Questions tagged [electrons]

Electrons are subatomic particles with the symbol e−. They have a negative electric charge (-1 elementary charge. )

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-4
votes
0answers
34 views

Mystery code? maybe related to proteins? electrons? other? [closed]

I'm not sure where to put this if someone has a better place feel free to suggest it. Basic question - Does this mean anything to anyone here or could you throw any light on what this may be part of? ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How does actually negative charge travel in phenol from ortho to para to ortho? [duplicate]

When we say negative charge flows from ortho to para position, and electron density at ortho and para is more, where does electron actually stay at ortho and para? Is it at $p_\mathrm{z}$ orbital or ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Difference in a array of probability density plots for the electron in its lowest-energy states of Hydrgen atom [closed]

Dynamic Periodic Table If you visit Dynamic Peridic Table, You will notice that for n=4 l=3,2 m=0,0, and n=2,l=1, m=0 there is a difference in the probability density plots for electron in its ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Breaking of carbon chains due to annihilation of electrons using positron beams

I and my friends were taking part in a competition(physics and chem expertise needed) and we were having a few doubts about something. I was hoping if anyone of you can help in the clarification of ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Term symbols for excited nitrogen (2s2p^4 configuration)

Looking at the NIST levels listing for neutral nitrogen atom, one of the excited configuration is $2s2p^4$ configuration. https://physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/ASD/energy1.pl?encodedlist=XXT2&de=0&...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Electron arrangement in Nickel [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand why the element Nickel can be written like so: [Ar]3d84s2, but cannot be written as [Ar]3d10. I know that the d-orbital can 'house' 10 electrons, and that according to ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Photoelectric effect question

My attempt:- 1)At 0.68e15 Hz frequency of light,Metal A gives 7.2eV Kinetic Energy(KE). 2)At 1e15 Hz frequency of light, Metal B, gives 6eV Kinetic Energy. 3) At 1.1e15 Hz frequency of light, Metal ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Spin Operator algebra

I am trying to teach myself some QM. In Christopher J. Cramers textbook Essentials of Computational Chemistry: theory and models, in Appendix C, he goes over Spin algebra. I am unable to calculate ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Why does ψ^2 ( square of orbital wave function ψ) give the probability of an electron in a given region? [duplicate]

Today I was introduced to the Orbital Wave Function for electrons. $\Psi$ is a mathematical function for coordinate of electrons and has no physical meaning. But $\Psi^2$ gives probability of an ...
2
votes
1answer
293 views

Electron pairing in atoms

A question asks: This question refers to isolated gaseous atoms. In which atom are all electrons paired? Ba, Br, S or Si? I thought it was Ba as its electron configuration is [Xe] 6s2. However, ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Why is the first energy of ionization of oxygen lesser than that of nitrogen? [duplicate]

The following question arises from a question I found in my book. Experimentally it has been determined that the value of the first energy of ionization of oxygen is lesser than the first energy ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Predicting directions of redox reactions [closed]

Hello! In this textbook example question, how come the chlorine reaction, which has the greatest reducing power will not react? If it has the greatest E of 1.36 V that means it has most reducing ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How does Fe2+ become Fe in sacrificial protection? [closed]

I've searched low and high on the internet, but nothing to help me. I know that zinc is oxidised in preference to iron, and that it "donates" those two electrons to iron. $$\ce{Zn -> Zn^2+ + 2e-}$$...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Reconciling electron configuration and valence electron distribution over separate energy levels in energy band theory [duplicate]

The electron configuration of a Silicon atom in its ground state is $\ce{1s^2 2s^2 2p^2 3s^2 3p^2}$, or equivalently, $\ce{[Ne] 3s^2 3p^2}$. When looking at the energy-level scheme of a silicon atom, ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Direction of electron density in p orbitals

$\mathrm{s}$ orbitals are spherically symmetric while $\mathrm{p}$ orbitals are not. For Boron, the electronic configuration is $\mathrm{1s^2 2s^2 2p^1}$. In which p orbital does the most energetic ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

On steric effects and stereoelectronic effects

From what I understand, stereoelectronic effects are the structure, reactivity, and physical properties of molecules as a result of relative arrangement of orbitals in space. Steric effects result ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Why oxidation potential of an electrode equals negative reduction potential of the same electrode?

My textbook states that: $E^\circ_\mathrm{ox} = -E^\circ_\mathrm{red}$ (of same electrode) I know that electrons flow from anode half cell (oxidation) to cathode half cell (reduction). But if $E^\...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Has a concept of temperature ever been defined in the context of a single atom?

I wonder if this answer to What would happen if we supercool and then superheat an atom very abruptly? goes far enough. I almost wrote the comment: I don't think we can even talk about the ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

How does liquid mercury conduct electricity? [closed]

It is stated that mercury is a liquid at STP because the high relativistic mass of its valence electrons stabilizes their orbits and thus prevents the electrons from being shared. If so, liquid ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Confused about identifying delocalized electron pairs in Isoniazid

I have to identify delocalized electron pairs in Isoniazid (pairs not shown in the image below): I know the nitrogen in the ring has a localized electron pair, since it already forms a pi bond. I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Is the nickel an exceptions to the electron configuration? [duplicate]

the electron config. is this 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^6 4s^2 3d^8 can the 2 electrons in the 4s be donated to the 3d to make them diamagnetic?
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Free Electron-Bond Electron Interactions

I am reading an introductory textbook on electronics: Practical Electronics for Inventors by Paul Scherz and Simon Monk. In a section discussing the motion of electrons in circuits, the textbook ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Atomic emission spectrum assumption n_f = 3

It's a standard question on the atomic emission spectrum. An atomic emission spectrum of hydrogen shows three wavelengths: 1875 nm, 1282 nm, and 1093 nm. Assign this wavelengths to transitions in ...
-2
votes
1answer
221 views

Characteristics of Isotopes [closed]

I'm currently applying information theory to physics, and have begun considering the nature of isotopes, and in particular, how much information is contributed to the properties of an element by its ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Why does heating an atom make it emit certain frequencies? [closed]

We're going over quantum basics in chemistry right now and I'm very confused. Electrons can only accept in discreet quanta to move up an energy level, right? And they reflect other forms of light ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Why does an electron lose energy so that it falls back to a lower energy state than just stay at the higher energy state?

Suppose an electron in the 2nd shell gets excited and jumps to the 4th shell. Shouldn't the electron then exist in an unstable equilibrium in the 4th shell, than lose energy and drop down to the 2nd ...
-4
votes
2answers
67 views

If a beta particle is just an electron, what causes it to be radioactive/dangerous? [closed]

Like what the title says, my question is if a beta particle is just an electron, what causes it to be dangerous? I understand that a beta particle is not only an electron but it is also one with a ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Why does the Heisenberg uncertainty principle work in an atom? [closed]

Where is my logic wrong? An electron can only assume quantized energies in an atom. If an electron is localized in space in a hydrogen atom, its radius is known. If its radius is known, its ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Properties that probe electron kinetic energy

This post is inspired by a question regarding the meaning of off-diagonal elements of the KE matrix (in some AO basis). One answer suggests that a diagonalized KE matrix might not be very useful. I ...
0
votes
3answers
63 views

Did the finding of the electron from cathode rays/ oil drop experiment at least temporarily throw Dalton's Atomic theory “out the window”?

Because chemists learned that the atom was divisible, did Dalton's theory get any criticism or did they just adjust the theory to fit the new idea?
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Electron Spin, and the Stern-Gerlach Experiment

I think I understand the basics of the electron spin. However, I'm trying to figure out how to tell if, when shooting a beam of atoms (the Stern-Gerlach experiment), how to tell if an element will ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

What's the difference between atomic orbitals and energy levels? [duplicate]

If I'm drawing a Bohr model of Neon, the middle is the nucleus, the first energy level contains 2 electrons. The second level contains 8 electrons. 8+2= 10, Neon's atomic number. But then what are ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Are all lone pairs considered as π-electrons?

According to me, in methylenepyran 8 π-electrons are present as there are 3 double bonds. Therefore, 2 × 3 = 6 π-electrons and 2 π-electrons as one of the two lone pairs of oxygen will participate in ...
7
votes
4answers
465 views

How can a neutral atom attract electrons when it's supposed to have zero charge?

A neutral atom is an atom with an equal number of protons and electrons We know the force of attraction between the proton and electron is equal and assuming that: one proton's positive charge ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Electron shells and subshells energies [duplicate]

According to what i learned in university, the energy of orbitals increases when the principal quantum number n increases. Also, in a given shell, s orbitals have lower energy than p orbitals which ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How did Thomson calculate the momentum of electron when he didn't know the mass of electron?

"This was proven in 1903 by J. J. Thomson who calculated that the momentum of the electrons hitting the paddle wheel would only be sufficient to turn the wheel one revolution per minute." This is a ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

What will happen if electron as a wave undergo destructive interference while travelling in its Orbit?

Today I came across a justification of Bohr's angular momentum quantization using the De- Broglie's hypothesis. The justification said that since the electrons are having wave nature also then while ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

How do I view a DSN6 file as text?

I am trying to isolate certain pieces of information within a dsn6 file. Specifically, I want to find the electron density around two atoms within a protein. I want to then run a python code to ...
-7
votes
1answer
42 views

Wave-particle duality [closed]

Can I get an answer stating some analogies on how electrons behave like a wave, and what does it even mean for an electron to behave like a wave? Also, if going around the nucleus, is electron a real ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

questions about half cell of Daniell cell

My questions are as follows: For the Daniell cell, we assume that ZnSO4 and CuSO4 are 1M aqueous solutions. What if we use pure molten ZnSO4 and CuSO4 instead? Assume that we prepare an isolated half-...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Spatial Wavefunction Symmetries and Identical Particles

I was reading this and it mentions in the 3-electron section, that for a spacial wave function to be symmetric under fermion swapping, it must be a function of even parity. Similarly for anti-symmetry ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

Why electrons move to Cu in galvanic cells?

I'm student who learning about chemistry, and I got problem about understanding why electorns move to Cu in galvanic cells. Let's think the reason for electrons going to Cu is that the standard ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Image formation in LEEM

currently I'm studying for my master's examination in physical chemistry. The topic will be surfaces and catalysis. To prepare myself I'm reading "Surface Science - An introduction" by Oura. ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What Ion gets reduced in this aqueous electrolysis?

In an electrolysis of tin(II) iodide ($\ce{SnI2}$) with led cathode and nickel anode, why is it that the tin ion gets reduced and not the nickel ion?
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What are the other ways (if they exist) that atoms can gain or lose electrons that aren't bonding?

I know that electrons can be isolated through human intervention from their atoms. My question rather concerns if electrons are ever lost or gained naturally. I recognize that this is a stupid ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to write electronic configuration of p-orbitals?

For example, the electronic configuration for the element boron can be writen as: 1s2 2s2 2p1 However, it is can be written more accurately by taking the different p-orbitals into account: The ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

MO diagram of BeH₂

I was learning about the MO diagrams of triatomic molecules and was left slightly confused about $\ce{BeH2}$. A picture of the MO is shown below: When looking at the $\mathrm{1s}$ combinations, I ...
0
votes
1answer
563 views

Question on deflection of cathode rays in a magnetic field [closed]

My book states that : When only electric field is applied, the electrons deviate from their path and hit the cathode ray tube at point A. Similarly when only magnetic field is applied , the ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

What do electrons usually do when lead acid battery is idle?

Lead acid batteries operation are governed by Redox reactions for charging and discharging. But, what do electrons usually do when lead acid battery is idle? And why? Assumptions: Say more ...
-1
votes
1answer
109 views

Electrons in methane [closed]

Why does a molecule of methane have 10 electrons? I used to think that the number of electrons in methane were 8 in number but it turns out that there are 10 in number but i dont know why. Please ...

1
2 3 4 5
10