Linked Questions

-1
votes
1answer
8k views

Why does Sulfur have 12 valence electrons in the Sulfate ion? [duplicate]

So I am completely and utterly confused about why sulfur has 12 valence electrons. I understand in it's configuration, it has 2 electrons for the 3s subshell, and 4 electrons from its 3p subshell, and ...
3
votes
1answer
707 views

Number of bonds in a Lewis Structure [duplicate]

I'm asked to find the Lewis Structure of sulfuric acid, $SO_4H^-$. After struggling for a while, I sumply looked it up. How can this be? Sulfur has 6 electrons in its valence shell, so it should ...
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are covalent bonds formed? [duplicate]

As far as I know, -covalent bonds are formed because atoms are unstable -unfilled valence electrons -want to fill up their outer rings and become stable BUT, why does compounds like ClF3 exist? Why ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Is it okay for a sulfite ion to have 10 electrons around the sulfur? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can an atom have more than 8 valence electrons? If not, why is 8 the limit? I was watching this youtube clip ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY1XLgHUAIQ ) in which a lewis ...
44
votes
8answers
27k views

Why do compounds like SF6 and SF4 exist but SH6 and SH4 don't?

Both $\ce{SF6}$ and $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SF4}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ have the same central atom and the same hybridization, but my teacher specifically mentioned that $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ don't exist. I'...
15
votes
5answers
7k views

Can fluorine act as the central atom in interhalogen compounds?

Why can't fluorine be the central atom in inter-halogen compounds? A $\ce{F-F}$ bond is weaker than a $\ce{F-X}$ bond and thus, fluorine should be happy to form inter-halogen compounds. But, why ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

Which relatively simple molecules violate the octet rule?

I'm learning how to draw Lewis diagrams. Everything I've read emphasizes the octet rule. However, to the best of my knowledge, that rule only applies to elements in the first three periods. On our ...
8
votes
3answers
26k views

How to get the valencies of elements?

How to find the valencies of elements by using its distribution of electrons? Please explain the method in simple words. Do you have to study the valencies or is there a simple way of remembering? PS:...
14
votes
2answers
835 views

How should elements be colored? And how many bonds does an atom have?

I'm working on my own 3D molecule viewer for my AP Chem class. So far everything's going together nicely. There's a couple of things I'm not sure about though... Is there a certain rule of thumb or ...
22
votes
1answer
4k views

Why are atoms with eight electrons in the outer shell extremely stable?

Atoms that have eight electrons in their outer shell are extremely stable. It can't be because both the $s$ and the $p$ orbitals are full, because then an atom with 13 or 18 valence electrons would be ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the highest possible expanded octet?

Often called "hypervalent", chemicals like phosphorous pentachloride and sulfur hexafluoride are possible due to the fact that their central atoms form covalent bonds with more than four other atoms, ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't phosphorus trifluoride be used as a Lewis acid catalyst in electrophilic substitution of benzene?

Which of the following cannot be used as Lewis acid in the electrophilic substitution of benzene? $\ce{BF3}$ $\ce{SbCl3}$ $\ce{FeCl3}$ $\ce{PF3}$ My Attempt: $\ce{BF3}$ and $\ce{...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Inductive effects of halogens

The Wikipedia page on inductive effects states that the order of inductive effects of halogens is as follows: $$\ce{-F} > \ce{-Cl} > \ce{-Br} > \ce{-I}$$ From this, and from the fact that ...
3
votes
2answers
939 views

Is ClH7 possible? [duplicate]

Chlorine can be $sp^3d^3$ hybridized. If so, it can form $\ce{ClH_7}$ and then chlorine, being more electronegative, will have (-7) as its oxidation number. But we know that the oxidation number of $\...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Difference between valency of nitrogen and phosphorus though both have same valence electrons

Both nitrogen and phosphorus have 5 valence electrons, but nitrogen has valency of 3 while phosphorus has valency of 3 or 5. Why is this so? Maybe phosphorus can gain 3 electrons or remove 5 electrons....

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