Questions tagged [conductivity]

A material's ability to conduct electric current or thermal energy by any means.

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2answers
49 views

Why we do not add salt water to the batteries instead of acid? [closed]

Actually I was just thinking that since we add acid to the batteries to increase the conductivity but the thought simply crossed my mind that salt are strong electrolytes so there should be a good ...
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1answer
31 views

How does electrolytic conductance depend on solvation?

My textbook says: If the ions are strongly solvated their effective size will increase and hence their conductance will decrease P.s after reading my textbook, I don't think I'm sure what solvation ...
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1answer
33 views

Contradiction in variation of conductance and conductivity on dilution

I do conceptually understand that on dilution conductivity decreases and conductance increases but if we look at the formula of conductivity, a contradiction seems to arise. $$\kappa=GG^*$$ where $\...
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1answer
48 views

Why does molar conductivity depend on the volume of the solution? [closed]

I have been searching the answer to this question everywhere and (almost) the only answer I get is to formula based: ‘Since molar conductivity = k / M = k/1/V for one mole = kV Therefore molar ...
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3answers
3k views

Choice of doping elements in semiconductors

In a typical semiconducting material, we start with silicon (group IV) and introduce atoms of group V or group III depending on whether we are constructing an n- or p-type semiconductor respectively. ...
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0answers
232 views

Conductivity measurements of demineralized water - Unexpected results. Looking for explanation

I'm trying to measure the conductivity change of demineralized water over a few days. But I get results I can't explain. Setup This is the circuit and cell I'm using: Where $R_x$ is the ...
29
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1answer
15k views

Electrical conductivity of graphite

On this Wikipedia page, the electrical conductivity of various materials are given in the third column ($\sigma \text{ (S/m) at 20}^\circ \text{C}$). I am interested in the entry for Carbon (graphite)...
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1answer
3k views

What is the electrical conductivity of pool water?

What is the electrical conductivity of pool water? I tried to find some information, unfortunately without success. I need to know it to make an underwater electronic project.
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2answers
15k views

Why is copper a better conductor than iron?

Metals are good conductors as the electrons in their outer shell are loose and can plunge out of the atom with the application of the slightest force (voltage). Silver is the best metallic conductor, ...
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1answer
2k views

Graphite: Thermal and electrical conductivity

I recently encounter this question: Compare, while providing an explanation, the thermal and electrical conductivity of graphite to that of diamond. Provided answer: Graphite conducts electricity(...
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1answer
228 views

What element has good conductivity but is also brittle? [closed]

I'm confused by what element(s) can be identified to have these properties. The following is text from my 2019-2020 Kaplan MCAT General Chemistry book under the metalloids section Silicon (Si) has ...
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1answer
58 views

A gram of salt added to pure (distilled) water introduces around $2 \times 10^{22}$ ions? [closed]

I am currently studying Practical Electronics For Inventors, Fourth Edition, by Scherz and Monk. Chapter 2.5.2 Resistivity and Conductivity, claims the following: Adding an ionic compound in the ...
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1answer
547 views

Kohlrausch Law and conductivity

Im writing up a lab report at the minute and part of it concerns ions in solution and how they affect conductivity. I've been doing lots of reading and I think ive got the grasp of most of it, but its ...
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3answers
5k views

Can all water soluble ionic compounds conduct electricity?

I'm taking a first year university chemistry course, and I am reading a lot of contradicting things. Some people say that ionic compounds that are soluble in water are always electrically conductive, ...
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2answers
52 views

Conductometric titration curve when KCl is gradually added to AgCl solution [closed]

The situation given is that we are performing conductometric titration where KCl is gradually added to AgCl solution and we have to plot the variation of conductivity with the volume of aq. KCl added. ...
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2answers
21k views

Graphene Vs Copper?

I was wondering about the amazing conductive properties of graphene, lets assume a large copper bar that is 10 kg, current of 1kA and probably more can flow in it, what about graphene? It certainly ...
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0answers
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Specific conductance of KCl

Question: A conductivity cell containing distilled water has a resistance of $\pu{454 k \Omega},$ while the same cell containing $\ce{KCl}$ solution prepared in the same sample of water shows ...
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2answers
11k views

Why is fullerene 60 an insulator while graphite is a conductor?

Graphite is good conductor of electricity because one carbon atom is bonded only three carbon atoms, which enables the presence of free electrons. In fullerene 60 the carbon atoms are also bonded to ...
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2answers
458 views

Decrease in temperature of an aqueous salt solution decreases conductivity

Why does the conductivity of a water solution drop as the temperature decreases? How are these two related?
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1answer
35 views

Salinity difference in KCl and NaCl [closed]

If I calibrate my conductivity probe using KCl calibration solution, then test my aquarium water which is NaCl, will I get a false reading? When I use a digital refractometer calibrated to zero using ...
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0answers
30 views

Electrical conductivity and the limits of Kohlrausch's law

I am currently writing a lab report on electrical conductance and I realized that my partner prepared $\pu{0.1 M}$ solution instead of $\pu{0.01 M}$. Now, I am supposed to find the molar conductivity ...
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3answers
18k views

What is the difference between molar conductance and molar conductivity?

I'm learning (or at least trying to learn) about electrochemistry, but a major obstacle to that, is that different books I refer use different terms for the same symbols. So in a last ditch attempt to ...
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1answer
70 views

Electrical and Thermal conductivity of electrum alloys

I have tried to search for this to little effect - I am trying to find electrical and thermal conductivity values for Electrum (a gold and silver alloy). Most sites mention the values depend on the ...
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0answers
57 views

Why does the electrical conductivity increase as the temperature decreases?

I am measuring the dependence of electrical conductivity of ( NaCl and $\ce{CH3COONa}$ solutions with concentration 9g/L) with temperature using conductivity meter. Theoretically the conductivity ...
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1answer
49 views

VO2 unexpected conduction [closed]

$\ce{VO2}$ is a weird metal which becomes a conductor at temperatures higher than $\pu{67 ^\circ C}$, but below $\pu{67 ^\circ C}$, it is an insulator! How is this possible anyway? This is against ...
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Why are ionic compounds bad conductors of electricity in solid state?

I understand the fact that ionic compounds are good conductors of electricity in molten state. But why aren't they good conductors in solid state. Cannot ions vibrate about their mean position and ...
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1answer
511 views

How does liquid mercury conduct electricity? [closed]

It is stated that mercury is a liquid at STP because the high relativistic mass of its valence electrons stabilizes their orbits and thus prevents the electrons from being shared. If so, liquid ...
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0answers
146 views

Electrical and thermal conductivity of graphite

I was reading about carbon family where it was mentioned that electrical conductivity of graphite increases with temperature while thermal conductivity decreases. However, I could not find a suitable ...
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1answer
51 views

Feasibility of using ionic liquid fuels in an MHD type reactor

First off I would like to say that my knowledge on chemistry, even general chemistry, is basic if not poor. That said, I have some intuituions on this matter. I haven´t found any paper regarding ...
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3answers
3k views

Conductivity as a function of acid concentration

I have conducted an experiment measuring the conductivity of both hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid in solution respectively, with varying concentration. Wikipedia as well as a question on the site ...
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0answers
37 views

Water replacement for pressure-testing [closed]

Due to circumstance, our Data Centre build has some delays and it currently looks like we're going to have to perform a hydrostatic test of our sprinkler system with live computers in it. As I have ...
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0answers
20 views

Would graphene be a good efficient conductor of electricity in mobile phones [duplicate]

Gold is commonly used in mobile phones as an electrical conductor,as it is apparently better than copper at conducting electricity Quoting from extremetech.com : "The materials recovered are reused ...
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1answer
1k views

Are there any trends for electrical conductivity?

Which element has the greatest electrical conductivity? (A) $\ce{As}$ (B) $\ce{Ge}$ (C) $\ce{P}$ (D) $\ce{Sn}$ I am unsure of how to approach this problem. Is there some sort of trend for ...
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137 views

Changes in conductivity of CuSO4 solution after NH3 solution is added

In my high school chemistry class we are writing a lab. Originally, I wanted to measure the rate of a ligand exchange reaction at different temperatures by measuring changes in conductivity. After ...
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2answers
156 views

Out of CaCO3 and MgCO3, which has higher electrical conductivity of molten solution? [closed]

According to me, Mg will be more hydrated and so should have lesser conductivity. Is that correct?
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1answer
895 views

Why are silicon and germanium used as semiconductors but not other metalloids?

The semiconductor materials are either elementary such as silicon and germanium or compound such as gallium arsenide. Silicon is the most used semiconductor for discrete devices and integrated ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does Ga improve conductivity of Ge?

This is for my AP Chemistry course and the question is: Which of the following elements is important in the semiconductor industry to improve the conductivity of Ge? K Ga Al Mg It seems like any of ...
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1answer
306 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
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1answer
49 views

Stritations in a discharge tube

I am reading about A cathode ray discharge tube and I still do not fully understand why that as you keep on lowering the pressure in the chamber it creates striations, Faraday's dark space and Crooke'...
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Further reading on photoconductivity of hemoglobin

I recently ran into this paper which describe experiments that confirm that hemoglobin is photoconductive. Finding this fact as incredible, I wanted to read up more on photoconductive properties of ...
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36 views

Investigating the effect of solvents on the alkaline hydrolysis of ethyl acetate

In the following reaction, I believe a polar aprotic solvent like propanone will be more favorable since the partial negative charge on the oxygen atom in propanone will attract the sodium ion from ...
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0answers
124 views

Factors that influence the electrical conductivity of metals

The electrical conductivity of metals is a physical property of these materials. Much of the theory used to explain the electrical conductivity of metals is also based on physics understanding. ...
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1answer
177 views

Molar conductivity of transition metal complexes solutions [closed]

Which of the following has the highest molar conductivity? (A) Diaminedichloroplatinum(I) (B) Tetraamminedichlorocobalt(III) chloride (C) Potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) (D) Hexaaquochromium(II) ...
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1answer
456 views

Conductance of the mixture of two solutions with given resistance values [duplicate]

If $R_1$ and $R_2$ are the resistances of two solutions of equal volume what is the conductance of the mixture in the same conductivity cell? In general, I grasped neither the approach, nor the ...
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4answers
319 views

Is there any electronic component to water conductivity?

Answers to Decrease in temperature of a aqueous salt solution decreases conductivity indicate that the electrical conductivity of salt solutions arises from the mobility of ionic species and therefore ...
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1answer
341 views

Decrease in molar conductivity with increase in concentration

Why does molar conductivity $Λ$ for strong electrolytes decrease with increase in concentration? I mean, more concentration would mean higher number of solute particles present in the solution, and as ...
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3answers
94 views

Soil conductivity: How do I get a near equivalent between meq/100 g to mS/cm?

I have two soil reports, one that reports CEC as 45 meq/100 g and another that reports 6 mS/cm using 1:1 water soil. I can see that the two are, if not apples and oranges, they are at best tangerines ...
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1answer
38 views

What should be the order of specific conductance (κ) of floride, chloride and bromide ions?

The equivalent conductance order is $\ce{Br-} > \ce{Cl-} > \ce{F-}$. $$Λ = \frac{κ}{c},$$ so $Λ$ is proportional to specific conductance? But in ion chromatography we get peak area where $\ce{...
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1answer
37 views

Which conductivity law should I use to calculate the conductivity of a solution with high/low concentration?

I have a set of NaCl solutions with concentrations ranging from 0.05 M to 0.1 M. I have been trying to calculate the conductivity of these solutions and compare the obtained values with the ...
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1answer
348 views

Why are isotopically pure diamonds 50% more thermally conductive than other diamonds?

A laboratory grown type-IIa diamond (no nitrogen defects) has a lambda of $\pu{1800-2200 W/mK}$, but an isotopically pure diamond of $\ce{^{12}C}$ can have up to $\pu{3320 W/mK}$. Why are $\ce{^{12}C}...