Questions tagged [acid-base]

This tag should be applied to questions concerning acid and base reactions. An acid is capable of donating a hydron/ proton (Brønsted acid) or capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (Lewis acid). A base on the other hand is a chemical species/ molecular entity having an available pair of electrons capable of forming a covalent bond with a hydron/ proton (Brønsted base) or with the vacant orbital of some other species (Lewis base).

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849 views

Why does copper(II) sulfate react with ammonia?

We've done preparation of Tetraamminecopper(II) sulphate $\ce{[Cu(NH_3)_4(H_2O)_n]SO_4}$ using copper sulphate and 50% ammonia solution. Initially, a pale blue color of $\ce{Cu(OH)_2}$ appeared with ...
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1answer
5k views

Why is Aluminium Chloride a Lewis Acid if it's an ionic compound?

In my textbook it says in the reaction $\ce{AlCl3 + Cl- -> AlCl4-}$, Aluminium Chloride ($\ce{AlCl3}$) has six valence electrons and accepts a lone pair from $\ce{Cl-}$, but wouldn't that mean the ...
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2answers
14k views

Using Le Chatelier's Principle to explain why percent dissociation of acids/bases increase with dilution

$$\ce{HA(aq) +H2O(l) <=>H3O+(aq) +A- (aq)}$$ Say the acid solution is currently in equilibrium. How would diluting the acid by adding water change the equilibrium position? Le Chatelier's ...
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685 views

Sodium percarbonate and sulfuric acid reaction

If an excess sulfuric acid is added to a detergent containing sodium percarbonate, would it be possible for the excess acid to react with hydrogen peroxide? I believe that the hydrogen peroxide will ...
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2answers
203 views

Concentration of a species outside buffer region (polyprotic acid titration)

I'm wondering if you titrate a polyprotic acid, say, $\ce{H3PO4}$, with a strong base, and you successfully pass the first equivalence point and are maybe at the $\mathrm{pH}=\mathrm{pK}_{a2}$ point ...
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1answer
3k views

Is this reaction with H+ and OH− a possible reaction?

I am wondering about the reaction $\ce{H+ + O^2- -> OH-}$. Is it possible? I think this is not a possible reaction, because here a strong acid plus another particle reacts to a strong base. If it ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the reason for strong acids/bases dissociating in water?

I have read that the actual definition of a strong acid is one which will fully dissociate in water, so please do not turn the problem on its head when answering. It is also my understanding that ...
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0answers
184 views

Can the effect of resonance on acidity be generalised?

A basic trend for acid: if the conjugate base is more stable, then the acid has a lower $\ce{pKa}$. Therefore, it would quite intuitive to think that resonance in the conjugate base will make the acid ...
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30 views

Highly concentrated NaOH solution at high temperature vs borosilicate glassware and cellulose?

I've read here on stack-exchange that NaOH will react with glass through the following reaction: 4 NaOH + SiO2 ⤑ Na4SiO4 + 2 H2O I would like to briefly heat a highly concentrated NaOH solution to ...
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2answers
1k views

Under which criteria HNO3 is a concentrated or a diluted acid? [closed]

I would like to buy nitric acid to remove impurities of copper on an aluminum plate. I read that a 10% nitric acid will do the job. However I've also read that concentrated nitric acid is very ...
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3answers
2k views

Strong and weak acid

I know sulfuric acid is a strong acid and acetic acid is a weak acid. However when I write them in their chemical symbol. Sulfuric acid: $\ce{H2SO4}$ Acetic acid: $\ce{CH3COOH}$ I realise that ...
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1answer
25k views

What is the difference between the titration of a strong acid with a strong base and that of the titration of a weak acid with a strong base?

Which of the following statements best characterizes the difference between the titration of a strong acid with a strong base and that of the titration of a weak acid with a strong base? A) Both ...
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1answer
526 views

Which white powders form acids when mixed with water?

I have a mystery acid which isn't citric, boric, or oxalic acid. When mixed with water, it smells pungent, like hydrochloric acid--though I haven't compared them side by side. Which other white ...
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2answers
2k views

Confused about strong/weak dibasic and tribasic acids?

I know that sulfuric acid is considered a strong acid, and the dissociation of its first H+ ion is complete and of its second H+ ion is partial. Phosphoric acid is weak and all three of its H+ ions ...
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2answers
2k views

What will happen when a metal reacts with an acid which is neither dilute nor concentrated? [closed]

We have always studied about metals reacting with dilute and concentrated acids, but I do not understand what will happen if the same metal reacts with an acid that is neither concentrated nor dilute?
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1answer
49 views

Confused on normallity

So normality is 'equivalents' over liters solution right? I'm having a hard time understanding exactly what an equivalent is. At first from one thing I read i thought it was just the H released from ...
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1answer
63 views

Why does buffer capacity of tartrate buffer generally decrease as the buffer pH increases?

From what I see, the buffer capacity of tartrate buffer is generally decreasing as buffer pH increases. Why is this? Also, does this mean that tartrate buffer doesn't have a maximum buffer capacity at ...
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1answer
3k views

How to calculate pH of the Na2CO3 solution given ambiguous Ka values

This is the exact question I faced on an exam. Calculate the pH of $\pu{0.05 M}\ \ce{Na2CO3}\ (\ce{H2CO3}: K_\mathrm{a,1}= 4\times 10^{-7},\ K_\mathrm{a,2}= 4.7\times 10^{-11})$ Solution $$\ce{...
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2answers
2k views

Why is CrCl3 acidic?

Why is $\ce{CrCl3}$ acidic? I know that it has a high charge density given that it is a transition metal ion, and can hence polarize neighbouring water molecules, resulting in hydrolysis and formation ...
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1answer
456 views

pH of a weak base calculation

Calculate the $\ce{pH}$ of a $100$ $\ce{mL}$ solution containing $0$$.0375$ moles of the weak base, Sodium Benzoate, $\ce{C6H5COONa}$. $$\ce{C6H5COO + H2O -> C6H6COO- + OH-}$$ $$\frac{0.0375 ~\...
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0answers
423 views

acids, bases, salts, etc

All the chemical compounds can be categorized as acids, bases, and neutral compounds. There are different theories, namely Arrhenius Theory, Brønsted-Lowry Theory, Lewis Theory, which define the ...
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1answer
480 views

Reaction of nitro compounds with strong alkali?

Why does a primary and a secondary nitro compound behave as an acid in the presence of strong alkali whereas tertiary nitro compounds do not? Can anyone explain it with reactions?
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2answers
12k views

Why is phosphorous acid more acidic than phosphoric acid?

Phosphoric acid has basicity of 3 i.e it can loose 3 $\ce{H+}$ while phosphorous acid has basicity of 2. Why is phosphorous acid more acidic than phosphoric acid? Acidity refers to the ability to ...
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1answer
7k views

Basicity of heterocyclic compounds

Pyrrol, furan or thiophene don't have any bond pair electrons free to release which is why they shouldn't be basic, but the lecturer of organic chemistry is saying that they are basic as they react ...
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1answer
3k views

Why should colorimetric titration of a weak acid with a weak base not be done in laboratory? [closed]

Why should colorimetric titration of weak acid with a weak base (or vice versa) not be done in laboratory? How can I draw a pH graph for this?
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2answers
148 views

What type of chemical reaction is this?

So far we have learned about about single displacement, double displacement, gas evolving, neutralization, synthesis, disassociation, and combustion. I was trying to solve the following chemical ...
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1answer
555 views

Reaction between silver(I) hydroxide and an alkali [closed]

I've read about this in a booklet, but I can't find its stepwise reactions or its derivation: $$\ce{AgOH + NaOH -> Ag2O}$$ And how does a base ($\ce{AgOH}$) react with another base ($\ce{NaOH}$)? ...
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1answer
131 views

Would distilling a sodium fluoride solution generate hydrogen fluoride to any noticeable extent?

If you have a solution of NaF, and you boil it (to get pure water by distillation) can the fluoride ions in water separate from sodium ions and combine with hydrogen ions to form HF? ...