Questions tagged [electron-affinity]

The amount of energy released when an electron is added to a species in the gaseous phase to form a negative ion. Not to be confused with [ionization-energy].

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How to get the second electron affinity of tellurium?

I need the value of the second electron affinity of Te, i.e. the energy change associated with the attachment of an electron to a $\ce{Te-}$ anion $$\ce{Te- + e- -> Te^{2-}}$$ In the books (e.g. J. ...
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Why does titanium have lower affinity than scandium?

Electron affinity of atoms in the same row usually increases with the atomic number until the shell or half-shell gets full, and then it drops down. Some transition metals are exceptions from the rule,...
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Using electron affinity to calculate lattice energy

I am trying to calculate the lattice energy of $\ce{CaBr2}$, I am uncertain of how to incorporate the electron affinity value provided for $\ce{Br2}$ into my calculation. Since electron affinity is ...
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Are diffuse functions necessary for modeling unbound conjugated anions?

According to this paper, and contrary to popular belief, diffuse functions are far from being necessary for the calculation of the electron affinities of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon(PAH)s, due ...
Kanghun Kim's user avatar
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Why does tennessine have a larger (predicted) electron affinity than nihonium?

According to Wikipedia, tennessine has an electron affinity (EA) of $\pu{+166 kJ mol-1}$ and nihonium $\pu{+67 kJ mol-1}$. Normally this would make sense since tennessine is in group 17 and nihonium ...
Kanghun Kim's user avatar
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Why does the electron affinity increase become more exothermic down group 2 and group 5?

It is generally true that the electron affinity becomes less exothermic down a group, because of the increase in atomic radius. There is a well-known exception that the electron affinity of Cl is ...
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Trends of electron affinity

The trend in electron affinity is to increase negatively across a group. Does this mean noble gases' electronegativity is more negative than halogens? Noble gases should have a positive electron ...
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Is there any mathematical formula for electron affinity and ionization potential?

I already know about the mathematical formula for electronegativity, but it requires the ionization potential and electron affinity. How can I can easily calculate the ionization potential and ...
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Trend of second Electron Affinity for N,O,F,P,S,Cl

I am aware of the definition of electron affinity and electron gain enthalpy (EGE). N has positive EGE1, and EA of P,S,Cl is more than N,O,F respectively. I want to arrange them in order of their EA2 ...
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electron affinities of Be and Ca

I have found in the textbook that Be has negative electron affinity while Ca has positive why? how can I compare the electron affinity values of these two.?
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Electron affinity of isotopes anomaly

According to the Wikipedia article the electron affinity of $\ce{^{2}H}$ is higher than the electron affinity of $\ce{^{1}H}$ however the electron affinity of $\ce{^{18}O}$ is lower than $\ce{^{16}O}$....
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Electron Affinity of Carbon and Silicon

Which has the greater affinity for an electron, Si or C and why? When thinking about the exception with F and Cl I would expect Si to have a greater electron affinity than C, but when I look at ...
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The first electron affinity of an atom

I've read that the first electron affinity is always negative, meaning that energy is always released upon the addition of this first electron. However, I don't think this will apply to noble gases. ...
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Why are the electron affinity values of alkali metals still negative, despite the process being endothermic?

I understand that electron affinity is generally exothermic(groups 16 and 17). But, alkali metals are reluctant to gain an electron because losing electrons is beneficial for them. So, the electron ...
Anu Vanguri's user avatar
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Ionization energy and Electron Affnity

Which of the following statements correctly interprets the relationship between ionization energy, atomic radius Electron affinity when comparing two atoms. The correct choice as per my instructor ...
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Is the magnitude of ionisation enthalpy and ionisation energy is same?

In my textbook it is written that ionisation energy and ionisation enthalpy are two different quantities. ionisation energy is the amount of energy provided to extract an electron from the outermost ...
Shrish Srivastava's user avatar
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Confusion regarding 1st and 2nd electron gain enthalpy

$\ce{O}$ has the 1st electron gain enthalpy $\pu{-141 kJ mol-1}$. $-ve$ value implies that energy is released when electron is added to an isolated atom. This also means that if $\pu{141 kJ}$ energy ...
Eisenstein's user avatar