Questions tagged [everyday-chemistry]

Applications of chemistry to reagents, reactions and processes of everyday life. Use this tag for question on chemistry in an out-of-laboratory/class context. DO NOT use this tag merely because the question is about simple chemistry.

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8
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3answers
11k views

Chemically removing rust without leaving any unwanted residues

I have this iron pan that got rusty from not being properly dried. Scrubbing it I was able to get rid of most of the rust, but there's still some I just can't remove. I thought I could chemically ...
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4answers
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How can I separate the vinegar from a 5% white vinegar to make a more concentrated solution.

I was under the impression that if I put a semi full bottle of vinegar in the freezer the water would freeze but the vinegar would not until a lower temp. Therefore I could remove the bottle after ...
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2answers
712 views

How to detect lead paint on a bicycle?

Recently I started renovating a bicycle. The frame has been painted probably over 30 years ago, and despite holding well, big patches of rust are showing. So it's time to give the bike a new paint job....
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0answers
863 views

Sugar burning with the assistance of ash

If a plain pile of sugar (or a sugar cube) is heated with a torch, it just melts and gives off smoke. However, if some paper or wood ashes are added, it burns quite easily. What are the ingredients of ...
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3answers
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Sugar solutions have a neutral pH in themselves, but it makes your body acidic. Why? [closed]

I'm not an expert, but as far as I understood a sugar solution is completely neutral since sugar can't take hydrogen ions out of the water or donate them in. Sugar is a non ionic compound, so it does ...
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1answer
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How Does The Mordant, Ferric Acetate, Interact With Tannins When Ebonizing Wood?

Ferric Acetate (II) and (III) are "mordants," which intensify wood staining in direct proportion to the tannin concentration in the wood. Some wood stainers add tea to increase the tannin content and ...
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0answers
349 views

Hazardous materials handled by amateur chemists [closed]

I'm a enthusiastic and devoted amateur chemist (in disguise, I'm actually a mathematician), but lately I've been thinking to what extend it is safe to pursue my hobby. I'm after all an amateur with ...
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3answers
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Is it dangerous to inhale the steam coming from electrolysis of salt-water solution [closed]

Is chlorine in there that accumulates (at the anode) and emerge out as chlorine gas? I was worried since I added a pinch of salt to the steamer in order to hasten the heating of tap water when I ...
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5answers
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Is crushing an avocado a chemical or physical change? [duplicate]

Applying pressure can result in chemical changes, does this hold true for an avocado?
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3answers
21k views

C + O2 is equal to C + O, how is that possible

C + O = CO2 . This is because carbon has valency of 4 while oxygen has valency of 2. When they react the valencies are criss crossed which means we will get C2O4 but this is simplified to CO2. But ...
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2answers
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Why do socks stink?

What chemicals are responsible for the stench emanating from socks? If it's just sweat, why don't underwear or vests stink as much? Which gas am I inhaling when smelling socks to decide whether they ...
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3answers
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Why are water droplets shaped like that?

With nothing to do, I stared at the droplets that get condensed on the glass panel of my window. Upon examination, these droplets appear to be in some sorta pattern. There are big droplets as well as ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between hand wash and body wash soap?

I do not like body wash always with strong favor. I like hand wash soap to wash my body. Are they difference at all? Thanks for the comments, so that I add the following information I am really sorry ...
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1answer
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Does bleach turn a substance white or colorless?

From what I understand, bleach works to weaken the ability of a substance to absorb light. Thus this seems to be "whitening" i.e. reflecting all light. In contrast, colorlessness (according to ...
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4answers
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Synthesis of hydrazine with bleach and ammonia

I am trying to make rocket fuel using hydrazine, hydrogen peroxide and home products. I want to put an action figure in orbit. Is there any way to synthesize hydrazine with bleach and ammonia, using $...
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1answer
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The coldest (the most endothermic) reaction [closed]

What chemicals can you mix that causes the coldest (the most endothermic) reaction on a $\pu{kJ /kg}$ basis?
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1answer
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What turns clear liquid soap blue? [closed]

Liquid soap that sits in metal pump handles turns blue after a week or so, as in this photo comparing the soap in its initial clear state and then after pumping from the dispenser. The pumps are ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the chemistry behind cleaning silverware with aluminium foil

This question has a accepted answer on this site already: What happens during cleaning silverware? but the reason I ask the question again is because I found different "recipes" for the technique ...
8
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1answer
989 views

What is the molecular structure of the coating on cast iron cookware known as seasoning?

When a piece of cast iron is repeatedly covered in fat and exposed to heat it develops a hard, black, non-stick coating referred to as "seasoning". What exactly is this coating made of molecularly? ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Why ginger reacts with sparkling water?

I think that the ginger ale is born this way. Anyway, if you put the ginger in a glass and add sparkling water, small drops splash out of the glass, the water is fizzier, more effervescent. Why? ...
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2answers
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Can sodium bicarbonate be considered an acid?

I was reading about acids and bases today and finally decided to question the statement that "baking soda is a base." Let's start with the dissolving of baking soda, $\ce{NaHCO3}$. The equation to ...
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1answer
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How does WD40 displace water?

How does WD-40 displace water? Or does it even displace water? WD40.com explains what WD-40 stands for: WD-40® literally stands for Water Displacement, 40th formula. That's the name straight out of ...
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2answers
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Why does milk flake?

While drinking milk (or better 'while seeing the milk I'm gonna drink') a question came up to my mind: Why does the milk sometimes flake, even if not in contact with some other substances? I guess ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between wet paint, dry paint, and in between those stages?

A day after painting a closet, I set a piece of wood on the wall of the closet that was painted a day ago as well. Within minutes, both of their layers of paint fused together (please correct me if ...
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3answers
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Is the behavior of a dilute strong acid the same as the behavior of a weak acid?

My assumption is yes, as the $\mathrm{pH}$ levels of each will be similar and thus they have the same acidity. Is this correct or am I missing something?
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2answers
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Is there a flame which doesn't produce smoke?

I read a book where it states the following: There are many types of flame and there are even flames which don't produce smoke. After reading it, it just got stuck in my mind. Is there a flame ...
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1answer
11k views

Why does opened wine develop the sour taste and smell of vinegar?

An opened bottle of wine developed into a sour taste and smell of vinegar. Why?
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5answers
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How to dissolve steel without affecting aluminium alloy

Disclaimer: I have very limited knowledge of chemistry My problem is the following: I have motorcycle part made from some sort of Aluminium alloy - most probably 6005, 6061-T6 or 7005. And inside of ...
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1answer
114 views

Understanding sodium hydroxide drain cleaner's exothermic dissolution of aluminum; does the aluminum need to be oxidized before it dissolves?

I'm not a chemist but I remember that the standard HF/nitric silicon etch used in micro-fabrication supposedly worked in two steps; the HF would dissolve the thin SiO2 oxide layer on the silicon ...
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2answers
730 views

Why does water boil vegetables, but oil does not?

When we add vegetables to hot water (boiling), it boils the vegetables, but when we add vegetables to hot oil (boiling) it fries the vegetables. Why?
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1answer
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Would an amalgam filling under or next to a gold crown cause any electrochemical reaction?

Would a mercury amalgam filling deteriorate faster if it was in contact with a gold crown?
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2answers
14k views

Is dissolving salt a chemical reaction or a physical change?

Physical changes are limited to changes that result in a difference in display without changing the composition. (source) e.g. melting water or dissolving sugar in water Chemical reactions are ...
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2answers
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Safe endothermic reaction that gets below freezing?

I have a project/idea I am working on but I am only 14 years old and I need some help. I'm looking for an endothermic reaction that gets below freezing, but the chemicals before the reaction and ...
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3answers
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Are homemade batteries economically practical?

Every kid who has been to a science fair knows that you can make a battery with a lemon, a potato, a penny and a nail. I've never done this and I'm not entirely clear on how it works beyond a hazy ...
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1answer
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Why do some gases liquefy easily under pressure and normal room temperature?

Is this a combination of Boyle's and Charles' Laws or simply one of them? I'm confused as to which applies. I don't feel I fully understand the implications of both laws individually and I'm ...
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1answer
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Why does pouring soda slowly and smoothly seem to keep more of the carbonation?

So, I caught myself gently pouring a can of soda into a cup of ice (making sure that there was room for air to move through so the stream of soda from the can to the cup was consistent and even) ...
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1answer
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Is there a way to dissolve glue?

Background: I have a journal from my childhood. I applied glue (uhu brand. this one) to the papers almost 10 years ago. Q: Is there a way to dissolve the glue and make the pages readable?
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1answer
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What are the active ingredients of shampoo, and how do they work?

After seeing one too many TV commercial about the fantastical properties of different high-profile shampoo products all "with documented effect" it suddenly struck me that I never actually researched ...
4
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2answers
733 views

Melting ice with salt - how does it start?

I know that salt reduces the melting point of ice. I can see how a little bit of salty water can melt ice to water which can dissolve even more salt. But how does it even start? There is ice, which is ...
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5answers
11k views

Homemade reactor for water cooling

Background: Well, it's summer here in Brazil, and a great way to keep cool is drinking a so called Tereré, and, of course, we do need cold water for that. Problem: I was looking for endothermic ...
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1answer
1k views

How does salt dough work?

Sorry for coming in here with little chemistry knowledge and a pretty inane question, but my googling skills have completely failed to cut through the enormous combined output of the baking brigade ...
4
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1answer
235 views

Is it possible to make broad spectrum light absorbing paint?

Is there such a paint / pigment that absorbs most wavelengths of light (beyond the visible light range) that can be used for solar heat generating applications? If not, would it be possible to make ...
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3answers
2k views

Liquid-Liquid phase separation

Consider a container that contains a mixture of many liquids. Can two of these liquids phase separate without having any significant effect on other liquids inside the container? Is there a feasible ...
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1answer
42k views

Deodorizing using baking powder instead of baking soda

I am an engineer and I understand the difference between baking power and baking soda as baking powder is baking soda (alkali) with tartaric acid (acidic) and an inert starch (why? Is this a catalyst ...
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1answer
7k views

Does citric acid react with carbonated water?

I've noticed that when adding lemon juice to carbonated water, large 'soapy' bubbles appear on the surface. Since I'm adding another acid to a solution of carbonic acid, I would maybe expect a faster ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Iodine medical products

After an injury or getting a scare it is typical to use medical products containing iodine. They typically leave a huge red spot on the skin. Why are creams and solutions containing iodine used in ...
3
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0answers
380 views

Brewing tea with deionized water

I am wondering what efect brewing tea (let us assume for the sake of simplicity it is green tea, brewed at about 80 °C) in deionized water might have on the product. Will the lack of ions in the ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Decomposition of iron(III) acetate?

I recently asked about the synthesis of iron (III) acetate. I want a rather concentrated solution to use as a calligraphy ink (which will be dissolved in alcohol/water). Will it be okay to heat the ...
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3answers
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Boiling point of a liquid increasing with temperature?

In my textbook, a statement is given, as follows: Boiling point of a liquid increases with increase in temperature However, I was wondering, isn't this wrong? The boiling point of a liquid always ...
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2answers
1k views

How is Persian blue rock salt made?

How is Persian blue rock salt made and what does it contain that makes it look blue?