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Questions tagged [applied-chemistry]

Chemical processes and theories being used in practical and experimental applications.

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1answer
57 views

How to oxidize tantalum? [closed]

I am interested in learning how to oxidize tantalum. I have seen some tantalum rings that the sellers say is a permanent smokey blackish color. But I've spoken to some people that say tantalum cannot ...
12
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2answers
315 views

Can olivine be used to make glass?

This concerns ongoing work to find a plausible approach to large-scale production of clear glass on the Moon. It's for an ultra-hard science fiction project and I really want to get it right. Olivine ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Synthetic ruby - damaged by heat less than its melting point?

A bit of a jewellery question but chemistry related. I want to encase a synthetic ruby (corundum, Al2O3) in silver by melting the silver around it. Either in a furnace or by casting. The MP of silver ...
7
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1answer
146 views

Can glass be made with anorthite?

The lunar highlands are made mostly of anorthosite (90% anorthite, the rest oxides of magnesium, iron, a little titanium, and traces of others), and pretty pure anorthite ($\ce{CaAl2Si2O8}$) is common....
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0answers
55 views

Manufacturing coloured crystal glass using gold nanoparticles

I came across this video which shows how a crystal chandelier is made. I recommend that anyone reading this post should watch it; it is quite fascinating. Anyway, at about the 2:15 mark, the video ...
15
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4answers
8k views

How could I cause metal to rust rapidly?

I'm writing a novel set in the mid-nineteenth century. One of my characters needs to cause an iron padlock to rust rapidly, ideally within a matter of hours. The lock doesn't need to rust away ...
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0answers
28 views

Which is the more effective home insecticide? Boric acid or borax?

I recall my late father introducing me to one of either boric acid or borax... as a relatively low human toxicity very effective insecticide. The thing is, I cannot remember which chemical my father ...
2
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0answers
115 views

Carbon monoxide from activated charcoal filters

We use activated charcoal in air filters of the ventilation system to remove pollutant vapours from the exhaust air. Before the filters, the air is heated a bit to avoid condensation of water. ...
-1
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1answer
76 views

What substance consumes oxygen from atmospheric air [closed]

I'd like to find an economical substance that will consume oxygen from a container. Steel wool comes to mind but I don't have an intuition how feasible it would be. The chamber is 5 gallons in size ...
7
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2answers
5k views

Selective etchant for Al2O3 (Does not etch Al, Cu, Zn, Sn)

I'm looking for a wet-etchant to remove aluminum oxide created by anodizing, but not etch the unoxidized metal (with greater than 10:1 selectivity) I know about chromium(IV) oxide and fluorine-based ...
4
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2answers
4k views

Could a lead-acid battery electrolyte be replaced by hydrochloric or nitric acid?

Hydrochloric acid, as well as nitric acid, are also strong acids like sulfuric acid. So, why are not they used commercially in lead-acid batteries?
4
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1answer
96 views

How may the water from rain be tested to determine it is natural, or from cloud seeding?

This article lists several mechanisms that may be used to control the weather and/or induce rainfall. Apparently many states, other than the one listed in the headline, have experimented with such ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Artificial nose sensors

I'm am doing research in creating an artificial nose. I need to know how this process works by someone with domain expertise; essentially, what technologies are available currently to detect a broader ...
8
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3answers
218 views

Constructing a grenade (for a novel I'm writing.)

Ok, before any eyebrows get raised, this is for a novel that I'm writing and inspired by this answer from worldbuilding and this reference answer. I just want to make sure the device I'm trying to use ...
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0answers
85 views

distillation of aqueous CAN solution for the purpose of a reversible and strong endothermic reaction in cool packs

I know calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN) is used for cold packs. By bending a small metal plate the salt gets dissolved in water (separated pack) and this process is endothermic. I would like to heat ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Lubricants and rubber

I've been reading a lot of conflicting articles/threads pertaining to which lubricant is compatible with rubber/plastics and I'm stumped. From what I've come across, the consensus is that silicone ...
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0answers
848 views

What is the best invisible ink for clothing?

I am interested in writing and revealing a message in invisible ink for theatrical purposes. I found a list of potential compounds here but I am having a hard time prioritizing which to experiment/...
42
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1answer
6k views

Why can we still breathe in valleys? [duplicate]

Air is 1% argon. Argon is heavier than air. Why doesn't the argon concentrate in low-lying areas, choking out life there?
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2answers
103 views

Good Alternative for Plasticized PVC [closed]

In my current job we use gloveboxes, but unlike most we use disposable PVC bags on the entry ports instead of fixed gloves. The bags have an O ring which is stretched onto a spigot proud of the ...
2
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0answers
130 views

Why was rhenium used as an igniter in flash bulbs?

It looks like it typically had a current passed though it to ignite zirconium threads. What properties of rhenium made it the best metal to use for this?
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2answers
56 views

How to desalinate seawater at freezing temperature or high pressure?

The deep ocean depths have very high pressure and freezing temperatures. Could one or both of these characteristics be used to desalinate seawater? Reverse osmosis uses high pressure to separate salt ...
4
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1answer
400 views

Why is antimony oxide used as a flame retardant?

What is the mechanism of action of antimony oxide as a flame retardant? Is this to do with radical absorption?
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1answer
466 views

Determination of hardness of water using EDTA

Finding hardness of water by using EDTA. For determining permanent hardness we take the sample of about $\pu{50 mL}$ and then add Eriochrome Black T (EBT) indicator that results in wine red color due ...
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0answers
94 views

Why is paper sometimes yellow?

Where I'm from, most paper you find/get at stores has this yellowish tinge. Why is it yellow and not white? In my chemistry book it's mentioned that paper manufacturers "refine" paper from wood pulp, ...
2
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0answers
672 views

How to calculate resulting pH of mixing 2 fruit juices [closed]

I want to make jelly from a mixture of 50% fresh apple juice and 50% juice of another fruit. The resulting pH must be less than 4.6, otherwise the jelly will not be safe from C. botulinum. Based on ...
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2answers
108 views

Using quantiative analysis to find empirical and molecular formula

A compound of Ca, C, N and S was subjected to quantitative analysis and formula mass determination, and the following data were recorded. A $\pu{0.250 g}$ sample was mixed with $\ce{Na2CO3}$ to ...
6
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2answers
142 views

How can I make a better whiteboard cleaning solution?

I just started work as a lab assistant in a chem lab. The whiteboard the instructor uses for classes gets very dirty very quickly. The woman who started at the same time as I did spent over 3 hours ...
3
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1answer
264 views

How to determine fire hazard of heating ethylene glycol to dissolve borax and boric acid

I am looking to replicate instructions provided in the last paragrph of this article that requires dissolving borax (Sodium Tetraborate decahydrate ($\ce{Na2B4O7·10H2O}$)) and boric acid in ethylene ...
14
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1answer
846 views

Are there any significant uses of the compound formed by magnesium and anthracene?

In an unusual reaction, magnesium reacts with anthracene in THF to form a grignard-like compound called, prosaically, magnesium anthracene: I remember using it briefly in the 1980s. At the time there ...
3
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1answer
527 views

Does selenium sulfate corrode or otherwise react with metals?

I was just watching a cartoon called Motorcity, and they featured a real compound called selenium sulfate. While I'm sure that the compound blowing up a detached steel [car part] on contact is just ...
1
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1answer
108 views

How can I determine/quantify the presence of boron nitride on a metal surface?

We use micron-grade hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) to coat the surface of bullets that are jacketed in gilding metal. This coating is mechanically embedded/plated onto the surface in order to increase ...
4
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0answers
606 views

Is it possible to make Spider-Man like web fluid? [closed]

Is it possible to make a substance which has similar properties to that of the web fluid e.g. High tensile strength, sticky (can attach to most of the surfaces), evaporates within few hours etc. If so ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Bonding Carbon Fiber to Metal

I have an application for a very thin, strong, electrical conductor that need to act as a (almost) frictionless support "rope". Typically materials like tungsten wire or platinum-iridium alloys have ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Boron nitride polymerization with silicon based molecules

Since boron nitride is similar to carbon hexagonal structures and silicon is a main component of inorganic polymers. Is it possible to make it from a polymer under certain conditions, if so what ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Baking soda + oil solubility

I have a question regarding the solubility of baking soda (bicarb soda) in oil. I am pretty sure that it has poor solubility, but I have a chemistry dilemma and cannot seem to solve it. I make all-...
5
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0answers
126 views

Where is my antimony going?

I work in a trace metals laboratory operating an ICP-OES. I've been having some trouble with the recovery of antimony in a weak $\ce{HCl}$ solution post-digestion. The antimony is part of a mix of ...
3
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0answers
35 views

Coating applied to plastic (polymer suitable for straws) to repel carbon dioxide to prevent “floating”

We are four students currently finalizing our last exam-project before our bachelor. We confirmed our hypothesis that straws floating to the top of your drink is a "problem" from our survey. Our ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Calculating amount of alkali additions to get desired pH in (hard) cider

This is linked to my question over on the HomeBrew SE site: https://homebrew.stackexchange.com/questions/18837/reduce-acidity-of-hard-cider I haven't done chemistry since I was 17/18 but I remember ...
0
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1answer
161 views

What can be a harmless electrolytic additive for water for creating an oxy-hydrogen flame?

I was thinking of preparing a tiny oxy-hydrogen flame for soldering. I am going to use 6V DC and aluminum sheet as the electrode for this. Now, I have to add some electrolyte to water, that can be a ...
5
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2answers
192 views

How might ammonia be created in this mechanochemical reaction?

Can mechanical agitation catalyze reactions? It appears so (thanks to Mithoron for the pointer!). We observed the following: We were using 10-micron hBN powder to impact-plate copper bearings (e.g., ...
1
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0answers
333 views

How do I create a transparent liquid for ferrofluid display?

Hello~ I am a media art artists working in Korea. Recently, create a kinetic artwork using ferrofluid. I need to create an artificial pond with a diameter of 3 meters. So I need a lot of suspension ...
2
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2answers
2k views

experimentally determine oxidation state of Iron compound

I need to make several Iron compounds but I am having a bit of trouble finding a decent way to determine the oxidation state of Iron. I'm starting with a Iron(II) compound that I try to oxidize using ...
4
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0answers
69 views

ZnO spontaneous combustion during transport

I found your contact information researching $\ce{ZnO}$ reactions. I was hoping you could please help me or orient me in the right direction to find an answer to my problem. The company I work for ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Effectiveness of getters to keep gasses sulfur free

My engineering task poses a problem with sulfur damaging electronic components. There are enclosed gas volumes which contain sensitive electronic devices as well as NBR sealings and gaskets. The ...
14
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1answer
4k views

Ceramics in “bullet proof” vests?

Kevlar is an aramid fiber that is used in ballistics protection vests. From the structure (structure shown from Wikipedia article), you can see why it would work to dissipate the energy from a bullet ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Development of experiments to optimize HPLC-MS procedure using 2D central composite full factorial design [closed]

I have recently been studying development of experiments and how to statistically plan/optimize an experiment for x number of variables based on y number of responses. To begin with, I am just going ...
1
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1answer
2k views

formaldehyde strong odor neutralization

One of our customers used a very high dose of formaldehyde 37% solution (60 liter formaldehyde in 40 liter water) for disinfection in his chicken farm (saloon). Now he says the odor of formaldehyde ...
2
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1answer
471 views

Working with stainless steel in 3 M HCl solution

We are trying to mix a material using 316 stainless steel blades in a $3~\mathrm{M}\ \ce{HCl}$ solution for 4 hours in a PE container? Will the blades stand for 4 hours or do they start to corrode in ...
3
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0answers
39 views

Particle size-energy distribution

I am not chemist, I am mathematician and interested in Population Balance Equations. I have a question about particle size-(breakage) energy distribution which mentioned in this article: http://www....
2
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1answer
82 views

Why do cookies prevent toothpaste from foaming?

If I eat cookies and subsequently brush my teeth such that there is still small amounts of cookie material stuck to my teeth, the toothpaste will not foam as well as usually, making the process less ...