Linked Questions

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Why is the oxidation state of carbon in carbon monoxide +2? Why does its dipole moment point from oxygen to carbon? [duplicate]

Shouldn't it be +3 since 3 of its electrons are being pulled away by the electronegative oxygen? Also, shouldn't the dipole moment point from the carbon to the oxygen since most of the electron ...
36
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3answers
98k views

Why does carbon monoxide have a greater affinity for hemoglobin than oxygen?

Hemoglobin is an iron-containing oxygen transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of most mammals. Simply put, it's a carrier protein. Interestingly it doesn't carry carbon dioxide in the same ...
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3answers
29k views

Why is the bond length of CO+ less than that of CO?

According to molecular orbital theory, the bond order of $\ce{CO}$ is 3. When $\ce{CO+}$ is formed, the bond order decreases to 2.5, and thus the bond length should increase. However, the bond length ...
22
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2answers
3k views

Why is the cyanide ion toxic?

As the title implies, what is the molecular basis of cyanide toxicity? I did some searching around at the CDC and it only states that it prevents cells from using oxygen. I also read how it could take ...
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2answers
13k views

Why is CO practically nonpolar?

This question was in my book. According to me CO should be polar as it should have a dipole moment. But I found that the $\sigma$-electron drift from C to O is almost nullified by the $\pi$-electron ...
17
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4answers
39k views

Why is the bond order of CO+ 3.5?

According to my books the bond order of $\ce{CO+}$ is $3.5$. But shouldn't it be $2.5$? On googling this, I found the following answer that is on Stack Exchange but its only talks about the bond ...
15
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2answers
14k views

How to rationalise with MO theory that CO is a two-electron donor through carbon?

A question I am looking at is as follows: $\ce{CO}$ is isoelectronic with $\ce{N2}$. Sketch MO diagrams for $\ce{CO}$ and $\ce{N2}$. Point out key differences between the diagrams and use the ...
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1answer
11k views

Why is carbon monoxide a neutral oxide?

Carbon monoxide ($\ce{CO}$) is considered to be a neutral oxide, not acidic or basic. But why? It reacts with hot concentrated sodium hydroxide solution to give a solution of sodium methanoate: $$\ce{...
5
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1answer
2k views

Molecular orbital diagram for nitrogen monoxide, the nitrosyl cation and the nitrosyl anion

As I understand it, all of them should have same order of energy of molecular orbitals as a model for $\ce{NO}$ should withstand ionization and adding an electron. JD Lee Pg 109 shows the same ...
12
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2answers
920 views

Does 1-bromo-4-chlorobenzene have a permanent dipole moment?

My first thought was there would be a dipole moment as chlorine and bromine are unequal in electronegativity. I have since looked up the electronegativity of both chlorine and bromine through the ...
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2answers
11k views

Why does CO2 have higher boiling point than CO?

The intermolecular forces between $\ce{CO2}$ molecules are dispersion forces, while the forces between $\ce{CO}$ molecules are mostly dipole-dipole attraction forces. So, why does $\ce{CO2}$ have a ...
13
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1answer
537 views

Why do post-Hartree-Fock methods fail to predict the direction of the dipole moment of carbon monoxide?

In carbon monoxide the dipole moment (negative to positive) points towards the oxygen, as I explained it in How can the dipole moment of carbon monoxide be rationalised by molecular orbital theory? A ...
4
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1answer
824 views

VSEPR theory, chemical bond and quantum mechanics

VSEPR theory correctly predicts the shapes of many symmetry-broken molecules such as $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{NH3}$. Take $\ce{NH3}$ for example. In VSEPR theory, the nitrogen atom is (approximately) at ...
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0answers
5k views

Cyanide's Lewis structure - electronegativity or octet rule?

The formula for the cyanide ion is $\ce{CN-}$. That gives us a total of ten valence electrons to work with. There are two obvious ways to build the Lewis structure. $\ce{:^-C#N:}$ $\ce{:C=N^-::...
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3answers
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Hybridisation of terminal nitrogen in diazomethane

I have a few questions about the terminal nitrogen (highlighted in red) in diazomethane, $\ce{CH2N2}$. Is that nitrogen $\mathrm{sp}$ or $\mathrm{sp^2}$ hybridised? What type of orbitals do the lone ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Determine polarity of covalent bond with formal charge

In a covalent molecule, can we conclude that if the formal charge between two atoms are +1 and -1 respectively, then the chemical bond acting between them is a polar covalent bond (such as the bond ...
5
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1answer
961 views

Explaining why CN- is a soft base

So, I am having difficulty with the following explanation/question. (Based on your MO diagram and pi bonding theory) explain why $\ce{CN-}$ is a soft base and prefers to bind to soft acids. Now, I ...
4
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1answer
960 views

Can I predict the preferred resonance structure of carbon monoxide from its molecular orbital scheme?

Because of the 8-valence electron rule I assume in CO the left resonance structure to be favored . $$\ce{:\!\overset{\ominus}{C}#\overset{\oplus}{O}\!: ~<->~ :\!C=O\!:: ~<->~:\!\overset{\...
3
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1answer
2k views

How can one tell from the MO diagram of the cyanide ion that the HOMO is carbon-centred?

The cyanide ion, when acting as a nucleophile, typically attacks via carbon as its HOMO has a greater contribution from carbon. But how can we deduce this from the MO diagram? To me it appears that ...
4
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1answer
484 views

Cyanide complexes in Molecular Orbital Theory

In molecular orbital theory, please explain why cyanide ion combines with metal from the carbon end and not from the nitrogen end?
3
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1answer
161 views

Why is the carbon monoxide triple bond stronger than the nitrogen-nitrogen triple bond?

The $CO$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 1072 kJ/mol while the $N_2$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 945 kJ/mol, at least according to my source. The molecules are isoelectronic, so I couldn't ...
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1answer
255 views

Formal Charge in Coordinate covalent bonds [closed]

I am in an honors chemistry course right now and I would like to know the formal charges of the atoms in CO, my confusion is that because the bond is partially coordinate covalent, are the bonded ...
4
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0answers
36 views

Molecular orbital diagram of CO and charge localisation

MO diagram of CO My question concerns the interpretation of the Molecular Orbital of CO. I think I find it clear how you build it but I have some concerns about how you rationalize it. Particularly, ...