Questions tagged [enthalpy]

A thermodynamic state function describing the total energy content of a system.

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1answer
2k views

Mathematical basis of why enthalpy of mixing is 0 for ideal gas

For this case, let's say there are two identical chambers connected by a small tube, constant pressure and temperature. There's a closed valve that separates the two chambers. Within the chambers ...
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0answers
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Enthalpy: when and how does it vary? [closed]

I have been looking for a physical explanation for entropy and enthalpy variations. An example would be the air system of a vehicle, where people say we have a strong enthalpy and entropy variations ...
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Calculating standard enthalpy of reaction, which reactant to choose for the amount of substance

For example, this reaction: $$\ce{2NaOH + H2SO4 -> Na2SO4 + H2O}$$ Suppose both concentrations are $1\ \mathrm{mol\ l^{-1}}$ (standard condition). There is $0.02\ \mathrm{mol}$ ($20\ \mathrm{cm^3}$...
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What non-toxic non-water substances have a freezing point very close to water's?

I was linked to a Kickstarter for a cooling ball to be placed in drinks which claims with constant marketing hyperbole how much it relies on "Phase Change" ! which is a neat concept and seems not ...
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1answer
101 views

Why do molecules have to first transform to gas before doing a reaction?

I have to calculate the enthalpy of the reaction $$\ce{Cs(l) + 1/2I2(s) -> CsI(s)}$$ and the answer is $$\Delta H_f = \Delta H_{vap}^{\ce{Cs}} + \frac{1}{2}\Delta H_{subl}^{\ce{I2}} + \frac{1}{2}E_{...
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4answers
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Difference between exothermic and exergonic

In High School I learned that an exothermic reactions releases energy, while an endothermic reaction needs energy to occur. Now I learned that there is a separate, somewhat similar classification ...
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4answers
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Why won't water freeze if you put ice in it, despite ice being frozen?

Just now I got some room temperature water and added some ice to cool it, and it just came to me, like the scientist I wish I was ... why doesn't frozen (freezing point) ice added to higher ...
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1answer
549 views

A theoretical molecule that could match uranium mole-for-mole

XKCD #1162 piqued my curiosity. Obviously, there's nothing we generally use as a chemical fuel that can match the energy density of uranium fission. But I wondered what it would take, hypothetically, ...
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Is the activation barrier of a reaction related to the free energy or heat of formation of its reactants?

The energy barrier for activation appears in the derivation of a bimolecular reaction through collision or transition state theory, but it seems that from looking at diagram such as this one it seems ...
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Thermodynamic Cycle

What is the value for $\Delta_f G^0(\ce{Cl^-}, \ce{aq})$ in this thermodynamic cylce: Do you agree it should be (with the formation free energy of $\ce{H^+} = 0$) $$-\Delta_f G^0(\ce{Cl^-}, \ce{aq}) ...
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What is the standard heat of formation of the nitrate ion, based on the standard enthalpy of formation of silver nitrate?

Given the standard enthalpy of formation of $\ce{AgNO3(aq)} = \pu{-99 kJ/mol}$ and the standard enthalpy of formation of $\ce{Ag+(aq)} = \pu{+105 kJ/mol}$, what's the standard heat of formation of $\...
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When is it okay to use $Q=mc\Delta T$, is this equation only for calorimetry questions?

When is it okay to use $Q=mc\Delta T$, is the equation only for calorimetry questions? When a question talks about heat how do I know if i'm measuring $\Delta H$ or Q?
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What defines the specific enthalpy of atomization? [duplicate]

1 mol of $\ce{F2}$ is turned into $\ce{2F}$ (atoms). Is this the specific enthalpy of atomization, or two times that?
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Why is heating increasing the solubility of sodium hydroxide?

\begin{align} \ce{NaOH &-> Na+ + OH-} & \Delta H^\circ &= \pu{-44.51 kJ/mol} \end{align} The dissolution of sodium hydroxide in water is an exothermic process, and so, according to Le ...
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Enthalpy Calculations, Heat of Formation/Combustion

I just don't understand how to do these and would really appreciate your help. 1) Ammonium dichromate decomposes in a reaction when heated. Calculate the heat transferred for the decomposition of 53....
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1answer
151 views

How can oxygen atoms suddenly appear on the product side of an equation?

The question states the following equation: $$ \ce{C(s) + 2H2(g) -> CO2(g) + 2H2O}$$ And then asks you to calculate the enthalpy change for it, given enthalpies of combustion. The stated values ...
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Methane seems to dissolve more readily in cold water. Why?

When you are diluting air in the system and/or properly evacuating it, you must consider water temperature. Methane is completely dissolved in water at 42 degrees Fahrenheit (5.5 C) but can be ...
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2answers
180 views

What is the energy package released to the outside world?

Consider a chemical reaction where two different particles form another one $$\ce{O + O_2 -> O_3}$$ I find it confusing how this can be an exothermic process. How to picture the release of $+\...
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1answer
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Algebra of conserved quantities for chemical reactions

So there is the standard formation enthalpy $\Delta H^0_f$ and there is also formation entropy. Are there more (independent) quantities? What about the heat capacity? Is there a general theoretical ...
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1answer
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Can dissolution reactions be endothermic?

Is it possible for a dissolution reaction of the form $$\ce{X(s) ->[solvent] X (solv)}$$ or $$\ce{M_mX_x (s) ->[solvent] m M^x+ (solv) + x X^m- (solv)}$$ to be endothermic, i.e. $\Delta_\...

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