Linked Questions

1
vote
0answers
72 views

What is the exact statement of Drago's rule? [duplicate]

While studying the topic of chemical bonding, I came across a statement given by my teacher: Elements of the third period and above do not show hybridisation. An example, in the case of $\ce{PH_3}$, $...
44
votes
8answers
30k views

Why do compounds like SF6 and SF4 exist but SH6 and SH4 don't?

Both $\ce{SF6}$ and $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SF4}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ have the same central atom and the same hybridization, but my teacher specifically mentioned that $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ don't exist. I'...
35
votes
3answers
28k views

Why is the bond angle H-P-H smaller than H-N-H?

$\ce{N}$ & $\ce{P}$ are in the same group. Both $\ce{NH3}$ and $\ce{PH3}$ have one lone pair and according to VSEPR theory, both the central atoms are predicted to be $\ce{sp^3}$ hybridized. But ...
8
votes
2answers
11k views

Hybridization in PH3

Does $\ce{PH3}$ exhibit $\ce{sp^3}$ hybridization? Arguments against hybridization: $\ce{PH3}$ is less basic than $\ce{NH3}$. This jibes with the supposition that $\ce{PH3}$ keeps its lone pair in ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Why are axial bonds are longer than equatorial bond in sp3d hybridized atoms?

Why are axial bonds are longer than equatorial bond in case of $\mathrm{sp^3d}$ hybridization? I have done some research but I can't seem to find the answer.
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I tell if a molecule is polar or not?

Consider $\ce{PCl3}$, $\ce{CH2Cl2}$, $\ce{HCN}$, and $\ce{SiO2}$. Which of these molecules are polar substances? I appear to be lacking on the concept of "polar substance". I was just studying about ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is ClH7 possible? [duplicate]

Chlorine can be $sp^3d^3$ hybridized. If so, it can form $\ce{ClH_7}$ and then chlorine, being more electronegative, will have (-7) as its oxidation number. But we know that the oxidation number of $\...
8
votes
0answers
467 views

Mathematical relation between bond angle and fraction of s or p character

In Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D.Lee (Adapted by Sudarsan Guha, Fourth Edition), on page 75, under the topic "Effect of Electronegativity - When the surrounding atom is same with different ...
0
votes
0answers
541 views

How to explain shape of molecules in penta and hexa coordination if hybridization involving d-orbitals (in main block) is considered incorrect?

In this answer @Jan says: penta- and hexacoordination; tetracoordination with additional lone pairs and related: attempt to form as many normal bonds with p orbitals as possible; keep one lone ...
0
votes
2answers
846 views

Why the formation of PH4+ is difficult compared to NH4+? [duplicate]

My textbook asks this as an objective question. What I had in mind was that the lone pair on phosporous was more distributed as compared to nitrogen(since nitrogen is more electronegative and smaller ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Clarification needed regarding description of molecules without hybridization using pure p orbitals

I need some clarification regarding this answer given by the user @Jan. @Jan says: Therefore, the a priori predicted most stable configurations of certain coordination numbers are: ...