# Questions tagged [diffusion]

For questions referring to the process by which molecules move as a result of their kinetic energy.

22 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
144 views

### How to account for the interface between two different phases in a discretized diffusion model?

I have tried to set up a model for the diffusion of a gas into a liquid. The two media are next to each other and the geometry is spherical because the system should simulate the diffusion out of a ...
136 views

### Reaction-diffusion equation using Lattice-Boltzmann method

I'm struggling to get a working LBM reaction-diffusion implementation. I have a pretty weak mathematics and physics background, and thus I'm having a hard time understanding the notations around the ...
29 views

### Are there materials permeable to oxygen and carbon dioxide but not nitrogen?

Are there materials permeable to $\ce{O2}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ but not $\ce{N2}$? Would this even be possible in theory? Can it be done at even at pressures of 300 atm?
43 views

### Limit to volume change in a discretized mathematical model?

I have set up a mathematical model describing the diffusion of ozone out of a gas bubble. The bubble is surrounded by a thin gas film. So actually, the model describes the diffusion of ozone through ...
22 views

### Molecular diffusivity of a three-component mixture

I usually used a following expression by Fuller & Schettler & Giddings to predict molecular diffusivities of binary mixtures: D_i = \dfrac{1\cdot 10^{-4}\left(0.00143\cdot T^{...
16 views

### Porous materials: Is the expression of a mean free path $\overline{\ell}$ of the gas molecule valid for a binary mixtures?

Suppose that I have a binary gas mixture at low pressure. Can I calculate the mean free path $\overline{\ell}$ of the gas molecule in a pores of solid material by substituting a molecular weight of a ...
34 views

### Boundary conditions in a closed system for diffusion (2nd Fick's law) in a porous medium

I would like to calculate the chloride redistribution in concrete (assumption: porous and homogeneous structure, purely diffusion-controlled mass transfer, closed system). For this I have derived a ...
32 views

### When is it realistic to model diffusion without advection?

Brownian motion abounds in nature, but so does drift current. In theoretical models of solutions and colloidal suspensions it is sometimes assumed that advection is negligible. I'm wondering if this ...
36 views

### Is it easier to mix a solution that is in the liquid or in the vapor phase?

In the article on dilution, Wikipedia has the following statement: The same direct relationship applies to gases and vapors diluted in air for example. Although, thorough mixing of gases and vapors ...
47 views

### Indirectly Measuring Diffusion of NO2 into Water

I am working on a data science project with the central hypothesis is that air-born pollutants can become water-born through diffusion. The example I am using as a proof of concept is $\ce{NO2}$. The ...
17 views

### Algae Cultivation Using Polyethylene Film Reactor Vessel Floating In Pool with Algicidal ClO2 Concentration

I'm attempting to grow chlorella algae in a polyethylene film bag (which contains the growth medium) submerged in a temperature-moderating, above-ground swimming pool. This presents a challenge in ...
36 views

### Tungsten-Rhenium alloy connections to Copper. Methods?

I want to use some fine WRe wire (50 micron diameter, 80/20) in a particular environment where it has to conduct a few millamps of current while supporting 100g of mass. The problem being the contact ...
118 views

### Molar flux through membrane

Consider a liquid of pure $\ce{A}$ covered by a composite membrane through which the vapor of $\ce{A}$ is diffusing. The membrane consists of two layers of thickness $l_1$ and $l_2$. The diffusion ...
29 views

### Diffusion equation I can't seem to find anywhere

So I was looking through some old lecture notes from a few years back when I stumbled upon a useful and simple equation that should, according to my former professor describe the diffusion in solid ...
74 views

### What coefficients can I use in a Reaction-Diffusion Equation?

I am qualitatively analyzing an abstract chemical reaction $A + B \rightarrow 2A$ where $A$ and $B$ are some liquid substances that undergo Reaction-Diffusion with a second order reaction (actually ...
271 views

### How to write mass balance equation for the scenario when molecules are getting generated inside an sphere?

I am working on the physical understanding of diffusion through a nano machine(a shell with hollow interior in which molecules are produced) and have taken few assumptions: There is rate $r_T$ with ...
19 views

### real meaning of osmotic and turgor pressures

I am a high school student and I am very confused in how we define osmotic pressure? Osmotic pressure is defined as the pressure required to stop the diffusion of solvent into a solution by applying ...
12 views

### Difference in collision cross-section obtained by measurement method

I have a simple question of Physical Chemistry, but I don't know the answer. We can find collision cross-section(σ) through experiments in three ways. first, diffusion flux experiment. diffusion ...
31 views

### Ratio of rates of diffusion of gases

I stumbled upon a question, A mixture of 50 mL of Hydrogen gas and 50mL of Oxygen gas is allowed to effuse through an effusimeter. After some time it is observed that the residual gas occupies 90mL. ...
37 views

### How long will it takes two miscible liquids to fully mix (homogenize) through diffusion?

This question occurred to me while I was pouring milk into my coffee and was too lazy to stir. Assume you have some volume $V_a$ of liquid A directly on top of another volume $V_b$ of liquid B. The ...
Does someone know how to determine the binding speed of $\ce{Fe3O4}$ nanoparticles coated with the alkyl chain of hexadecyltrimethoxysilane to microparticles in water? I know that a precise answer is ...