# What's the difference between aqueous hydrogen chloride and hydrochloric acid?

From my understanding, both aqueous hydrogen chloride and hydrochloric acid are written as $\ce{HCl(aq)}$, is there an actual difference between them?

Actually, it would be more accurate to refer to gaseous (and dry) $\ce{HCl}$ as "hydrogen chloride", and to aqueous $\ce{HCl}$ as "hydrochloric acid", but often the terms are used interchangeably.
The difference is due to the fact that, as you might guess, an acid is a proton donor (it means that it tends to give off $\ce{H+}$ in a solution). On the other side, gaseous and dry $\ce{HCl}$ is simply a diatomic molecule. The dissociation in its ions (and the showdown of its acidic properties) only happen in a polar medium (typically water).
In dry hydrogen fluoride, carbon steel is subjected to minor corrosion up to $\pu{250^\circ C}$. In aqueous solutions the carbon steel is stable only at the concentration of hydrogen fluoride above 75 wt % and temperature not exceeding $\pu{50^\circ C}$