Questions tagged [conductivity]

A material's ability to conduct electric current or thermal energy by any means.

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how can I calculate Electrical conductivity of a solution? [closed]

the solution is demi water and by applying electric field we produce some specie in water. the concentration of Nitrate, Nitrite and Nitrous acid are given during experiment and they change over time. ...
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37 views

Conductometric titration curve when KCl is gradually added to AgCl solution [closed]

The situation given is that we are performing conductometric titration where KCl is gradually added to AgCl solution and we have to plot the variation of conductivity with the volume of aq. KCl added. ...
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22 views

Specific conductance of KCl

Question: A conductivity cell containing distilled water has a resistance of $\pu{454 k \Omega},$ while the same cell containing $\ce{KCl}$ solution prepared in the same sample of water shows ...
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27 views

Electrical conductivity and the limits of Kohlrausch's law

I am currently writing a lab report on electrical conductance and I realized that my partner prepared $\pu{0.1 M}$ solution instead of $\pu{0.01 M}$. Now, I am supposed to find the molar conductivity ...
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30 views

Salinity difference in KCl and NaCl [closed]

If I calibrate my conductivity probe using KCl calibration solution, then test my aquarium water which is NaCl, will I get a false reading? When I use a digital refractometer calibrated to zero using ...
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38 views

Electrical and Thermal conductivity of electrum alloys

I have tried to search for this to little effect - I am trying to find electrical and thermal conductivity values for Electrum (a gold and silver alloy). Most sites mention the values depend on the ...
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Why does the electrical conductivity increase as the temperature decreases?

I am measuring the dependence of electrical conductivity of ( NaCl and $\ce{CH3COONa}$ solutions with concentration 9g/L) with temperature using conductivity meter. Theoretically the conductivity ...
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1answer
48 views

VO2 unexpected conduction [closed]

$\ce{VO2}$ is a weird metal which becomes a conductor at temperatures higher than $\pu{67 ^\circ C}$, but below $\pu{67 ^\circ C}$, it is an insulator! How is this possible anyway? This is against ...
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1answer
418 views

How does liquid mercury conduct electricity? [closed]

It is stated that mercury is a liquid at STP because the high relativistic mass of its valence electrons stabilizes their orbits and thus prevents the electrons from being shared. If so, liquid ...
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1answer
463 views

Kohlrausch Law and conductivity

Im writing up a lab report at the minute and part of it concerns ions in solution and how they affect conductivity. I've been doing lots of reading and I think ive got the grasp of most of it, but its ...
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119 views

Electrical and thermal conductivity of graphite

I was reading about carbon family where it was mentioned that electrical conductivity of graphite increases with temperature while thermal conductivity decreases. However, I could not find a suitable ...
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1answer
48 views

Feasibility of using ionic liquid fuels in an MHD type reactor

First off I would like to say that my knowledge on chemistry, even general chemistry, is basic if not poor. That said, I have some intuituions on this matter. I haven´t found any paper regarding ...
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Water replacement for pressure-testing [closed]

Due to circumstance, our Data Centre build has some delays and it currently looks like we're going to have to perform a hydrostatic test of our sprinkler system with live computers in it. As I have ...
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Would graphene be a good efficient conductor of electricity in mobile phones [duplicate]

Gold is commonly used in mobile phones as an electrical conductor,as it is apparently better than copper at conducting electricity Quoting from extremetech.com : "The materials recovered are reused ...
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1answer
157 views

What element has good conductivity but is also brittle? [closed]

I'm confused by what element(s) can be identified to have these properties. The following is text from my 2019-2020 Kaplan MCAT General Chemistry book under the metalloids section Silicon (Si) has ...
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133 views

Changes in conductivity of CuSO4 solution after NH3 solution is added

In my high school chemistry class we are writing a lab. Originally, I wanted to measure the rate of a ligand exchange reaction at different temperatures by measuring changes in conductivity. After ...
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2answers
144 views

Out of CaCO3 and MgCO3, which has higher electrical conductivity of molten solution? [closed]

According to me, Mg will be more hydrated and so should have lesser conductivity. Is that correct?
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1answer
46 views

Stritations in a discharge tube

I am reading about A cathode ray discharge tube and I still do not fully understand why that as you keep on lowering the pressure in the chamber it creates striations, Faraday's dark space and Crooke'...
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Further reading on photoconductivity of hemoglobin

I recently ran into this paper which describe experiments that confirm that hemoglobin is photoconductive. Finding this fact as incredible, I wanted to read up more on photoconductive properties of ...
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289 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
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Factors that influence the electrical conductivity of metals

The electrical conductivity of metals is a physical property of these materials. Much of the theory used to explain the electrical conductivity of metals is also based on physics understanding. ...
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Investigating the effect of solvents on the alkaline hydrolysis of ethyl acetate

In the following reaction, I believe a polar aprotic solvent like propanone will be more favorable since the partial negative charge on the oxygen atom in propanone will attract the sodium ion from ...
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1answer
360 views

Conductance of the mixture of two solutions with given resistance values [duplicate]

If $R_1$ and $R_2$ are the resistances of two solutions of equal volume what is the conductance of the mixture in the same conductivity cell? In general, I grasped neither the approach, nor the ...
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1answer
155 views

Molar conductivity of transition metal complexes solutions [closed]

Which of the following has the highest molar conductivity? (A) Diaminedichloroplatinum(I) (B) Tetraamminedichlorocobalt(III) chloride (C) Potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) (D) Hexaaquochromium(...
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288 views

Decrease in molar conductivity with increase in concentration

Why does molar conductivity $Λ$ for strong electrolytes decrease with increase in concentration? I mean, more concentration would mean higher number of solute particles present in the solution, and as ...
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3answers
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Soil conductivity: How do I get a near equivalent between meq/100 g to mS/cm?

I have two soil reports, one that reports CEC as 45 meq/100 g and another that reports 6 mS/cm using 1:1 water soil. I can see that the two are, if not apples and oranges, they are at best tangerines ...
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What should be the order of specific conductance (κ) of floride, chloride and bromide ions?

The equivalent conductance order is $\ce{Br-} > \ce{Cl-} > \ce{F-}$. $$Λ = \frac{κ}{c},$$ so $Λ$ is proportional to specific conductance? But in ion chromatography we get peak area where $\ce{...
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37 views

Which conductivity law should I use to calculate the conductivity of a solution with high/low concentration?

I have a set of NaCl solutions with concentrations ranging from 0.05 M to 0.1 M. I have been trying to calculate the conductivity of these solutions and compare the obtained values with the ...
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1answer
355 views

Intensive and Extensive Properties--Resistance

Is resistance an intensive quantity or an extensive one? And why? Let me present 2 scenarios. Resistance of a wire: The resistance of a wire depends on area and length. This implies it depends on the ...
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1answer
256 views

How to measure the electrical conductivity of a substance? [closed]

Suppose you are given these substances: $\ce{NaOH(aq)}$ $\ce{HCl(aq) }$ $\ce{C6H12O6(aq) }$ $\ce{NH3(l)}$ Are there rules to figure out how conductive each compound is? Is it based on ...
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1answer
140 views

Do the salt bridge ions have to match the ions in the half-cells solutions?

Does the salt bridge in a galvanic cell have to have the same ions as the ones in the solutions? E.g. does it need to have nitrate ions if the half-cells contain copper nitrate and zinc nitrate, or ...
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316 views

Is there any electronic component to water conductivity?

Answers to Decrease in temperature of a aqueous salt solution decreases conductivity indicate that the electrical conductivity of salt solutions arises from the mobility of ionic species and therefore ...
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445 views

Decrease in temperature of an aqueous salt solution decreases conductivity

Why does the conductivity of a water solution drop as the temperature decreases? How are these two related?
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Silver in defect chemistry

When talking about conductivity in combination with lattice defects you can often see that AgX is taken as an example for a Frenkel defect where the $\ce{Ag^+}$ moves to intersticial voids. I remember ...
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159 views

If liquid hydrogen fluoride autoionises, how can it be an insulator?

According to Wikipedia, one of the last major hurdles in the isolation of elemental fluorine was the need to mix hydrogen fluoride with another substance in order for its electrolysis to be possible (...
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1answer
81 views

Is the electrical conductivity only measurable in aqueous solutions? [closed]

I have been looking for other ways to measure it, but all I've found is through aqueous solutions. So I want to know if there's another way to do it, or why it isn't possible through other means.
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1answer
93 views

The Conductivity of Electrolytes based on structure of Ionic Crystal [closed]

Background I want to run an experiment to test the conductivity of various ionic compounds dissolved in water. I was hoping to see some sort of trend in the increase/decrease of conductivity based ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between equivalent conductance and equivalent conductivity [closed]

I find questions in my book which ask for the equivalent conductivity and sometimes for the equivalent conductance. And then when I look at the solution, they've used the same formula for both. This ...
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398 views

Which is more conducting - molten sodium chloride or molten magnesium chloride? [closed]

Which is more conducting - molten sodium chloride or molten magnesium chloride? I'm pretty sure I know the answer to this but my problem is putting into words. Magnesium is more conductive due to its ...
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1answer
90 views

Why do metallic elements have a very small band gap while nonmetallic elements have a large band gap?

I recently was going over solid state bonding and conductivity. I was wondering why metallic elements (such as sodium, iron, etc.) have a small band gap / no band gap (as conductors that have the ...
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Why is AC current used rather than DC current for calculating the conductance of a solution(see body)? [closed]

I was reading the answer of the above question from a book. it said that while using DC current, electrolysis occurs. Hence it affects the conductance of the solution. But if any gaseous product is ...
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1answer
827 views

Why are silicon and germanium used as semiconductors but not other metalloids?

The semiconductor materials are either elementary such as silicon and germanium or compound such as gallium arsenide. Silicon is the most used semiconductor for discrete devices and integrated ...
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2answers
530 views

Does titanium(II) oxide conduct electricity? [duplicate]

In my book, it is given that $\ce{TiO(s)}$ is an electrical conductor. But I'd think that since $\ce{TiO(s)}$ is ionic and in solid state, it shouldn't conduct electricity. So, why does it conduct ...
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Does ethanol conduct electricity? [duplicate]

I am trying to find out about methylated spirts/denatured alcohol. As far as I can fine, methylated spirits is roughly 95% ethanol. Will it conduct electricity? I have done some research, but I have ...
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1answer
743 views

Which solution is more conductive

Which of the following solutions is more conductive: 1) 0.1 M sodium hydroxide and 0.1 M hydrochloric acid mixture (effectively NaCl?) 2) 0.1 M sodium hydroxide and 0.1 M acetic acid mixture (...
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103 views

Conductivity variation on Caustic (NaOH) Dilution System

I am reading the drawing for an automatic caustic dilution system where 50% NaOH is diluted down to 20%. I was expecting to see a density sensor on the outlet to provide feedback to the dilution ...
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2k views

Mathematical Expression for Limiting Molar Conductivity [closed]

I have been fiddling around with the theory of electrolytes, specifically molar conductivity, and ways of calculating limiting molar conductivity $\Lambda^0$. I was able to come up with the ...
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1answer
343 views

Relation of conductivity with electrode distance [closed]

Conductivity is defined as the conduction of ions when the distance between the electrodes is 1 cm and length is 1 cm. Say for instance we have a solution where the distance between the electrodes is ...
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Looking for a theory predicting conductivity values of electrolytes at higher concentrations

I'm looking for a theory to calculate the electrical conductivity of electrolytes, namely $\ce{NaCl}$ and tartaric acid ($\ce{C4H6O6}$) dissolved in water, depending on their concentration. The only ...
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Fabrication and/or Selection of a Single Crystal Ionic Conductor

I want to fabricate or buy single crystal ionic conductors for usage as solid state electrolytes in batteries testing. However, I am having trouble finding anyone that can sell appropriate materials. ...