# What are the predominant acids in sphagnum peat moss?

I'm trying to figure out what the predominant acidic substances in peat moss are. Peat moss is said to have a pH of approximately 4.0. So, I'm curious what is making it acidic.

I know not all acids bind to various elements in the same ways. So, I'm trying to find out which acids (and/or acidic salts) are present in peat moss in order to aid me in my research to discover approximately how long it might take to acidify soils with it compared with the traditional methods of adding various forms of sulfur to soil. You don't need to tell me how long it takes, by any means. I can do more research after I find out which acids or acidic salts are in peat moss, in what levels.

I'm not familiar with this particular SE site's customs. So, if this is the wrong place to ask, or if I used the wrong tag(s), feel free to let me know. I figured people might be more likely to know here than on Gardening and Landscaping, though.

If you want to acidify soil using sphagnum/peat--assuming the authors are right--it's more important what cations you put into the soil. The sphagnum will then exchange them for $H^+,$ lowering the pH of the soil.