Questions tagged [alcohols]

For questions about saturated and unsaturated alcohols, their physical properties, their reactions, etc. For questions about phenol, use the [phenols] tag instead.

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11 views

Where will the positive charge shift in the E1 mechanism of dehydration of an alcohol? [closed]

My Attempt: according to me the double bond should be in position no. 2 but the correct answer has a double bond in position no.1. Why is it so? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
614 views

Is cyclohexanol or hexanol more acidic?

If we had a hexane ring with an $\ce{OH}$ substituent vs. a hexane chain with an $\ce{OH}$ substituent, which of the two, if any, would result in a weaker conjugate base? My confusion: The ring ...
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1answer
134 views

Is 70% isopropyl alcohol still inflammable after 24h?

I was wondering if Isopropyl can still produce flames after being vaporised on wood and having a day to evaporate plus rinsed with hot water afterwards? If I put heat on the wood (around 50 degree ...
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4answers
2k views

Why n-Butanol is not used as a safer alternative to ethanol in the alcoholic beverages?

The $LD_{50}$ of n-Butanol adjusted for its intoxicating potency is about 1.5 times that of ethanol. This would mean to me that n-Butanol is therefore 50% safer than ethanol. Why is it not used to ...
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1answer
206 views

Why are lower alcohols less flammable than their corresponding alkanes?

How to compare the general trend in amount of combustion in lower alcohols? (upto five/six carbons) Does the branching or straight chain have any effect on combustion?
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2answers
5k views

Why alcohol is volatile although it has hydrogen bonds?

We are always told that hydrogen bonds increase the boiling point of a liquid and as a result they decrease the liquid's volatility. I want to know the reason why, alcohol with hydrogen bonds is ...
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1answer
103 views

Can you tell me which one of these substances are highly or easily flammable? [closed]

List is next: ethylene glycol (EG), diethylene glycol (DEG), triethy-lenglycol (TEG) basicly liquids from polyol groups, I know alcohols are flammable but what about polyols? and how easily
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1answer
741 views

Is 99% Isopropyl Alcohol sold in stores really 99%?

My understanding is that an azeotropic mixture of isopropanol and water is 91%. This makes sense as to why there are so many brands of rubbing alcohol sold at 91%. There are also some sold as 99%, ...
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1answer
71 views

“Alcohol intoxication” naming confusion [closed]

From Wikipedia: "Alcohol intoxication is the result of alcohol entering the bloodstream faster than it can be metabolized by the liver, which breaks down the ethanol into non-intoxicating byproducts." ...
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1answer
196 views

How can I name the products of the hydration of 3,5-dimethylhept-2-ene?

I know that the hydration of 3,5-dimethylhept-2-ene leads to several products, of which one is: Is this called 3-oxo-3,5-dimethylheptane?
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1answer
44 views

Comparing between cleavage of ethers

We have to find out which ether would undergo cleavage faster. My Attempt IV. I couldn't figure out, so i carried out simple SN1 cleavage. Since +M effect of OH > OCH3 1st reactant seemed right ...
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1answer
311 views

What type of plastic (PET, HDPE etc.) is appropriate to store alcohol based hand sanitizer? [closed]

I’ve been tasked with distributing hand sanitizer to public safety staff from a bulk supply in gallon jugs. I need a portable squeeze bottle, but I’m having trouble determining what type of plastic (...
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1answer
241 views

Role of hcl gas in organic reactions [closed]

I encountered many questions in the competitive exam field of high school organic chemistry where we add some compounds and treat it in excess alcohol solutions in the presence of dry hcl gas, it is ...
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1answer
99 views

Rearrangement of 8a-ethyl-1,3,4,8a-tetrahydronaphthalen-4a(2H)-ol [closed]

really sorry for that previous post. I was actually half-asleep when I posted that q, hence the q was unclear. I am again reposting that question The answer is given as A. Can anyone please explain ...
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1answer
2k views

What happens when aluminum reacts with tert butyl alcohol? [closed]

I wanted to know that what happens when aluminum reacts with tert butyl alcohol..?
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1answer
999 views

Which alcohols change CrO3/H2SO4 from orange to green? [closed]

Which of the following sets of compounds cannot turn a clear orange solution of $\ce{CrO3/H2SO4}$ to a greenish opaque solution? (More than one answer is correct) A) Ethanol B) 2-Propanol C) t-...
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1answer
1k views

List of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohol [closed]

Is there a list of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols examples anywhere?
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1answer
946 views

Transformation of fats in presence of alcohol

I have always observed when cooking that if I have some amount of fat like oil or butter in a hot frying pan and I pour some alcohol like wine on it, then there is a reaction and the quantity of ...
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1answer
137 views

Calculate Solubility [closed]

So I've been looking at some chemistry processes and I was trying to conclude how they got the numbers they got. How would I go about calculating the solubility of Phenyl-2-nitropropene in Isopropyl ...
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1answer
57 views

Disinfectant production [closed]

One of my friends says that he made a disinfectant. These are the materials: 83% methanol isopropyl alcohol propylene glycol and the others are: citral, geraniol, linalool, dlimonene, l alpha ...
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1answer
385 views

Why is a double bond not formed with oxygen when reacting this molecule with PCC?

In my textbook it says that when reacted with PCC, primary alcohols produce an aldehyde. Why is this example different? I do not see any double bonds.
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1answer
2k views

Action of conc H2SO4 on pinacol [closed]

Question: Please suggest the correct answer along with suitable mechanism

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