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### Why does Sulfur have 12 valence electrons in the Sulfate ion? [duplicate]

So I am completely and utterly confused about why sulfur has 12 valence electrons. I understand in it's configuration, it has 2 electrons for the 3s subshell, and 4 electrons from its 3p subshell, and ...
772 views

### Number of bonds in a Lewis Structure [duplicate]

I'm asked to find the Lewis Structure of sulfuric acid, $SO_4H^-$. After struggling for a while, I sumply looked it up. How can this be? Sulfur has 6 electrons in its valence shell, so it should ...
2k views

### Why are covalent bonds formed? [duplicate]

As far as I know, -covalent bonds are formed because atoms are unstable -unfilled valence electrons -want to fill up their outer rings and become stable BUT, why does compounds like ClF3 exist? Why ...
99 views

### Is it okay for a sulfite ion to have 10 electrons around the sulfur? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can an atom have more than 8 valence electrons? If not, why is 8 the limit? I was watching this youtube clip ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY1XLgHUAIQ ) in which a lewis ...
30k views

### Why do compounds like SF6 and SF4 exist but SH6 and SH4 don't?

Both $\ce{SF6}$ and $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SF4}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ have the same central atom and the same hybridization, but my teacher specifically mentioned that $\ce{SH6}$ and $\ce{SH4}$ don't exist. I'...
8k views

### Can fluorine act as the central atom in interhalogen compounds?

Why can't fluorine be the central atom in inter-halogen compounds? A $\ce{F-F}$ bond is weaker than a $\ce{F-X}$ bond and thus, fluorine should be happy to form inter-halogen compounds. But, why ...
5k views

### Which relatively simple molecules violate the octet rule?

I'm learning how to draw Lewis diagrams. Everything I've read emphasizes the octet rule. However, to the best of my knowledge, that rule only applies to elements in the first three periods. On our ...
26k views

### How to get the valencies of elements?

How to find the valencies of elements by using its distribution of electrons? Please explain the method in simple words. Do you have to study the valencies or is there a simple way of remembering? PS:...
870 views

### How should elements be colored? And how many bonds does an atom have?

I'm working on my own 3D molecule viewer for my AP Chem class. So far everything's going together nicely. There's a couple of things I'm not sure about though... Is there a certain rule of thumb or ...
5k views

### Why are atoms with eight electrons in the outer shell extremely stable?

Atoms that have eight electrons in their outer shell are extremely stable. It can't be because both the $s$ and the $p$ orbitals are full, because then an atom with 13 or 18 valence electrons would be ...