# Questions tagged [formal-charge]

For questions about formal charge in any molecule. Do not confuse with [oxidation-state].

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### Why is Cl2-P-O-Cl an unfavourable structure for POCl3?

Why is the structure $\ce{(Cl)2P - O - Cl}$ unfavourable compared to the two structures in the picture? The latter in the picture and the one I stated both have zero formal charge, so I don't really ...
70 views

### How to calculate Hirshfeld charges from Gaussian?

I am new to Gaussian and want to calculate Hirshfeld charges from Gaussian 09 or 16. I found this input file for Methanol: ...
60 views

### Does a minus charge represent two electrons?

In OH- 's lewis structure, we put 8 dots around O and then the H, thus, it now has 10 electrons, instead of 9 (as 8 electrons for O and 1 for H), and thus we say that it has a charge of minus one. Am ...
59 views

### I am having problem with this question including topics of redox reactions and charges [duplicate]

What is the oxidation number of $\ce{Fe}$ in $\ce{K4[Fe(CN)6]}$? This seems to be a pretty easy problem. Just input the oxidation numbers of everything and equate for 'x'. But the problem is that I ...
69 views

### Proper notation of doubly charged ions

I have always notated doubly charged ions with a superscript $++,$ such as $\ce{He^{++}}.$ For more highly-charged ions I would denote them with the number of charges, such as $\ce{Pt^{4+}}.$ ...
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### How many Cl and Na atoms per Water molecule when salt dissolves? [closed]

When salt dissolves in water the Cl and Na ions or drawn to the polar water molecules. Is it a one to one pairing? As in one Cl to the hydrogen side and one Na to the oxygen side?
115 views

### How to find the oxidation numbers of individual ions of a transition metal with an average fractional oxidation state

In the classical example compound of $\ce{Fe3O4}$, we know that $\frac 23$ of Fe ions display +3 oxidation state and $\frac 13$ of Fe ions display +2 oxidation state fulfilling charge neutrality ...
97 views

### Computed partial charges for protonated amine: discrepencies between Gasteiger and other methods

Consider the following molecule: SMILES: COC(=O)[C@@H](c1ccccc1)[C@@H]1CCCC[NH2+]1 I would expect the computed partial chage on the amine to be positive, due to ...
2k views

### What is the Lewis structure of the azide ion?

On a chemistry homework, we're asked to draw the Lewis structure of $\ce{N3-}$. My answer: Nitrogen ordinarily has five electrons in its valence; $\ce{N-}$ has six. This makes a total of 16 ...
21 views

### Why are only two bond structures considered for ozone and not three? [duplicate]

We were taught in chemistry that: Formal charges can be determined by drawing the Lewis dot structure, then subtracting the nonbonding electrons and half of the bonding electrons from the number of ...
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### Lewis Structure of OF+

Would the Lewis Structure for OF+ be drawn so that the more electronegative atom has the more negative formal charge, or would it be drawn to satisfy the octet rule? Here are my thoughts thus far: ...
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### How is (SO4)^2- Charged if S and O all are Neutral Themselves?

As far as I understand $\ce{SO4^2-}$ structure, sulfur makes two coordinate bonds with two oxygen atoms and two double bonds are formed with oxygen after sulfur expands it's valance shell to 6. At ...
Look at $\ce{FeO2}$. We know that $\ce{O2}$ is $-2$ then we must have $-4$ for $\ce{Fe}$ So $\ce{Fe}$ must have $+4$ charge so then is it $\ce{Fe(IV)}$ ?