Questions tagged [aqueous-solution]

For questions relating to compounds dissolved in water and resulting reactions and acid-base equilibria.

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3
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1answer
362 views

In a redox reaction, why does more than one oxidation state of an element form?

Consider the reaction 100ml 10M $\ce{NaOH_{(aq)}} +$ 100ml 10M $\ce{NaHSO3_{(aq)} +}$ 100mL 0.01M $\ce{KMnO4_{(aq)}}$ In the picture posted here, the left columns give information on the Molarity of ...
3
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1answer
10k views

Solubility of p-nitrophenol in various substances?

So I had an organic chemistry lab where we had to dissolve p-nitrophenol in water, dilute $\ce{NaHCO3}$, dilute $\ce{NaOH}$, and dilute $\ce{HCl}$ to test for solubility. The p-nitrophenol dissolved ...
4
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2answers
485 views

Do buffers only work for species of the opposite variety? (I.e. weak acids buffer strong bases and vice versa)

I have looked at several sources including Khan Academy, ChemCollective and the answer to a similar question: Can someone please explain buffers to me? However, it is not clear whether buffers can ...
6
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2answers
19k views

How much carbonation is in one liter of commercial fountain Coca-Cola

From what I understand generally Coke is carbonated to roughly 6.2 g per liter in bottles and cans, or 3.1 volumes of CO2. I was watching this video because I was curious about how fountain soda ...
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3answers
8k views

Why is a buffer solution most effective when concentrations of salt and acid are the same?

Why does a buffer work most effectively when the concentration of salt and acid is 1:1?
3
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1answer
2k views

Permanent suspension of cocoa powder into water

I have failed in permanently suspending cocoa powder into water. I have tried heat (212'f) and pressure (40 psi) into a sugar water solution (50/50). Also, powdered milk and evaporated milk have ...
4
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0answers
2k views

How to break down soap and detergents?

I am building a greywater harvesting system. It is a 3-stage system: The 1st stage breaks down soap and detergents. The 2nd stage filters the water. The 3rd stage pumps water out of system. What ...
3
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1answer
695 views

Accuracy of pH meters in MgSO4 solution

I bought a 2 pH meters several months back from Amazon for roughly $10 a piece. I couldn't tell you how they work, but here's the link on Amazon: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0087LOWIA/ref=...
3
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2answers
216 views

What is the minimum pressure for existence of a liquid solution? [closed]

The minimum pressure for the existence of liquid solution is? $0.6\;\mathrm{atm}$ $0.8\;\mathrm{atm}$ $0.77\;\mathrm{atm}$ $0.9\;\mathrm{atm}$ Although this seems to be an ...
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2answers
4k views

How to tell the pH of HC2H3O2?

Find the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a $\pu{0.500 M}$ solution of $\ce{KC2H3O2}$. I am preparing for an exam on equilibrium and I have two questions: How would I go about calculating this? Is the $\ce{H3O}$ in ...
2
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1answer
5k views

How do non-ionic compounds dissolve into water? Into molecules or atoms?

I can't seem to find the answer in google, which is surprising. I'm aware that ionic compounds dissolve into electrolytes. However, when non-ionic sacarose for example dissolves in water, does the ...
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3answers
1k views

Why doesn't the boiling point of an aqueous solution depend on intermolecular attraction?

I understand that boiling point is a colligative property for aqueous solutions, and that it empirically depends on the mole fraction of the solute, rather than the identity of the solute. I ...
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2answers
332 views

Addition of salt to ice

Salt is very commonly added to ice even at room temperature to prevent it from melting. Can anyone explain how does it really work?
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2answers
7k views

Stability of transition metals in aqueous solution

Which is more stable in aqueous solution: $\ce{Cr^3+}$ or $\ce{Mn^3+}$? Why? My approach: $\ce{Cr^{3+}}$ should be more stable as the $\ce{3d}$ electrons will enter the $\mathrm{t_{2g}}$ orbitals. ...
3
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1answer
156 views

metal salt solutions g/l means hydrate or anhydrous

I want to redo an experiment. They've used Nickel chloride: 40 g/L Nickel chloride can be bought in two forms: anhydrous ($\ce{NiCl2}$) and hydrate ($\ce{NiCl2....
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2answers
808 views

Concentration, how to determine grams of NaCl needed

Disclaimer: It has been a very long time since I have done any chemistry. My friend posted this question on social media, I've copy+pasted it here: Exactly $16.0~\mathrm{ml}$ of a solution A is ...
9
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1answer
2k views

How could alcohol be made into a powder?

In the news recently is 'Palcohol', powdered alcohol, that you add to water or existing liquids to make it alcohol. Presumably this would dissolve and break apart into alcohol and {some other compound}...
2
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1answer
473 views

How can I carry out a titration to identify mercury in wastewater?

First, I would like to do a some form of extraction to only get the mercury, then followed by a titration to identify the concentration or the presence of mercury.
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1answer
5k views

Electrolysis of aqueous lead nitrate

When going through one of my chemistry textbooks, I saw that the electrolysis of aqueous lead nitrate led to oxygen being formed at the anode and lead being formed at the cathode. However, in school, ...
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2answers
460 views

HF and water miscible?

According to Wikipedia, HF is miscible with water. But isn't hydrogen fluoride a gas at RT and a sensible pressure? What would happen if you just kept adding more HF gas to some water?
0
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1answer
438 views

Zinc Picolinate - Positive, negative or neutral charge?

I'm going to be using a finings agent with a positive charge to remove negative trub from a solution (beer). I would like to keep some chelated zinc in the solution - ideally zinc picolinate - so ...
2
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1answer
39k views

How do I prepare a 5N HCl solution?

I am trying to make 5N $\ce{HCl}$ solution. So far I understood that you need to get the molecular weight (36.5) and divide it by the number of $\ce{H+}$ that react in the acid-base reactions. The ...
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2answers
3k views

Heat when dissolving solutes in water

Why do certain solutes dissolved in water release heat and other solutes absorb heat?
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5answers
20k views

How to dissolve steel without affecting aluminium alloy

Disclaimer: I have very limited knowledge of chemistry My problem is the following: I have motorcycle part made from some sort of Aluminium alloy - most probably 6005, 6061-T6 or 7005. And inside of ...
2
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2answers
334 views

Does removing solution affect a supersaturated solution

Given a mixture of: a saturated solution of a solute in a solvent together with excess of the solute compound as crystalline material. If one were to change the bulk composition of the mixture by ...
8
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3answers
45k views

Volume required to dilute solution for a pH change

A $\pu{100 mL}$ solution of $\ce{NaOH}$ has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $13$. What volume of water in $\pu{mL}$ must be added to change the $\mathrm{pH}$ to $11$? My steps: Begin by calculating conc. of $[\...
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1answer
2k views

Evaporation of a mixture of salts

I was wondering what happens when you boil dry a solution of several salts for example a solution of KCl and NaNO3. Since the ions dissociate I was wondering if the ions would combine randomly upon ...
0
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1answer
405 views

How much water has boiled off when precipitation begins? [closed]

Here's a challenge problem I created! None of my students could get it; can you? $25$ grams of table salt (NaCl) is dissolved in $150$ grams of water. The temperature of the solution is raised to its ...
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1answer
13k views

What is a complete reaction?

For a lab assignment, I combined $\pu{10 mL}$ of $\pu{1 M}$ sodium sulfate solution with $\pu{10 mL}$ of $\pu{1 M}$ calcium chloride solution. The ionic equation I came up with is: $$\begin{multline} ...
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1answer
50 views

Two chemistry inquiries [closed]

Here is my second question, I know 1000 grams of water is 1 liter. But does the density affect the result? What if the substance is mercury? When you add seed crystal in to a supersaturated solution, ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Problems with precipitation of transition metal solution

I am trying to make a solution of "trace elements"--primarily transition metals-- for use in biological media; bacteria require elements like Cobalt, Molybdenum, iron, etc. in trace amounts. I am not ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How is an aqueous Ag+ the same as [Ag(H2O)2]+?

$\ce{Ag^{+}_{(aq)}}$ can be written as $\ce{[Ag(H2O)2]+}$ but how would you know that it bonds with 2 water molecules? I don't get when ligands randomly form 6, 4, 2 bonds.
2
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1answer
216 views

How do ligands and coordination complexes work in this case with copper (II) chloride?

What happens when Ammonia is added to an (aq) solution of copper II chloride? $\ce{CuCl2 + NH3 ->\; ?}$ I know that ligands bond with metals to form ion but I'm not sure about how they work in a ...
4
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1answer
784 views

Does supersaturated caffeine polymerize?

I tried preparing a supersaturated solution of caffeine by mixing anhydrous caffeine powder with water in a thin Turkish tea glass and heating it up over a candle (desperate times...). This worked ...
3
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1answer
265 views

Reasons behind the different colors of a solution containing Iodine

Q) Iodine dissolves in a variety of solvents, forming solutions that are purple, brown or any intermediate shade. This property is due to: Hydrolysis of iodine Formation of crystalline adducts Charge ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Are refractive or density based Brix meters better for use with alcoholic drinks?

Assume that somebody wants to measure the sugar content of a liqueur. It seems that there are two types of Brix meters for it, ones which use the solution density and ones which use refraction of ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Calculating approximate pH of polyprotic acids

When I took up ionic equilibria and titrations after a long break, I found it hard to solve the questions regarding pH calculations of polyprotic acds. Consider these two questions as examples:- ...
3
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2answers
9k views

Can two precipitates form in a precipitation reaction that starts with only two compounds in water? [closed]

Can two precipitates form in a precipitation reaction that starts with only two compounds in water?
4
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2answers
11k views

What is the process of turning ionic silver solution into colloidal silver solution?

I've looked at a number of different colloidal/ionic "silver solution generators." After my research I'm under a few impressions and if they're wrong please let me know. I also am wondering what ...
4
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1answer
183 views

Could micrograms of polonium really change the viscosity of a whole teapot?

I was reading How radioactive poison became the assassin’s weapon of choice and it opens describing how The men eventually left, and Andrade cleared the table. As he poured the remaining tea away, ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Decomposition of iron(III) acetate?

I recently asked about the synthesis of iron (III) acetate. I want a rather concentrated solution to use as a calligraphy ink (which will be dissolved in alcohol/water). Will it be okay to heat the ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Can I synthesize iron acetate like this?

The oxidation state of the iron doesn't matter too much; I am just trying to make an attractive red-brown ink. Here are some instructions I prescribed to a friend. Here's an approximately decent ...
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2answers
5k views

How to liquefy or extract water from superabsorbent polymer

I am finding a good way to liquefy or extract water from superabsorbent polymer. From what I remember it was salt that can liquefy it. Since salt when dissolve will have sodium cation and there for ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Calculating Standard Gibbs Energy of Dissolution

The solubility of mercury (I) iodide is $\mathrm{5.5\ fmol/L}$ in water at $25\ \mathrm{^\circ C}$. What is the standard Gibbs energy of dissolution of the salt? The reaction is $$\ce{Hg2I2(s) -&...
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4answers
6k views

Why is zinc deposited on copper when boiling an aqueous zinc sulfate solution?

I did an experiment where I dissolved 30 grams of zinc sulfate in water and boiled it with strips of solid zinc metal and strips of copper metal and a layer of zinc was deposited on the copper. I ...
2
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0answers
106 views

Isoelectric point pH, mV, for a metal oxide nanopowder

I'm trying to make a solution of $\ce{TiO2}$ that will coat stuff in as dense a monolayer as possible. To do so, I'm using nano sized $\ce{TiO}$ particles and trying to get them to get as close to ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Isoelectric pH of colloids?

How did we derive the relation between the isoelectric pH and the dissociation constants for the amino and carboxyl groups on zwitterionic amino acids. $$pI=\frac {pK_{a1}+pK_{a2}}{2}$$ where $$\ce{...
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1answer
24k views

How to calculate molality, molarity and mole fraction given density (g/mole)?

Calculate the molality, molarity and mole fraction of a $\ce{CuSO4}$ in a 17% m/m aqueous solution (density of the solution is 1.367 g/mole) I did .17 * 1.367 to find grams of $\ce{CuSO4}$ and .83 * ...
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1answer
6k views

Are these the correct and complete net ionic equations?

So I have several descriptions of reactions and I have to give the net ionic equation. Are these just the equations or are they the proper net ionic ones? Solid calcium is added to warm water. $$\ce{...
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2answers
9k views

How is iron(III) chloride changed from solid to solution?

I'm conducting an experiment using iron(III) chloride in aqueous solution, but am also aware that it's usually a solid. How is iron(III) chloride experimentally converted to a solution? And can you ...