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I understand that the constant of equilibrium is a ratio of the concentration of the products to the reactants and that this value allows one to estimate whether the position of equilibrium lies to the right (in which there will be more product at equilibrium) or lies to the left (where there will be more reactant at equilibrium). I'm also aware that Kc is affected only by a change in temperature and not a change in concentration, pressure etc.
I know the position of equilibrium is affected by changes in concentration, pressure and temperature (unlike Kc which is only affected by change in temperature). I understand Le Chatelier's Principle and how the position of equilibrium shifts in order to minimise the change, and that this maintains the equilibrium constant.
My problem arises when trying to relate the two. The position of equilibrium shifts so that the equilibrium constant will be maintained however I don't understand how this works or why! When we say that the position of equilibriums shifts (to the right for example), what does this actually mean? I know that the amount of product will increase but what is actually happening. Is the rate of the forwards reaction increasing? In other words, what actually is the position of equilibrium? If Kc is the ratio of product concentration to reactant concentration then what actually is the position of equilibrium?
Thank you in advance!