Questions tagged [aqueous-solution]

For questions relating to compounds dissolved in water and resulting reactions and acid-base equilibria.

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'Emulating' calcium hydroxide

I posed this question at the Seasoned Advice SE and thought I might get some more information here. Traditionally prepared corn is cooked in a calcium hydroxide solution to make it more digestible, ...
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Why do some substances ionize instead of dissolving in water?

My question can also be understood as what make something electrolyte or nonelectrolyte? I think this question stems mainly from my confusion with the definitions of ionizing and dissolving. ...
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264 views

Why Is This The Worst Beer Cup

My wife bought me a special cup for me to drink beer out of. The problem is that, if I pour any beer in it, it goes crazy with foam. I will get just a few ounces of beer in there and the rest of the ...
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Volume required to dilute solution for a pH change

A $\pu{100 mL}$ solution of $\ce{NaOH}$ has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $13$. What volume of water in $\pu{mL}$ must be added to change the $\mathrm{pH}$ to $11$? My steps: Begin by calculating conc. of $[\...
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Which species dissociate completely in ionic equations?

I am tasked with writing a molecular equation, an overall ionic equation, and a net ionic equation for the reaction between an aqueous solution of phosphoric acid, $\ce{H3PO4{(aq)}}$ and an aqueous ...
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How to calculate the equilibration time of two connected chambers of salt solution, initially at different concentrations?

I am trying to build a system of two connected chambers, one of which is also connected to a cuvette, so I can perform a spectrometry experiment with different concentrations of $\ce{KNO3}$ solution. ...
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How to calculate the pH of an acetic acid/ calcium acetate buffer?

Problem: A buffer was made by mixing $\pu{500 mL}$ of $\pu{1 M}$ acetic acid and $\pu{500 mL}$ of $\pu{0.5 M}$ calcium acetate. What are the resulting concentrations of acetic acid (henceforth ...
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Why does Dead Sea water feel greasy?

The best explanation I found so far is this: These salts (magnesium, potassium, sodium, etc.) are responsible for the "greasy" feel of the water. But it doesn’t say which salts exactly are ...
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Can I successfully use a humidifier to distribute caffeine to wake someone up without the usual morning drowsiness?

Would I have any success putting coffee in a humidifier? Or perhaps water mixed with caffeine powder? So I could wake up without a jolting alarm clock, feeling like I already had a cup of coffee? I ...
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111 views

Why is the water solubility of CO worse than that of CO2?

I tried my best to ask SciFinder, Google, and Google Scholar the wrong questions ... I found many paper on the fitting of the solubility to some equations to be able to calculate the amount of $\ce{CO}...
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Causing a metal or glass marble to float in an aqueous solution

I am trying to find a way that you could cause metal (Aluminum) or glass to float in a mixture of water and some water-soluble material. I am aware that salt can be used to heighten the density of ...
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How much salt (or any other substance one can find in a kitchen) do I need to add to make water boil at 104 °C?

I've seen some formulas around in other questions and Google searches, but my chemistry is pretty much dead so I have no clue where to find the relevant values to calculate it myself. I just need to ...
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If you add AlCl3 to water, why does the pH decrease?

You are not adding any hydrogen ions, so why does the pH of the solution decrease? Thank you in advance. EDIT: I will add the context of my asking this question to clarify some details. This is not ...
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Is HCl (l) + H2O (l) equal to HCl (aq)?

The Wikipedia article about aqueous solutions claims that: An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water So basically, is writing $\ce{HCl(aq)}$ equal to: $\ce{HCl(l) + H2O(l)}$?
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Why does phosphoric acid mask the colour of iron(III) complex in water?

In the redox titration of iron(III) with permanganate or dichromate, we use phosphoric(V) acid to "mask" the color of iron(III) because it interferes with the end point color change. What's the ...
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What an aqueous solution really contains?

I want to know what an aqueous solution is. For example, let's consider a $1~\mathrm{M}$ aqueous solution of $\ce{MgCl2}$. Does it also contain $\ce{MgOH2}$? Though it is a simple question, I feel it ...
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Reaction between alumina and aqueous sodium hydroxide, which one's right?

My chemistry textbook has a rather annoying irregularity. It cites two different reactions for the same set of reactants (aluminium oxide, sodium hydroxide and water) without the slightest mention of ...
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How to understand this form of writing the solution: (some salt • n H₂O)?

For example — "high purity chloride salt of Zinc $(\ce{ZnCl2.2H2O})$" or "various concentrations of $\ce{FeCl2.4H2O}$". What does the number before $\ce{H2O}$ mean?
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Cyanide from seeds breaking down in a pond

I have a large loquat tree that overhangs a pond. The loquat seeds apparently contain cyanide of some sort, so I'm trying to find the effect the seeds have when they fall in the pond. Over time I ...
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Is there a difference in the reactions of a dilute acid and a concentrated acid?

All of the exams that I've sat so far, and the homework questions I've had, always ask for the reaction between a substance and a dilute acid. Is there a difference in the reaction between a dilute ...
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Does iron(III) sulfate react with copper?

As my understanding, there should be an oxidation-reduction reaction: $$ \ce{2 Fe^3+ + Cu → 2Fe^2+ + Cu^2+} $$ However, I always see the process using $\ce{FeCl3}$ to etch copper, but I never ...
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What is the colloidal osmotic pressure?

The oncotic pressure or colloidal osmotic pressure is the osmotic pressure developed due to the presence of colloids in a solution. But since the colloids are not true solution, why should the ...
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1answer
314 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
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634 views

Can I equalise osmotic pressure using two different solutes?

I understand that there is a pressure gradient between an aqueous solution, e.g. salty water, and, say, pure water due to osmosis. My question is, is it possible to match or almost match, the osmotic ...
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Why does saline have a pH of 5.5?

I am a physician and administer 0.9% NaCl in water ("normal saline") to patients frequently. The bag says it has a pH of 5.5 (compared to the human body of 7.4). I am asking why the pH is so low. It ...
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Will this reaction form magnesium carbonate?

I have magnesium oxide pills I take. I know if I dissolve them they'll form magnesium hydroxide, and I'm trying to make pure magnesium from my pills. I've come up with a double replacement reaction, ...
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Is magnesium sulfate basic, neutral or acidic?

A question in my college test was whether $\ce{MgSO4}$ is neutral, acidic or basic. I was told to solve this kind of problem by hydrolyzing any ions that do not "come from" a strong acid or a strong ...
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Why does CO2 lowers the pH of water below 7?

Ok so I understand that having a pH below 7 is considered to be acidic and I also understand that part of the definition of an acid is that it gives off H+ when dissolved in water(even though not all ...
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Dissolve Silver Oxide

I was looking at how to dissolve silver oxide (in a solvent). I know that monovalent silver oxide will not dissolve in water, but are there any solutions in which monovalent silver oxide will dissolve?...
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Why can't alcohols turn blue litmus red?

I came across the fact that alcohols cannot turn blue litmus red. The fact confuses me as they are acidic and acids do turn blue litmus solution red. What prevents alcohols from turning blue litmus ...
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How can the density of water be maximised?

What is the maximum possible density of water at room temperature? The density of the water in the Dead Sea at 37°C is 1.24. Would it be possible to increase the density using salts we add to our food,...
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Can I boil off chlorine? Does it evaporate quickly at high temperatures?

Can I boil off chlorine? Does it evaporate quickly at high temperatures? I am asking because I want to remove it from drinking water, and I don't want to wait 24 hours for it to evaporate naturally.
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Produce CuCl2 from CuSO4

I have a large amount of copper sulfate available and I am interested in obtaining copper chloride from it. What is the easiest way to do so? I have considered mixing an aqueous solution of copper ...
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Solubility of Noble Gases

I read this statement that: Xenon is the most soluble noble gas in water. My first doubt is: Why does the solubility of noble gases in water increase down the group? Even if this is the trend, ...
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1answer
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If I mix carbon dioxide and sodium hydroxide in the right amounts in water, do I get baking soda?

Suppose I need a sodium bicarbonate solution (for non-food related reasons). Can I get something resembling it by mixing $\ce{NaOH}$ and $\ce{CO2}$ in water? Of course one should not attempt to make ...
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1answer
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Water reacts or doesn't react?

I know that when you have $\ce{HCl}$, $\ce{H2O}$, and $\ce{NaOH}$ that you produce $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{NaCl}$. However some people say water does react and so would think that this 2 step reaction is ...
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Is 4-nitrobenzaldehyde or 4-aminobenzaldehyde more likely to be hydrated?

Of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and 4-aminobenzaldehyde, which has the higher $\ce{K_{eq}}$ of hydration? $\qquad \qquad$ Steric factors can likely be ignored in this problem since we are dealing with ...
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How much carbonation is in one liter of commercial fountain Coca-Cola

From what I understand generally Coke is carbonated to roughly 6.2 g per liter in bottles and cans, or 3.1 volumes of CO2. I was watching this video because I was curious about how fountain soda ...
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How is an aqueous Ag+ the same as [Ag(H2O)2]+?

$\ce{Ag^{+}_{(aq)}}$ can be written as $\ce{[Ag(H2O)2]+}$ but how would you know that it bonds with 2 water molecules? I don't get when ligands randomly form 6, 4, 2 bonds.
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Azeotropes and separation by distillation?

I have just recently learnt the theory of fractional and normal distillations and the basics of maximum and minimum boiling azeotropes. Most books say that the components of the mixture forming an ...
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103 views

How much additional hydrochloric acid should be added to arrive at ‘excess acid’?

I am an IB student. And I am trying to find the mass percentage of $\ce{NaHCO3}$ in antacid. I am dissolving the antacid in $\pu{0.1 M}$ $\ce{HCl}$ solution. So, first of all I conducted some ...
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1answer
134 views

Would sodium metal react differently with aqueous solutions than with pure water?

I know sodium metal reacts violently with water, but what about aqueous solutions (like sodium bicarbonate). Also, what would the reaction kinetics be? I have watched YouTube videos were a small ...
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Hybridization of Na in [Na(H2O)6]+

In the complex ion $\ce{[Na(H2O)6]+}$, the sodium cation forms 6 coordinate bonds with water ligands. Typically this octahedral form is associated with $\mathrm{sp^3d^2}$ hybridization as far as I ...
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When I place a straw in carbontated drink and blow, more gas bubbles rise to the surface?

When I place a straw in carbontated drink and blow (making bubbling noises), more gas bubbles rise to the surface. The gas bubbles which rise to the surface are from the carbon dioxide gas dissolved ...
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How to calculate the concentration of conjugate acid from given pH and pKa values?

Preface: Buffer solution (acid-base buffer). I am provided with a weak base, which I will designate B. $\mathrm{p}K_\mathrm{a}$ for $\ce{B}$'s conjugate acid, which I will designate $\ce{BH}$, is $8.1$...
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Why put zinc solution in a galvanic cell?

In a galvanic cell with Cu and Zn electrodes, I was taught that each electrode is immersed in a solution containing it's own positive ions. I understand why you need copper ions, so they can gain ...
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How to dissolve steel without affecting aluminium alloy

Disclaimer: I have very limited knowledge of chemistry My problem is the following: I have motorcycle part made from some sort of Aluminium alloy - most probably 6005, 6061-T6 or 7005. And inside of ...
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1answer
18k views

Is there a way to calculate how fast water will cool?

Is there a way to calculate how fast water will cool if you know the water's starting temperature and temperature of the environment that you put it in, such as a freezer?
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1answer
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Solubility of salt in heavy water vs. “regular” water

I would like to know if salt can be dissolved in heavy water ($\ce{D2O}$) as it would be in normal water ($\ce{H2O}$). If so, what will the maximum salinity be in $\ce{D2O}$? I know the maximum in $\...
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1answer
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How to Convert Sucrose to Glucose and Fructose

If you have some sort of sports drink that contains sucrose, how would you take that sucrose and break it down into its components, glucose and fructose? I know that sucrose + water will break it ...

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