Questions tagged [decomposition]

For questions about the decomposition of any chemical species, under any certain conditions.

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Iron(III) nitrate and hydrogen peroxide reaction

When iron(III) nitrate is added to hydrogen peroxide as a catalyst, the temperature initially decreases and begins to increase after 30 seconds. Why is this the case? (is there any intermediate ...
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18 views

Methods and observations that help you achieve complete decomposition of a compound in decomposition analysis [closed]

Different chemicals decompose in different ways to give different observations, but they usually involve heating the compound to high temperatures. My question is that what are your lab techniques ...
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0answers
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Why do certain compounds decompose into constituents on exposure to light in photolytic Decomposition?

Compounds like AgCl, AgBr, H₂O₂... decompose by the process of photolytic decomposition. Kindly explain why these material decompose on exposure to light along with mechanisms and processes.
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1answer
65 views

Why and how does hydrogen peroxide decompose in the presence of light?

When exposed to UV light, hydrogen peroxide decomposes into $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{O}$. Why does this happen and more importantly how? Is the energy from light absorbed by the bonds which are specific to ...
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2answers
74 views

Is there a quantitative test/analysis technique that can determine if some chloroform has degraded into phosgene?

Before I go to use any chemical that I've had in storage for a while, I try to check if it's degraded into something else (e.g.: checking the $\ce{H2O}$ content of $\ce{H2O2}$, checking for $\ce{H2O2}$...
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Is it possible to arrest the post-actinic effects of photodegradation in ABS polymers?

Polymers like acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) are adversely effected by UV exposure, both visually (by yellowing) and with regard to other material properties [1]. What's worse is that the ...
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1answer
25 views

What is the chemical equation for the digestion/decomposition of cellulose?

I'm trying to find the chemical equation/pathway from cellulose $\ce{(C6H10O5)_n}$ to methane $\ce{CH4}$. What are the other reactants or products in the reaction? $$\ce{C6H10O5 + ? -> CH4 + ?}$$ ...
3
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1answer
53 views

What (simple) household chemicals react with oxygen?

I'm interested in making a small "preservation chamber" that I can basically use to store objects without the presence of oxygen. I have a resealable stainless steel canister and the plan is pretty ...
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1answer
79 views

Thermal decomposition of ester [closed]

I have a clear liquid with a faint sweet smell. I know this compound contains an aromatic group and an ester. However, something strange happens when I try to distill it - it forms a white solid. I ...
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0answers
23 views

Decomposition of Sugar Temperature

I am perplexed by information on the internet about the sugar raffinose. The melting point of raffinose is 244.4°F The boiling point of raffinose is 1,623°F I can't find the temperature at which it ...
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1answer
49 views

Determining the formula of tin(II) chloride hydrate [closed]

$\pu{1.20 g}$ of hydrated tin chloride decompose to form $\pu{1.01 g}$ of anhydrous tin chloride on heating. Calculate the value of $x$ given $$\ce{SnCl2.xH2O -> SnCl2 + x H2O}$$ I done it ...
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2answers
135 views

The thermal decomposition of NH4Cl [closed]

When you heat $\ce{NH4Cl}$ it decomposes into $\ce{NH3 + HCl}$ gases. My question is why does it decompose into ammonia and hydrogen chloride gases on the molecular level. Is it because in the $\ce{N-(...
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0answers
64 views

Mechanism for removal of pesticides from fruit by sodium bicarbonate

When Googling around for methods to remove pesticides from fruits and vegetables, a study commonly referred to from some news sites (e.g. here and here ) is one where soaking apples in a sodium ...
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1answer
79 views

Hydrate decomposition equation steps

When a hydrate decomposes it loses water molecules in steps. Does each step have a chemical equation? If so is the following equations for decomposition of cupric sulfate hydrate correct? $$ \begin{...
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2answers
173 views

Can we combine two reactions and then calculate the equilibrium concentrations?

At a certain temperature, $\ce{N2O5}$ dissociates as: \begin{align} \ce{N2O5 (g) &<=> N2O3 (g) + O2 (g)} & K_1 &= 4.5 \end{align} At the same time, $\ce{N2O3}$ also dissociates ...
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1answer
106 views

What is chemical decomposition in the context of a crystal or amorphous solid?

The IUPAC Gold Book definition of chemical decomposition is: The breakdown of a single entity (normal molecule, reaction intermediate, etc.) into two or more fragments. That is a very general ...
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1answer
127 views

Decomposition vs Combustion reaction

I'm balancing chemical equations, and I came across the following: $$\ce{O2 + C4H9NH2 -> CO2 + H2O + N2}\tag{unbalanced}$$ My initial reaction was that it is a combustion reaction. According to ...
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1answer
68 views

Will gamma radiation cause “thermal” decomposition of sodium bicarbonate?

I am conducting research for a new drug that contains powdered sodium bicarbonate, and the drug will need to be sterilized after placement into it's container/closure system. Typically, this is ...
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1answer
512 views

How long does it take for nitric oxide to turn into dinitrogen and dioxygen?

I'm new to chemistry and am studying nitric oxide as a combustion accelerant. Nitric oxide is said to be a free radical. People say that nitric oxide, by itself, is pretty stable. But I saw that $$\...
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0answers
85 views

Why does lithium aluminium hydride appear grey?

Commercial lithium aluminium hydride is a grey compound, which loses a lot of reactivity the darker it is. Luckily you can clean it up to get the reactive white compound and the separated grey ...
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1answer
79 views

How do you stop a Pharoah's Serpent reaction?

I am a novelist and working on a book. I have been searching google for an answer to the above question. How does one stop a Pharoah's Serpent reaction? Thanks!
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2answers
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Why is it so hard to turn plastics into something useful or decompose it? [closed]

Even after so many years, why haven't we yet come up with a solution to the plastic problem ? Why are plastics so hard to decompose via chemical or physical processes into something harmless or ...
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1answer
80 views

Dissociation energy of benzene dimer

It is known that the benzene dimer has two stable structures, T-shaped ($\ce{C_{2v}}$) or parallel-displaced ($\ce{C_{2h}}$) structure. Now the question is: does the dissociation energy ($\ce{D_0}$) $...
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2answers
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What are the crystals that have formed around the top of a conc. nitric acid bottle?

I was looking through my chemicals cupboard and found that this decades-old bottle of conc nitric acid had grown a beard. I can't think of any reaction between (presumably) $\ce{NO2}$ and any airborne ...
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1answer
206 views

Why is ordinary soap and water adequate to decontaminate possible nerve agents?

In the news it was announced that anyone who might have been exposed in the recent Salisbury nerve agent incident should wash any potentially contaminated clothing as normal using regular detergent ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the order of the catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide?

I recently did an experiment to determine the activation energy of the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide using iron (III) chloride as a catalyst. I repeated this experiment at different temperatures. ...
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0answers
19 views

Are there any compounds with these properties? [closed]

I'm looking for a chemical compound that satisfies the following criteria: Solid at room temperature Decomposes into gases, primarily oxygen when supplied with an electrical current, preferrably ...
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0answers
50 views

How long can solid DPPH powder last for in terms of shelf-life before its free-radical status is quenched by the atmosphere?

I am writing in my research on the free-radical scavenging activity of various flavylium compounds. I may need to have DPPH shipped as a result of a lack of supply; I am just wondering what sort of ...
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2answers
2k views

How to make ammonia from urea?

The chemical formula of urea is $\ce{CO(NH2)2}$ or is sometimes written as $\ce{CH4N2O}$. How would I decompose or precipitate the $\ce{CO}$ from urea to get ammonia? I know that in the olden days ...
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0answers
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terminology for breakdown of liquid dielectric under the application of high voltage

I saw a diagram a while ago of increasing voltage (x-axis) and what seemed to be the chemical decompositions of ethylene glycol as it occurred at various applied voltages. (I am not a chemist- sorry ...
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2answers
2k views

Decomposition of LiNO3

I have a doubt about decomposition of alkali metals. Why does $\ce{LiNO3}$ decompose to give $\ce{Li2O}$ and $\ce{NO2}$ where as other alkali metals decompose to give corresponding nitrite and oxygen?
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Shelf life of 1,4-Butanediol, colloquially known as BD or BDO

1,4-Butanediol is a chemical cleaning solvent used for industrial purposes and a precursor of GHB. Companies now post the "official" shelf life as "2 years", but a 1997 publication by BASF said GBL ...
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183 views

Were gold(II) complexes synthesized for the first time in 2017?

Recently in the Google news feed, I discovered this news: Gold stabilized in very rare oxidation state +II Missing golden link found: Divalent gold complex isolated for the first time in a ...
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1answer
2k views

Reactions in the presence of sunlight

Some reactions in my textbook specify the need for the presence of sunlight, eg-photolytic decomposition of silver bromide and substitution reaction of methane with chlorine. What is going on in ...
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1answer
387 views

Dissociation constant of solid ammonium chloride [closed]

When solid ammonium chloride dissociates at a certain temperature in a $\pu{0.500 dm3}$ container, ammonia and hydrogen chloride are formed. $$\ce{NH4Cl <=> NH3 + HCl}$$ The initial ...
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3answers
809 views

Can you decay to half an atom?

In school we are learning about half-life, and I was wondering if it is possible to decay to half an atom?
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1answer
398 views

Decomposition of AsH3

In German problems olympiad 2014, the solution says that decomposition of arsine is not a redox reaction. Why would that be? Shouldn't H turn from -1 to 0 and As from 3+ to 0? $$\ce{2AsH3 -> 2As + ...
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1answer
285 views

Radioactivity of materials [closed]

Suppose that a raidoactive brick of an unknown element with a half-life of one year (dangerous stuff!) is left on a regular desk for a day. After the day has passed, the brick is removed. Does the ...
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0answers
114 views

Decomposition speed of ozone [closed]

Elementary reactions of decomposition of ozone with chlorine are as follows (substance with $^*$ is reaction intermediate): \begin{align} \ce{Cl2 + O3 &-> ClO^* + ClO2^*}\tag{1}\\ \ce{ClO2^* +...
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521 views

Rate order of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide

I have been having some troubles finding a source for my investigation. I am inverstigating the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, which (according to my teacher/supervisor) is a second order ...
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2answers
3k views

Thermal decomposition of magnesium bicarbonate

I was trying to solve a problem from a regional contest where it was a mixture of bicarbonates of $\ce{Na}$ and $\ce{Mg}$ which was put at high temperature. What are the reactions of decomposition? I'...
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1answer
13k views

What reaction happens when carboxylic acids are treated with calcium hydroxide and distilled? [closed]

What reaction takes place when $\ce{Ca(OH)2}$ reacts with $\ce{R-COOH}$? What is obtained after distillation?
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2answers
1k views

Why does calcium carbonate decompose in sulphuric acid?

Here's the reaction: $\ce{H2SO4(aq) + CaCO3(s) -> CaSO4(s) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)}$ I don't understand why calcium carbonate decomposes in sulphuric acid. It's not soluble in water. I could ...
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3answers
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Why doesn't CaO decompose into Ca and O2?

Many metal oxides decompose into the free metal and oxygen gas at high temperatures, but why doesn't $\ce{CaO}$ do that? What happens to $\ce{CaO}$ at high temperatures? This is from problem 2 of the ...
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1answer
385 views

Sulfur from pyrite roasting process

I'm solving a quantitative problem involving the process of making oleum from pyrite. The problem specifies that, at the end of the reaction, we find sulfur which does not come from the impurities ...
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2answers
124 views

What type of reaction is the reaction between an acid and a carbonate?

Consider the following reaction: $$\ce{2HCl + Na2CO3 -> 2NaCl + H2O + CO2}$$ Is this a double displacement reaction or a decomposition reaction?
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9k views

Reaction intermediates of MnO2 catalyzed H2O2 decomposition reaction

Manganese dioxide catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen gas. But what are the intermediates in this catalyzed reaction?
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6answers
72k views

How can carbon dioxide be converted into carbon and oxygen?

How can $\ce{CO2}$ be converted into carbon and oxygen? $$\ce{CO2 -> C + O2}$$ Alternatively: $$\ce{CO2 + ? -> C + O2}$$ I'm aware that plants are capable of transforming $\ce{CO2 + H2O}$ to ...