Linked Questions

1 vote
0 answers
1k views

Why is the oxidation state of carbon in carbon monoxide +2? Why does its dipole moment point from oxygen to carbon? [duplicate]

Shouldn't it be +3 since 3 of its electrons are being pulled away by the electronegative oxygen? Also, shouldn't the dipole moment point from the carbon to the oxygen since most of the electron ...
Nova's user avatar
  • 1,782
41 votes
4 answers
135k views

Why does carbon monoxide have a greater affinity for hemoglobin than oxygen?

Hemoglobin is an iron-containing oxygen transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of most mammals. Simply put, it's a carrier protein. Interestingly it doesn't carry carbon dioxide in the same ...
bonCodigo's user avatar
  • 1,944
34 votes
3 answers
38k views

Why is the bond length of CO+ less than that of CO?

According to molecular orbital theory, the bond order of $\ce{CO}$ is 3. When $\ce{CO+}$ is formed, the bond order decreases to 2.5, and thus the bond length should increase. However, the bond length ...
Papul's user avatar
  • 1,332
14 votes
2 answers
16k views

Why is CO practically nonpolar?

This question was in my book. According to me CO should be polar as it should have a dipole moment. But I found that the $\sigma$-electron drift from C to O is almost nullified by the $\pi$-electron ...
Chloritone_360's user avatar
23 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why is the cyanide ion toxic?

As the title implies, what is the molecular basis of cyanide toxicity? I did some searching around at the CDC and it only states that it prevents cells from using oxygen. I also read how it could take ...
Aubrey Champagne's user avatar
22 votes
1 answer
50k views

Why is the bond order of CO+ 3.5?

According to my books the bond order of $\ce{CO+}$ is $3.5$. But shouldn't it be $2.5$? On googling this, I found the following answer that is on Stack Exchange but its only talks about the bond ...
Chloritone_360's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
24k views

How to rationalise with MO theory that CO is a two-electron donor through carbon?

A question I am looking at is as follows: $\ce{CO}$ is isoelectronic with $\ce{N2}$. Sketch MO diagrams for $\ce{CO}$ and $\ce{N2}$. Point out key differences between the diagrams and use the ...
Adam's user avatar
  • 171
7 votes
1 answer
15k views

Why is carbon monoxide a neutral oxide?

Carbon monoxide ($\ce{CO}$) is considered to be a neutral oxide, not acidic or basic. But why? It reacts with hot concentrated sodium hydroxide solution to give a solution of sodium methanoate: $$\ce{...
Sujay Kumar's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
19k views

Why does CO2 have higher boiling point than CO?

The intermolecular forces between $\ce{CO2}$ molecules are dispersion forces, while the forces between $\ce{CO}$ molecules are mostly dipole-dipole attraction forces. So, why does $\ce{CO2}$ have a ...
Lyndt's user avatar
  • 39
17 votes
1 answer
971 views

Why do post-Hartree-Fock methods fail to predict the direction of the dipole moment of carbon monoxide?

In carbon monoxide the dipole moment (negative to positive) points towards the oxygen, as I explained it in How can the dipole moment of carbon monoxide be rationalised by molecular orbital theory? A ...
Martin - マーチン's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does 1-bromo-4-chlorobenzene have a permanent dipole moment?

My first thought was there would be a dipole moment as chlorine and bromine are unequal in electronegativity. I have since looked up the electronegativity of both chlorine and bromine through the ...
R. Mauban's user avatar
  • 181
5 votes
1 answer
5k views

Molecular orbital diagram for nitrogen monoxide, the nitrosyl cation and the nitrosyl anion

As I understand it, all of them should have same order of energy of molecular orbitals as a model for $\ce{NO}$ should withstand ionization and adding an electron. JD Lee Pg 109 shows the same ...
Mrigank's user avatar
  • 1,175
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why is the carbon monoxide triple bond stronger than the nitrogen-nitrogen triple bond?

The $\ce{CO}$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 1072 kJ/mol while the $\ce{N2}$ triple bond has a bond enthalpy of 945 kJ/mol, at least according to my source. The molecules are isoelectronic, so I ...
timeinbaku's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

Hybridisation of terminal nitrogen in diazomethane

I have a few questions about the terminal nitrogen (highlighted in red) in diazomethane, $\ce{CH2N2}$. Is that nitrogen $\mathrm{sp}$ or $\mathrm{sp^2}$ hybridised? What type of orbitals do the lone ...
surabhii's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

VSEPR theory, chemical bond and quantum mechanics

VSEPR theory correctly predicts the shapes of many symmetry-broken molecules such as $\ce{H2O}$ and $\ce{NH3}$. Take $\ce{NH3}$ for example. In VSEPR theory, the nitrogen atom is (approximately) at ...
Zhuoran He's user avatar

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