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### Why is the oxidation state of carbon in carbon monoxide +2? Why does its dipole moment point from oxygen to carbon? [duplicate]

Shouldn't it be +3 since 3 of its electrons are being pulled away by the electronegative oxygen? Also, shouldn't the dipole moment point from the carbon to the oxygen since most of the electron ...
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### Why does carbon monoxide have a greater affinity for hemoglobin than oxygen?

Hemoglobin is an iron-containing oxygen transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of most mammals. Simply put, it's a carrier protein. Interestingly it doesn't carry carbon dioxide in the same ...
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### Why is the bond length of CO+ less than that of CO?

According to molecular orbital theory, the bond order of $\ce{CO}$ is 3. When $\ce{CO+}$ is formed, the bond order decreases to 2.5, and thus the bond length should increase. However, the bond length ...
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### Why is the cyanide ion toxic?

As the title implies, what is the molecular basis of cyanide toxicity? I did some searching around at the CDC and it only states that it prevents cells from using oxygen. I also read how it could take ...
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### Why is CO practically nonpolar?

This question was in my book. According to me CO should be polar as it should have a dipole moment. But I found that the $\sigma$-electron drift from C to O is almost nullified by the $\pi$-electron ...
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### Why is the bond order of CO+ 3.5?

According to my books the bond order of $\ce{CO+}$ is $3.5$. But shouldn't it be $2.5$? On googling this, I found the following answer that is on Stack Exchange but its only talks about the bond ...
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### How to rationalise with MO theory that CO is a two-electron donor through carbon?

A question I am looking at is as follows: $\ce{CO}$ is isoelectronic with $\ce{N2}$. Sketch MO diagrams for $\ce{CO}$ and $\ce{N2}$. Point out key differences between the diagrams and use the ...
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### Why is carbon monoxide a neutral oxide?

Carbon monoxide ($\ce{CO}$) is considered to be a neutral oxide, not acidic or basic. But why? It reacts with hot concentrated sodium hydroxide solution to give a solution of sodium methanoate: \ce{...
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### Why do post-Hartree-Fock methods fail to predict the direction of the dipole moment of carbon monoxide?

In carbon monoxide the dipole moment (negative to positive) points towards the oxygen, as I explained it in How can the dipole moment of carbon monoxide be rationalised by molecular orbital theory? A ...
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### Molecular orbital diagram for nitrogen monoxide, the nitrosyl cation and the nitrosyl anion

As I understand it, all of them should have same order of energy of molecular orbitals as a model for $\ce{NO}$ should withstand ionization and adding an electron. JD Lee Pg 109 shows the same ...
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### Why does CO2 have higher boiling point than CO?

The intermolecular forces between $\ce{CO2}$ molecules are dispersion forces, while the forces between $\ce{CO}$ molecules are mostly dipole-dipole attraction forces. So, why does $\ce{CO2}$ have a ...
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### Does 1-bromo-4-chlorobenzene have a permanent dipole moment?

My first thought was there would be a dipole moment as chlorine and bromine are unequal in electronegativity. I have since looked up the electronegativity of both chlorine and bromine through the ...
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### Why is the carbon monoxide triple bond stronger than the nitrogen-nitrogen triple bond?

The $\ce{CO}$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 1072 kJ/mol while the $\ce{N2}$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 945 kJ/mol, at least according to my source. The molecules are isoelectronic, so I ...
I have a few questions about the terminal nitrogen (highlighted in red) in diazomethane, $\ce{CH2N2}$. Is that nitrogen $\mathrm{sp}$ or $\mathrm{sp^2}$ hybridised? What type of orbitals do the lone ...
VSEPR theory correctly predicts the shapes of many symmetry-broken molecules such as $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{NH3}$. Take $\ce{NH3}$ for example. In VSEPR theory, the nitrogen atom is (approximately) at ...