In our chemistry lecture today on UV/vis-spectroscopy, we discussed the origin of colour in conjugated molecules due to electronic transitions from lower-energy molecular orbitals to higher-energy molecular orbitals. One of the examples we talked about was the origin of the orange colour of carrot. The lecturer mentioned that carrots appear orange as it contains conjugated molecules that absorbs blue light, resulting in the complementary orange colour being emitted. This blue light is used to excite electrons from π MOs to π* MOs in the molecule. One of my classmates asked what happens to the excited electron when it falls back to the ground state, wouldn't it cause blue-light photons to be emitted?
To this, the lecturer replied that perhaps, there is de-excitation of the electrons through other pathways, such as through molecular vibrations (i.e. kinetic energy of the molecules). However, he also was not so sure about the matter. Thus, I would like to seek clarification on how these excited electrons de-excite after initial excitation.