Among 1-bromo-3-nitrobenzene and 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene, which would be more reactive towards nucleophilic substitution?
From what I can infer, the answer should have been 1-bromo-3-nitrobenzene. Nitro is a −M/−R group, so it would create regions of high positive charge in the ortho and para positions with respect to the nitro group.
Now in 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene, Br is in the para position with respect to the nitro group. Hence the positive charge would be created only in the ortho position, as the para position is blocked. On the other hand, in 1-bromo-3-nitrobenzene, there would be regions of positive charge in the both the ortho and para positions wrt to the nitro group.
But the answer given in my book is 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene. Am I missing something here?