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Questions tagged [adsorption]

The adhesion of atoms, ions, or molecules from a gas, liquid, or dissolved solid to a surface.

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What is 'desorption hysteresis'?

I am currently reading a paper titled "Polystyrene Nanoplastics-Enhanced Contaminant Transport: Role of Irreversible Adsorption in Glassy Polymeric Domain" (link here). In the paper, the authors ...
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Are carboxylic anhydrides in graphene oxides considered adsorption sites for metals? If so, are they more or less reactive than carboxylic acids?

The literature abundantly addresses the fact that carboxylic acids present in graphene oxides act as efficient adsorption sites for metals in aqueous solutions (e.g., HE et al., 2021; ZHAO et al., ...
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Why does chemisorption decrease with increasing temperatures?

Why is it that chemisorption decreases with higher temperatures? The explanations I found online were quite vague and one of them cited Le Chatelier's principle, but I thought chemisorption is an ...
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What is negative adsorption? [closed]

In adsorption, the concentration of adsorbate is greater on the surface. So, how is it possible that the solvent will be more on the surface and the solute (adsorbate) in the bulk… or does solute not ...
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"Nitrogen (gas) is physisorbed over iron (metal) at room temperature": Is this for real? [closed]

My copy (PDF) of Levine's Physical Chemistry (6th ed.), page 570-571, section: "Adsorption of Gases on Solids", states: Physical adsorption is nonspecific. For example, $\ce{N2}$ will be physically ...
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Does glass adsorb methanol to an exceptional extent?

Does (borosilicate) glass adsorb methanol to an exceptional extent? We are doing vapor density measurements of organic solvents using a microbalance and a sealed glass sphere. Other polar molecules ...
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Adsorption on surface of adsorbent

Why is energy released during the process of adsorption? How is this energy change observed and how is it calculated?
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Spices are absorbed or adsorbed in food?

When we cook food, we add several spices and condiments which enhance color, taste and smell. Are these spices and condiments just adsorbed on the food particles? Or are they absorbed? For example ...
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Why does the coordination of alkaline earths by graphene oxides increase as a function of the increasing ionic radius of the species?

The literature describes that the affinity of graphene oxides towards alkaline earth metals presents a positive correlation with their ionic radius (for example, Klímová et al. (2016) and Sófer et al. ...
Nathan Vinicius's user avatar
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Why do silver halide crystals in suspension, develop a surface charge

This is a question related to analog photography. Photographic films have a suspension of silver halide crystals in them, and these crystals have adsorptive properties which are used in this ...
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Units conversion of Henry coefficient in adsorption on solids [closed]

In a database of solid microporous materials I have the Henry coefficient in units of $\pu{mol kg^{-1} Pa^{-1}}.$ How to convert to $\pu{Pa^{-1}}?$ I tried to multiply by the molar mass of the sorbate ...
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Porous materials: Is the expression of a mean free path $\overline{\ell}$ of the gas molecule valid for a binary mixtures?

Suppose that I have a binary gas mixture at low pressure. Can I calculate the mean free path $\overline{\ell}$ of the gas molecule in a pores of solid material by substituting a molecular weight of a ...
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How to obtain the linear form of Redlich Peterson isotherm model by algebraic transformation or any other ways? [closed]

The Redlich Peterson isotherm model is known as: $$ \begin{aligned} q_e=\frac{AC_e}{1+BC^g_e} \end{aligned} $$ Is there any way to obtain the linear form of this equation by algebraic transformation ...
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hydrodynamic thickness of polymer vs. concentration of electrolyte?

I've measured the hydrodynamic thickness of a NaPSS layer on polystyrene latex and plotted it against the concentration of the supporting electrolyte, NaCl. My graph shows a general decrease in ...
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How did Zyklon hold and release HCN?

$\ce{HCN}$ is notoriously unstable: It boils at room temperature, and it tends to polymerize when concentrated in unbuffered liquid form. Yet $\ce{HCN}$ was for decades widely used as a fumigant ...
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Why does physisorption change to chemisorption at high temperatures?

I read in my textbook: In certain cases, physisorption changes to chemisorption as temperature is increased. Could anyone explain why it is so? I know the basics of both physisorption and ...
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How to develop a Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF)? (Molecular simulation)

Currently, I am working on CO2 capture on Hydrotalcites as solid adsorbents. I want to run molecular simulations to analyse the behaviour of the material under different temperatures, pressures and ...
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Langmuir parameters for fixed bed continous column

I have prepared a model of fixed bed adsorption column in MATLAB. I have to insert Langmuir parameter value there, so how can I calculate them in case of continuous fixed bed column. I have calculated ...
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Why increase in enthalpy leads to increase in entropy? [closed]

Given statement: Enthalpy of adsorption is the strength at which molecule (say $\ce{H2}$) is bound to the adsorbent (say some metal center). For a free $\ce{H2}$ molecule, the entropy contribution is ...
phenomenon's user avatar
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Why we have mass of adsorbent in Freundlich equation?

In Freundlich equation why we have $m$ the mass of adsorbent. I mean it is surface chemistry and on the surface of adsorbent the adsorption takes place so why we have mass of adsorbent in that ...
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Chemical bond of adsorbed atoms

When oxygen is adsorbed on iron metallic surface, does it create $\ce{Fe-O}$ bonds like the one in iron oxide? Can it be considered as a monolayer of iron oxide on the surface? If not, how is the ...
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Surface area: what is the difference?

What are the differences between: van der waals surface area solvent accessible surface area topographical polar surface area What is the significance of these differences, and what are the ...
idk wat else's user avatar
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Finding the Freundlich adsorption isotherm from the graph of log(x/m) v/s log(p)

The following problem was asked in JEE Mains 2020 (Sept 2, Shift 1), The mass of gas adsorbed, $x$, per unit mass of adsorbate, $m$, was measured at various pressures, $p$. A graph between $\log\frac ...
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Why enthalpy of adsorption is negative?

I have already read Is adsorption exothermic, and if so, why? but it didn't answered my query. To illustrate, let's take a hypothetical vacuum space. In that space, there is a solid and a gas, the ...
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Is activated charcoal an air purifier?

It's well known that activated charcoal is an adsorbent and due to very big surface area per unit of mass it can adsorb a lot of particles. Let's take as an example for my question this product on ...
Straticiuc Vicu's user avatar
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What is the physical state of the gas adsorbed on a solid adsorbent?

I am studying surface chemistry in high school I have this doubt and I am unable to find a answer your help is appreciated I searched for the answer on google I asked my chemistry teacher he said the ...
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Overall equilibrium expression for competitive equilibria

I have a case where I have two reactions that depend on a common reactant. The reactions can be written as: I) $\ce{A + B <=> AB}$ II) $\ce{A + C <=> AC}$ We can thus write equilibrium ...
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Adsorption on solids - homogeneous/heterogeneous surface definition

How could we define homogeneous and heterogeneous surfaces (rigorously)? It is among my exam questions (but I could not find any definition in my textbook or on the internet). I would say the ...
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How to convert the D'Arcy and Watt model from activity to concentration in mol/m^3

The D'Arcy and Watt 1970 model in "Analysis of sorption isotherms of non-homogeneous sorbents" for water adsorption is as follows: $$W = \frac{KK'a}{1+Ka} + ca + \frac{kk'a}{1-ka},$$ where: $W$ is ...
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Which substance can be easily adsorbed by charcoal?

Which substance can be easily adsorbed by charcoal? $\ce{CO2}$ $\ce{SO2}$ $\ce{H2}$ $\ce{He}$ I thought the answer was (3) because the intermolecular forces are weak. So charcoal can easily adsorb ...
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Is there a direct relationship between the adsorption energy and the catalytic activty

I have seen in several papers, where people correlate adsorption energy with the catalytic activity; the greater the adsorption energy, the greater would be the catalytic activity. I understand that ...
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In terms of remediation, what is sequestration?

I am reading about use of zero valent iron in remediation of heavy metals. Is sequestration just a broader term for sorption?
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Desorption instead of adsorption from solution using activated charcoal

I was just trying to see the effect of concentration on adsorption in solutions, i.e. I was trying to verify the Freundlich isotherm. I used oxalic acid and a batch of homemade activated charcoal (...
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How are reactants ad-/ -desorbed during Haber process?

Collecting information for a presentation [academic high-school] about catalysts, I stumbled upon the terms desorption and adsorption as important parts of the Haber process. However, I could ...
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Thin Layer Chromatography & Stationary Phase

There are two types of stationary phases used in thin layer chromatography. One stationary phase is made of aluminium oxide. Which of the following molecules would be expected to have the smallest $...
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DIY method for regenerating activated carbon in air filters

I am interested in regenerating activated carbon used in general house-hold air filters. I am looking for a sufficiently efficient and easy method to do this in home setting. A little tinkering in a ...
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Enthalpy of adsorption and adsorption rate

What I want to know is about the adsorption enthalpy change by the change of surface coverage and the adsorption rate. In general situations, adsorption would be exothermic. So in the Gibbs free ...
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How do metal hydrides behave in a non-hydrogen closed system?

I am curious about the fundamentals of metal hydrides and how adsorption/desorption works in non-hydrogen systems. My understanding is that the atom ratio M/Hx of the metal hydride is a function of ...
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What is the chemical mechanism at work during the carboxylation of graphene oxides?

The literature describes carboxylation as an efficient technique to increase the ability of graphene oxide to adsorb metals, as it increases the content of carboxylic acids in the material, while ...
Nathan Vinicius's user avatar
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How to minimize sample dispersion during spotting for paper electrophoresis?

I am separating highly polar amino acids and their derivatives using paper electrophoresis. This requires pre-wetting a piece of filter paper with electrophoresis buffer (in this case, carbonate-...
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Adsorption of Cu2+ using banana peels for pH 2,2.5,3,3.5,4

so basically I did my experiment which is the title. This is my procedure and results: Make 0.05M CuSO4 pipette 50ml CuSO4 change to respective pH values using HCl Add 2g of oven-dried banana peels ...
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Column Dispersive Mass Balance analytical / numerical solution

Is there any analytical solution for the most common expression of column mass balance: $\dfrac{\partial C}{\partial t} + \left(\dfrac{1+\varepsilon}{\varepsilon}\right)\dfrac{\partial q} {\partial t} ...
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Application of BET to micropore

'application of the BET equation should be restricted to the range where the term n(1 – p/p0) continuously increases with p/p0'see 5.2.2 in the reference This is one of the criterias IUPAC proposes ...
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Can negative adsorption be considered equal to sorption?

In my book it was written sorption is basically when the substance gets uniformly distributed into the bulk of the solid but at the same time its concentration is higher at the surface then in the ...
user150960's user avatar
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Removing harmful gases from automobile exhaust using electrostatic precipitation

If I attach an electrostatic precipitator to a car's exhaust - and also make the smoke pass through an area containing $\ce{NaOH}$ in order to absorb sulfur dioxide - does that mean that the smoke ...
user19403's user avatar
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Perovskite characterization

Does anyone know of groups working on water sorbtion testing and/or the use of inverse gas chromatography for characterizing Perovskites (as a class of materials)? Especially with regard to ...
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Any references for adsorption of ions to metal surfaces?

I'm specifically interested in ions that would adsorb to gold surfaces, however I would be incredibly appreciative if someone could direct me to a textbook reference or something more expansive, that ...
Sean's user avatar
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Hygroscopic Substances and Drying Agents

My book says: Most of the hygroscopic substances are drying agents Based on what I read on several websites, I think dehydrating agents also act as drying agents. If so, all dehydrating agents ...
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Langmuir method

I have done a biosorption study using a protein as a biosorbent and six different concentrations of $\ce{Pb}$ ions. I need to show the efficiency of the biosorbent, I was told to use the Langmuir ...
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Activated charcoal for water filtration: Granules vs Pellets

NOTE: After further investigation into the producer I found out that granules are made of 100% coconut shell whereas pellets of 100% hard coal. This renders this question meaningless. Apologies for ...
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