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Questions tagged [electrochemistry]

The branch of chemistry that deals with the study of redox reactions and how they can be applied to generate electricity (in electrochemical cells) and to carry out non-spontaneous reactions using electricity (electrolysis).

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17 views

Nickel electroplating diamond grinding wheels

We can electroplate nickel on steel base with any density as we wish. For small diamond grits by pumping the solution we can electroplate the diamonds on the tool. But after some testings we find ...
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22 views

What is the cause of yellow discharge in beaker during the electrolysis of copper electrodes using copper sulfate electrolyte?

I have conducted an electrolysis experiment using a copper anode and cathode, and copper sulfate solution in a beaker connected to a power source using alligator clips. I varied the voltage and ...
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25 views

Electrolytes for Anodization at Home

I'm looking into anodization, and all the people doing it seem to have sulfuric acid as their first choice electrolyte, while others use sodium metabisulfate. Having simple access to exactly neither ...
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64 views

Electrolytic cell - Potentials

I'm an electronic engineer student and I'm trying to understand the basics of electrolytic cells and practical values' meaning. Based on my figure and electrode potencial values (Vce, Vre and Vwe), ...
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Determining formula of potassium molybdate from the amount of metal deposited during electrolysis

$\ce{K2MoO_n}$ in an acidified solution is electrolysed, $\pu{0.112 L}$ of oxygen is liberated and $\pu{0.32 g}$ of $\ce{Mo}$ is deposited (Atomic mass = $96$). Find $n.$ Now for this, I calculated ...
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44 views

Why my Daniel cell's voltage increase efficiency continued to drop? Please tell me why?

I'm high school student. I did a Daniel cell experiment, and I connected several Daniel batteries, but the voltage increase efficiency continued to drop. For example, 1V, 1.8V, 2.5V when 1, 2, 3 are ...
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36 views

Electroplating boat hulls with ceramic like material containing copper oxide to prevent barnacles from sticking?

Calcium bentonite can be electroplated onto steel. After it is electroplated on to steel it has a rough and porous like surface that is very hard and tough. If you were to electroplate a thin layer ...
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23 views

How can I calculate for the theoritical potential needed to precipitate a metal in an electrolytic cell?

We were given a problem where we are to calculate the theoretical potential needed to initiate the deposition of $\ce{Cu^2+}$ in a solution buffered to $\mathrm{pH} = 4.00$ and the IR drop associated ...
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77 views

In a half cell reaction, Is the potential halfed?

If you have an electrolyte of $\ce{Zn^2+}$ and $\ce{SO4^2-}$ (Neutral) Then you dip in it a Zinc electrode. Zinc potential is $\pu{-0.74 V}$ (relative to SHE). So that means there is a $\pu{-0.74V}$ ...
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70 views

Is it possible to synthesize permanganate electrochemically?

I have been researching the production of peroxy acids and other strong oxidizers. I was wondering if it's possible to produce permanganic acid if I were to cast an anode containing Manganese Dioxide ...
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23 views

Electrolysis of a calcium salt in polar aprotic solvent

If i found a calcium salt that is soluble in acetone or ethyl acetate, which are polar aprotic solvents, and attempted electrolysis, what would happen? Since polar aprotic solvents are used in metal-...
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27 views

questions about half cell of Daniell cell

My questions are as follows: For the Daniell cell, we assume that ZnSO4 and CuSO4 are 1M aqueous solutions. What if we use pure molten ZnSO4 and CuSO4 instead? Assume that we prepare an isolated half-...
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29 views

Reaction between copper and silver(I) nitrate in aqueous medium

What is the reaction between $\ce{Cu}$ and $\ce{AgNO3}$ taking place in aqueous medium? The answer given was: "Only" oxidation of $\ce{Cu}.$ My concern is: how is only oxidation of $\ce{Cu}$ ...
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85 views

Why would water, and not saltwater, undergo electrolysis?

I am attending a cram school and there was a question that goes: Electrolysis decomposes chemicals by passing an electric current through a liquid or solution containing ions. Which of the ...
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21 views

What Ion gets reduced in this aqueous electrolysis?

In an electrolysis of tin(II) iodide ($\ce{SnI2}$) with led cathode and nickel anode, why is it that the tin ion gets reduced and not the nickel ion?
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25 views

Electric potential of a redox reaction (without solids)

I need someone to help me with a problem: We have a solution which is $\pu{0.1 M}$ of $\ce{KMnO4}$ and $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\ce{Fe^2+}$ and has $\mathrm{pH}=0$. Given the electrical reduction potential of ...
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70 views

Why does the following “Battery” experiment work?

I did the following experiment: Experimental setup: Two electrodes (one made out of Iron,the other made out of Copper) are put into a (bluish) Copper(ii) sulfate lotion. Then, one connect a ...
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82 views

Degradation of carbon anode in electrolysis of copper sulfate

I'm electrolysing a copper sulfate solution with a 12 volt DC supply using two carbon electrodes. The anode is reducing in mass and becoming thinner. Is there any way I can overcome this problem?
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31 views

Electrodes of the second kind

An electrode of the second kind consists of a metal sheet coated with a layer of a slightly soluble salt of the metal of which it is made, immersed in an electrolytic solution: the last one must have ...
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53 views

half equations for a lead-acid cell

we are learning about galvanic cells. I would like to know the half equations and overall equation that occurs in this lead acid cell. so far my understanding for the oxidisation section is that in a ...
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37 views

Negative Voltage for Full Redox Reaction?

I have a question about voltages including redox reactions. I know that half equations may have negative voltages when choosing what is undergoing reduction, and what is undergoing oxidation in a ...
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40 views

Can I make an ionic liquid from glycerin and zinc sulfate?

Can I make an ionic liquid (dissolved salt without water) by combining zinc sulfate and glycerin? I've been using 1 M $\ce{ZnSO4}$ as my electrolyte in supercapacitor study. Works very well up to ...
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58 views

Regarding Standard Electrode Potentials

If the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) is set arbitrarily to have a potential that is equal to 0 V, and has an absolute real potential. Then, in electrochemistry, how are the electrode potentials of ...
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111 views

Does reduction/ oxidation take place separately at a half cell electrode?

In the redox reaction chapter, we learn that oxidation and reduction go hand in hand. The oxidising agent oxidises by accepting the electron released by the reducing agent and gets reduced in the ...
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50 views

Where does copper form?

I thought zn and cu both lose 2e- to pt but someone is telling me it's wrong]
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30 views

What is the reasoning behind deriving electrode potential of a metal-metal sparingly soluble salt electrode?

Considering a sparingly soluble salt $M_xN_y$ of the metal $M$, in which the corresponding reaction is $M_xN_y$ = $xM^{y+}$ + $yN^{x-}$, the standard electrode potential is given by $E^{o}_{M_xN_y/M/...
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Can CO2 Be Electrochemically Reduced to Carbon Nanotubes?

Mitigation of CO2 as greenhouse gas has driven increasing investigation of its chemical reduction. The 2018 paper "Recent Progress in the Theoretical Investigation of Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2"...
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19 views

Solutions when Electroplating

I'm essentially conducting an experiment to see whether using different copper-based compounds when electroplating copper onto an iron nail would give different results. So far, I've used copper ...
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197 views

Difference between electrode potential and standard electrode potential

I was studying electrochemistry but the thing that confused me was that what is the basic difference between electrode potential and standard electrode potential?
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66 views

Why do reference electrodes have porous frits or membranes as a salt bridge?

From what I understand, they act as a salt bridge between the reference electrode electrolyte and the analyte solution (in a potentiometric titration). But why do we use partially permeable membranes ...
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45 views

Theoretical Calculations for Potential Generated in Salt Water Battery

I am using a $\pu{1.5 M}~\ce{KCl}$ solution as electrolyte and copper and aluminium electrodes but no salt bridge. So basically there is only one beaker with the two electrodes in it with the $\pu{1.5 ...
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3answers
88 views

How Can I Induce Corrosion Electrochemically?

I'm very interested in measuring corrosion in metal alloys, particularly in salt solutions. I understand metals corrode over time, however, I was wondering if it's possible to electrochemically "speed ...
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37 views

Is it possible to convert a combustion reaction directly into an electrochemical one?

I'm fairly inexperienced in chemistry so forgive me if this question is silly but, why is it not possible to convert a combustion reaction to an electrochemical one directly and harvest the electrical ...
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357 views

Do We change sign of electrode potential when reversing an equation?

I have a cell equation as: $$\ce{2Cr^0 + 3Cd^2+ -> 2Cr^3+ + 3Cd^0}$$ I am provided the standard reduction potentials as: $$\begin{align}\ce{Cd^2+ + 2e- &-> Cd} && E= \pu{-0.4V}\...
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224 views

Half-reaction for ammonium nitrate comproportionation into dinitrogen monoxide.

Ammonium nitrate comproportionates into dinitrogen monoxide in the following reaction: $\ce{NH4+ (aq) + NO3- (aq) -> N2O(g) + 2H2O (l)}$ I attempted to write the half-reactions by calculating ...
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63 views

Current in a Lithium Ion Battery

I am trying to find the current transferred to the anode and cathode of a Lithium Ion Battery at different voltages. I know the temperature (approximately) of the battery, the battery's starting ...
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768 views

Why do the Metal Ions in an Electrochemical Cell Not Pass Through a Salt Bridge?

I understand that the purpose of a salt bridge is to maintain the neutrality of the solutions in an electrochemical cell, but why do the ions being oxidized and reduced not pass through the salt ...
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97 views

Does electroplating fall off if I disconnect electrolytic cell?

So I understand the basic mechanism of electroplating. I want to ask is there any chance that the electroplating may fall off if I disconnect the electricity supply? As a consequence, should I ...
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93 views

Electroplating an iPhone

I thought it would be cool to electroplate the rear case of an iPhone 6 or newer since it's made out of aluminum. It's been a long time since I learned about the topic, so I looked online to research ...
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89 views

Will OH- ions be reduced or H+ ions be reduced in KOH electrolyte

I was trying to see if I can make a battery that uses KOH as the cathode electrolyte with platinum as the cathode electrode, but I got confused as to what gets reduced in this solution (Aluminum ...
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261 views

Reduction of potassium ion and hydrogen ion

I am studying a galvanic cell, and the cathode uses potassium hydroxide as its electrolyte. I am getting confused as to what gets reduced when electrons come from the anode. I believe it would be the ...
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523 views

Concentration of gas phase in Nernst equation

What if one or both electrodes are in gas phase? Use PV=nRT? Also the definition of hydrogen electrode gets a little sketchy if we use PV=nRT to write it's concentration, the electrode potential doesn'...
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45 views

How can two same reactions have a different reduction potential

According to wikipedia the reduction of AgCl (s) to give Ag (s) and $Cl^-$ (aq) has reduction potential of 0.22 V . But it also says tha the reduction of $Ag^+$ (aq) to give Ag (s) has reduction ...
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143 views

Proof of Concentration dependence of molar conductivity

If we go by the simple electron model, Conductivity/Concentration=carrier charge*mobility and mobility is only dependent on temperature for electrons. My question is regarding strong electrolyte, I ...
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167 views

Can't a redox reaction occur in one half cell alone without flowing through the external circuit?

Say you have two half cells. The electrolytes are connected by a salt bridge and the electrodes by a wire. Half cell 1’s electrolyte is copper(II) nitrate and its electrode is solide copper. Half ...
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153 views

Adding reduction potentials?

Will it be wrong to add reduction potentials of two intermediate reactions to get reduction potential of net reaction(just like as we do in adding enthalpies and applying Hess's law)? What is the ...
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1k views

Why are potential electrolytes poor conductors in the pure liquid state?

In my textbook, "In the pure liquid state, a true electrolyte is a good conductor of electricity. In contrast, a potential electrolyte is a poor conductor in the pure liquid state." definitions "A ...
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200 views

Inert in Cathode when Electrolysis

Why Platinum, Gold, Carbon are inert? In electrolysis, it's not react in anode because anode is doing oxidizing, but how about cathode? Are they still inert?
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56 views

Electroplating reaction

In electroplating, can a galvanic cell substitute the direct current supply? The process is to change iron metal to a silver one, but a galvanic cell is connected to the two electrodes.
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188 views

What is the purpose of the solution in a galvanic cell?

In other words: What is the purpose of the solution that the electrodes are immersed in, in a galvanic cell, and is it possible to generate a current without any solution?