# Importance of higher order exchange terms?

The MP2 ground state energy of a molecule or solid can be written as

$$E^{(2)} = \frac{1}{2}\sum^{\text{occ.}}_{ij}\sum^{\text{virt.}}_{ab} \frac{\langle ij | ab \rangle [\langle ab|ij \rangle - \langle ab|ji\rangle]}{\varepsilon_i + \varepsilon_j - \varepsilon_a - \varepsilon_b}$$

where the first part of the numerator is commonly called "direct MP2" and the second part "exchange MP2", since i and j are exchanged.

However, for energy differences, it is often sufficient to calculate only the direct MP2 energy, since the contribution of the exchange part is mostly negligible. For the same reason the random phase approximation, which consists of these "direct terms" up to infinite order, works so well for many materials.

But are there good examples (materials or molecules) where the exchange term is important? I guess magnetic systems or situations where Pauli repulsion is important... but does someone know particular examples?

• Complete guess, with a rather indirect supporting argument: $\ce{F2}$. Apr 29 '18 at 1:06
• @hBy2Py It would be more conclusive to look at an energy difference, say its IP. Do you what kind of bonding behavior the cation displays? Apr 29 '18 at 13:30
• IPs are a very good example, see e.g. here journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.096401. But this I already knew ;-) Apr 29 '18 at 13:39
• I actually don't think this paper presents enough information to be conclusive. Would you say the differences between the GW0, TC-TC, and gamma methods are significant for carbon, MgO, ZnO, and CdO? It's a difference of 0.5 eV at most. Apr 29 '18 at 13:53