Questions tagged [electrochemistry]

The branch of chemistry that deals with the study of redox reactions and how they can be applied to generate electricity (in electrochemical cells) and to carry out non-spontaneous reactions using electricity (electrolysis).

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Electroplating boat hulls with ceramic like material containing copper oxide to prevent barnacles from sticking?

Calcium bentonite can be electroplated onto steel. After it is electroplated on to steel it has a rough and porous like surface that is very hard and tough. If you were to electroplate a thin layer ...
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73 views

Is it possible to synthesize permanganate electrochemically?

I have been researching the production of peroxy acids and other strong oxidizers. I was wondering if it's possible to produce permanganic acid if I were to cast an anode containing Manganese Dioxide ...
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40 views

Electrolysis of a calcium salt in polar aprotic solvent

If i found a calcium salt that is soluble in acetone or ethyl acetate, which are polar aprotic solvents, and attempted electrolysis, what would happen? Since polar aprotic solvents are used in metal-...
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questions about half cell of Daniell cell

My questions are as follows: For the Daniell cell, we assume that ZnSO4 and CuSO4 are 1M aqueous solutions. What if we use pure molten ZnSO4 and CuSO4 instead? Assume that we prepare an isolated half-...
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33 views

Reaction between copper and silver(I) nitrate in aqueous medium

What is the reaction between $\ce{Cu}$ and $\ce{AgNO3}$ taking place in aqueous medium? The answer given was: "Only" oxidation of $\ce{Cu}.$ My concern is: how is only oxidation of $\ce{Cu}$ ...
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27 views

What Ion gets reduced in this aqueous electrolysis?

In an electrolysis of tin(II) iodide ($\ce{SnI2}$) with led cathode and nickel anode, why is it that the tin ion gets reduced and not the nickel ion?
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149 views

Why does the following “Battery” experiment work?

I did the following experiment: Experimental setup: Two electrodes (one made out of Iron,the other made out of Copper) are put into a (bluish) Copper(ii) sulfate lotion. Then, one connect a voltmeter ...
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142 views

Degradation of carbon anode in electrolysis of copper sulfate

I'm electrolysing a copper sulfate solution with a 12 volt DC supply using two carbon electrodes. The anode is reducing in mass and becoming thinner. Is there any way I can overcome this problem?
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150 views

half equations for a lead-acid cell

we are learning about galvanic cells. I would like to know the half equations and overall equation that occurs in this lead acid cell. so far my understanding for the oxidisation section is that in a ...
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75 views

Regarding Standard Electrode Potentials

If the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) is set arbitrarily to have a potential that is equal to 0 V, and has an absolute real potential. Then, in electrochemistry, how are the electrode potentials of ...
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53 views

Where does copper form?

I thought zn and cu both lose 2e- to pt but someone is telling me it's wrong]
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105 views

Why do reference electrodes have porous frits or membranes as a salt bridge?

From what I understand, they act as a salt bridge between the reference electrode electrolyte and the analyte solution (in a potentiometric titration). But why do we use partially permeable membranes ...
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56 views

Theoretical Calculations for Potential Generated in Salt Water Battery

I am using a $\pu{1.5 M}~\ce{KCl}$ solution as electrolyte and copper and aluminium electrodes but no salt bridge. So basically there is only one beaker with the two electrodes in it with the $\pu{1.5 ...
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51 views

Is it possible to convert a combustion reaction directly into an electrochemical one?

I'm fairly inexperienced in chemistry so forgive me if this question is silly but, why is it not possible to convert a combustion reaction to an electrochemical one directly and harvest the electrical ...
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443 views

Half-reaction for ammonium nitrate comproportionation into dinitrogen monoxide.

Ammonium nitrate comproportionates into dinitrogen monoxide in the following reaction: $\ce{NH4+ (aq) + NO3- (aq) -> N2O(g) + 2H2O (l)}$ I attempted to write the half-reactions by calculating ...
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419 views

Is it possible to generate electricity by using two inert electrodes in a galvanic cell?

The Daniell cell has two active electrodes, meaning that both the copper and the zink electrodes participate in the redox reaction. However, in a lemon battery for example, the copper electrode is ...
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92 views

Current in a Lithium Ion Battery

I am trying to find the current transferred to the anode and cathode of a Lithium Ion Battery at different voltages. I know the temperature (approximately) of the battery, the battery's starting ...
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1k views

Why do the Metal Ions in an Electrochemical Cell Not Pass Through a Salt Bridge?

I understand that the purpose of a salt bridge is to maintain the neutrality of the solutions in an electrochemical cell, but why do the ions being oxidized and reduced not pass through the salt ...
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117 views

Does electroplating fall off if I disconnect electrolytic cell?

So I understand the basic mechanism of electroplating. I want to ask is there any chance that the electroplating may fall off if I disconnect the electricity supply? As a consequence, should I ...
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108 views

Electroplating an iPhone

I thought it would be cool to electroplate the rear case of an iPhone 6 or newer since it's made out of aluminum. It's been a long time since I learned about the topic, so I looked online to research ...
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107 views

Will OH- ions be reduced or H+ ions be reduced in KOH electrolyte

I was trying to see if I can make a battery that uses KOH as the cathode electrolyte with platinum as the cathode electrode, but I got confused as to what gets reduced in this solution (Aluminum ...
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276 views

Reduction of potassium ion and hydrogen ion

I am studying a galvanic cell, and the cathode uses potassium hydroxide as its electrolyte. I am getting confused as to what gets reduced when electrons come from the anode. I believe it would be the ...
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45 views

How can two same reactions have a different reduction potential

According to wikipedia the reduction of AgCl (s) to give Ag (s) and $Cl^-$ (aq) has reduction potential of 0.22 V . But it also says tha the reduction of $Ag^+$ (aq) to give Ag (s) has reduction ...
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168 views

Proof of Concentration dependence of molar conductivity

If we go by the simple electron model, Conductivity/Concentration=carrier charge*mobility and mobility is only dependent on temperature for electrons. My question is regarding strong electrolyte, I ...
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479 views

Electrode Potential and Effect of Salt Bridge Ions on its Value

My textbook says that for a metal dipped in a solution of one of its electrolytes, the potential difference between the two at equilibrium is the electrode potential and it depends on the nature of ...
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177 views

Can't a redox reaction occur in one half cell alone without flowing through the external circuit?

Say you have two half cells. The electrolytes are connected by a salt bridge and the electrodes by a wire. Half cell 1’s electrolyte is copper(II) nitrate and its electrode is solide copper. Half ...
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165 views

Adding reduction potentials?

Will it be wrong to add reduction potentials of two intermediate reactions to get reduction potential of net reaction(just like as we do in adding enthalpies and applying Hess's law)? What is the ...
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2k views

Why are potential electrolytes poor conductors in the pure liquid state?

In my textbook, "In the pure liquid state, a true electrolyte is a good conductor of electricity. In contrast, a potential electrolyte is a poor conductor in the pure liquid state." definitions "A ...
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148 views

Does Intercalation and Deintercalation of Lithium ions occurs in Half Cell?

The important feature of Lithium ion batteries is the ability to intercalate and deintercalate lithium ions in anode and cathode . However when we use half cell, using lithium metal foil as anode, ...
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228 views

Inert in Cathode when Electrolysis

Why Platinum, Gold, Carbon are inert? In electrolysis, it's not react in anode because anode is doing oxidizing, but how about cathode? Are they still inert?
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57 views

Electroplating reaction

In electroplating, can a galvanic cell substitute the direct current supply? The process is to change iron metal to a silver one, but a galvanic cell is connected to the two electrodes.
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197 views

What is the purpose of the solution in a galvanic cell?

In other words: What is the purpose of the solution that the electrodes are immersed in, in a galvanic cell, and is it possible to generate a current without any solution?
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729 views

Concentration cell lower half cell concentration from measured cell potential

I am trying to find the Ksp of silver thiocyanate: AgSCN(s) --> Ag+ (aq)SCN-(aq) but I need to first prove that the lower [Ag+] = 1.27-12 M, but don't know how to find it. The data I am given: ...
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270 views

The feasibility of the electrochemical cell.

This is the question extracted from my country high school level' exam. So it asks to discuss the feasibility of the electrochemical cell to carry out electrolysis of an aqueous solution of sodium ...
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68 views

How is streaming potential measured?

This paper describes the measurement of streaming potential using a potential divider configuration. However it is unclear where the potential difference is created. From the diagram it appears that ...
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1answer
1k views

Salt bridge in galvanic cell

When we make a galvanic cell using zinc rod (in zinc sulphate solution) and copper rod (in copper sulphate solution), there is a flow of sulphate ions from the copper compartment to the zinc ...
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1answer
35 views

Electrochemistry - Understanding Diffusion Potential

I have a big problem trying to wrap my head around this for several hours and I cannot seem to make sense of it. I have to link this scheme with the 3 colored potential profiles on the bottom of the ...
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How to calcualte the electrical potential of a mixture?

I have a mixture of 3 material: MgO2 (s) C 'carbon-nanotube" (s) polystyrene sulfonate (L) The material does not mix well, so I do not think any ion transfer happens. (Not an issue!) I want to ...
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How do alkaline fuel cell electrodes allow ions through while not letting the electrolyte through?

I’ve been reading about how alkaline fuel cells work and there is something I don’t understand. Like the picture shown in the diagram above the electrodes separate the gases from the electrolyte which ...
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1answer
64 views

Why electrons move to Cu in galvanic cells?

I'm student who learning about chemistry, and I got problem about understanding why electorns move to Cu in galvanic cells. Let's think the reason for electrons going to Cu is that the standard ...
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1answer
49 views

What drives the redox reactions in a standard hydrogen electrode?

In this video, the SHE half cell has two redox reactions occurring i.e. $$\ce{2H+ (g) + 2e- <=> H2 (g)}\\ \ce{H2 (g) <=> 2H+ (g) + 2e-}$$ But how can a single half cell initiate the two ...
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361 views

Galvanic/Voltaic Cell: Does Cell Voltage Change When A Resistor Is Connected?

I tried making a lead acid battery. After charging for about 10 minutes, I connect the voltmeter in parallel to the cell and see that there is around a 1.2V (which is quite lower than what I predicted)...
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2answers
499 views

How connecting galvanic batteries in series actually works. “In Series” detection experiment

How I am interested in understanding what is the actual mechanism behind increasing potential in simple galvanic cell connected in series. Almost all explanations I found on internet are more like ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is the standard reduction potential of an anode negative in a galvanic cell?

It makes not intuitive sense to me why something can have a negative voltage , I understand the concept of voltage drop , but voltage is not being dropped in the anode so why would it be negative ?
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422 views

In a galvanic cell from where does the electron in the external circuit come from?

I know that in a galvanic cell anode donates electrons through the external circuit. Is that the same electrons that the electrolyte gives it ?
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212 views

Why do we talk about hydrogen evolution for the corrosion of aluminum?

During the corrosion of aluminum, we have the oxidation of aluminum to its ionic form and this reaction is balanced by a reduction of ions in solution. So basically it is the reduction of $\ce{H+}$ ...
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2answers
469 views

How do galvanic cells work?

I was wondering how a galvanic cell works If you look at the picture below, if I have magnesium metal in sulfuric acid, will the metal react with the acid to be then turned into magnesium ions and in ...
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193 views

Calculating cell-potentials

I have measured the cell potential between a number of metals e.g. Ni, Pb, Al, Cu and Zn by constructing a galvanic cell and then used a voltmeter to measure the potential. Now, if I want to ...
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546 views

what is meant by stability and potential energy of molecules in cases of formation of bonds?

molecules form chemical bonds in order to gain stability. it is said that forming bonds leads to lower potential energy of molecules and makes them stable. what does stability mean? how formation of ...
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1k views

how to separate aluminum from aluminum alloy

In an attempt to produce aluminum oxide ($\ce{Al2O3}$) also known by alumina I try it out to dissolve two old hard drive frame in brine solution one as the cathode and the second as anode, in the ...

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