The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.

Questions tagged [aqueous-solution]

For questions relating to compounds dissolved in water and resulting reactions.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Do I understand correctly that simulation volume influences relative permittivity calculations? If so, how is the result useful?

I am having a lot of trouble understanding the influence of volume on relative permittivity/static dielectric constant. I'm not a chemist, but am using molecular dynamics to calculate relative ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Why do we use [H⁺] and [OH⁻] in balancing redox reactions instead of using [H₃O⁺] and [OH⁻]? [duplicate]

For what reason is it universally agreed upon that we use $$\ce{H+ + OH-}$$ ions in balancing water on either side of the reaction, but not the $$\ce{H3O+}$$ ions?
-1
votes
1answer
20 views

How to find osmolarity of a solution contatining salt and glucose?

What is the osmolarity of a solution that contains $4.00\%$ (m/v) $\ce{NaCl}$ $(M = \pu{58.44 g mol-1})$ and $3.00\%$ (m/v) glucose $(M = \pu{180.18 g mol-1})?$ I know you have to convert percentages ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Anhydrous magnesium sulfate to replace epsom salt?

Can anhydrous magnesium sulfate be used instead of epsom salt for feeding plants? Do hydrates and anhydrous salts become the same when dissolved in water?
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What is the interaction between dissolved ions of opposite valence in a solution at rest?

NaCl is dissolved in water. Ions sodium and chloride are sufficiently free from each other so that they may occupy different regions of the solution after an active transport process through a ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Isolating barium(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) from aqueous solution [closed]

Q15 Each metallic ion was separated from an aqueous solution containing $\ce{Ba^2+},$ $\ce{Cu^2+},$ and $\ce{Zn^2+}$ by the procedure shown in the following figure. From ①–⑥ in the table below choose ...
8
votes
3answers
39k views

Volume required to dilute solution for a pH change

A $\pu{100 mL}$ solution of $\ce{NaOH}$ has a $\mathrm{pH}$ of $13$. What volume of water in $\pu{mL}$ must be added to change the $\mathrm{pH}$ to $11$? My steps: Begin by calculating conc. of $[\...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Calcium ion and sulfate did not form precipitate

I was in the chemistry lab earlier this week. We were doing a qualitative experiment (no concentration given for any solution). I added an unknown solution that contains $\ce{Ba^2+},$ $\ce{Ca^2+},$ ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Preparation of acetate buffer from sodium acetate and hydrochloric acid

A $\pu{1.0 L}$ buffer solution of $\mathrm{pH}~4.43$ is made up of $\pu{0.30 M}$ sodium ethanoate and $\pu{0.20 M}$ $\ce{HCl}$ solutions. Calculate the volume of sodium ethanoate and $\pu{0.20 M}$ $\...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Formation of green precipitation whilst adding potassium fluoride to aqueous solution of copper(II) sulfate [closed]

Aqueous copper sulfate solution (blue) gives a green precipitation with aqueous potassium fluoride. Explain these experimental results. I've read answers like, $\ce{H2O}$ is a weak ligand and ...
0
votes
2answers
620 views

Which of the following is the most acidic salt?

A 0.1 M solution of which salt is most acidic? (a) Aluminum(III) nitrate $\ce{Al(NO3)3}$; (b) Magnesium(II) bromide $\ce{MgBr2}$; (c) Sodium bicarbonate $\ce{NaHCO3}$; (d) Sodium formate $\...
6
votes
2answers
78 views

How to weight picric acid?

Picric acid is stored under a layer of water to prevent an explosion. What is the right way to measure the amount of picric acid that taken out? It is wet and containing water.
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How much salt (or any other substance one can find in a kitchen) do I need to add to make water boil at 104 °C?

I've seen some formulas around in other questions and Google searches, but my chemistry is pretty much dead so I have no clue where to find the relevant values to calculate it myself. I just need to ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

I want a certain Ion in my solution. How do I choose which chemical to buy?

thanks for taking the time. I am physicist doing experiments in which I need certain Ions (at the moment, Ru(II)) in solution. I have no chemical training excepting what I'm learning right now. What I ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Confused about strong/weak dibasic and tribasic acids

I know that sulfuric acid is considered a strong acid, and the dissociation of its first $\ce{H+}$ ion is complete and of its second $\ce{H+}$ ion is partial. Phosphoric acid is weak and all three of ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How does KMnO₄ affect electrolysis?

I'm just blindly experimenting. I tried to dissolve some potassium permanganate in water before performing electrolysis. I can't see much difference. How is $\ce{KMnO4}$ dissolved in water? How does ...
4
votes
2answers
34k views

Neutralization reaction between ammonia and nitric acid

Complete and balance the following molecular equation (in aqueous solution); include phase labels. Then, write the net ionic equation. $~\ce{NH_3 + HNO_3 -> ?}$ I thought that the acid $\ce{...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Balanced equation for Schweizer's reagent production?

In Thompson's Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments the chemical formula for Schweizer's reagent is represented as $\ce{[Cu(NH3)4](OH)2}$ (although Wikipedia represents it as $\ce{[Cu(NH3)4(...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Molar ratios not leading to complete reaction in Schweizer's reagent production

In my home lab, I've reacted $\ce{Cu(OH)2}$ with aqueous ammonia to produce Schweizer's reagent. However, I'm surprised by the amount of ammonia required to react with this amount of $\ce{Cu(OH)2}$. ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

How to measure quantities at standard state when this state is a hypothetical one?

Consider the reaction $$\ce{A(g) + H2O(l) <=> B(aq) + C(g)}$$ If all gases and solutions were ideal, the standard state would be pure water, the solute B at a concentration of 1 M, the gases A ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Will distillation do the job of purifying the water?

I asked about my sophisticated water purification system for a generation ship on Worldbuilding Stack Exchange, and somebody mentioned this: If you're gonna go to all the trouble of distilling it, ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Vapor pressure of immiscible liquids

I have read that vapour pressure of a mixture of two immiscible liquids is $$P=P^0_A + P^0_B$$ where A and B are immiscible liquids. If they are immiscible, they would form separate layers. Thus ...
2
votes
1answer
565 views

Reaction of aqueous sodium carbonate with aluminum foil

Aqueous sodium hydroxide is known to react with aluminum foil in an exothermic, hydrogen-gas releasing reaction like $$\ce{2NaOH(aq) + 2Al(s) + 2H2O(\ell) → 2NaAlO2(aq) + 3H2(g)}$$ However, on ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Activity of NaCl aqueous solution at high ionic strengths: Common-ion effect

Is there any theoretical way to estimate the activity of $\ce{NaCl}$ at high ionic strengths in water and that in $\pu{7 M}$ $\ce{NaCl}$ solution? This question is based on whether solubility of $\ce{...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Long-term storage of Ascorbic Acid mixed with Sodium Bicarbonate

Every day I mix two parts of ascorbic acid powder with 1 part of sodium bicarbonate powder and place the resulting powder into an airtight container. I have noticed that if the resulting powder is ...
-1
votes
2answers
107 views

Why doesn't ethanol dissolve in sodium bicarbonate?

Today I experimented with different solvents and solutes and was a bit surprised by one result. When I added ethanol to dilute sodium bicarbonate and tapped the test tube against my palm to mix it, I ...
5
votes
3answers
63k views

What is the maximum molarity of aqueous HCl?

Here is a problem a made up: We have some aqueous $\ce{HCl}$. What is the maximum possible molarity of the $\ce{HCl}$? How do I solve this? I don't have any good ideas.
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Produce CuCl2 from CuSO4

I have a large amount of copper sulfate available and I am interested in obtaining copper chloride from it. What is the easiest way to do so? I have considered mixing an aqueous solution of copper ...
0
votes
2answers
623 views

Molality of the solution prepared from a hydrated salt [closed]

A solution is made up by dissolving $\pu{13.8 g}$ $\ce{Na2CO3 · 10 H2O}$ in $\pu{103.5 g}$ of water. What is the molality of $\ce{Na2CO3}$ in this solution? I can't solve it. I tried converting to ...
0
votes
5answers
16k views

Does the water in hydrates affect final concentration?

Say I have a hydrate, and I am going to dissolve it in water. Does the water in the hydrate affect the final concentration? Here's an example: If I have $\pu{249.69 g}$ of $\ce{CuSO4·5H2O}$, and ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Making artificial sweat

I'm currently working on a chemistry investigation wherein I need to dilute a compound with artificial sweat. I have looked at various forums, including this, which gave answers, but is very outdated. ...
2
votes
2answers
12k views

Electrolysis of diluted sulfuric acid

My teacher told me that electrolysis of dil. $\ce{H2SO4}$ (concentration below $50\%$) using inert electrodes results in gradual increase of the concentration of $\ce{H2SO4}$. I can't seem to figure ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Why is maximum buffer capacity for some diprotic buffers not when pH = pKa?

According to Rajkovic et al. [1]: $$β = \frac{[\ce{H+}]}{K_\mathrm{w}} + 2.303\cdot\frac{[\ce{H+}]\cdot K_\mathrm{a}\cdot c}{[\ce{H+}] + K_\mathrm{a}}$$ where $K_\mathrm{a}$ is the ...
7
votes
1answer
235 views

How to derive the conductivity titration curve which accounts for salt formation

I derived an equation that gave me the volume of base required to get a certain $\mathrm{pH}$: In a titration between a weak acid $\ce{HA}$ and weak base $\ce{B}$ (adding base into acid solution) the ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Computing enthalpy of formation of dissolved gas from its enthalpy of dissolution

Provided that I know the enthalpy of formation $\Delta H_f^0(X_{g})$ of a substance $X$ in gas phase and its enthalpy of dissolution $\Delta H^0_{sol}(X)$ in the same conditions, considering that the ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

pH probe bulb - what is happening within the glass?

I am trying to understand how the glass bulb of a pH electrode of a pH meter works - the glass bulb itself. Not the reference electrode or the rest of the electrode (HCl, Ag/AgCl wire, etc...), the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Balancing the chemical equation using Oxidation Number Method [closed]

Permanganate ion reacts with bromide ion in basic medium to give manganese dioxide and bromate ion. Write the balanced ionic equation for the reaction. Please balance the equation using the oxidation ...
4
votes
2answers
261 views

Does the salinity in seawater affect the process of alkaline hydrolysis?

I am an architecture student doing a project on crematorium spaces. I am looking at resomation or alkaline hydrolysis as an alternative method of disposition of a body. From what I gather from ...
27
votes
7answers
15k views

Why is silver chloride less soluble than silver nitrate?

Related: Reaction between silver nitrate and aluminum chloride Experimentally, $\ce{AgCl}$ is insoluble in water, but $\ce{AgNO3}$ is soluble. They're pretty common in a lab (well, $\ce{AgCl}$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Reacting ZnSO4 with KCl

I'm considering the following reaction: $\ce{ZnSO4} + 2 \ce{KCl} \ce{->} \ce{ZnCl2} + \ce{K2SO4}$ The high solubility of $\ce{ZnCl2}$ would favour the $\ce{ZnSO4}$ & $\ce{KCl}$ direction of ...
25
votes
1answer
19k views

Are all NO3- salts soluble in water? If so, why?

All the examples of $\ce{NO3-}$ salts are soluble in water (all that I know about). Is it always so or there is some salt which doesn't dissolve in water? If so what is the reason behind it?
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why does silver (I) have a larger lattice enthalpy and hydration enthalpy than sodium?

The ionic radius of the $\ce{Ag^+}$ ion is $129$ pm, and that of the $\ce{Na^+}$ ion is $116$ pm. Since the sodium ion is smaller than the silver ion, it makes sense that it has a stronger polarizing ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

Why doesn't the solute settle out of a solution, such as brine or sugar water? [closed]

If I have a solution of salt or sugar dissolved in water, the solute will never settle out or "fall to the bottom", no matter low long I wait. Why is that? Since salt and sugar (in their pure, solid ...
-7
votes
1answer
155 views

Is Phosphate (PO4 3-) solube in water? [closed]

Josh~ Superphosphate is used instead of just phosphate because superphosphate is a compound whereas phosphate is an ion. This means that phosphate must attach itself with a cation in order to give a ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Why doesn't the expermintal molar solubility match the one calculated by the Ksp value?

For $\ce{HgCl2}$ ($M = \pu{271.52 g mol-1}$), the reported $K_\mathrm{sp}$ value is $10^{-15.69}$. This means that the calculated molar solubility of $\ce{HgCl2}$ in water is $(10^{-15.69}/4)^{1/3}\...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

finding cation of unknown salt in solution from precipitate

I should probably add that I was originally given an unknown solid mixture of 2 salts. I separated the insoluble salt out by centrifuging and then decanting. I found that the insoluble salt is $\ce{...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Relationship Atmospheric Gases and Ocean Gases [closed]

If this question is better suited for the Earth Science StackExchange or another StackExchange please let me know. Edit 1: Modified for clarity and brevity. Something that's unclear to me is the ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Solubility product constant of copper(II) bromide in water

One of the questions from chegg.com mentions $K_\mathrm{sp}(\ce{CuBr2}) = 6.3\cdot 10^{-10}$, but I suspect this value might be incorrect. Could anyone confirm or refute that $K_\mathrm{sp}$ value? ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How a titration curve is affected when a poorly soluble salt is formed?

Suppose that I have $\pu{100 mL}$ solution of strong acid, $\ce{HA}$, at $\pu{0.10 mol L^{-1}}$. This solution is titrated with a strong base solution, $\ce{BOH}$, at $\pu{0.10 mol L^{-1}}$. Suppose ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Best way to dissolve/emulsify beeswax and carnauba wax in water-based solution

What I can use to dissolve beeswax and carnauba wax and keep it in an aqueous solution? I do not want to use ethanol or acetone as they are too harsh. I am adding about $\pu{5\%}$ wax to a $\pu{16oz}$...