Edit: Is there structure in the nucleus that might be responsible for part of the regularity of the (ground-state) Aufbau process? The periodic addition of electrons is more than one might naively predict from Coulomb forces alone--so is this an intrinsic property of electrons or does the nucleus somehow mediate or influence the Aufbau process?
This is a very naive question.
Only after making graphs of electron counts by orbital for elements in sequence and seeing the symmetry of some of the heavier (and possibly non-realizable) elements (below is 170 or so, from the Wiki electron configuration data page) did it occur to me that the picture seems to imply a lot about the nucleus that I do not recall from general chemistry.
In particular for heavier elements, despite some irregularity along the way, it seems to imply that there are mirroring forces inside the nucleus that govern the buildup of electrons and that in some sense the nucleus is at least as complex as the rest of the atom. Not only are the electrons balanced in terms of charge numerically, but there is seemingly some structural (for lack of a better word) equivalence as well.
If someone could give a qualitative synopsis of what is known about this and/or correct any misconceptions that would be great. An introductory reference would also be of interest.