Questions tagged [home-experiment]

For questions about a small-scale experiment which can be undertaken with reagents readily available around the house, while observing standard laboratory safety principles and practices. Do not confuse this tag with [everyday-chemistry] or [food-chemistry].

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6
votes
2answers
421 views

Can I somehow 'reuse' the chemicals in glow sticks?

I particulary enjoy performing chemical experiments without buying any chemicals for them. I was always sad about the fact that one glowstick lights out, you just throw it into trash can (I like all ...
14
votes
4answers
25k views

How explosive is hydrogen gas?

I want to electrolyze water to get oxygen and hydrogen. I want to mix them in a regular balloon and ignite it. How much hydrogen would you need in a 2:1 ratio with air for it to be dangerous? Is this ...
5
votes
3answers
651 views

In my homemade electrolysis setup, only the negative end bubbles?

I've created an electrolysis setup by connecting a $6~\mathrm{V}$ battery to a cup filled with saline water via pencils; I am confused as to why only the negative pencil bubbles though. After running ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

How does the “kreosan” Coca-Cola rocket work?

A YouTube channel called "kreosan" (made by Russian-speaking people who I believe live in Ukraine) posted a video showing rockets made from bottles of Coca-Cola. Here's what I've figured out from the ...
25
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does bleach feel slippery?

My high-school chemistry teacher taught us the mantra "bases are slippery-soapy-slimy!" This question and this answer in Quora say this is due to saponification - conversion of lipids from the top ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

How may copper acetate ligands be manipulated to change colors?

I have a solution of copper acetate and I would like to play around with the ligands to get different colors. Background: The copper acetate was made through mixing vinegar (5% acetic acid), NaCl, ...
11
votes
4answers
16k views

Experiment to show that air contains about 20% oxygen

I remember that in my primary classed I had an experiment in science to show air contains 20% oxygen. The experiment involved taking a trough of water, lighting a candle in the middle of the trough ...
10
votes
1answer
293 views

Gases produced by pyrolysis of cellulose

I heated cotton in a sealed container (with a small hole) over a natural gas flame. Some gases and smoke were produced. What would they probably be? I can come up with some guesses based on the ...
14
votes
6answers
49k views

Handling and storing sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid, hydrogen peroxide and isopropyl alcohol

I'm an electrical engineering and I hope you can give me some advice as I'm not much into chemistry. I'm trying to start making my PCB (Printed Circuit Board) at home but I'd like to have some advice ...
14
votes
2answers
23k views

Does bleach (without rinsing) leave residues and can vinegar, baking soda neutralize them?

It's very difficult to get accurate information concerning household bleach residues. Imagine, for instance, that you pour pure (or diluted) bleach onto fabric or synthetic foam and let it dry without ...
6
votes
3answers
889 views

Is it known for sure that bases feel slippery because of the production of soap/surfactant?

Discussion around the question Why does bleach feel slippery? has started me thinking about the saponification explanation for the slippery feeling of basic solutions. According to Wikipedia: ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I synthesize iron acetate like this?

The oxidation state of the iron doesn't matter too much; I am just trying to make an attractive red-brown ink. Here are some instructions I prescribed to a friend. Here's an approximately decent ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How can i detect Formalin in food easily

I am trying to detect formalin in different types of food. Formalin $(\ce{CH2(OH)2})$is an aqueous solution of formaldehyde, which is $\ce{CH2O}$ or $\ce{H2CO}$. I used many chemicals to do this, but ...
-1
votes
1answer
338 views

Hydrophobic sand in water [closed]

Can you please explain this experiment? Why is this happening?
30
votes
3answers
76k views

Chemistry behind Gale's coffee maker in Breaking Bad

Is there a scientific basis for the coffee making equipment which Gale Boetticher describes in Breaking Bad? He talks about maintaining the right conditions for bringing out the coffee flavor without ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does shampoo lather much more the second time it is applied?

When I shampoo my dirty hair, the first time it does not lather very much. The second time it lathers a lot. Why is this?
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do raisins bob up and down in carbonated water?

Yesterday I preformed a fun little experiment where I poured a glass of seltzer water into a glass, then dropped a few raisins into it. I observed that the raisins would float at the top of the glass ...
11
votes
9answers
1k views

How do I excel in Chemistry? [closed]

I wanted to ask an online group of experts/community about how I could improve in chemistry. I study in 10th grade currently and don't get very good grades. Most of the time its a B or C. I have to ...
8
votes
1answer
892 views

Sodium permanganate from manganese dioxide and sodium hypochlorite

This page states that sodium permanganate can be formed by the reaction of manganese dioxide with sodium hypochlorite and sodium hydroxide: $$\ce{2 MnO2 + 3 NaClO + 2 NaOH -> 2 NaMnO4 + 3 NaCl + ...
8
votes
2answers
962 views

What is the purpose of froth in washing clothes?

I stay at a rented place and there is no washing machine. I, now, wash clothes in a bucket. When I add detergent, sometimes there is froth, sometimes there is not. I wonder if this had any impact on ...
8
votes
4answers
30k views

How can I separate the vinegar from a 5% white vinegar to make a more concentrated solution.

I was under the impression that if I put a semi full bottle of vinegar in the freezer the water would freeze but the vinegar would not until a lower temp. Therefore I could remove the bottle after ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a type of detergent/surfactant that evaporates at STP?

Are there any type of detergent/surfactant chemicals that would be good for removing dirt and grease from fabric that also would evaporate from the clothes within, say, 24 hours leaving no residue? ...
5
votes
4answers
14k views

How do I control the negative temperature in an experiment?

If one were to adjust the positive temperature in an experiment, they would use a heating plate, or a stovetop. How would one adjust negative temperatures in an experiment? (Not keeping the ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

Separating iron from blood

How can I separate iron from blood, without doing any damage to the blood/haemoglobin? I have thought about using a magnet, but apparently iron in blood is not magnetic, and I have also looked at ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What does nutella add to the Coke+Mentos reaction?

Inspired by this question on SFF.SE. The Diet Coke + Mentos experiment has been a popular one for a while now, and I've read a little bit about the science behind it. I recently discovered this ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

Synthesis of hydrazine with bleach and ammonia

I am trying to make rocket fuel using hydrazine, hydrogen peroxide and home products. I want to put an action figure in orbit. Is there any way to synthesize hydrazine with bleach and ammonia, using $...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there a means to measure pH without indicators?

I have created a solution that should contain hydroxide ions. Therefore, the pH > 7, but is there any way to roughly estimate the pH in absence of any indicator? Maybe using current, or checking ...
8
votes
3answers
449 views

A unique demo for singlet oxygen?

I have long known that mixing bleach and peroxide produces oxygen gas: $$\ce{NaOCl + H2O2 -> O2 + H2O + NaCl}$$ However I only recently learned that the specific form of oxygen produced by the ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Best Fuel for Potato Gun

I have been using deodorant to propel potatoes (potato gun :D), but I want to switch over to pure butane. However, in order to do this safely I have to know how much butane is typically in deodorant (...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Citric acid chelates calcium carbonate more than ethanoic acid, why does this result in a faster rate of reaction?

I performed an experiment using egg shells (calcium carbonate) to represent teeth and reacted the calcium carbonate with acids. When measuring the rate of reaction citric acid had a higher rate of ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Will this reaction form magnesium carbonate?

I have magnesium oxide pills I take. I know if I dissolve them they'll form magnesium hydroxide, and I'm trying to make pure magnesium from my pills. I've come up with a double replacement reaction, ...
6
votes
5answers
17k views

How to dissolve steel without affecting aluminium alloy

Disclaimer: I have very limited knowledge of chemistry My problem is the following: I have motorcycle part made from some sort of Aluminium alloy - most probably 6005, 6061-T6 or 7005. And inside of ...
6
votes
0answers
686 views

Sugar burning with the assistance of ash

If a plain pile of sugar (or a sugar cube) is heated with a torch, it just melts and gives off smoke. However, if some paper or wood ashes are added, it burns quite easily. What are the ingredients of ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Safe endothermic reaction that gets below freezing?

I have a project/idea I am working on but I am only 14 years old and I need some help. I'm looking for an endothermic reaction that gets below freezing, but the chemicals before the reaction and ...
4
votes
5answers
11k views

Homemade reactor for water cooling

Background: Well, it's summer here in Brazil, and a great way to keep cool is drinking a so called Tereré, and, of course, we do need cold water for that. Problem: I was looking for endothermic ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Decomposition of iron(III) acetate?

I recently asked about the synthesis of iron (III) acetate. I want a rather concentrated solution to use as a calligraphy ink (which will be dissolved in alcohol/water). Will it be okay to heat the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can rocket candy explode during the preparation?

I would like to follow the steps in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyPysthIRss After I mixed the Potassium nitrate KNO3 and the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to measure amount of oxygen (or carbon dioxide) in air?

I'm not chemist, and I'm looking for easiest way to measure how much oxygen plant in closed container will produce per hour [can measure over time for increased accuracy]. My first idea was to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What factors might affect the reaction between potassium permanganate and ethylene glycol?

Our chemistry club has, for the last few years, been showing off some reactions to prospective students. One of the most popular tricks we have is a bit of an explosive one: we mix some potassium ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How to test for methanol?

I wanted to make some ethanol from baker's yeast and I used sucrose. I've made it and put it in a glass jar. I left it on a warm place (near the radiator) until the yeast died and after they died I ...
2
votes
2answers
14k views

Reaction of citric acid and calcium chloride

I was planning to extract citric acid from lemon juice by reacting the lemon juice with calcium chloride hoping it would react to form calcium citrate and precipitate according to the reaction $$\ce{...
1
vote
2answers
590 views

Recrystallizing Sodium Acetate from solution

I made sodium acetate using the following reaction: $$\ce{NaHCO3 + CH3COOH ->CH3COONa + H2O + CO2}$$ The resulting solution of sodium acetate isn't pure, it has impurities. I want to crystallize ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Is the variation in carbonation of soft drinks the variable that affects the effectiveness of the mentos reaction?

I went and bought a bottle of Fanta and some Mentos to replicate the famous youtube videos of the big fizzy reaction. The result was dismal, it weakly foamed up and dribbled over the edge. I tried ...
1
vote
1answer
712 views

Is it safe to store muriatic acid, hydrogen peroxide and acetone?

I am recently getting into PCB etching. So I use 10 M HCL solution, 3% hydrogen peroxide mixed in 1:1 ratio for my etchent. Currently, I am storing my HCL and hydrogen peroxide in my shed which can ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the modern hardware/supermarket term for 'laundry bluing'?

I want to make this amazing paper Crystal Tree with my kids. One of the ingredients is laundry bluing. It is described thus: The magic crystals that are left behind are a combination of the Mrs. ...
-3
votes
2answers
501 views

Is this reaction to produce ammonium sulfide safe?

For my chemistry experiment, I was assigned to produce ammonium sulfide and test the chemical properties of the compound. From my online research, I found out that I can mix household ammonia and ...