Questions tagged [aromaticity]

For questions about the concept of aromaticity. Do not use for reactions of aromatic compounds.

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7
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11k views

Is cycloheptatriene aromatic or not?

Is cyclohepta-1,3,5-triene aromatic? I think it should not be, because even though the π-system possesses six π-electrons, the conjugation is not complete around the ring.
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1answer
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In Hückel's rule, can n be any integer?

Hückel's rule says that any planar compound with a ring of conjugated p orbitals with $4n+2$ electrons is aromatic. Here, can $n$ be any integer, or does $n$ have to be related to the number of p ...
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2answers
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Is the cyclopropenyl anion antiaromatic?

According to my book, a compound is antiaromatic if it is cyclic, planar, and possesses a fully conjugated system of p-orbitals with $4n$ π-electrons. However, I have also been told that the ...
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1answer
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Is biphenyl considered to be aromatic?

Biphenyl has 12 π-electrons and according to Hückel’s rule, it should not be aromatic because $12 \neq 4n+2$, but it nevertheless is aromatic. Why is that so?
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1answer
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How is purine aromatic?

If we count the total number of π electrons, there are 10. But to apply Hückel's rule to this molecule, we should count only the electrons of the outer periphery and there are 8 of these. How can the ...
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3answers
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Are graphite and hexagonal boron nitride aromatic

Are graphite and hexagonal boron nitride aromatic? Graphite has a planar network of 6-membered rings with each carbon connected to three other carbons. Since the valency of carbon is not satisfied, ...
22
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3answers
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What does the circle inscribed in a benzene ring represent?

I have seen benzene being depicted in two different ways: For the right-hand structure, does the inscribed circle represent the movement of double bonds or electrons?
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4answers
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Why is cyclopentadiene anion is aromatic but cycloheptatrienyl anion is not?

I just can't seem to figure this out. The cyclopentadienyl anion (1) is aromatic, but the cycloheptatrienyl anion (2) is not, though its cation (3) is. Why?
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1answer
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Why is styrene an aromatic compound? [duplicate]

Why is styrene aromatic? Doesn't it have 8 pi electrons, thereby violating Hückel's rule? Can someone offer an alternate, more through explanation?
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1answer
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Is a pyrylium ring aromatic?

I am trying to figure out which rings in callistephin are aromatic: I know that the benzene rings definitely are aromatic, but I'm not sure about the ring with the positively charged oxygen (...
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2answers
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Is a quinone ring aromatic?

I'm trying to work out which are the aromatic ring systems in the drug aklavinone: I am trying to follow Hückel's rules that the compound must be cyclic, be planar, possess a p-orbital on every atom ...
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3answers
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Is buckminsterfullerene aromatic?

According to Wikipedia, The $\ce{C60}$ molecule is extremely stable,[26] withstanding high temperatures and high pressures. The exposed surface of the structure can selectively react with other ...
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Why is cyclooctatetraene non planar but the cyclooctatetraenide anion planar?

I was reading some organometallics and I came upon the preparation of uranocene, $\ce{U(C8H8)2}$. It has two cyclooctatetraenide anions, $\ce{C8H8^2-}$, as ligands, with a uranium atom between them. ...
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Is this sydnone aromatic?

Is the following molecule aromatic? It does seem like it will be aromatic because it is similar to furan. I am confused because of the positive charge on the $\ce{N}$.
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3answers
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What is Y-aromaticity? Is the trinitromethanide anion aromatic?

The wikipedia article on trinitromethane claims that: There is some evidence that the anion (which obeys the $4n+2$ Hückel rule) is aromatic. Unfortunately the citation is behind a paywall so I ...
27
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1answer
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What is the justification for Hückel's rule?

I know that experimentally, the rule has been verified but I am having trouble understanding why it works. I see no reason why equivalent cyclic structures can undergo resonance and be just as stable. ...
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1answer
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Is cyclopentadiene or cycloheptatriene more acidic?

Which of the following cyclic compounds are more acidic? The most acidic proton is positioned on the carbon that is at the top of the above drawings (the methylene hydrogens) on each of the two ...
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1answer
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Determining aromaticity of compounds [closed]

Which of the following planar structures would be aromatic? Could someone help me determining the aromaticity of the compounds? My Attempt: (i) Not an aromatic compound since it only has 4 pi ...
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1answer
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Are the following compounds aromatic?

I know Huckel's rule states that an aromatic species must have $4n+2$ π-electrons. Is the last molecule also aromatic?
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3answers
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When do lone pairs on nitrogen contribute to aromaticity?

I've been told that 1,2,4-trimethyl-1⁠H-imidazole is aromatic. As it has four obvious pi electrons (in the double bonds), I assumed that it was anti-aromatic as opposed to aromatic. I've been ...
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2answers
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Why is benzene called "aromatic"? Why not "circular" instead?

I wish to know why aromatic hydrocarbons like benzene are called aromatic when they can be just called circular to avoid the confusion?
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3answers
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Is the phenoxide ion aromatic?

Is the phenoxide ion aromatic? I read that technically it isn't aromatic because it violates some arcane rule, but I can't find any references in the literature. I don't see why it couldn't be ...
6
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3answers
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Do the π-electrons from the C=O bond in tropone contribute to Hückel 's rule?

This is a continuation of Is tropone aromatic? I'm looking at the resonance form that does have the carbonyl double-bond, 1a. Can this resonance structure also be considered aromatic? Would the ...
24
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1answer
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Is cyclobutadiene antiaromatic?

Cyclobutadiene is very unstable. But, some sources claim that this instability can be attributed to other factors such as ring and angle strain rather than antiaromaticity. According to some, ...
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2answers
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How does a Frost diagram reproduce the solutions to the wave equation?

I came across a Frost diagram for cyclic compounds in my book, and all my book had to offer was that it geometrically reproduces the solutions of the wave equation, and can therefore determine the ...
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3answers
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Do lone pairs on substituents (e.g. in aniline) count towards Hückel's rule?

Why is aniline aromatic? Doesn't it have 8 π electrons including the lone pair on nitrogen, thereby violating Hückel's rule? The way I see it, there are 6 π electrons from the benzene ring, and an ...
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4answers
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Is pyrene aromatic despite failing Hückel's rule?

Pyrene doesn't seem to be aromatic. However, sources claim that it is aromatic. Considerations: Pyrene is cyclic. ✓ Pyrene is flat (planar). ✓ Pyrene has 16 π electrons. Every atom in the ring ...
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2answers
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Is tropone aromatic?

Looking at resonance structure 1a, it doesn't seem that tropone is aromatic. However, the resonance structure 1b with $\ce{C+-O-}$ satisfies Hückel's rule for aromaticity. Is it correct to say that ...
5
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2answers
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Why is only one lone pair in imidazole delocalised?

I was wondering why only one of the nitrogen lone pairs in imidazole is involved in the delocalized π-system. Specifically, I was wondering why it is that lone pair B in particular is delocalized, ...
5
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2answers
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Why isn’t azete aromatic?

I’m confused, because it seems like Hückel’s rule is satisfied (two electrons from the nitrogen lone pair and four from the double bonds) and that the molecule should be aromatic. Where am I going ...
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2answers
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Do lone pairs contribute towards the pi electron count of heterocycles?

I'm not able to understand how the following compounds are aromatic. When should the lone pairs on heteroatoms be taken into consideration when counting the number of π electrons?

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