insoluble compound get pulled along?

In paper chromatography, we see that a paper with an ink spot on it get dissolved in the liquid and travels up with water due to capillary action. Then the compounds with more affinity to the paper ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Separating Lipids from Milk

I am trying to develop a procedure to test the percent mass of lipids in (update: homogenized) milk. It doesn't need to be very accurate, just an interesting application of chemical principles. As I ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Most efficient way to purify household vinegar: distillation or freezing?

I am aware that there are better ways to purify acetic acid out of a water-acid mixture than these, but which one out of distillation (using heat) and fractional freezing (using cold) would gain a ...
3
votes
1answer
490 views

Removing aluminum “corrosion?”

I have some aluminum alloy, possibly 6063 or 7050 (no clue really) which has corroded. The finish might be silver-anodized but I doubt it due to the high polish, could be urethane. The item is a ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

Problems with creating sodium hydroxide from sodium (hydrogen) carbonate

If sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda, $\ce{NaHCO3}$) is heated to greater than $50~\mathrm{^\circ C}$, it will release carbon dioxide and water to form sodium carbonate: $$\ce{2NaHCO3 -> ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Decomposition products of sodium acetate

I heated some sodium acetate to a high temperature (about 500 degrees celsius). Upon doing so, I could smell an irritating smell reminiscent of vinegar. I stopped then, assuming they were acetic acid ...
0
votes
2answers
238 views

Acrylic container and electrolysis

Normally when you do electrolysis, you would use a glass container. Would it be wise to use a acrylic container? I have one spare but not sure if this would affect the electrolysis process. Is there ...
4
votes
1answer
993 views

Etching ITO on PET without damage

I am planning to use some of this to construct a transparent touch panel for a prototype of mine. It is PET plastic coated in Indium Tin Oxide. My plan is as follows: Use some of this UV-cure dry ...
10
votes
1answer
310 views

Gases produced by pyrolysis of cellulose

I heated cotton in a sealed container (with a small hole) over a natural gas flame. Some gases and smoke were produced. What would they probably be? I can come up with some guesses based on the ...
1
vote
0answers
269 views

Exothermic reaction between sodium carbonate and castile soap

The other day, I tried to mix liquid castile soap and washing soda (sodium carbonate) to use in doing laundry. I mixed equal parts liquid soap and sodium carbonate by weight. To my surprise, an ...
1
vote
1answer
261 views

Will the addition of salt further cool down ice that is already at -30 °C?

I know that ice gets colder when salt is added. But how big is the effect if it is already −30 °C? Can it cool it down more or does it just work with −1 °C cold ice? Another question: If I have a ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

How does Drain opener decompose?

I used drain opener (sodium hydroxide and sodium hypochlorite) in an RV and accidentally caused it to drain out (mixed about 1:10 with water) onto concrete below. There is a fairly strong smell. ...
2
votes
0answers
732 views

What would be a safe/good surfactant for ultrasonic cleaning vinyl records + distilled water and isopropyl alcohol

Title pretty much says it all besides the type of records I believe are pvc (60s - current, someone correct me if there may be other materials but I absolutely don't have any shellac records) and I ...
1
vote
1answer
18k views

Reaction between sodium carbonate and water

In this Wikipedia article, it mentions: As the concentration of sodium carbonate increases, it undergoes hydrolysis to form sodium hydroxide. $$\ce{Na2CO3 + H2O → 2NaOH + CO2}$$ Because this ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Dismutation of ethanoic acid

Ethanoic (acetic) acid can undergo fermentation by methanogens to create $\ce{CH4}$ and $\ce{CO2}$. Is there any way that I could perform this reaction without any microorganisms, specifically with ...
3
votes
1answer
660 views

Gases produced by bacterial decomposition of human urine

I know that when urine (more specifically, the urea within) is metabolised by bacteria, ammonia is released. However, because of the high solubility of ammonia, I assume it simply dissolves into the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Production of hydrogen using vinegar and metal for experiments

If I cannot, or do not want to use electrolysis of water to produce hydrogen, is it a viable alternative to react vinegar (ethanoic acid) and iron (or steel, or copper) to form iron(II) or copper ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Required temperature for the reduction of iron oxide using carbon

When reducing iron oxide with carbon, must the substances be set alight or do they only need to be heated. Also, when the iron is formed will it immediately oxidise in the air?
2
votes
1answer
720 views

Trying to displace iron from ferrous sulphate heptahydrate using aluminium foil but nothing has happened

I started by dissolving the sulphate into water and filtering it as I noticed there was a dirty residue lying at the bottom. (I am using ferrous sulphate that is commonly used in gardening.) I then ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Safe endothermic reaction that gets below freezing?

I have a project/idea I am working on but I am only 14 years old and I need some help. I'm looking for an endothermic reaction that gets below freezing, but the chemicals before the reaction and ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How to estimate the number of hydrogen bridges in a bouncing ball?

We want to make a bouncing ball: the reaction is between with polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) of wood glue and borax. It makes bridges between the molecules like DNA and hydrogen bonds. We would like to ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Counterintuitive Reaction of Aluminium On Steel Balls

There is a certain video which I just watched about 2 large cast iron balls. If the balls are struck together, no reaction happens, but if one is covered in aluminium foil and then struck, a large ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Production of acetone from egg shells and vinegar

I learned from these wiki pages that acetone can be produced from calcium acetate, which can be produced by the reaction of eggshells and vinegar. However, I couldn't find the required temperature. ...
1
vote
2answers
488 views

Is it possible to efficiently convert hydrogen to methane?

According to this wikipedia page, hydrogen can combine with the carbon found in carbon steel to form some methane inside the steel, weakening it. Is is possible to convert hydrogen to methane by ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Potassium Alum Crystals

This is a question regarding the crystallization of $\ce{KAl(SO4)2 . 12 H2O}$. I have an idea of what to do (I'll explain later in the explanation), but I would like to hear other suggestions encase ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

How did chemists in the 18th century learn that magnesium gain mass when it's burned?

Crucial to disprove the phlogiston hypothesis was the observation that magnesium gains mass when burns. But how was this observation made in the 18th century? Is there any way this property of ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Safety regarding multiple metals in same acid solution

My son is testing the corrosion of metals in various solutions. Is it okay to place strips of multiple metals in the same container of a specific solution? Metals being tested: $\ce{Fe}$, $\ce{Cu}$, $...