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### Why is up spin in the px orbital and down spin in the py orbital considered an excited state? [duplicate]

Why is this form of p orbital occupation an excited state? I understand that there should be one up spin and one down spin in one orbital box by Pauli's exclusion rule. But in the p orbitals, it doesn'...
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### Identical particles: Why is triplet oxygen more stable than singlet oxygen?

Quoting from Eisberg Resnick Quantum Physics: If we consider space variables of two electrons (identical particles) to have almost the same values, then their wavefunctions are 'almost' identical ...